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Al masjid an-nabawi


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Al masjid an-nabawi

  2. 2. Al-Masjid an-Nabawi
  3. 3. Description •  Al-Masjid an-Nabawi is a mosque established and originally built by the prophet Muhammad. •  This mosque was the second mosque built after Masjid Quba which was built during his journey to Madinah from Mecca.  
  4. 4. •  Location : Madinah, Saudi Arabia
  5. 5. •  It is also known as the Prophet’s Mosque. •  It is one of the largest mosques in the world. •  This mosque is the second holiest site in Islam after al-Masjid al-Haram in Mecca. •  It is always open, regardless of date or time.
  6. 6. •  The original mosque was an open-air building. •  This mosque is located in the heart of Madinah, surrounded with many hotels and markets.
  7. 7. Historical Background •  Prophet Muhammad migrated from Mecca to Madinah and settled down there. •  Soon after his arrival in Madinah, Muhammad and his companions built the mosque. •  It was a very simple and modest structure measuring not more than 98 feet x 115 feet.
  8. 8. Materials Used • Mud walls • Stone Foundation • Trunks, branches and leaves of palm trees
  9. 9. •  There were three doors to this rectangular enclosure, Bab al – Rahmah, Bab al - Jibril and Bab an – Nisa. •  The qiblah was facing towards Jurusalem which then later changed to face towards Ka’bah which is located in Mecca. •  Thus, the masjid was also re- oriented accordingly.
  10. 10. •  The mosque served as a community centre, a court and a religious school. •  The mosque remained unaltered during the reign of Khalifah Abu Bakar. •  Seven years after it was built, the mosque was doubled in size to accommodate the increasing number of Muslims. •  The height of the mosque was increased.
  11. 11. •  The mosque remained unaltered during the reign of Khalifah Abu Bakar. •  Major expansions occurred during the reign of khalifahs of Umar and Uthman. •  The mosque was later rebuilt using stones to make columns replacing the tree trunks.
  12. 12. •  Subsequent Islamic rulers continued to enlarge the mosque. •  During the reign of the Ottoman Empire, the mosque was completely remodelled except certain parts of the mosque.
  13. 13. Architecture •  This mosque has a rectangular floor plan projecting to the south. •  It has 2 floors and the ground floor is meant entirely for prayers. •  The mosque enclosure is a 100 times bigger than what was built by prophet Muhammad. •  This mosque can accommodate more than half a million worshipers at one time.
  14. 14. Architecture  Styles •  Classical Architecture •  Contemporary Architecture •  Islamic Architecture •  Ottoman Architecture
  15. 15. Layout of the Prophet’s Mosque
  16. 16. Green dome
  17. 17. Beneath the green dome is the location of prophet Muhammad’s tomb alongside with the first two khalifahs.
  18. 18. There  were  ini)ally  4  minarets  which  were  built   by  Umar.  A7er  a  certain  amount  of  renova)on,   there  is  a  total  of  10  minarets.  
  19. 19. Prayers hall
  20. 20. In the mosque, there is a place called Rawdah which is heaven as described by prophet Muhammad.
  21. 21. Mihrab
  22. 22. Minbar, a place where the imam would stand to give a talk on any particular topics
  23. 23. Courtyard ( Sahn )
  24. 24. Sliding domes, there are 27 of these. They transform a closed chamber to become an open courtyard.
  25. 25. Giant foldable sunshades standing at the height of 20 metres
  26. 26. References •  h>ps://­‐Masjid_an-­‐Nabawi   •  h>p://www.sacred-­‐des)na)­‐arabia/medina-­‐prophets-­‐ mosque   •  h>p://­‐mosque.html   •  h>p://­‐tech-­‐giant-­‐umbrellas-­‐improve-­‐al-­‐masjid-­‐ al-­‐nabawi-­‐mosques-­‐natural-­‐micro-­‐climate/