CASE STUDY OF:GHANDRUKPRESENTED BY : REGMI MILANInsights on CommunityForest, Remittance & Migration
Thothney Khola Community Forest• Thothnye khola community forest is located insarangkot-9.• Established in 2050/ Baishak 2.• 153 houses with 81.5 hector of land.• There are 14 members where 7 women’s and 7 males.• There are 5 groups made with 10 members each forAmriso and kurilo farming.• Per year 7-8 lakhs firewoods are used by consumersitself.
Contd..• New plants are planted in Magh [maximum 10 days]• Annual income is about 8000-9000.• 1 part of firewood’s and timber are sold.• Annual reports are also kept. Elected person can work for 3 year’s continuously. Membership fee is annually Rs300. If anyone need extra timber or fiber then they needto pay extra 100 rupees.
Migration Migration (human) is the movement of peoplefrom one place in the world to another for the purpose of taking up permanentor Semi permanent residence, usually across a politicalboundary. An example migrant farm laborers. People can either choose to move("voluntarymigration") or be forced to move("involuntary migration"). Migrations have occurred throughout humanhistory, beginning with the movements of the
Remittance Definition of Remittance The process of sending money to fufill an obligation.This is most often done through an electronicnetwork, wire transfer or mail. The term also refersto the amount of money being sent to remove theobligation. If you were to send money to a friend in Europethrough a wire-transfer service, the sum of thepayment is the remittance.
SCOPE Impact of remittance in the living standard of peoplein Ghandruk. To find out the change in knowledge, skills, ideasand attitudes of incoming migrants. To analyze the consequences of migration in thecommunity. (Potential of tourism leads to incrementin internal migration from business point of view).
OBJECTIVES To find out the level of remittance inflow and itsconsequences in Ghandruk. To find out the consequences of migration inGhandruk. To find out the destination country of the migrants. To find the level of vocational training that they haveacquired in their community. To find out the mode of remittance transfer. To find out the age, gender and ethnicity of themigrants and their purpose of migration.
LIMITATIONS of the Study Time constraints. Limited Number of sample size. They were reluctant to answer. Available samples were not educated.
Findings & Results Number of Respondents :7 F, 1M Which reflects the status of women . (good) Age group of migrating individuals (18-40) Belonging to magar , gurung and chettri ethnici group. Purpose : to serve in British Army and Indian Army Those who went to Gulf Countries: to work as labourer. Duration of stay :2-3 years Remittance Contribution: Nrs. 80,000/- per yer(average)
Conclusion People of Ghandruk are creeping towardsdevelopment. Living standard & Economic Sustainability. Remittance inflow is high as a result of whichdemand is high and consumption pattern isincreasing. They are now aware about the importance and needof vocational trainings(ACAP). Capitalizing these ideas into agricultural areas &livestocks.
How ever , some o f the were complaining about “taxburden” imposed on them. Community lack adequate no. of youths. Need to maintain strict administrative rules andreforms from the government side to maintainGhandruk as a Best Tourism HUB.