Android Automation Using Robotium


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This presentation would help give a jump start guide on Robotium for getting started with Android automation should join this Seminar.

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  • Hi, Is it possible to test the native applications like camera,calendar,gallery,Music player using robotium.?
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Android Automation Using Robotium

  1. 1. Android Automation Using Robotium Presenter : Abhishek Swain, Mindfire Solutions
  2. 2. About Me: Abhishek Swain, Software QA Engineer Mindfire Solutions Skills : Robotium , Appium , Selenium WebDriver , Maven , Junit , SQL .... Certifications : ISTQB Foundation Level, V-Skills Selenium Certified Connect Me : Facebook : LinkedIn : Contact Me : Email : / Skype: mfsi_abhishekswain
  3. 3. Agenda  Introduction  Features of Robotium  Limitations  Configurations and Creating a project  Discussion on project work flow  Short Demo
  4. 4. Short Introduction  Open Source Project hosted under Google code (Source Code : GitHub)  Founder and Developer : Redas Rana (Jayway)  Now Project maintained by Robotium Tech  Basically its a JAVA jar Library containing robust functions  User develops automation scripts using JAVA  Android SDK Library(android.test) provided for testing is used with Robotium
  5. 5. What We can do with Robotium: Features List:  Can write Automation scripts for Native as well as Hybrid android applications  Supports Activities, Native Views, Web Views, Toasts and Almost all UI Elements  Can test against Emulators as well as real devices  One script for all versions of Android   Independent of Device screen resolution and Size   Not co-ordinate based, so Robust  Multiple Activities handled automatically
  6. 6. Limitations :   No other Client Library supported except Java  No Support for Flash
  7. 7. Do we need Source Code ??  Automation Scripts can be written without source code – Complete support for Blackbox Testing  We need the installer build of android platform   i.e apk file  Can also be written if we have Source code – Hence supports Whitebox Testing
  8. 8. Requirements :  Android SDK    Download Link:  Java JDK  Eclipse  Maven  Maven Plugin for Eclipse         Installation Link : Installations: 
  9. 9. Requirements :  JAVA_HOME  Path of 'bin' directory in System path  ANDROID_HOME Path of 'Tools' & 'Platform-Tools' in System Path  MAVEN_HOME Path of 'bin' directory in System path Configurations/Environment Variables: 
  10. 10. Creating Emulators & Configuring Real Device  Emulator:  1. Can be created from 'Android Virtual Device Manager' that is a part Android SDK 2. Can also be created from command line after necessary path settings  Real Devices: 1. Enable USB Debugging from settings in device 2. Connect using micro/mini USB Cable with PC 3. Install necessary drivers for USB debugging according to device manufacturer
  11. 11. Re-Signing APK  Signature of both AUT and Test project must match, so Re-Signing necessary  Unsign .apk  Re-sign it with debug.keystore Command : jarsigner -verbose -sigalg MD5withRSA -digestalg SHA1 -keystore debug.keystore [AUT_name].apk androiddebugkey Default Password: android  Resign Jar Tool can also be used
  12. 12. Installing app to Emulators/Device & Some basic commands   Check for connected/available devices adb devices  Install app to Device/Emulator adb install [AUT_name].apk  Uninstall app adb uninstall [application package name]  copy file from PC to Device/Emulator adb push [file_path]/[File_name_with_extension]  copy file from Device/Emulator to PC adb pull [file_path_on_device]/[File_name_with_extension] [folder_path_PC]
  13. 13. Creating Android Test Project  Create a new Android Test Project from Eclipse File --> New --> Android Test Project  Convert it to a Maven Project  Add the following Dependency of Robotium to pom.xml        <dependency>             <groupId></groupId>             <artifactId>robotium-solo</artifactId>             <version>5.0.1</version>         </dependency>
  14. 14. Configuring Android Test Project  Define Target Package in AndroidManifest.xml  How to get Activity class names of AUT ? From Hierarchy Viewer From Dev Tools - Package Explorer From Logcat
  15. 15. Developing Test Script :  Inherit ActivityInstrumentationTestCase2 in the TestClass public Class TestClass_Name extends ActivityInstrumentationTestCase2 Continued..
  16. 16. Developing Test Script :  Create instance of Solo class  Define launcher activity class name  Define setUp() and tearDown() methods  Define test methods
  17. 17. Understanding Workflow of Android Test Project  Based on Junit - Android Junit Test is the customized version of Junit3  Methods : setUp() and tearDown()  Test Function Naming Convention Must start with keyword 'test' e.g testLogin()  What happens while Executing : Two apk files gets installed : AUT apk and Test Project apk
  18. 18. How Android Junit3 Different from Junit4  setUp() and tearDown() take the roles of @Before and @After of Junit4  Test Function Naming Convention Must start with keyword 'test' e.g testLogin()  With Junit4 methods annoted with @Test recognized as test methods
  19. 19. Annotations Available with Android Junit Test Project  Most Frequently Used Annotations: @Smoke @SmallTest @MediumTest @LargeTest @FlakyTest(tolerance=n)  To execute a particular Group of test methods annotations are useful  Can be specified while running test from Eclipse and command line
  20. 20. How to Target Elements on Activity  By Index e.g solo.enterText(0,"some text");  By Id e.g solo.getView("Id_Of_Element"); solo.enterText((EdiText)solo.getView("Id_Of_Element")," some text");
  21. 21. How To Get Ids ??  If we have Source code of AUT, Ids can be identified from code  If we don't have Source Code, Hierarchy Viewer can be used which Comes with Android SDK
  22. 22. Robotium Classes and API Definitions  Classes: By Condition RobotiumUtils Solo Solo.Config Solo.Config.ScreenshotFileType Timeout WebElement  API Documentation Link:
  23. 23. Modes Of Running Tests  From Eclipse : As Android Junit Test Annotations, Target Devices can be mentioned in Run Configurations  From CommandLine:  adb shell am instrument -w -e size [small/Medium/Large] Testprojectpackagename/android.test.InstrumentationTestRunner   Particular Classes or Particular Functions can also be specified from command Line  adb shell am instrument -w  -e class [class_name_with_package] Testprojectpackagename/android.test.Instrumen tationTestRunner
  24. 24. Support For Build Tools and CI Integration Servers  Can be used with Build Tools like Maven , Ant etc  Android-Maven-Plugin is used to Build with Maven  Can be integrated with Continuous Integration (CI) server like Jenkins/Hudson
  25. 25. Demo : 
  26. 26. Questions ?? 
  27. 27.