Impact of semantic technologies on scholarly publishing


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Semantic technologies will impact future business models for scholarly publishing.
First stage was the transition from publishing based on analog artifacts, to processes built for digital documents where computers are used as electronic pencils and XML based indices.
Second stage is semantic metadata where the computer is used to describe the published content in multiple ways -- think of it as a cambrian explosion of post-it notes -- and also the description and linking together of previously disparate sources. Data and content archives move beyond XML to description logic based semantic web standards which facilitate connect across media formats, documents, domains, and across archives leading to the need for community curation. Business models are still uncertain, being based on access and delivery of content for which alternatives are economically attractive.
Third stage is publishing based on (executable) knowledge-as-a-service. More than documents, more than passive semantic description, knowledge that is expressed through content, methods, data, and processes becomes modeled, managed, and enmeshed with research processes and processes which use the results of research. In this era, publishers with dominant positions in theory will find viable business models that trump competitors.

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Impact of semantic technologies on scholarly publishing

  1. 1. “The  future  is  already   here.  It’s  just  not  very   evenly  distributed.” William  Gibson
  2. 2. 3 New Directions for Scholarly publishing Mills davis, Project10X 202-667-6400
  3. 3. 4 Source: Project10X Cloud Web scale computing & connected information Next Internet Connected intelligences Mobile Internet Internet of things, places & ubiquitous communication Social Web Connected people Machine learning, Linked dataspaces Autonomic processes, agent computing Knowledgespaces & reasoning at web scale Semantic content & rich media Pervasive adaptivity Personalization, context-aware svcs, augmented reality & intelligent UI Semantic collaboration & social computing Everything as a service (XaaS) Semantic Technology Connected meanings 2020 2010 TECHNOLOGY direction
  4. 4. 5 • Semantic technologies provide tools and methods that represent meanings and knowledge separately from documents, data, and program code and then compute directly with this knowledge. • Semantic models drive every aspect of the application including its processes, decision-making, data, system interfaces, and user experience. • Also, direct-execution models power every stage of the solution life cycle — from development to operations, and through ongoing changes and evolution of new capabilities. semantic technology A paradigm shift from information-centric to knowledge-centric patterns of computing.
  5. 5. 6 Super smart solutions
  6. 6. direction for Scholarly publishing 7 + + + ANALOG ARTIFACTS DIGITAL DOCUMENTS SEMANTIC METADATA KNOWLEDGE SERVICES • Print-centric • Fixed cycle • xml & PDF • DBMS & CMS • search keywords, navigate facets • fixed indices and metadata • local curation • multi-sources multi- formats (Documents, data, methods, prezos, social media) • Search Concepts & relationships • semantic (linked) metadata • Community curation • knowledge-centric process (vs. docs) • Model source knowledge • compute with knowledge • Content generated from knowledge models • Contextualized communications • smart assistants • NL understanding
  7. 7. 9 Case examples NREL USAMRMC Newco
  8. 8. 10 • processes that are goal oriented, knowledge- centric, semantic, and direct-execution model-driven.   • communications that are process, role, and event contextualized • communications generated from knowledge models that transcend copyright • knowledge-as-a-service supporting e-Research • smart user assistants Summary of new directions
  9. 9. 11 Mills Davis • Mills Davis is founder and principal of Project10X. • Mr. Davis advises clients about emerging technologies, innovation strategy, and advanced applications. • he conducts industry research and is author of more than 50 reports, whitepapers, articles, and industry studies, including the groundbreaking Semantic Wave Report. • Mr. DAvis consults with Be Informed America, the market leader in semantic business applications. •