Place-based education immerses students in local heritage, culture, ecology, landscapes, opportunities, and experiences as a foundation for the study of language arts, mathematics, social studies, science, and other subjects.
LEARNING IN THE 21ST CENTURYEDUCATION IN AMERICA AND THE NATIONAL PARK SERVICE
NPS ADVISORY BOARD EDUCATION COMMITTEE• 28 Members• Leading Academics, Practitioners, National Association Directors• Formal and Informal Education• Learning: Dr. John Falk, Oregon State & Dr. Ana Houseal, U. Wyoming (chairs)• Technology: Dr. Allison Druin, U. Maryland & Keith Krueger, Consortium for School Networking (chairs)
NPS ADVISORY BOARD EDUCATION COMMITTEE• Partnerships: Deb Yandala, Cuyahoga Valley; Lois Adams-Rodgers, CCSSO• Research: Martin Storksdieck, National Academy of Sciences; Jessica Thompson, Colorado State U.• Professional Development: Carol Stapp, George Washington U.
THE CHANGING WORLD OF EDUCATION • Higher Bar: College- & Career-ready • Global Competition • Changing Demographics • Technology & Internet
SCIENTIFIC & CIVIC ILLITERACY• 28% of American adults qualify as scientifically literate.*• 83% of American adults failed a basic test on the Nation’s founding.*** Jon Miller, University of Michigan** American Revolution Center
21ST CENTURY LEARNERS • Personalized Learning • Digital Learning Anytime, Anywhere • Connections with Peers, Experts • Authentic, Place-Based Experiences
OUT OF SCHOOL TIME: THE 95% SOLUTION• Americans spend less than 5% of time in classrooms• “40 years of research: out-of-school opportunities are major predictors of children’s educational achievement.” Falk, John and Lynn Dierking. “The 95 Percent Solution.” American Scientist, Volume 98. Nov-Dec (2010): 486-493.
21ST CENTURY SKILLS: COLLEGE & CAREER• Information Literacy & Communication• Problem-Solving, Systems Thinking• Collaboration, Teamwork• Self-Direction, motivation• Creativity
NEW ECOSYSTEM OF LEARNING• Blended: Face-to-face & Online• Information “always on”• Schools• Home• Museums• Libraries• National Parks
NATIONAL PARKS: CRITICAL ROLE INREDESIGN OF AMERICAN EDUCATION• Authentic science and history• Create programs with audiences• Deliver with many partners• Learning in and through Parks using technologies• Civic engagement skills: service learning
REACH OF THE NATIONAL PARKS• 280,000,000 visitors• 57,062 school programs• 2,929,310 students reached (on site); 7 million with partners• 75% of NPS Sites Within 50 Miles of Students*based on FY2012 data
PLACE-BASED EDUCATION• Place-Based Education Evaluation Collaborative (PEEC)• Project-focused• Relevant to communities• Effective for all students• Provides foundation for all subjects• Increases engagement and enthusiasm about learning
OPERATION EXPLORE NEW YORK• New York City’s largest environmental education program• Gateway National Recreation Area and Park Partner lands• Students explore and document interrelationships between farm, forest, and marine ecosystems
GOLDEN GATE NATIONAL PARKS • 65,000 youth served annually • Crissy Field Center • I-YEL Environmental Youth Leadership • Urban watershed HS program • Rob Hill campground • Next: Presidio Youth Collaborative
BIOBLITZ • 24-hour species Inventory • 1st – 12th grade students work alongside scientists • For many, 1st experience in a National Park
RESIDENTIAL PROGRAMS• More than 40 National Parks in partnership with local non-profit organizations• Two-day overnight to multi-day programs
FEDERAL COLLABORATIONU. S. Department of Smithsonian Education• 2012 Memorandum of • New Partnership Understanding: with Smithsonian DOI and ED • Resource Sharing • Water • Professional • Civil War to Civil Development Rights • Co-Host Informal • Migration and Education Summit Immigration
WHAT IF?We gave small grants to our bestscience and history teachers andNational Park education staff to curateGooru collections of online resourcesusing National Park and other sourceson key themes?
WHAT IF?We asked our best scientists andhistorians to teach massive onlinecourses (MOOCs) using these resources?
OPPORTUNITIES1. Document models & best practices: Learning in the National Parks book/website2. Digital strategy: Map, curate, tag & promote online lessons, experiences3. Deepen in-person, place-based programs: Residential programs, youth campuses, environmental camps/schools4. Teacher professional development: NPS-based courses, expand Teacher-Ranger-Teacher5. Research on longer-term impact of intensive NPS experiences6. Business planning to map opportunities, priorities, schedule, costs, fundraising