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2020.03.11 What's up with the blockchain in Government (London)

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2020.03.11 What's up with the blockchain in government
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2020.03.11 What's up with the blockchain in Government (London)

  1. 1. What’s up with the Blockchain in Government? Miquel Estapé London, 11th March 2020 1
  2. 2. Catalonia • Region of Spain • 7.5m inhabitants • 1,000 local councils 90% < 20K inhab. Miquel Estapé + • +20 years in Government • Mayor of la Roca del Valles • VP Digital Innovation ACGP • Strategy & Innovation. Open Government of Catalonia Consortium
  3. 3. Agenda 1. Why Blockchain in Government ? 2. What is the current situation ? 3. What do the reports say ? 4. Do we understand its limitations ? 5. Recommendations and use cases
  4. 4. Why Blockchain in Government ?
  5. 5. Government acts as an Intermediary Oldest writing (2500 BC) Sumerian (Iraq) Account of silver First coin (600 BC) Lydia (Turkey)
  6. 6. Blockchain builds trustworthy transactions between parties without intermediaries It may disrupt governments
  7. 7. What is the current situation ?
  8. 8. Currently, there are very few blockchain services live in government, and all of them are at early stages Situation
  9. 9. What do the reports say ?
  10. 10. “It will be at least 5 years until the tech matures and begins to deliver benefits.” Gartner
  11. 11. “The blockchain remains immature due to a range of technical issues, including poor scalability and interoperability” Gartner Practical Blockchain
  12. 12. “Big questions remain about its potential and actual applicability. Blockchain may offer a more egalitarian alternative to the institutional solutions. At the moment, this remains mere potential. The potential is clear, but the jury is still out on what actual impact will be.” The Gov Lab
  13. 13. “Technology is in its infancy but it has immense powers that are waiting to be unleashed. It is not possible to make any decisive claims about its future or about where it should be used and precisely how. OECD
  14. 14. Blockchain: Latest advice for government agencies 12 February 2019 • Blockchain is still an emerging technology and, when considered against alternative technologies, gaps become evident • Recommend focus on addressing the needs of users Australian Government
  15. 15. So far, the it is neither transformative nor disruptive for the public sector. We have not observed the creation of new business models, new services nor disintermediation of public institutions. Truly transformative services are missing from the current landscape European Commission
  16. 16. “Blockchain is where AI was 5 years ago. It might end up being something great as AI or much smaller. That will be determined by how many killer apps are found. We just have to be honest and evaluate technologies at the proper tech stage” Kai-Fu Lee Executive at Apple, Google & Microsoft. AI renowned Expert and VC investor in disruptive technologies
  17. 17. Do we understand its limitations ?
  18. 18. Record logs, no ‘information’ Not cheap Not fast Risk: losing private key Anonymity & no privacy Not easy to scale Nobody is liable GDPR: right to be forgotten, who is the processor, etc Limitations There are various proposed solutions to these limitations, but they have not been validated in production government projects yet
  19. 19. Recommendations & use cases
  20. 20. Government responsibility To build their knowledge and anticipate its possible applications
  21. 21. Recommendations Monitor – Look at international initiatives – Be sceptical about “successes” Focus on users’ needs – 1st the Challenge, 2nd the Tech Compare – Do you have an issue with existing solutions? – Weigh benefits and limitations Experiment and learn – Learning by doing in sandbox labs (Lean Start-Up) Evaluate in sandbox – Cost, right to be forgotten, private key destruction, etc. Collaborate – Partnership with governments and companies to develop complex and costly projects
  22. 22. Intermediaries are inefficient Cross-border or public-private transactions Interoperability & tracking is hard Legal, organization, standards or technical issues Lack of transparency and trust Areas with more potential (leaving apart cryptocurrencies)
  23. 23. Self-sovereign digital identity for the public and private sector, local and international Traceability between the private and public sector: food, medicines, imports, etc. Public registers where public trust in government runs low (usually due to corruption) Use Cases (leaving apart cryptocurrencies)
  24. 24. Disclaimer: The views, thoughts, and opinions expressed in this presentation belong solely to the author, and not necessarily to the author’s employer, organization, committee or other group or individual. Thanks for your attention ! Miquel Estapé

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