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Goteborg - A fast growing sustainable city


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Presentazione utilizzata da Pål Marten Jörgen Mårtensson, Coordinatore del Department of Sustainable Waste and Water City of Gothenburg, durante il suo intervento alla conferenza internazionale Milano Recycle City, che si è svolta il 6 giugno 2014 presso la Fabbrica del Vapore di Milano

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Goteborg - A fast growing sustainable city

  1. 1. Sweden  9,4 million inhabitants  450 000 km2  Pal Martensson from the City of Goteborg Sweden.
  2. 2. 28 juli 2014 Goteborg a fast growing sustainable city… Sweden’s second city Scandinavia’s largest port Car and truck industry 525 000 inhabitants 243 000 households 80% flats 49 000 villas/houses
  3. 3. Waste and recycling services At the household • Combustible waste • Biodegradable waste (optional) • Varying service for bulky waste, packaging, paper, batteries, hazardous and electronic waste, Ca:330 Recycling Stations • Packaging •paper, •plastic. •metall, •glas •newspapers •batteries 10 Hazardous Waste Collection Points and mobile unit • Hazardous and small • electronic waste •textile 5 Recycling Centres • Bulky waste, garden waste, electrical and hazardous waste, reusable items, textile. etc
  4. 4. Household waste collection  Bins and compacting garbage trucks standard collection system  Vacuum systems for more than 70 000 inhabitants  Undergound containers  Methane/electric hybrid vehicles in the truck fleet (Volvo/Norba)
  5. 5. Food waste collection in Göteborg
  6. 6. The increase in food waste collection is made by:  More resources for customer contacts  A change from charging by volume to charging by weight  A subsidized tarrif for food waste  A change in collection from one-family houses, once a week to every second week
  7. 7. We – together - are aiming towards an environmentally correct and sustainable waste management, for the benefit of society. ☼☼☼☼☼☼☼☼☼☼☼☼☼☼☼☼☼☼☼☼☼☼☼ This is a very important question to discuss from many different point of view, this a crucial choice we have to do. Incineration, landfill, recycling, reusing, circular economy mm.
  8. 8. Total recycling is a big vision - it means not wasting anything.  Waste is proof that something is wrong in the society, it´s a true evidence. You can try burn it or bury it but still it´s an evidence of a society that's not sustainable.  Waste means that there are product made that are wrong, we need a redesign of these products so they will fit in to a modern sustainable world.
  9. 9. Waste - a resource Treatment of household waste in Sweden, 2011 (%) Landfill Energy recovery Biological treatment Recycling (material) WE HAVE TO DO MUCH BETTER!
  10. 10. Waste treatment hierarchy Reuse Landfill Energy utilisation Recycling Reduce Alelyckan THISWAYPLEASE Careful and enviromental consumption
  11. 11. Unique results ??? 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Sweden 2010 EU 2010 USA 2010 Recycling (material) Biological treatment Energy recovery Landfill
  12. 12. Progression from disposal to prevention to recycling in EU 27 324 314 298 301 302 300 267 235 205 176 149 123 101 80 198 210 215 201 201 200 218 235 250 264 276 287 304 320 - 100 200 300 400 500 600 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Recycling & composting Disposal (landfill + incineration) EUROSTAT DATA PROGRESSION RESOURCE EFFICIENCY ROADMAP Kg/capEU27
  13. 13. The development
  14. 14. Municipal waste planning compulsory Important steps of development 0 200000 400000 600000 800000 1000000 1200000 1400000 1600000 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Producers’ responsibility introduced Landfill tax introduced Ban on landfill of combustible waste Ban on landfill of organic waste and national target on food waste Household waste to landfill per year (tonnes) On-going national overview
  15. 15. Authorities and agencies National level  Parliament  National environmental targets  The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency  National waste plan  Produces national legislation and guidelines  National environmental courts (5 plus one superior):  Gives permissions to larger treatment plants Regional level  County Administrative Board - government authority (21 counties):  Regional environmental targets  Permissions and control for most treatment plants  Supervision of the regional treatment capacity Municipal level  Municipal authorithies:  Local enviroenmental targets  Local waste plans and regulations  Permissions and control of smaller treatment plants
  16. 16. Overview model Housholds or companies Waste prevention Collection and transport Recycling stations Recycling centers Curbside collection Materialrecycling Biological recycling Energy recovery Landfill New products: Biogas, new materials, district heating, electricity, bio-fertilizer
  17. 17. Public awarness - a success factor Key messages and tools for motivation and to facilitate collaboration: – Communication – Development of self instructive systems – Feed back of the results and that ”what I do matters” – Emphasize on the waste holders responsibility and participation
  18. 18. Waste prevention in Sweden  99 % material recycling or energy recovery today  more focus on waste prevention  Information, knowledge and behaviour success factors  Long tradition of reuse through flymarkets, second hand, collection at recycling parks, etc  Largest challenge: decoupling between generated waste and economic growth Generated household waste in Sweden is predicted to double 2010-2030 (Swedish EPA) Generated waste world wide is predicted to rise with 72 % 2010-2025 (What a Waste-A global review of Solid Waste Management, mars 2012, World Bank Group)
  19. 19. Infrastructure Collection of waste from households based on source separation  Curb side collection  630 manned drop-off recycling centers  5 800 unmanned recycling drop-off stations Treatment and recycling of waste based on the charcter of the waste  58 organic waste facilities  32 waste to energy plants  79 landfills
  20. 20. Recycling centers
  21. 21. Recycling and treatment Different treatment methods depending on the character of the waste, makes it possible to use the waste as a resource Combustible wasteFood wasteMaterials New products District heatingBiofertilizerBiogas Electricity
  22. 22. From landfills to modern recycling facilities (Illustrator: Per Josefsson)
  23. 23. An integrated part of a holistic system Products Material recycling Waste Incineration Landfill Vehicle fuel Biogas Cooling/ heating production Biosolids Farms Sewage water cleaning Anaerobic digestion Electricity productionOther fuels Households IF we are Zero Waste NO NEED FOR BURNING OR BURY The only thing we need to take out of the circle is toxic stuff. But on the other hand we should, of course not bring it into the circle! That´s ZERO WASTE!
  24. 24. Waste economy Municipal waste:  All costs covered by municipal waste fees (not by taxes)  Tariffs decided by each municipal board  Non-profit  Allowed to be differentiated to encourage source separation for recycling Municipal waste within producers’ responsibility:  Costs covered by a fee added to the price of every product
  25. 25. Waste fee Average yearly fee per household 2013: • Houses: • 250 EUR • Flats: • 160 EUR Average daily fee per household 1,50 Real
  26. 26. Important success factors  Waste management is a public service  Clear division of roles and responsibilities enable necessary investments  Clear national environmental targets showing the direction  Long-term regulations and economical steering instruments  Co-operation between municipalities  Co-operation within municipalites (Waste-, Energy-, Water-, Urban- planning-, etc departements)  Collaboration between public and private sectors  Focus on communication and public engagement
  27. 27. Avfall Sverige’s vision BN P Economic growth Generated waste Zero waste! Long-term goals until 2020:  Decoupling between generated waste and economic growth  Strong upward movement in waste hierarchy
  28. 28. Gothenburgers' new amusement park for reusers and recyclers Our introduction concept was: Why a recycling/reusing/eco-park?
  29. 29. Drop off what you want to get rid off and buy what you need Inaugurated 5 May 2007 Total area of 30,000 square meters Total cost 4 million euro
  30. 30. Eighty percent of the buildings are reused. They have been brought in from other facilities and built up again in the park Construc- tion time : March 2006 to April 2007.
  31. 31. The visitors first arrive at the sortingstation Sorting station where all visitors are met by recycling-park staff and invited to donate any of their items that may be suitable for sale in one of the secondhand shops. Most visitors are pleasantly surprised to be offered this opportunity.
  32. 32. Rooflift! Entrance Donated materials Communication Hazardous waste Electronic waste
  33. 33. Whitewares are left outside the station
  34. 34. Stadsmissionen shop – here the visitors can choose from a wide range of second-hand products
  35. 35. …furniture… …fashion…
  36. 36. …or knick-knacks and household goods
  37. 37. Återbruket is for recycling of construction materials.
  38. 38. Återbruket – for those looking for used construction materials
  39. 39. Returhuset – creative forces that do exciting things with re-used materials
  40. 40. Bike repair at Returhuset
  41. 41. We play on the heart strings when marketing the eco- cycle park It should be a pleasure and easy to ● Donate ● Buy second-hand ● Sort one's waste • Understand our system
  42. 42. A few facts about the eco-cycle park About: 300-400 visitors per day Turn over: 2013 1,2 milj.euro Create work opportunities for about 25 people – very important, green jobs More than 130 guidings from Sweden and more than 50 different countries have visited our Park We, the park and Gothenburg makes a difference Free soil, bag and spade from the city's own composting plant to the young ones!
  43. 43. Are we influencing people's behaviour? ● Many come just to donate. They stop at the sorting station and drive out again, without visiting the recycling centre ● Because we ask ACTIVELY if the visitor has something to donate, we encourage such behavior and more things are left for re- use. • We educate people, “learning by doing”
  44. 44. Zero Waste is more the journey, then the destination! There is no AWAY! It´s always someothers backyard!
  45. 45. Thank YOU! Facebook: pal martensson, Sweden Twitter: @MartenssonPal Linkedin: Pal Martensson, Sweden