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HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI (OVERALL DESCRIPTION)

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THIS FILE CONSIST OF A BRIEF INFORMATION (DESCRIPTION) ABOUT THE PRAJAPATI (KUMBHAR) SAMAJ.
TOTAL 113 PAGES.

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HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI (OVERALL DESCRIPTION)

  1. 1. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 1 BOLO RAMDEVJI BABA RI JAI PDF BY MILIND NARSING PRAJAPAT PLEASE SEE AND READ THE PDF AND FORWARD TO ALL OUR PRAJAPATI FRIENDS THROUGH WHATAPP. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI RAJASTHANI PRAJAPATI
  2. 2. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 2
  3. 3. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 3 HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI We are called the Prajapati Community. In India & overseas, there is a large number of Prajapati Community. The larger portion of our Community has been divided into different parts of the country.
  4. 4. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 4 We are the family of Daksa Prajapati. It is mentioned in our Purans. Daksa Prajapati was the son of Lord Brahma. Daksa Prajapati was a great scholar of Yajur-Ved. One day, Brahma was pleased with him, and he gave Daksa Prajapati a prestigious rank, by given this rank, he became very proud of it, and he decided to make Maha Yagna. He invited Rishis, Muniyos, Devos (Demi- God), and Brahmins. All of those came to Maha- Yagna and set at the Mandap. Daksa Prajapati entered the Mandap, on his arrival, everybody stood up except Brahma and Shankar, and they remained seated. After observing this, Daksa Prajapati said," This Shankar is my son-in-law, but he doesn't know how to respect me, so I would not allow him to take part in Maha-Yagna". Hearing this, Shankar remained calm, but Nandi, could not bear it, and he told Daksa Prajapati, "Hey Daksa, you're very proud and conceited, and don't consider Shankar as your son-in-law, but as you have insulted Shankar, and did not give respect to him in this Mandap, in return, I give you a curse that your entire lineage, in-spite of being of a high and holy Brahmin, in Kali Yug, they'll be known as non-Brahmins".
  5. 5. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 5 Thus, we are being Daksa Prajapati's succession, yet by the curse by Nandi, our rank went down in Kali Yug. From this, it will be known that the Prajapati Community is the rank of Daksa Prajapati, and Brahmin heritage, high and prestigious community and we also know, now, the root of our Community. To support this, there are many stories in Shrimad Bhagwad, and Purans. Ancient Arya Samaj was divided in four castes, such as (1) Brahmin (2) Ksatriyas (3) Vaishyas (4) Shudra The person of Shudra also could be a Brahman, such as Valmiki Rushi, was Shudra by birth, however, he was able to become Brahmin. Current
  6. 6. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 6 castes and sub-castes are based on their particular skills. In ancient times, Prajapati was very high up on the rank, and during that time, the higher caste used to come to Prajapati's home to stay with him. In Dwapar Yug, the Pandavas stayed at Prajapati's home. The Prajapati community was very consecrated, and of refined culture. After a long time, the name of Prajapati went through a significant downfall. But, its ancient, high, consecrated values can still be noticed in hidden adage. To prove that belief, in Prajapati community today, there are so many sants in our community. In Satyug, the guru of Bhakta Pralad, was Shreebai Mataji, who was Prajapati Bhakta. Gora Kumbhar, was also saint from Maharashtra. In 15th century, Padamnath Prabhu, who was in Patan, in Gujrat, and also a Prajapati. In Kheda district of Gujrat, and Borsad, Sant Shree Gopaldas also was Prajapati, in Rajasthan, Bhakta Koobaji in Kankaviti, Bhakta Ranka Vanka, in Saurashatra, Dhhanga Bhagat, and Mepa Bhagat in Tikar, near
  7. 7. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 7 Hadavad in Gujrat Kara Bhagat in Godhra, Sant Shree Purshotam Dasji, all were Prajapati. Also, in Saurastra, Chindal Bhagat, and Ramji Bhagat. In Vanthali Heera Bhagat in, Gadhaka, Jiva Bhagat, Rana Bordi, Bogha Bhagat (Mahant Shree Balak Dasji), at Navadra, Jina Bhagat, at Bagavadar, Jiva Bhagat (Sant Hans Dasji), All these were also Prajapati's. Besides, these in Junagadh district, at Satadhar, at the sight of Shree Aapa Giga, there was Shamji Bhagat, and at the sight of Sat Devivas, or Parab was Sat Sevadas. All these were Prajapatis. From these, it can be proved that the high, consecrated values, and morals, by the mercy of our ancestors have remained for all the time in the Prajapati community. Due to the high morals of our ancestors, many Bhaktos have taken birth, these Bhaktos, by doing pottery work, artwork, or carpentry work, and either being poor or rich, were able to provide accommodation to the higher caste, had true knowledge of religion, and the understanding of their holy duty. This is the proof of holiness and ancient high values and morals of Prajapati community.
  8. 8. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 8 Just as Brahma, the maker of humanity, used the five elements: fire, water, wind, earth and air, so did the descendant's of the son of Brahma, Daksa Prajapati, also uses the five elements: fire, water, wind, earth, and air, to create different types of utensils and artwork. These items are mainly used for the basic use for the general public uses, by providing for eating, drinking, living and worshipping. These art items are handy and useful for the poor and the rich alike. These valuable artistes and their rank of art has persevered and preserved for generations. So the present, castes and sub-castes are mainly based on the skill levels. The art of pottery is very ancient and in the old days the basic existence depended on these earthenware utensils and deities. These handy-works have been recovered by digging in some of the old cities and from that it is known that the art of pottery has continued yug to yug and is very ancient.
  9. 9. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 9 At present time the whole Hindu Samaj has been divided into different castes and sub castes, due to the skill levels expanding. And therefore, the marriages can be taken place in their own castes and also for this reason the whole community is further divided in different languages/dialects according to provinces/districts, not only that, the speaker of the same languages are also divided into small groups and it was restricted to mingle and socialize, let alone marry outside of that community. At present, the pottery work is considered low because there is a higher demand for iron, steel and copper materials. Things like stainless steel and other bright materials have taken place of earthen - ware. Thus, Prajapati community has been divided a long time ago and dispersed in different parts of India. Today, there is evidence of these fragmentations. There are so many reasons for
  10. 10. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 10 falling down the rank of the community and one of the main reasons for this fall down is the lack of education. Due to the lack of education mobility upward is restricted. There is also a reluctance to move away from the customs. For these reasons, in the past the Prajapati community has been considered a low community from educated community. The second reason is that these artisans had to depend on farmers for their living and therefore the Prajapati community was called, "Vasvaya", and considered as dependent on other communities. By good luck, Prajapati community slowly went towards education, and some people went to foreign countries, and they formed alliances with other communities. Slowly the barrier of sitting and eating was broken down.
  11. 11. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 11 In past, from Prajapati community some people came in touch with the Ksatriyas, and they started to work like them, so people who mixed with Shatriyas and attained a similar surname. For example Saurastra and Kutch, in Prajapati community there is a surname like Chavda, Vaghela, Solanki, Gohil, Parmar, and these surnames are recognized as such even at present. The people who were working in the masonry or carpentry occupations were given the title of a mason, carpenter, or masonry etc., and they are known by these names even at present. The people who worked as potters, making utensils, tiles or any related products from earth were called, "Kumbhkar." Kumbh - means clay utensils and kar - means maker. Therefore, Kumbhkar was later called,"Kumbhar." Due to the increase use of their trade and that became well known as, one "Jati" people of Prajapati community it appears that their geographical location determined their title such as Sorathia, Lad, and Varia. Therefore, people who stayed and lived in Sorath were known as "Sorathia Prajapati."
  12. 12. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 12 During the wedding ceremony, the presence of Demi-god was considered necessary and in Indian community at the time of all weddings in the Mandap, in all four corners the clay pots made by Kumbhar were necessary due to the fact that the presence of the Demi-god Prajapati was essential and it is a custom to bind such " Chori."(Chori- means that several clay pots are erected upright by each pillar of the Mandap.) This type of Chori is not used in the marriage of Kumbhar/Prajapati community and this proves that Prajapati community originated from a high rank and therefore it is considered unnecessary to use "Chori" because the presence of Demi-gods in the Prajapati community is already there. Higher castes of Indian community such as Brahmins, Banyas, etc. do not consider it an offense to drink water at a Prajapatis home and when they travel whether in a village or a city, even though there were other facilities available these travelers preferred to stay at Prajapatis
  13. 13. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 13 house. Therefore its established that by preferring to spend the night at the home of a Prajapati over any other facility available it proves that the Prajapati Community is pure and holy and high in rank, since time immemorable. Looking at the history of the Prajapati community the nature of Prajapati is to provide hospitality, shelter, and politeness to their guests.
  14. 14. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 14 In Sinhaldip, the daughter of King Bojraj named Ranakdevi born in "Mood" constellation and by telling of astrologers, the King abandoned her. She survived and who was responsible for bringing her up, giving her shelter, and being a dutiful wife and having high morals? He was Prajapati Hadmat, there are so many such shelter givers, and this is one example. This is proved by our past history. The Kings of Gujrat, took advantage of the Prajapati community, to do free work as "Vasvaya" without paying anything. The potter had to give his services free of charge when officers came and stayed in their town or village, the potter was called to give free service for bringing the water during the stay. Some of the potters left making pottery and became carpenters, but even then they could not escape "Vethna Vara." For generations, these Vethna Vara continued and Prajapati community suffered this heavy task. Only after India gained independence did the Prajapati community received a relief from this task. Many prajapati's became artists, and many of them have received accolades, prizes, and badges, etc for their artwork.
  15. 15. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 15 Looking at the present time, the people of Prajapati community in comparison to other communities are poor yet their ancient morales are at a high place. The emphasis on education is a low priority a rare few have expanded the business of pottery and erected big factories to make bricks and other items. They're making so many utensils, clay toys, housewares, and different types of artwork from clay and in doing so they have advanced. In other business, they are doing farming, building, making furniture, and other old crafts and they are promoting artisans. Today, there are some that are educated and have become barristers, lawyers, doctors, engineers, politicians, magistrates, and the government also employs some of them. The whole community is advancing and giving these types of services at different places. They have also established provincial, worldwide Prajapati mandals, Prajapati Samaj, Prajapati youth mandals and some of these publish monthly news letters and give educational advice, suggestions, etc. to advance higher.
  16. 16. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 16 Adventurous members of the Prajapati community have traveled and settled in foreign countries and they are trying hard to give education to Prajapati brethren. The majority of these people abroad are engaged as carpenters, masonry, and building work , some of these people have started their own businesses, and also managing small and large businesses. In comparison of other communities the standard of education is very low in our community. A possible reason for this can be lack of financial support, for there maybe so many families who wish to give their children higher education of university, but this wish can not be fulfilled due to lack of money and financial support for this reason the bright children of the future are denied higher education and the vicious cycle of poverty continues, because they can not get advantages of the benefits of education which is able to further or advance their lifestyle. To avoid the difficulties of our community the provincial mandals should set up an educational fund, to help the children of the community and
  17. 17. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 17 establish a scholarship for such funds it is really necessary to establish this scholarship if we want our children to progress. श द क उ प त एवं अथ कु भ का नमाण करने के कारण इसके नमाता का◌े कु भकार कहा गया। ाचीन इ तहास म कु लाल श द का योग कया गया है। अलग अलग े म अलग अलग भाषा होने के कारण इसका उ चारण समय के साथ अलग होता गया। जैसे मराठ े म कु भारे पि चमी े म कु भार राज थान म कु मार तो पि चमी राज थान म कु भार कु बार पंजाब ह रयाणा के सटे े म गुमार। अमृतसर के कु हार को “कु लाल”
  18. 18. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 18 या “कलाल” कहा जाता है , यह श द यजुवद मे कु हार वग के लए यु त हु ये है। कु हार के पारंप रक म ट से बतन बनाने क रचना मक कला को स मान देने हेतु उ हे जाप त कहा गया। िजस कार मा पंच त व इस न वर सृि ट क रचना करते है उसी कार से कु भार भी म ट के कण से कई आकषक मू त यां खलौने बतन आ द का सृजन करता है इस◌ी लए इस जा त जाप त क उपमा द गयी। ये भी माना जाता है क मनु य मे श प और अ भयां क क शु आत इसी जा त से हु ई है।
  19. 19. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 19 व भ न तरह क म ट के गारे के नमाण के योग करते समय ह चूने और खड़ी के योग का पता चला। इसी चूने खड़ी से चुनाई और भवन नमाण का काय करने वाले चेजारे कहलाते है। ये भी इसी जा त से अ धकतर है। कु मावत श द राज थान म कु छ कु मार /कु भार ने कु मरावत श द का योग कया जो बाद म कु मावत म त द ल हो गया। इसको समझने के लये भाषा व ान पर नजर डाले- कु मावत श द क स ध व छेद करने पर पता चलता है ये श द कु मा + वत से बना है। यहां वत श द व स से बना है । व स
  20. 20. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 20 का अथ होता है पु या पु वत श य अथात अनुयायी। इसके लये हम अ य श द पर वचार करते है- न बावत अथात न बाकाचाय के श य रामावत अथात रामान दाचाय के श य शेखावत अथात शेखा जी के वंशज लखावत अथात लाखा जी के वंशज रांकावत अथात रांका जी के श य या अनुयायी इसी कार कु मरावत/कु मावत का भी अथ होता है कु हार के व स या अनुयायी।
  21. 21. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 21
  22. 22. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 22 कु छ लोग अपने मन से कु +मा+वत जैसे मन माने ढंग से सि ध व छेद करते है और मनमाने अथ देते है जो क याकरण स मत नह ं है और हा या पद है। कई ब धु न करते है क कु हार श द था फर कु मावत श द का योग य शु हु आ।उसके पीछे मूल कारण यह है क सामा यतया पूरा समाज पछड़ा रहा है और जब कोई ब धु तर क कर आगे बढा तो उसने वयं को अलग दशाने के लये इस श द का योग शु कया। और अब यह यापक पैमाने म योग होता है। वैसे
  23. 23. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 23 इ तहास म कु मावत श द का योग जयपुर के थापना (1728 ई) के समय से मलता है। जयपुर शहर राज थान के सम त शहर म अपे ाकृ त नया है। कई ब धु यह भी कहते है क इ तहास म कु मावत का यु ध म भाग लेने का उ लेख है। तो उन ब धुओ को याद दलाना चाहु ंगा क यु ध म सभी जा तय क थोड़ी बहु त भागीदार अव य होती थी और वे आव यकता होने पर अपना परा म दखा भी देते थे। यु ध म कोई सै नक क सहायता करने वाले होते थे तो कोई दुदुभी बजाते कोई गीत गाते कोई ह थयार
  24. 24. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 24 पैने करते तो कोई भोजन बनाते। महाराणा ताप ने तो अपनी सेना म भील क भी भत क थी। ये भी संभव है क इस कार यु ध म भाग लेने वाले समाज ब धु ने कु मावत श द का योग शु कया।
  25. 25. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 25
  26. 26. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 26
  27. 27. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 27
  28. 28. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 28 कु छ ब धु यह भी कहते है क इ तहास म पुरानी जागीर का वणन होता है अत: वे राजपूत के वंशज है या य है। तो उन ब धुओं का बताना चाहु ंगा क जागीर देना या ना देना राजा पर नभर करता था। जोधपुर म मेहरानगढ के दुग के नमाण के समय दुग ढह जाता तो ये उपाय बताया गया क कसी जी वत यि त वारा नींव मे समा ध लये जाने पर ये अ भशाप दूर होगा। तब पूरे रा य म उ घोषणा करवाई गई क जो यि त अपनी जी वत समा ध देगा उसके वंशज को जागीर द जाएगी। तब के वल एक गर ब यि त आगे आया उसका नाम राजाराम मेघवाल था। तब महाराजा ने
  29. 29. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 29 उसके प रवार जन को एक जागीर द तथा उसके नाम से एक समा ध थान (थान) कले म आज भी मौजूद है। चारण को भी उनक का य गीत क रचनाओं से स न हो खूब जागीरे द गयी। अत: जागीर होना या थान या समाधी होना इस बात का माण नह ं है क वे राजपूत के वंशज थे। और य वण बहु त वृहद है राजपूत तो उनके अंग मा है। कु हार यु ध म भाग लेने के कारण य कहला सकता है पर राजपूत नह ं। राजपूत तो यि त तभी कहलाता है जब वह कसी राजा क संत त हो। य होने के लए राजा का वंशज होना ज र नह ं होता। कम से यि त य वै य या शु होता है।
  30. 30. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 30 कु हार/कु मार श प काय करने के कारण वै य वण म आता है। कु छ य कम करते थे तो वयं को य भी कहते है। भाट और रावा◌े◌ं ने अपनी ब हय म अलग अलग कहानीय के मा यम से लगभग सभी जा तय को राजपूत से जोडा है ता क उ हे परम दानी राजा के वंशज बता अ धक से अ धक दान द णा ले सके । ले कन कु मावत और कु हार को इस बात पर यान देना चा हए क राजपूतो म ऐसी गो नह ं होती जैसी उनक है और िजस कार कु मावत का र ता कु मावत म होता है वैसे कसी राजपूत वंश म नह ं होता।
  31. 31. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 31 अत: उनको भाट और राव क झूठ बात पर यान नह ं देना चा हए। राजपूत मे कु भा नाम से कई राजा हु ए है अत: हो सकता है उनके वंशज भी कु मावत लगाते रहे हो। पर अब कु हार को कु मावत लगाते देख वे अपना मूल वंश जैसे ससो दया या राठौड़ या पंवार लगाना शु कर दया होगा और वे र ते भी अपने वंश के ह कु मावत से ना कर क छवाहो प रहारो से करते ह गे। कु छ ब धु ये भी तक देते है क हम बतन मटके नह ं बनाते और इनको बनाने वाल से उनका कोई संबंध कभी नह ं रहा। उन बंधुओ को कहते है क आपके पुराने खेत और मकान जायदाद मे तो कु हार कु मार
  32. 32. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 32 कु भार लखा है तो वे तक देते है क वे अ ानतावश खुद को कु हार कहते थे। यहां ये लोग भूल जाते है क हमारे पूवज राव और भाट के हमार तुलना म यादा य स पक म रहते थे। अगर भाट कहते क आप कु मावत हो तो वे कु मावत लगाते। और कु मावत श द का कु हार वारा यो्ग यादा पुराना नह ं है। वतमान जयपुर क थापना के समय से ह चलन म आया है और धीरे धीरे पूरे राज थान म कु हार के म य लोक य हो रहा है। और रह बात मटके बनाने क तो हजार म से एक यि त ह मटका बनाता है। य क अगर सभी बनाते इतने बतन क खपत ह कहा होती। कम
  33. 33. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 33 मांग के कारण कु हार जा त के लोग अ य रोजगार अपनाते। कु छ खेती करते कु छ भवन नमाण करते कु छ पशुचराते कु छ बनजारो क तरह यापार करते तो कु छ बतन और म ट क व तुए बनात। खेतीकर, चेजारा और ज टया कु मार मश: खेती करने वाले, भवन नमाण और पशु चराने और उन का काय करने वाले कु हार को कहा जाता था। कु छ कहते है क मा कु मार मतलब राजपूत। मा मतलब राजपूत और कु मार मतलब राजकु मार। – उनके लये यह कहना है क राज थान क सं कृ त पर कु छ पढे। बना पढे ऐसी बाते ह मन मे उठेगी। मा मतलब म
  34. 34. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 34 देश वासी। मारेचा मा श द का ह प रव त त प है जो म देश के संध से जुड़े े के लोगो के लये यु त होता है। और कु मार मतलब ह द म राजकु मार होता है पर िजस भाषा और सं कृ त पर यान दोगे तो वा त वकता समझ आयेगी। यहां क भा ◌ा◌ा म उ चारण अलग अलग है। यहां हर बारह कोस बाद बोल बदलती है। राज थान मे ‘कु हार’ श द का उ चारण कु हार कह ं नह होता। कु छ े म कु मार बोलते है और कु छ े म कुं भार अ धकतरकु मार ह बोलते है। द ◌ा भारत म कु मार , कु लाल श द कु हार जा त के लये यु त होता है।
  35. 35. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 35 जापत और जाप त श द के अथ म कोई भेद नह ं। राज थानी भाषा म प त का उ चारण पत के प म करते है। जैसे लखप त का लखपत, ल मीप त संघा नया का ल मीपत संघा नया। जाप त को राज थानी म जापत कहते है। यह उपमा उसक सृजना मक मता देख कर द गयी है। िजस कार मा न वर सृ ट क रचना करता है ाणी का शर र रज से बना है और वापस म ट म वल न हो जाता है वैसे है कु भकार म ट के कण से भ न भ न रचनाओं का सृजन करता है। कु छ कहते है क रहन सहन अलग अलग। और कु हार ि यां नाक म आभूषण नह पहनती। तो इसके पीछे भी
  36. 36. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 36 अलग अलग े के लोगो मे रहन सहन के तर म अ तर होना ह मूल कारण है। राज थान म कु हार जा त इस कार उपजा तय म वभािजत है- मा – अथात म देश के खेतीकर – अथात ये साथ म अंश का लक खेती करते थे। चेजारा भी इनम से ह है जो अंशका लक यवसाय के तौर पर भवन नमाण करते थे। बा रस के मौसम म सभी जा तयां खेती करती थी य क उस समय त हे टेयर उ पादन आज िजतना नह होता था अत: लगभग सभी जा तयां खेती करती थी। स दय म म ट क व तुए बनती थी। इनम दा मांस का सेवन नह ं होता था।
  37. 37. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 37 बांडा ये के वल बतन और मटके बनाने का यवसाय ह करते थे। ये मूलत: पि चमी राज थान के नह ं होकर गुजरात और वनवासी े से आये हु ए कु हार थे। इनका रहन सहन भी मा कु हार से अलग था। ये दा मांस का सेवन भी करते थे। पुर बये – ये पूरब दशा से आने वाले कु हार को कहा जाता ◌ा◌ा। जैसे हाड़ौती े के कु हार पि चमी े म आते तो इनको पुर बया कहते। ये भी दा मांस का सेवन करते थे। ज टया- ये अंशका लक यवसाय के तौर पर पशुपालन करते थे। ये पानी क अ यंत कमी वाले े म रहते है वहां पानी और
  38. 38. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 38 घास क कमी के कारण गाय और भस क जगह बकर और भेड़ पालते है। और बकर और भेड़ के बाल क व तुए बनाते थे। इनका रहन सहन भी पशुपालन यवसाय करने के कारण थोड़ा अलग हो गया था हालां क ये भी मा ह थे। इनका पहनावा राइका क तरह होता था। बाड़मेर और जैसलमेर म पानी और घास क कमी के कारण वंहा गावं म राजपूत भी भेड़ बकर के बड़े बड़े झु ड रखते है। रहन सहन अलग होने के कारण और दा मांस का सेवन करने के कारण मा अथात थानीय कु हार बांडा और पुर बय के साथ र ता नह ं करते थे।
  39. 39. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 39 मा कु हार दा मांस का सेवन नह ं करती थी अत: इनका सामािजक तर अ य पछड़ी जा तय से बहु त उंचा होता था। अगर कह ं बड़े तर पर भोजन बनाना होता तो ाहमण ना होने पर कु हार को ह वर यता द जाती थी। इसी लए आज भी पि चमी राज थान म हलवाई का अ धकतर काय कु हार और ाहमण जा त ह करती है। पूराने समय म आवगमन के साधन कम होने से के वल इतनी दूर के गांव तक र ता करते थे क सुबह दु हन क वदाई हो और शाम को बारात वा पस अपने गांव पहु ंच जाये। इस लये 20 से 40 कलोमीटर क या के े को थानीय बोल मे
  40. 40. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 40 प ट कहते थे। वे के वल अपनी प ट म ह र ता करते थे। पर तु आज आवागमन के उ नत साधन वक सत होने से दूर कोई मायने नह ं रखती। कु छ बंधु हा या पद कु तक भी करते है जैसे- कु हार कभी इतनी बड़ी तादाद म नह ं रहते क गांव के गांव बस जाये। जोधपुर शहर के पास ह गांव है ना दड़ी। इसे ना द वाल गौ के कु हारो ने बसाया था। आज भी वहां बड़ी सं या कु हार क है। एक और गांव है झालाम ड। वह भी कु हार बहु ल आबाद का गांव है। ऐसे कई गांव है। पूव राज थान म भी है। पबास भी ऐसा ह गांव है। ये ऐसा कु तक है जो के वल
  41. 41. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 41 अनजान यि त ह दे सकता है जो कु पम डुक क तरह के वल एक जगह रहा हो। अ◌ौर कु हार जो मटके बनाते है वे कभी अके ले नह ं रहते। उनक नयाव जहां मटके आग म पकाये जाते है, वहां सभी कु हार के मटके साथ म पकते है और उस याव पर गांव का जागीरदार कर भी लगाता था। कु छ लोग एक और हा या पद तक देते है क कु हार का जा त होने से लगान नह ं देते थे। ये भी इन लो्ग क अ ानता और पछड़ापन और घ टया सोच दशाता है। ये भूल जाते है क कु भ नमाण एक श पकला है। कु मार/कु भार ना के वल म ट से कु भ का नमाण करता है वरन
  42. 42. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 42 अ य व तु भी बनाता है। जैसे ई ट मू त यां और खलौन एवं अ य सजावट उ पाद। अत: कु भकार श पकार वग म आता ह नह ं वरन श पकार वग का जनक माना जाता है। म ट के उ पाद मु यतया स दय मे बनाये जाते थे। और मानसून म तो लगभग सभी जा तय कृ ष काय करती थी। और जो कृ ष करते थे उनको लगान देना पड़ता था। सफ ा मण से लगान नह ं लया जाता था। और रह बात कु हार को शाद याह म नेग देने क बात तो वो के वल उसी कु हार को दया जाता है िजसके घर म चाक होती है और िजसे पूजा जाना होता है। ववाह के अवसर पर चाक पूजन क
  43. 43. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 43 अ नवाय र म होती है। चाक से सृजन होता है और ववाह से वंश वृ ध होती है अत: चाक को मंगलकार माना जाता है। इसी चाक क वजह से कु हार को नेग मलता है बदले म कु हार प व कलश देता है। जो कु हार बतन बनाते थे वे सामू हक तौर पर उनको याव म पकाते थे, और उस याव म जागीरदार कर लगाता था। एक और तक है क रहन सहन अलग होना। राज थान म जहां हर 12 कोस बाद बोल बदल जाती है तो उसके पीछे रहन सहन और सं कृ त का अलग होना ह है। राज थान के हर राजवंश क भी पगड़ी अलग तर के क होती थी। हर रा य क
  44. 44. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 44 बोल अलग अलग होती थी रहन सहन अलग अलग होता था। तो इसका असर सभी जा तय पर दखना ह था। ले कन आज कल के लोगो को तो ये भी नह ं मालुम क उनक परदाद और परदादा कस तरह के व धारण करते थे। आजकल तो उस तरह के व ह बड़ी मुि कल से मलते है। जोधपुर नागौर क तरफ के े म जाट और कु मार जा त क म हलाय हरा और उसम लाल और गुलाबी लाइन और चोकड़ी क डजाइन का मोटा खाद क तरह का कपड़े ( थानीय भाषा म ‘साड़ी’) से बना घाघरा और उपर कु त कांचल कमीज आ द पहनती थी। पु ष धोती कु रता पहनते थे और हर पील
  45. 45. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 45 सफे द के सर या और चुनर का साफा पहनते थे। वह बाड़मेर क तरफ पु ष लाल रंग क पगड़ी और अंगरखी और धोती पहनते थे जो राईका जा त के पु ष के समान होती थी। धोती और पगड़ी बांधने के तर के म भी अ तर था। कु मारो/कु भार क जनसं या अ धक होने के कारण यादातर ने कई पी ढय पूव अ य यवसाय अपना लया। कोई खेती करने लगे कोई चूने से चूनाई और भ च का नमाण करते। वतमान म भी नये नये वरोजगार म ल त ह। अलग अलग े म अलग अलग कथाय च लत है। कह ं पर शव पाव त ववाह क घटना, कह ं पर राणा कु भा का थाप य
  46. 46. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 46 ेम, ता◌े कह ं पर संत कु बाजी को लेकर तो कह ं संत गरवाजी को लेकर कथाय च लत है। कु छ ब धुओं का ये भी तक है क हम दूसर रा य म सामा य ेणी म आते है इस लए य है और कु हार चूं क अ य पछड़ा वग म आता है अत: हम अलग जा त के है। उन ब धुओं को मेरा सुझाव है क अ य पछड़ा वग से संबं धत नयम पढे। ऐसा इस लए होता है क एक रा य के अ. प.व. दूसरे रा य म जाने पर सामा य ेणी म शा मल होते है। आप कभी दूसरे रा य क भत पर ा म के वल सामा य ेणी म ह भाग ले सकते है। अब कु मावत श द क उ प त राज थान म
  47. 47. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 47 हु ई है और राज थान से ह कु मावत लगाने वाले लोग देश के व भ न ह स म जाकर बसे है। दूसरे रा य के इ तहास म इस श द के बारे म यादा कु छ उपल ध नह ं होने कारण और उनको थानीय ना मानकर राज थानी माना जाने के कारण अ पव ेणी म नह ं रखा गया। जब क यह ं से जाकर अ य रा य म, जंहा कु हार जाप त श द च लत है, बसने वाले लोग जा◌े वयं को कु हार कहते थे शास नक मल भगत से वयं को थानीय बताकर अ पव ेणी का और िजस रा य म अनुसू चत जा त म ह वहां अनुसू चत जा त का माण प बनवा लया। हालां क
  48. 48. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 48 वंहा बस गये फर भी वंहा के थानीय लोगो से र ता नह ं करते। कु छ ब धु राजपूत महासभा क पु तक का हवाला देते हु ए कहते है क कु मावत कछवाहा राजपूत वंश क एक खाप है। जैसे नाथावत या खंगारोत। यहां म यह कहु ंगा क ब कु ल कु मावत कछवाहा वंश क एक खाप हो सकती है ले कन खाप होने पर कु मावत का र ता कु मावत से ना होकर अ य राजपूत वंश से होगा। जैसे कसी नाथावत का ववाह नाथावत से नह ं होता वैसे ह कु मावत का ववाह कु मावत से नह ं होगा। ले कन जब कु मावत जा त हो तो कु मावत से र ता हो सकता है अत: जो समाज ब धु राजपूत समाज क पु तक
  49. 49. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 49 का हवाला देते ह उ हे अपनी बु ध का थोड़ा इ तेमाल करना चा हए। कु छ ब धु मरदुशुमार (जनगणना, census) का हवाला देते है। उनके लये फर यह कहना चाहु ंगा क जनगणना म वह आंकड़े होते है जो लोग देते है। अब तक पि चमी राज थान के लोग कु हार लखवाते आये है और अगल गणना म कु मावत लखवाते है तो वह लखा जायेगा जो लखवायगे। जनगणना म जैन पंथ के लोग धम ह दू लखवाते आये है। इस लये जनगणना से पूव जैन समाज के लोग कहते भी है क जनगणना के समय धम जैन लखवाना है ह दू नह ं। कु मावत श द का चलन देखा देखी ह शु हु आ है। पहले 17 वी सद म
  50. 50. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 50 एक ने लगाया बाद म देखा देखी दूसरे भी लगाते गये। और अभी भी देखा देखी लगाते जा रहे है। Rajasthan In Rajasthan, Kumhars (Also known as Prajapat) have six sub-groups namely Mathera, Kumavat, Kheteri, Marwara, Timria and Mawalia. They follow endogamy with clan exogamy.-Mandal, S. K. (1998). “Kumhar/Kumbhar”. In Singh, Kumar Suresh. People of India: Rajasthan. Popular Prakashan. pp. 565– 566. ISBN 978-8-17154-769-2. कु छ बंधु यह तक देते ह क मा कु हार म राजपूती नख होते है अत: ज र राजपूत से कने शन है और उनका कहना है क नख के आधार पर भाट क बात
  51. 51. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 51 सह तीत होती है क हमारे पूवज राजपूत थे, कसी कारणवश उ होने श प काय कु भकला को अपनाया था। मेरा उन बंधुओं के लये इतना ह कहना है क कु हार कु मावत राजकु हार सभी श पी जा तयां है ना क सेवा करने वाल जा तयां, इनम र त करते समय गो ह देखी जाती रह है, और चार गौ ह टाल जाती रह है। सेवा करने वाल जा तयां अपने राजा के वंश के अनु प वयं का वंश बताती है। अकाल दु भ के समय मेहनत मजदूर जो भी मले वो काय करने से यि त क जा त का व प नह ं बदलता, श पी जा तयां सेवा करने वाल जा तय मे त द ल नह ं हो जाती। अत:
  52. 52. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 52 मेरा ब धुओं से वन अनुरोध है क राजपूती नख जैसी बात को भूल कर वा भमानी शि पय क तरह के वल गो ह बताय। सेवा करने वाल जा तय के पास गो नह होती के वल नख होता है। मैने त य के आधार पर व लेषण कया है। कसी क भावनाओं के ठेस पहु ंचाने का मेरा इरादा नह ं है। अगर कसी क भावना को ठेस पहु ंची हो तो मा करे। समाज को कमजोर करने के लये य न हो रहे है, इसी के ◌े वरोध म लखा गया है। समाज म कई उपजा तयां ज र है जो े और रहन सहन के आधार पर बनी। पर ये सब उपजा तयां है तो एक जा त क ह । अब इन उपजा तय को अलग अलग ज◌ा◌ा त के प बदलने का यास कया जा रहा है ता क समाज क ◌ा◌ी राजनै तक प से एक ना हो पाये। ए◌े◌ेसे◌े दु◌ुष् यासो को रोकने के लये ह ये पो ट लखी है। बगड़ावत गाथा म कु हार वीर का उ लेख
  53. 53. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 53 P-53, Nectar Gaze and Poison Breath, By Department of Religious Studies University of Canterbury Aditya Malik Co-Coordinator शा लवाहन सातवाहन के बारे म According to 1. Kalpa-Pradipa of Jina- Prabhasuri, 2. Rajashekhara’s Prabandha- Kosha and 3.Salivahana-Charitra (a Marathi language work) Satavahana was the child of the Nāga (serpent) chief Shesha and a Brahmin widow, who lived in the house of a potter. His name
  54. 54. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 54 “Satavahana” was derived from the words satani (give) and vahana (means of transport), because he used to make elephants, horses and other means of transport using clay, and gift them to other children. One day, Vikramaditya perceived omens that his future killer had been born. He sent his vetala to find out the child, and the vetala traced Satavahana in Pratishthana. Vikramaditya then led an army to Pratishthana. With help of Nāga magic, Satavahana converted his clay figures of horses, elephants and soldiers into a real army. He defeated Vikramaditya, who fled to Ujjain. He then introduced his own era, and became a Jain.
  55. 55. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 55
  56. 56. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 56 with courtesy – from Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bombay, Volume 10
  57. 57. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 57 The Kumhars are a Northern Indian ethnic tribe that inhabits the Punjab, also related to Brahma god In Old Era & Modern Era Period in Punjab Sikh Kumhar Professions were Ceramics Workers, Glass Product Workers, Water Supply Workers History of Sikh Kumhars Sikh Kumhars are more commonly referred to as Prajapatis because of their reverence for the famous Misl leader, Krora Singh Panjgarhia (1741- 1878), who was a Kumhar. Notable Kumhar Politicians and Miscs
  58. 58. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 58 Jasbir Singh Lidder, Gurbax Singh Malhi, Asa Singh Mastana, Alaap Group Kumhar Clans Behgal, Baiwal, Channi, Chandla, Chandrani, Chhapola, Chind, Dehmiwal, Doal, Dubb, Ghadiyal, Gohal, Guleria, Guliyaan, Ghurail, Guleria, Hathretia, Jalbi, Jariyal, Ladwa, Karari, Kashav, Khambh, Khiva, Kubbe, Kumhar, Langdi, Lehra, Lehri, Lidder, Lola, Mahar, Malhi, Mastana, Nokhwal, Panjgarhia, Pansotra, Prajapati, Ranolia, Sattani, Sokhal, With courtesy- from https://www.sikhiwiki.org/index.php /Kumhar Bhai Himmat Singh (1661 – 1705)
  59. 59. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 59 The third of the Panj Pyare to answer the call of Guru Gobind Singh and offer his head was Bhai Himmat Singh.  Birth: January 18,1661 Jagannath Puri, Present day Orrissa. Born Himmat Rai.  Family: Son of Gulzaree and his wife Dhanoo of the Jheeaur  Occupation: Water carrier.  Initiation: Anand Pur, 1699. Age 38.  Death: Chamkaur, December 7, 1705. Martyred age 44. Upon initiation, Himmat Rai gave up the occupation and alliance of his Kumhar caste to become Himmat Singh and join the Khalsa warriors. The meaning of Himmat is courageous spirit and Singh is lion, qualities which are inherent in the five beloved Panj Pyare. Bhai Himmat Singh fought beside Guru Gobind Singh and the Khalsa in Anand Pur and and died at
  60. 60. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 60 the the battle of Chamkaur in December, 1705. With Courtesy- Sukhmandir Khalsa, Sikhism Expert http://sikhism.about.com/od/histor icalpersonalities/tp/Panj-Pyare-The-Five- Beloved.htm Sikh Shaheeds (Sikh Martyrs) Bhai Himmat Singh Ji (Panj Pyare) Date of Birth : 18 January 1661 Birthplace : India FAther’s Name : ———– Mother’s Name : ———– Brother/Sisters : ———– Joti Jot : 7 December 1705 Bhai Himmat Singh (1661–1705), one of the Panj Pyare, or the Five Beloved,
  61. 61. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 61 celebrated in Sikh history, was born in 1661 at JagannathPuri in a Kumhar/Ghumiar family [1] (his family business was water supplying). He came to Anandpur at the young age of 17, and attached himself to the service of Guru Gobind Singh. Bhai Himmat, as he was called before his initiation, was one of the five Sikhs who one by one offered to lay down their heads in response to the Guru’s successive calls made at an assembly of the Sikhs especially summoned on the occasion of Baisakhi of 1756 Bk corresponding to 30 March 1699. He along with the other four received the vows of the Khalsa at Guru Gobind Singh’s hands and was renamed Himmat Singh. Bhai Himmat Singh proved a brave warrior and, while at Anandpur, he took part in battles with the surrounding hill chiefs and imperial commanders. He died in the battle of Chamkaur on 7 December 1705 together with Bhai Sahib Singh and Bhai
  62. 62. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 62 Mukham Singh. With Courtesy – http://www.sachibani.info/bhai_himmat_s ingh_ji.html guru govind ki mang 14 aprail, 1699 ko guru govind sinh ne dharmabhiyan prarnbh karane se poorv buddhiman jan bhavana ki parakh karane ke vichar se snvat 1955 ke chaitr mas men ek bada virat samaroh kiya aur usamen sabhi ko bhag lene ke lie amntrit kiya. us utsav men hazaron log aye. guru govind sinh ne unaka adar, satkar kiya aur unake bhojan tatha vishram nivas ka samuchit prabndh kiya. pramukh sabha ke din guru govind sinh janasamuday ke sammukh nngi talavar lie hue aye aur bole- “bhaiyon, aj devi durga ne balidan manga hai. kya ap
  63. 63. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 63 men se koee aisa vir hai, jo devi ki prasannata ke lie apana sir de sake?”[1] panch viron ka balidan sabha men kuchh der sannata chhaya raha. guruji ne phir kaha- “kya devi ki mang poori nahin hogi?” tabhi ek tis varshiy tarun utha aur bola- “main apana sir devi ko bhent karane ko taiyar hoon.” yah lahaur ke nivasi bhaee dayaram khatri the. guru govind sinh unhen ek tnboo men le gaye aur ek muhoort hi men logon ne tnboo ke bahar rakt ki dhara bahate hue dekhi. guru govind sinh phir hath men rakt se sani talavar lekar aye aur bole- “devi aur balidan chahati hain. kya doosara koee vyakti apana sir dene ko taiyar hai?” tabhi taintis varshiy dilli nivasi bhaee dharmasinh jat ne age akar sir jhuka diya. guruji unhen bhi tnboo men le gaye aur rakt ki doosari dhar bahati dikhaee di. tisari bar guruji ne akar phir vahi mang ki. ab
  64. 64. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 64 ki bar 36 varshiy mohakamachnd dhobi age aye. guru unako bhi tnboo men le gaye aur ek bar phir tnboo ke bahar rakt ki dhar bahati dikhaee di. isi prakar guru govind sinh ne do bar aur akar balidan ki mang ki aur donon bar kram se saintis varshiy bidar nivasi bhaee sahabachnd naee aur 38 varshiy jagannath nivasi bhaee himmataray kumhar ne apana sir dena svikar kiya aur donon ki vahi dasha huee jo pratham tin ki huee thi. is balidan bhavana se sara janasamooh umad pada aur guruji se kahane laga ki- “hamara sir lijie, hamara sir lijie”. With courtesy- from http://en.bharatdiscovery.org/india/% E0%A4%AA%E0%A4%82%E0%A4%9A _%E0%A4%AA%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4 %AF%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B0%E0% A5%87
  65. 65. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 65 Kumhar or Kumbhar (Punjabi: ਕੁਮਹਾਰ, Urdu: ‫,ﮐﺗﻌﮩطد‬Hindi: कु ् हार); also known as Prajapati, is a caste or community of India, mainly belonging to the Hindu religion. The word “Kumhar” literally means “potter” in Indian languages, pottery being the traditional occupation of the Kumhars. In Hindu mythology, Kumhars are said to have descended from the Prajapati, the son of the Hindu god Brahma, and hence are referred to as Prajapatis. There are also other stories about them being called Prajapati. In Shiv Purana while Narad Ji listens Shiv Tatva from God Brahma, he calls God Brahmaji as Prajapati so Brahmaji himself is also a Prajapati. Mythological origin of kumhars/Prajapatis The Kumhars or Kumbhars or rehmani derive their name from the Sanskrit word Kumbhakar meaning earthen pot
  66. 66. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 66 maker. They are also known as Kumbhar(Marathi)Prajapati, Prajapat, Kumhar, Ghumiyar, Ghumar, Kumbhkaar . Today, the Kumhar caste is mainly found in Pakistan and Punjab, Bijnor(U.P.) (India). Some Prajapatis/Kumhars trace the origin of their community to the beginning of civilization when the man started using utensils to prepare and eat food. They(Kumhars) consider themselves to be the starters of the world’s first industry (pottery). All sons of Lord Brahma were known to be Prajapatis. There are subcasts that are common in Kumhars and Brahmins. Brahmans are claimed to be offspring of Prajapatis. and Four varnas are developed by Brahmans within themselves but since Kumhars/Prajapatis were there from even before word Brahmins came to existence so they consider themselves
  67. 67. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 67 different from varnas/Caste system.They say themselves to be different from the caste system and claim them to be higher than all varnas and castes. According to a Hindu mythology, the first Kumbh (earthen pot) was a gift from the Gods. When the gods and the demons were churning the ocean for nectar, there was no vessel to collect the ambrosia. Some other Kumhar myths claim this to be their first creation. Another mythological story says that when Lord Shiva was about to marry Parvati he realised he had forgotten the water pot integral for the ceremony. Therefore, he gave a part of his skin for clay to Prajapati, the god of creativity, to make a pot. And Parvati gave her blood to decorate the pot.
  68. 68. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 68 That is when the first kumbh (earthen pot) was created and Prajapati became the first Kumhar (potter). In some temples in Rajasthan, only a Kumhar can do the worship not the Brahmins. The classification of Kumhars in the Hindu varna system differs from region to region. With courtesy – from http://www.prajapatiworld.com/abou t-prajapati Kummara, Kumhar or Kumbhar is a caste or community of India. Kummara literally means potter in Indian languages. The Kumhar community is found throughout India and is found in all religions. The Kumhars derive their name from the Sanskrit word Kumbhakar meaning earthen pot maker. Traditionally, the Kumhars have been
  69. 69. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 69 the followers of the Dharmic religions (especially Hinduism), but many adopted Islam after the Muslim conquest in the Indian subcontinent.” 76%Hindu 16%Muslim 1.5%Sikh 6.5%Other religions Related ethnic groups “The Kumhar community is found throughout India, but mainly in the northern states of India including Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Himachal, Western Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Maharashtra, Gujarat, South India, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, and West Bengal.” In Hindu mythology, the Kumhars are the descendants of Lord Prajapati. Therefore, they are also known as Prajapati.
  70. 70. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 70 Prajapati in Vedas According to later beliefs in the post- Vedic Era, the Prajapaties were elected democratically. Lord Vishnu was first elected democratically/unanimously as Prajapati (in the North of Aryavarta or Bharta) by all the Rishis and subjects of that era and sat on the throne of Prajapati. Thereafter, Lord Bràhma was elected as Prajapati (in the west of Aryavrat or Bharta), after which Lord Shankar (in the South of Aryavrat or Bharta) or Rudras were elected as Prajapaties. The throne of Prajapati succeeded further and there were about 26 Prajapaties, as mentioned in the Vedas. Prajapati is a Vedic deity presiding over procreation, and the protection of
  71. 71. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 71 life. He appears as a creator deity or supreme god vishvakarman above the other Vedic deities in RV 10 and in Brahmana literature. Vedic commentators also identify him with the creator referred to in the Nasadiya Sukta. In later times, he is identified with Vishnu, Shiva, with the personifications of Time, Fire, the Sun, etc. He is also identified with various mythical progenitors, especially (Manu Smrti 1.34) the ten lords of created beings first created by Brahmā, the Prajapatis Marichi, Atri, Angiras, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratu, Vasishtha, Prachetas or Daksha, Bhrigu, Nārada. The Mahabharata mentions, in the words of celestial sage Narada, 14 Prajapatis (lit:caretakers of the Praja) Hiranyagarbha is the source of the
  72. 72. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 72 creation of the Universe or the manifested cosmos in Indian philosophy, it finds mention in one hymn of the Rigveda (RV 10.121), known as the ‘Hiranyagarbha sukta’ and presents an important glimpse of the emerging monism, or even monotheism, in the later Vedic period, along with the Nasadiya sukta suggesting a single creator deity predating all other gods (verse 8: yó devéṣv ádhi devá éka âsīt, Griffith: “He is the God of gods, and none beside him.”), in the hymn identified as Prajapati. The Upanishads calls it the Soul of the Universe or Brahman, and elaborates that Hiranyagarbha floated around in emptiness and the darkness of the non-existence for about a year, and then broke into two halves which formed the Swarga and the Prithvi. In classical Puranic Hinduism,
  73. 73. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 73 Hiranyagarbha is a name of Brahma, so called because he was born from a golden egg (Manusmrti 1.9), while the Mahabharata calls it the Manifest. Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 8.8.16 cites Vishvakarman as the leader of the prajāpatis, the sons of Lord Brahmā who generate progeny. The eleven lords of created beings first created by Brahmā, which are the Prajapatis: In Hinduism, Prajapati (Sanskrit: जाप त (IAST: prajā-pati)) “lord of creatures” is a group Hindu deity presiding over procreation, and protection of life. Vedic commentators also identify him with the creator referred to in the Nasadiya Sukta. The Mahabharata mentions, in the words of celestial sage Narada, 14 Prajapatis (lit:caretakers of the Praja) excluding Vishvakarman namely:
  74. 74. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 74 1. Daksha, 2. Prachetas, 3. Pulaha, 4. Marichi, 5. Kasyapa, 6. Bhrigu, 7. Atri, 8. Vasistha, 9. Gautama, 10. Angiras, 11. Pulastya, 12. Kratu, 13. Prahlada and 14. Kardama They are the caretakers of the fourteen worlds – seven lokas and seven talas. Prajapati in Vedas
  75. 75. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 75 The Prajapati community come brahmana warriors are seen as the descendants of Prajapati; Lord Brahmā, Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva and Maharaj Manu are considered Prajapaties. Prajapati also means protector & preserver (King). The Mahabharata translated by Kisari Mohan Ganguli (1883-1896), Book 2: Sabha Parva: Lokapala Sabhakhayana Parva, section:XI. p. 25 And Daksha, Prachetas, Pulaha, Marichi, the master Kasyapa, Bhrigu, Atri, and Vasistha and Gautama, and also Angiras, and Pulastya, Kraut, Prahlada, and Kardama, these Prajapatis, and Angirasa of the Atharvan Veda, the Valikhilyas, the Marichipas; Intelligence, Space, Knowledge, Air, Heat, Water, Earth, Sound, Touch, Form, Taste, Scent; Nature, and the Modes (of Nature), and the elemental
  76. 76. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 76 and prime causes of the world,–all stay in that mansion beside the lord Brahma. And Agastya of great energy, and Markandeya, of great ascetic power, and Jamadagni and Bharadwaja, and Samvarta, and Chyavana, and exalted Durvasa, and the virtuous Rishyasringa, the illustrious ‘Sanatkumara’ of great ascetic merit and the preceptor in all matters affecting Yoga… , Taste, Scent; Nature, and the Modes (of Nature), and the elemental and prime causes of the world,–all stay in that mansion beside the lord Brahma. And Agastya of great energy, and Markandeya, of great ascetic power, and Jamadagni and Bharadwaja, and Samvarta, and Chyavana, and exalted Durvasa, and the virtuous Rishyasringa, the illustrious ‘Sanatkumara’ of great ascetic merit
  77. 77. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 77 and the preceptor in all matters affecting Yoga. Possible Equivalent A possible connection between Prajapati (and related figures in Indian tradition) and the Prōtogonos (Greek: Πρωτογόνος) of the Greek Orphic tradition has been made by several scholars. It has been argued that the name of /PRA-JĀ[N]-pati/ (‘progeny-potentate’) is etymologically equivalent to that of the oracular god at Kolophōn
  78. 78. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 78 (according to Makrobios), namely /prōtogonos/. According to Damascius, Prōtogonos (also known as Phanēs) had four heads, those of “a Serpent (Drakōn)… and a bull; a man, and a god,” while in the Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa Brahmā – identified with Prajapati in several texts – is likewise reckoned as 4-headed [one head each having produced deva- s (gods), ṛṣi-s (sages), pitṛ-s (ancestors), and nara-s (humans)]. “The sons of Lord Brahma are known to be Prajapatis. There are subcastes that are common in both Kumhars and Brahmins. Brahmans are claimed to be offspring of Prajapatis.
  79. 79. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 79 According to a Hindu mythology, the first Kumbh (earthen pot) was a gift from the Gods. When the gods and the demons were churning the ocean for nectar, there was no vessel to collect the ambrosia. Some other Kumhar myths claim this to be their first creation. Another mythological story says that when Lord Shiva was about to marry Parvati, he realised he had forgotten the water pot integral for the ceremony. Therefore, he gave a part of his skin for clay to Prajapati, the god of creativity, to make a pot. And Parvati gave her blood to decorate the pot. That is when the first kumbh[3] (earthen pot) was created and Prajapati became the first Kumhar (potter). Ancient Arya Samaj was divided in four castes, such as
  80. 80. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 80 1. Brahmin 2. Ksatriyas 3. Vaishyas 4. Shudra The people who were working in the masonry or carpentry occupations were given the title of a mason, carpenter, or masonry etc., and they are known by these names even at present. The people who worked as potters, making utensils, tiles or any related products from earth were called, “Kumbhkar.” Kumbh – means clay utensils and kar – means maker. Therefore, Kumbhkar was later called,”Kumbhar.” Due to the increase use of their trade and that became well known as, one “Jati” people of Prajapati community it appears that their geographical location determined their title such as Sorathia, Lad, and Varia. Therefore, people who stayed
  81. 81. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 81 and lived in Sorath were known as “Sorathia Prajapati.” The person of Shudra also could be a Brahman, such as Valmiki Rushi, was Shudra by birth, however, he was able to become Brahmin. Current castes and sub-castes are based on their particular skills. In ancient times, Prajapati was very high up on the rank, and during that time, the higher caste used to come to Prajapati’s home to stay with him. In Dwapar Yug, the Pandavas stayed at Prajapati’s home. The Prajapati community was very consecrated, and of refined culture. After a long time, the name of Prajapati went through a significant downfall. But, its ancient, high, consecrated values can still be noticed in hidden adage.
  82. 82. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 82 To prove that belief, in Prajapati community today, there are so many sants in our community. In Satyug, the guru of Bhakta Prahalad was Shreebai Mataji, who was Prajapati Bhakta. Gora Kumbhar, was also saint from Maharashtra. In 15th century, Padamnath Prabhu, who was in Patan, in Gujrat, and also a Prajapati. In Kheda district of Gujrat, and Borsad, Sant Shree Gopaldas also was Prajapati, in Rajasthan, Bhakta Koobaji, in Kankaviti Bhakta Ranka Vanka, in Saurashatra, Dhhanga Bhagat, and Mepa Bhagat in Tikar, near Hadavad in Gujrat Kara Bhagat in Godhra, Sant Shree Purshotam Dasji, all were Prajapati. Also, in Saurastra, Chindal Bhagat, and Ramji Bhagat. In Vanthali Heera Bhagat in, Gadhaka, Jiva Bhagat, Rana Bordi, Bogha Bhagat (Mahant Shree Balak Dasji), at Navadra, Jina Bhagat, at Bagavadar,
  83. 83. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 83 Jiva Bhagat (Sant Hans Dasji), All these were also Prajapati’s. Besides, these in Junagadh district, at Satadhar, at the sight of Shree Aapa Giga, there was Shamji Bhagat, and at the sight of Sat Devivas, or Parab was Sat Sevadas. All these were Prajapatis. From these, it can be proved that the high, consecrated values, and morals, by the mercy of our ancestors have remained for all the time in the Prajapati community. Due to the high morals of our ancestors, many Bhaktos have taken birth, these Bhaktos, by doing pottery work, artwork, or carpentry work, and either being poor or rich, were able to provide accommodation to the higher caste, had true knowledge of religion, and the understanding of their holy duty. This is the proof of holiness and ancient high values and morals of Prajapati community.
  84. 84. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 84 Just as Brahma, the maker of humanity, used the five elements: fire, water, wind, earth and space, so did the descendant’s of the son of Brahma, Daksa Prajapati, also uses the five elements: fire, water, wind, earth, and space, to create different types of utensils and artwork. These items are mainly used for the basic use for the general public uses, by providing for eating, drinking, living and worshipping. These art items are handy and useful for the poor and the rich alike. These valuable artistes and their rank of art has persevered and preserved for generations. So the present, castes and sub-castes are mainly based on the skill levels. The art of pottery is very ancient and in the old days the basic existence depended on these earthenware utensils and deities. These handy- works have been recovered by digging
  85. 85. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 85 in some of the old cities and from that it is known that the art of pottery has continued yug to yug and is very ancient. At present time the whole Hindu Samaj has been divided into different castes and sub castes, due to the skill levels expanding. And therefore, the marriages can be taken place in their own castes and also for this reason the whole community is further divided in different languages/dialects according to provinces/districts, not only that, the speaker of the same languages are also divided into small groups and it was restricted to mingle and socialize, let alone marry outside of that community. In past, from Prajapati community some people came in touch with the Kshatriyas, and they started to
  86. 86. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 86 work like them, so people who mixed with Kshatriyas and attained a similar surname. For example Saurastra and Kutch, in Prajapati community there is a surname like Chavda, Vaghela, Solanki, Gohil, Parmar, and these surnames are recognized as such even at present. “Kumhars of Maharashtra(Maratha Kumbhar)” “Maratha(kshatriya) kumbhar is the sub cast of Maratha clan. They are prominently found in western Maharshtra and konkan part of Maharashtra state. In western maharashtra they are situated in districts pune, solapur, satara, sangali, kolhapur, ahamadnagar and In konkan districts mainly raigad, ratnagiri. They are also present in Goa state in significant numbers. They were served for creation of maratha nation in the era of shivaji maharaj. They were
  87. 87. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 87 given Jahangiri (award given by king in the form of Land) for their bravery. After foundation of Maratha state later on their families have started business like bricks industries, making idols, farming and pottery.” “Most of the Maratha kumbhar have their surname as kumbhar. In western maharastra their surnames are kumbhar, raje, shirke, patil, jadhav,kale etc. while in konkan side their surnames are mostly derived from their village name. In konkan side their surnames are kumbhar, salvi and derived from village name. In Goa state and konkan side most of Maratha kumbhar are having their surname as Shet indicating Rich family.In some families men proudly use Rav after their name which is indication of Maratha clan. Their family businesses differ in different districts of maharashtra. Like in
  88. 88. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 88 Raigad, some part of navi Mumbai Maratha kumbhar make ganesh idols as “Ganesh Ustav” is the big festivel celebrated in Raigad and Mumbai, also in konkan side. Pen a Taluka in Raigad District is famous for making of Ganesh idols. Apart from this konkani Maratha kumbhar also involved in farming and most of them are having brick industries. In western maharasthra district Maratha kumbhar are usually having brick industries and do farming. Maratha kumbhar made matrimonial alliances with other maratha clans. They are khstriya community so prefer maratha clan for marriages. There are other kumbhars which are not belonged to Maratha clan lives in maharashtra and have occupation of making idols and pots.” “Kumhars of Punjab and Haryana” “The Hindu Kumhars of the south-east Punjab are divided into two main
  89. 89. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 89 groups: Gola and Mahar; traditionally. Some Mahars in Jind claim to be the pure descendants of the sage Kuba (or Kubha) Bhagat. They are also known as Kumbhar(Marathi)Prajapati, Prajapat, Kumhar, Ghumiyar, Ghumar, Kumbhkaar or Kumawat. Some Prajapatis/Kumhars trace the origin of their community to the beginning of civilization when the man started using utensils to prepare and eat food. They Kumhars consider themselves to be the starters of the world’s first industry (pottery). According to a Hindu mythology, the first Kumbh (earthen pot) was a gift from the Gods. When the gods and the demons were churning the ocean for nectar, there was no vessel to collect the ambrosia. That is when Vishwakarma, the heavenly builder, picked up some earth and shaped it into a pot. Some other Kumhar myths claim this to be their first creation.
  90. 90. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 90 Another mythological story says that when Lord Shiva was about to marry Parvati, he realised he had forgotten the water pot integral for the ceremony. Therefore, he gave a part of his skin for clay to Prajapati, the god of creativity, to make a pot. And Parvati gave her blood to decorate the pot. That is when the first kumbh (earthen pot) was created and Prajapati became the first Kumhar (potter). In some temples in Rajasthan, only a Kumhar can do the worship not the brahmins. “Apart from Mahars and Golas, there are also other minor Kumhar groups. For example, Hanslin, Tannr, Mali and Raj Kumhar. The Raj Kumhars traditionally worked as the masons and thus held a superior position in the caste hierarchy. “In Gurdaspur, the Hindu Khumars are divided into two groups, one claiming
  91. 91. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 91 descent from Punj Phulan Rani, a Kumhar, who had seven daughters: Paminder Pawinder Paninder Pashinder Papreet Padeep Paneet “Kumhar of Haryana The descendants of Paminder and Pawinder don’t marry within themselves because they were true daughters. Kumhars of Haryana “The Kumhars of Sirsa are divided into the Jodhpuria, from Jodhpur, who use the furnace or bhathi and are generally mere potters, and the Bikaneri or Desi, from Bikaner who use kilns (pajawas), but are chiefly agricultural and look down upon the potter’s occupation as
  92. 92. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 92 degrading.The Kumhars of Kurukshetra are known as Guliyaan(gotra), Sangroye and Gejwals. Now the days also they are in their traditional Pottery business and some are in agriculture. In Hissar there are four nondescript groups, the Bidawati, Magrochi, Nagori and Bhandia and others. All those appear to be really different tribes and not separate clans of one and the same tribe or caste. Other groups mentioned in accounts from this District are the Gola, Maru and Mula, all three distinct and will not intermarry. But the other accounts make the Gola the same as Maru and Bidwati identical with the Megrechi. Several of the Kumhar tribes have abandoned pottery and taken to agriculture as an occupation. “Occupationally, the Bagri group is also sub-divided into Khapmarus or agriculturists and Khapbandas or potters.
  93. 93. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 93 The Marwariss of Bagar use camels at a wedding. Besides Guga, they also affect Jin Devi, whose surine is on a hill near Jaipur. Fairs are held there on the 8th and 9th sudi of Chaitra and Ashad. The Marwari-Desi groups appear to be found only in Jind, and in Sialkot. Kumhar in Haryana – Mohinder Garh – Khudana village – Chhapolia Gotra,and in Haryana following Gotra Kumhar are available Bawalia, Jalwal, Dahmiwal, Luhaniwal, Dabodia, Beewal, Sukharawalia, etc., also known as Bhagat ji because of Durga Mata/ Jai Ambe pooja, Brijeshwari(Kagra), Jawala ji (Jawalapur) Chintpurni Maa, Arti/pooja are completed by Kumhar in Pooja Sthal. The caste of Kumhar are praying complete process in Pooja. They are nevr ingore any step in Pooja Smaroh.”
  94. 94. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 94 “Dhuraan gotra families stay in Hisar, matrashyam village, in Kharkari(Hisar)with Poonias families, Siswal, Dhand(Adampur), Gangwa(Hisar), Ladwa, Sisay(Hansi), Mada-Majra, Bhujhasar(near Bhadra), Baasraa(Bhadra), Beegar village in Fatehabad,Chhani(Bhadra) Prabhuwala near Uklana Mandi and in Hisar city,Chandigarh in Sirsa district and in Gohana Sonipat also. this dhuraan gotra/surname got from Guru Dronaacharyaa, in Hindi literature Drona means shreshth(best). the kumhar community who belongs to family of Guru Dronaachaaryaa(Guru Dronaachaaryaa was aacharya and expert in archery and in other weapons also) and who got their education and shiksha and whose koolaguru was Guru Dronaachaaryaa, they got this surname. some of these surname
  95. 95. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 95 found in sirsa rajasthan touch area like Nohar.” “Kumhars of Madhya Pradesh” “Hathretie and Chakretie (or Challakad) Kumhars are found in Madhya Pradesh and refer to themselves as Prajapati. Hathretie Kumhars are called so because they traditionally moved the “chak” (potter’s wheel) by hands (“hath”). Gola is a common surnames among Kumhars in Madhya Pradesh.” Prajapti of Rajasthan “The Prajapti community in Gujarat, Rajasthan are further divided: Pandit, Kumawat, Marwara, Timiria, Mawalia, Mathera,Sighatiya, sihota, Sunkdiwal, Shardiwal, Kirodiwal Each of these groups specialize in a particular form of earthwork.” “Kumhars of North India”
  96. 96. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 96 “The Kumhars of Kangra (Jammu & Kashmir) appear richest, however, to be also known as Desi, and only their women wear gold nose-rings which is now a long tradition followed by many women in India. Their gots are Danial, Gan-gotra and Sonal. In Maler Kotla the Pajawagars are said to be Desi, there being no Marwaris in the State, and this Desi group is further sub- divided into Mahars and Golas. In Jind (Haryana) these two sub-divisions of the Desi group are also found, the Mahar being also called Maru. In Himachal Pradesh in some places the people of Kumhar community are the priest/pujaris of holy swarna Hindu Devtas Temples and are considered at par with Brahmin and make matrimonial alliances with Kanet(Thakurs) mainly in upper Solan,Shimla and Kullu Distt. Higher caste Brahmins accept Kachha & Pakka food only from Kumhar
  97. 97. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 97 community members. Kumhars are considered swarna and are of Kshatriya origin in Hindu Verna Hierarchy. There are Lamberdars and Jaminders are also in some places. Moreover, in some places, the head of the family is worshiped like Thakur (God) by vaish community in some holy occasions. The verma/verman surname is commonly used by Kumhar community members. In Delhi Gotra of Kumhars are Gola, Tandewal, Sarotia, Beriwal, Dubaldhania.” “Kumhars of Pakistan” “A huge population of Kumhars settled in Pakistan. They have two kinds 1: Muhajer and 2: Locals.Majority of Kumhars in Pakistan are Muslim. Muhajer Kumhars are migrate from India in 1947 after partition. They have many Gotars/Surnames and they are Hindi speaking like Haeyanvi Bangar(u) a sub-caste, found
  98. 98. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 98 immigrants from Bangar Haryana, India. Some of the tribes are Punjabi speaking who have migrate from Indian Punjab. They are commonly called Rehmani. The title of Rehmani is adapted after partition by Muhajar Kumhars but Local Kumhars also adopted this title.Local Kumhars are ancient people of Punjab and Sindh and there is no concept of caste system in Balochistan and khyber pakhtunkhwa, where they are in majority (N.W.F.P). Orissa and Bengal In Bengal Kumhars are one among the ceremonially pure castes.The Jagannathia Kumhars of Orissa, who provide vessels for the rice distribution in Jagannath temple, have much higher rank in the society than the Kumhars of Central India. Bhai Himmat
  99. 99. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 99 Singh, who was one of the first Panj Pyare, was from Jagannathpuri Orissa. “Listed below are few Gotra/Clan of Kumhar’s Ahetan अह तान – ਅਹੀਤਾਨ Akku अ कू – ਅੱਕੂ Baaj बाज – ਬਾਜ Behgal बहगल-ਬਹਗਲ Baiwal Benipal बेणीपाल – ਬੇਣੀਪਾਲ Bharapadhriya Bhopal :ਭੋਪਾਲ (ਿਮੱਟੀ ਦੇ ਭਾਲ਼ੂ ਜ ਿਮੱਟੀ ਦੀਆਂ
  100. 100. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 100 ਿਕਸਮ ਦੇ ਜਾਣੂ) (bhoo-bhaal) who searches for the proper type of earth. Bhalerao भालेराउ – ਭਾਲੇਰਾਓ – ‫ﺑﮩﺎﻟﮯراو‬ Bhardwaj भार वाज – ਭਾਰਦਵਾਜ – Bijotra बजो I – ਿਬਜੋਤਾ Blaggan बल गण – ਬਲੱ ਗਣ – (Blagan / Ballagan) Chahal ਚਿਹਲ Chakretia चकरे टया – ਚਕਰੇਟੀਆ (MP- INDIA) Chammchandol च चंदोल – ਚੰਮਚੰਦੋਲ Channi च नी – ਚਹਉਨਿਨ Chandla चांदला – ਚਾੰਦਲਾ Chandrani चं ाणी – ਚੰਦਰਾਣੀ Charchaulie चरचौल ये – ਚਰਚੌਲੀਏ
  101. 101. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 101 Chhapola छापोला – ਛਾਪੋਾਲਾ Chidimaar चड़ीमार – ਿਚੜੀਮਾਰ Chind चंद – ਿਚੰਦ Chond च ड – ਚਡ Dehmiwal : Builders/ Merchandisers (profusely used in Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan) Deshavaria ;देशावर या saharanpur/up Doal दोअल – ਦੋਉਲ Dona : डोना – ਡੋਨਾ Dodia : डोडीआ – ਡੋਡੀਆ Dubb :ਡੱਬ (ਮਾਲ ਪਕਾਉਣ ਵਾਲ਼ੇ) packers/driers Gola : गोला – ਗੋਲ਼ਾ (mainly used by Kumhars in Madhya Pradesh) Gohal :ਗੋਹਲ/ਗੋਿਹਲ (ਆਵੇ ਦੇ ਚੈਕਰ)
  102. 102. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 102 Earthen walls makers Ghadiyal घ ड़याल – ਘਿੜਆਲ Ghurail घुड़ैल – ਘੁੜੈਲ Guleria गुले रआ – ਗੁਲੇਰੀਆ Guliyaan Hampal ह पाल – ਹਮਪਾਲ Hathretia हथरे टया – ਹਥਰੇਟੀਆ (MP INDIA) Hunjan हु ंजन – ਹੁਨਜਉਨ Jabali जबा लआ – ਜਬਾਲੀਆ Jhalli :ਝੱਲੀ ( ‫ﺣہ‬`‫ﻟﮱ‬ )(ਚੱ ਕ ਦੇ ਚਾਲਕ)(Chalhi) who runs the chuck (wheel) {many Jhalli/Jhallys write themselves to be Jolly nowadays} Jamba ज बा – ਜੰਬਾ Jamwal ज वाल – ਜਮਵਾਲ਼
  103. 103. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 103 Jariyal/Jarial ज रयाल-ਜਿਰਯਾਲ Jeed जीड़ – ਜੀੜ Kaundal क डल – ਕਡਲ Karari : ਕਰਾੜੀ(ਕਰਾੜੀਏ)- Makers of su in older times. Khambh ख भ – ਖੰਭ Kashav :ਕ ਵ (ਵਪਾਰੀ) Businessmen in Ghumars Khokhars:ਖੋਖਰ (ਜੰਗੀ ਲੜਾਕੇ/ਮੁਹੰਮਦ ਗ਼ੌਰੀ ਦੇ ਕਾਤਲ) Karari : ਕਰਾੜੀ(ਕਰਾੜੀਏ)- Makers of surahis (earthen product for cold water) on large scale in older times. Khiva : खीवा – ਖੀਵਾ Khosla खोसला – ਕਹੋਸਲਉ Krari/Krarie कराड़ी – ਕਰਾੜੀਏ
  104. 104. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 104 Kubbe ਕੱਬੇ Ladwa लाडवा – ਲਾਡਵਾ Lakhanpal लखनपाल – ਲਖਨਪਾਲ Langdi लांगड़ी – ਲਾੰਗੜੀ Lehra/Lehri : ਲੈਹਰਾ, ਲੈਹਰੀ – pot basement fillers. Lidder ल डर – ਿਲੱ ਢਰ Lola लोला – ਲੋਲਾ Wodeyar(means Lord): In south India Mahar माहर, ਮਾਹਰ – Prominent agriculturists in Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. Mangalav Nazar नज़र – ਨਜ਼ਰ Nizran नज़रान – ਿਨਜ਼ਰਾਨ Nokhwal नोखवाल – ਨਖਵਾਲ
  105. 105. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 105 Pankhania पांखा नया – ਪ ਖਾਿਨਯਾ Pansotra पंसो ा – ਪੰਸੋਤਾ Pensia प सया – ਪੇਿਸਆ Pal or Paul(means Protector): In west Bengal & others pasts of India. Rattan र न – ਰਤਨ Rana: Rana Tribes (Potters)in Orissa and other parts of India. Raven Roy Sakhi ਸੱਖੀ Sattani स ानी – ਸੱਤਾਨੀ Sokhal सोख़ल – ਸੋਖ਼ਲ Singathia संगा ठया – ਿਸੰਗਾਿਠਆ Sogi सोगी – ਸੋਗੀ Suetti/Sutti सु ी – ਸੁੱਤੀ
  106. 106. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 106 Taddi टाडी-ढाडी – ਟਾਡੀ-ਢਾਡੀ (Dhadi) Tak/Taak टाक – ਟਾਕ TalePhear :ਤਲ਼ੇਿਫਆਰ/ਤਲਵਾੜ(Talwar) (ਰੰਗਰੇਜ਼) colouring the raw material Verma वमा ਵਰਮਾ : Commonly used with Kumhar community members throughout India and also Gold business/ Ornament dealers (Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan) Traditional tools of Kumhars  CHAKK (चाक): wheel (Manual/Automatic/Semiautomatic)  GHIRNIYAN ( घरनीयां): Designing tools
  107. 107. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 107  SOOT/Brahm SOOTRA (सू ): To cut the made pot from the chak  THATTHU (थ थू): External support to the raw material  THAPI (थापी): Internal supporting organ  MOOLI (मू ): Refining tool for soil (by beating it into small pieces)  CHALLAKAD (चल कड़): To rotate the wheel using a rod; the rod is called Challakad  SANCHA (सांचा): A dye to make Handis  AAWA (भ ठ -आवा): A hearth/kiln for raw material finalizing. Present Circumstances
  108. 108. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 108 At present, the pottery work is considered low because there is a higher demand for iron, steel and copper materials. Things like stainless steel and other bright materials have taken place of earthen – ware.The Kumhars have almost shun their castly business (Soil work) but some have kept it alive. there are Kumhars in the Indian continent that export their items around world.The Kumhar traditional occupation remains pottery, but many are farmers also. The community are Hindus of the Shaivite sect.[4] Thus, Prajapati community has been divided a long time ago and dispersed in different parts of India. Today, there is evidence of these fragmentations. There are so many reasons for falling down the rank of the community and one of the main reasons for this fall down is the lack of education. Due to
  109. 109. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 109 the lack of education mobility upward is restricted. There is also a reluctance to move away from the customs. For these reasons, in the past the Prajapati community has been considered a low community from educated community. The second reason is that these artisans had to depend on farmers for their living and therefore the Prajapati community was called, “Vasvaya”, and considered as dependent on other communities. By good luck, Prajapati community slowly went towards education, and some people went to foreign countries, and they formed alliances with other communities. Slowly the barrier of sitting and eating was broken down. “Notable Kumhars ==Devaraj Urs former CM of Karnataka Justice N.Kumarayya former Chief Justice of AP
  110. 110. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 110 “The Sohni in the famous Punjabi legend Sohni Mahiwal was a Kumhar. Sohni was killed because the Kumhars don’t accept the marriage of their daughters in other castes as Prajapati/Kumhar is supposed to be the highest caste. In Punjab when Shri Guru Gobind Singh found the Khalsa Panth, one of the first Khalsa Sikhs (the Panj Piares), Bhai Himmat Singh, was a Ghumiar/Kumhar family in the water-supply business. In the word Harry potter, potter means a Kumhar. The Khokhar Kumhar of Madhya Pradesh, fought like warriors in the 1857 uprising against the British.
  111. 111. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 111
  112. 112. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 112 PLEASE LIKE MY FB PAGE : https://www.facebook.com/Milind- Prajapati-392441294454094/
  113. 113. HISTORY OF PRAJAPATI PRAJAPATI SAMAJ Page 113 THANK YOU FOR READING

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