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IDP Class presentation

  2. 2. I. General Facts<br />a. Definitions : Difference between IDP/refugee<br />IDPs are :<br />“... persons or groups of persons who have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as a result of or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognized State border.” (UN’s Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement)<br />
  3. 3. A refugee is :<br /> "A person who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it..’’<br /> (UN Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, as amended by the 1967 protocol)<br />
  4. 4. “Excuse me, are you an IDP, a refugee or a migrant? Are you a victim of conflict or another situation of violence? Oh, you are a nomad. Are you migrating because of conflict or because it is your way of life?”<br />JordiRaich, ICRC’s head of delegation in Sudan (2009)<br />
  5. 5. b. Types/causes of internal displacement <br />General causes of displacement:<br /><ul><li>Armed conflicts/Generalized violence
  6. 6. Violation of human rights</li></ul> Types of forced displacement :<br /><ul><li>The forced displacement and relocation of people to isolate and combat insurgency movements
  7. 7. The grouping of population in peace villages to ensure their protection
  8. 8. Altering demographic composition in some region
  9. 9. The struggle for control of strategic territories, or resources
  10. 10. Plus natural and human-made disasters</li></li></ul><li>c. Global and regional statistics <br />Source: Internal displacement monitoring centre <br />
  11. 11. IDP Service Providers<br />
  12. 12. Challenges facing IDPs<br /><ul><li>Propertyloss
  13. 13. FamilySeparation
  14. 14. Insecurity
  15. 15. Risk of sexual violence
  16. 16. Forcedrecruitment
  17. 17. Restrictedaccess to health</li></ul>care services<br />
  18. 18. Challenges for IDP Service Providers<br />Governmentcooperation <br />Access to information<br /> WFP survey: ¼ of people surveyed not registered<br />IdentifyingIDPs<br />Urbanpoor or migrant vs. IDP<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
  21. 21. Challenges for IDP Service Providers<br />Resettlement/reintegration<br />2006: Ugandangvt. declares all IDPs free to return home<br />More than 1.2 million displaced in 150 camps in Acholi sub-region<br />
  22. 22. Challenges for IDP Service Providers<br />Security in camps<br />ML&E capacity<br /><ul><li>Workshops on UN GuidingPrincipleswithspecializedgvt. Agencies
  23. 23. Training large numbers of UN staff
  24. 24. Implementation of follow-upactivities</li></li></ul><li>III.  Situation Analysis: Case studies to illustrate challengesa. Short termconflict-induceddisplacement : Pakistan<br />source: UNHABITAT<br />
  25. 25.
  26. 26. <ul><li> Situation of IDPs outside official camps is similarly critical
  27. 27. Organisations involved in the crisis lack reliable data to estimate IDPs’ needs. </li></li></ul><li>Organizing IDPs camps posed huge challenges<br />The lack of cooperation between local administration and organisations impeded aid delivery <br />
  28. 28.
  29. 29. Colombia IDP Profile<br />Cause of displacement:<br />FARC, Paramilitary/government violent clashes<br />Forcible appropriation of land <br />Statistics:<br />3.6 to 5.9 million displaced <br />290,000 newly displaced in 2009<br />1/3 of IDP population are indigenous or Afro-Colombians<br />IDP women are particularly marginalized<br />
  30. 30.
  31. 31. Colombia- Challenges facing IDPs<br />Housing<br />HumanitarianAid<br />Livelihoodsopp.<br />Land rights<br />
  32. 32. Who is intervening?<br />Funded by Norway, Germany, Canada and USA<br />GovernmentAgencies<br />Local and national NGOs<br />OperationalPartners<br />
  33. 33. UNHCR Response<br />Threekey objectives  : <br />Community participation and mobilization<br />Data collection and sharing<br />Improve the land registry system and legalframework to allow IDP to holdtitle to their land <br />
  34. 34. National Response<br />IDP issue: “Unconstitutional state of affairs” in 2004<br />Extensive legislation making provisions for IDPs<br />Reforms for increased resources available to municipal authorities mandated to provide IDP services<br />2010: New administration presents a land restitution bill to Congress<br />
  35. 35. Job opportunities<br />ORGANIZATIONS<br />UNHCR/UNDP/UNOCHA<br />IOM<br />ICRC<br />ECHO<br />USAID<br />IRC<br />AVSI<br />Mercy Hands<br />NorwegianRefugee Council<br />SKILLS IN DEMAND<br />Camp/programmanagement<br />ML&E<br />Interpreters/Translators<br />Medical staff<br />Publichealth<br />Finance/accounting<br />Agriculture/environmental<br />