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M. marek dfms lp 75 organizational structures a


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M. marek dfms lp 75 organizational structures a

  1. 1. Welcome! Language ArtsMs. MarekTuesday-Wednesday, February7-8, 2012
  2. 2. Independent Reading Retrieve your library book READ READ READ READ READ READ READ
  3. 3. ScheduleMonday QuizTuesday Data / OrganizationWednesday OrganizationThursday OrganizationFriday Bias • Quiz on MONDAY – review vocab
  4. 4. OBJECTIVE SWBAT identify organizational patterns in a text and analyze author’s use of organizational pattern
  5. 5. Essential Question How does understanding the way the author arranges or organizes the text better help me understand what I am reading?
  6. 6. Compare and Contrast the writer finds the similarities and differences of two subjects in a story. The two main methods are block and point by point. There are two methods that authors use when they write. – Block Method: The writer first discusses all the features of subject 1, then all the features of subject 2. – Point-by-Point Method: The writer discuses one feature of each subject at a time. The writer chooses a feature and shows how it applies to subject 1, then how it applies to subject 2. The writer continues to discuss other features and how they apply to each subject in turn.
  7. 7. Compare and ContrastAsk yourself these questions “How are two items similar?” “How are two items different?”
  8. 8. Compare and Contrast Similarly,  however, like,  instead the same as,  nevertheless compared to,  on the contrary.. in the same way Likewise… but, yet, on the other hand
  9. 9. Cause and Effect An organizational pattern that is built around a series of causes and effects. Each event causes another event to happen. The event it causes is called an effect. Ask yourself these questions … – Why did something happen?” – What were the results of a particular event?
  10. 10. Cause and Effect Because  consequently for this reason  Therefore, due to  thus, cause,  in effect On account of  resulting, if this  and the outcome is... then this… as a result since,
  11. 11. Chronological Order An organizational pattern that begins with the earliest events and continues in the order that the events happened. Ask yourself these questions … – “When did it happen?” – “In what order did it happen?”
  12. 12. Chronological Order First Second Next then Finally Eventually Following this
  13. 13. Logical Order / Spatial Order An organizational pattern in which the writer tells the story in the order that makes the most sense.
  14. 14. Main Idea / Details The author includes a main idea and then supports this idea with details This is the most common of all our organizational structures
  15. 15. Example 1 Prick the spaghetti squash all over with a skewer so it will not burst while Chronological baking. Place whole squash in a shallow baking pan. Order Bake in preheated 375 F oven for 1 hour
  16. 16. Example 2Team UPenn scored 97% proficient Compareand advanced on FAST 2, but TeamCal Tech scored 83% proficient and andadvanced. Contrast
  17. 17. Example 3 This diagram would be used for … Compare and Contrast
  18. 18. Example 4 This diagram would be used for … Chronological Order
  19. 19. Example 5From “The Absolutely True Diary of a Part Time Indian”Rowdy has protected me since we were born. Both of uswere pushed into world on November 5, 1992, at SacredHeart Hospital in Spokane. I’m two hours older than Rowdy.I was born all broken and twisted, and he was born mad. Hewas always crying and screaming and kicking and punching.He bit his mother’s breast when she tried to nurse him. Hekept biting her, so she gave up and fed him formula. Hereally hasn’t changed since then. A. Order B. Main idea C. Summary D. Compare and contrast
  20. 20. Example 6Read the following paragraph. Determine the main ideas as you readand then fill in the chronological order chart in your class notes!The Olympic Games began as athletic festivals to honor theGreek gods. The most important festival was held in thevalley of Olympia to honor Zeus, the king of the gods. It wasthis festival that became the Olympic games in 776 B.C.These games were ended in A.D. 394 by the RomanEmperor who ruled Greece. No Olympic games were held formore than 1,500 years. Then the modern Olympics began in1896. Almost 300 male athletes competed in the first modernOlympics. In the games held in 1900, female athletes wereallowed to compete. The games have continued every fouryears since 1896 except during World War II, and they willmost likely continue for many years to come.
  21. 21. Example 7Timmy and Joe decided to sell lemonade outside their house for aquarter per cup. First, they got the ingredients and mixed up theirbeverage. Then, they sat out at the end of the driveway and waitedfor customers. It started to get colder and the boys realized theyweren’t going to have much business. Next, they ran inside the houseand made a batch of hot chocolate, instead. They grabbed their coatsand then ran out the door with their new merchandise.1. Which text structure does the author use in this passage?A. Main IdeasB. DescriptionC. ChronologicalD. Compare and contrast2. Explain your reasoning to the answer you chose for Question1 in your class notes. Use complete sentences and evidencefrom the text to explain your answer!
  22. 22. Election 2012 On a separate piece of paper answer these questions … What is the author’s purpose for writing this article? How do you know and why? Who is the intended audience for this article? How do you know and why? What is the overall organizational structure for this article? How do you know and why? Compare and contrast (using a venn diagram) Democrats and Republicans.
  23. 23. REMINDERSREAD READ READ!Start thinking about a book youwant to read.READ READ READ!