• Al-Masjid an-Nabawi is a mosque established and originally
built by the prophet Muhammad.
• This mosque was the second mosque built after Masjid Quba
which was built during his journey to Madinah from Mecca.
• It is also known as the Prophet’s Mosque.
• It is one of the largest mosques in the world.
• This mosque is the second holiest site in Islam after
al-Masjid al-Haram in Mecca.
• It is always open, regardless of date or time.
• The original mosque was an open-air building.
• This mosque is located in the heart of Madinah,
surrounded with many hotels and markets.
• Prophet Muhammad migrated
from Mecca to Madinah and
settled down there.
• Soon after his arrival in
Madinah, Muhammad and his
companions built the mosque.
• It was a very simple and
modest structure measuring
not more than 98 feet x 115
• Mud walls
• Stone Foundation
• Trunks, branches and
leaves of palm trees
• There were three doors to this
rectangular enclosure, Bab al –
Rahmah, Bab al - Jibril and
Bab an – Nisa.
• The qiblah was facing towards
Jurusalem which then later
changed to face towards
Ka’bah which is located in
• Thus, the masjid was also re-
• The mosque served as a community centre, a court and a
• The mosque remained unaltered during the reign of Khalifah
• Seven years after it was built, the mosque was doubled in size to
accommodate the increasing number of Muslims.
• The height of the mosque was increased.
• The mosque remained unaltered during the reign of
Khalifah Abu Bakar.
• Major expansions occurred during the reign of khalifahs
of Umar and Uthman.
• The mosque was later rebuilt using stones to make
columns replacing the tree trunks.
• Subsequent Islamic rulers
continued to enlarge the mosque.
• During the reign of the Ottoman
Empire, the mosque was
completely remodelled except
certain parts of the mosque.
• This mosque has a rectangular floor plan projecting to
• It has 2 floors and the ground floor is meant entirely
• The mosque enclosure is a 100 times bigger than
what was built by prophet Muhammad.
• This mosque can accommodate more than half a
million worshipers at one time.