Liu Yang Peng Zhang Yuesong Wu 1980 – PresentInto The Future of Adult Education
Content• • - 1980 – Present - Community Funded Programs - Public Funded• Programs - Allen Tough - Employer Funded - Roby Kid Training - Gordon Selman - For Profit Education Services - Internet and Social Media - Post Secondary Institutions •
History of Adult EducationTurn of the Century• Large immigrant population.• Federal and provincial policy have been changed and developed educational movements.• Need for rapid growth to become a nation- Economy.• Education/ learning required for trained.• Development of informal training through community groups (YMCA) and churches.• Frontier colleges- student teachers in work
History of Adult Education1980 – Present• Change in government funding – reversal.• Policy shift from “institutional-state” to the “market-state” approach.• Ideological, social and economic effects upon social policy decisions• “business liberalism” – fiscal vs. social “well- being” - Programs tracked and measured – fiscal performance.
History of Adult Education1980 – Present• Transfers historically to provinces in areas of health care, education and social economic assistance fell off -cuts from the provinces to their municipalities. -social policy focus on costs alone. -1988 to 2001 transfers from federal and provincial governments fell from 23 to 16 percent. -Example – local Surrey School District‟s Continuing Education Program courses only offered if they pay for themselves, and not justfor the purpose of learning something.
History of Adult Education1980 – Present• Social policy indoctrination of society -public has been convinced by successive, business-oriented governments thatmonetary debt is more significant than social debt. - not debt in itself that now matters but rather how policy analysts, politicians, and others interpret the causes and importance of debt.
History of Adult Education1980 – Present• Sociology of knowledge/ “globalization”– redirection of funding -Federal and provincial governments are becoming more heavily influenced by business interests. -Governments have been counselled on the dangers of not being economically viable to compete on the world stage. -Government/business equation – joint, decision-making councilsEX: funds being routed out of general support programs to specific areasthat support policy & only academics working in desired areas haveaccess to these funds.
History of Adult Education1980 – Present• Adult learning comes full-circle (evolution key to survival) -local, community-supported efforts as opposed to government funding -social movement becoming more important nowthan in last few decades with slow withdrawal ofgovernment support. Community Education, 1980
History of Adult Education1980 – Present -professionals in Adult Education now expected to become socially active to keep effectiveness of programs Ex: must challenge policies with social truths & multidisciplinary approach into the future of ADED & technology, online learning and social media huge factors for future adult learning Printmaking, Community Education, 1980
History of Adult Education1980 – Present• Adult learning comes full-circle (evolution key to survival) -local, community-supported efforts as opposed to government funding. -social movement becoming more important now than in last few decades with slow withdrawal ofgovernment support. -professionals in Adult Education now expected to become socially active to maintaineffectiveness of programs.EX: must challenge policies with social truths &multidisciplinary approach into the future of ADED &
Important PeopleAllen Tough• Allen Tough is professor emeritus at the University of Toronto who researcher on self- directed learning.• He was born in 1963 until present. (International Adult and Continuing Education)
Important People• Professor Allen Tough has been recognized in both adult learning and self-directed learning.• He has contributed to the Adult education, Future Studies, and SETI. (International of Adult and Continuing Education)
Important PeopleAchievement• Professor Allen Tough‟s first book was about the adult‟s learning projects, and it was one of ten classical books in adult education.• In 2006, Professor Allen Tough was awarded the Malcolm Knowles Self-Directed Learning Award.• On May 6, 2006, Professor Allen Tough was inducted into the International Adult and Continuing Education Hall of Fame.
Important PeopleRoby Kidd• Roby Kidd was one of important Canadian Adult Educators in the 20th century.• Roby Kidd was born in 1915-1982 in Saskatchewan.• Roby Kidd will continue to influence students, teachers, and leaders in adult education into the
Important People• From 1961-1981, he received many Honorary different University, such as University of British Columbia, Trent University, McGill University, Laurencan University, and York University.• Roby Kidd had several publications: “Adult Education in the Canadian University” “Adult Education in the Caribbean” “Adult Learning: A „Design for Development” “How Adults Learn” “Financing Continuing Education” (The Canadian Association for Adult Education, J. RobyKidd)
Important PeopleGordon Selman• Gordon Selman dedicated his career to Adult Education.• “He was an associate professor in Adult Education in the University of British Columbia until his retirement in 1992” (The Carold Institute).• He and other co-authors have written a famous university text, “The Foundations of Adult Education in Canada” (The Carold Institute).
Future of Adult EducationWhat May It Look Like:• Critical during economic downturns, natural disasters, globalization• Critical during prosperous times• Critical with the changing face of technology• Critical for preservation of environment, natural resources, cultural traditions, health and welfare• Important to be in any formats (self directed, classroom, online, etc)
Future of Adult EducationCommunity Funded ProgramsThe following are some of associations providingadult education for different target groups• Law Foundation Fund Funding can be accessed for: Legal Education Legal Research Legal Aid Law Reform Law Libraries Graduate Fellowships Grants range from $15K - $75K
Future of Adult EducationCommunity Funded Programs• Vancity Community Project Grants Funding can be accessed for: Climate Change Poverty Social Economy Issues• Mclean Foundation Funding can be accessed for: Arts Conservation Education Health and Welfare
Future of Adult EducationCommunity Funded Programs• Harmony Foundation Learning opportunities in: Environmental Education • The innovative Building Sustainable Society Programs training programs and Green Cities educational materials Tools for Community Action provide a framework Community and Climate Change for groups to develop Biodiversity Water local initiatives on Green Garden Project and Greenworks environmental issues. Youth Vision
Future of Adult EducationCommunity Funded Programs• Vancouver FoundationFunding can be accessedtowards: • In addition to the Animal Welfare above funding Arts and Culture programs, the Children, Youth and Families foundation also has Education special grant and Environment Health and Social Development partnership programs. Medical Research Youth and Homelessness Youth Philanthropy
Future of Adult EducationCommunity Funded Programs• The Centre for Sustainability -Partners in Organizational Development (POD) grants provided for: Social Services POD (health and social service organizations) Arts POD (arts and heritage organizations) EnviroPOD (environmental organizations) -Technical Assistance Program (TAP) availableto Non-for-Profit Aboriginal Organizations for: Arts Leadership Program
Future of Adult EducationGovernment Funded ProgramsThe following are some of associations providingadult education for different target groups• Human Resources Development Canada – Service Canada -The backbone of funding for several programs including Adult Education. -Federal – Provincial partnership with a $52 million dollaroperating cost. -Canada‟s Economic Action Plan will invest $100 million overnext 3 years to support Aboriginal people to transition into theworkforce -$15 million is committed for employment and skills training programs for unemployed British Columbians. -Employer sponsored training helps businesses with financial
Future of Adult EducationGovernment Funded Programs• Health Canada Foundation Funding can be accessed toward: Projects aimed at reducing drug use among youth Health promotion• Government of Canada Information on funding and education can be accessed toward: Immigration Employment Insurance Old Age Security Employment Starting a Business Travelling Abroad
Future of Adult EducationEmployer Funded ProgramsThe following are some of associations providing adulteducation for different target groups• British Columbia Safety Authority -Employees receive subsidies for work related education up to $1500. -Employee receive subsidies for non-work related education up to $1500. -Professional accreditation, in-house apprenticeship and internshipand career planning services subsidies.
Future of Adult EducationEmployer Funded Programs• Canadian Security Intelligence Services (CSIS) -Offers relocation support services for employees -Language training -Tuition subsidies -On-site training centres• Tim Hortons In addition to several community funded programs, Tim Hortonsoffers employees: -Scholarships up to $1000 -Innovative training and seminars
Future of Adult EducationEmployer Funding Programs• McDonald’s Restaurants Employers are provided with: -On-site mentorship -Scholarship programs
Future of Adult EducationFor Profit Education ServicesThe following are some of associations providing adulteducation at a cost to its target audience• Mission Chamber of Commerce -Classes on understanding social media• A – Security -Training for Security Officers• BC Schizophrenia Society -Training on how to deal with mental illness, health, medications, and self help skills
Future of Adult EducationFor Profit Education Services• Public Speaking Tips for You -Speak Fearlessly and Confidently at Company Meeting• Foodsafe-Courses.com -Foodsafe 1 day courses
Future of Adult EducationInternet and Social MediaE-learning is becoming a public trend, making global adultlearning more convenient, easier and cost effective.• Broadband and Cable Television -Offered most major suppliers: Shaw, Telus, Bell, etc Speciality Networks: HGTV, Food, National Geographic, etc• Youtube -Offers video sharing “How to & Style” video category Categories also include: news, politics, science, technology,etc• Facebook -Social networking Group and community events
Future of Adult EducationPost Secondary InstitutionsSeveral types of institutes are available at a cost to the user.These institutes range from technical institutes, colleges,universities to continuing education centres. Courses varyfrom classroom, mentorships, online, blended (classroom /online) to self-directed learning depending upon the forumand desired result.• Simon Fraser University -Offers academic and non-academic courses. -Offers Certificates, Diplomas, Undergraduates andGraduates Degree programs in various fields.
Future of Adult EducationPost Secondary Institutions• Douglas College -Offers academic and non-academic courses. -Offers Certificates, Diplomas, and transfer courses into Undergraduates Degree programs in various fields. -Offers a variety of continuing education classes in a variety ofsubjects including: ESL, First Aid, Leadership, etc.• British Columbia Institute of Technology -Offers apprenticeships and trades certification. -Offers Certificates, Diplomas, and Undergraduates Degreeprograms in various fields.
References• ADED 360 Course Pack; Adult Education in Canada: History and Trends• Palys, T. S. (1988, April). The profs and profits picture. Canadian Business, 157-158.• Palys, Ted, & Atchison, Chris (2008, 2003). Research Decisions: Quantitative and Qualitative Perspectives (4th ed). Toronto, On: Thomson-Nelson Canada Ltd.• Polster, C. (1998). From public resource to industry‟s instrument: Reshaping the production of knowledge in Canada‟s universities. Canadian Journal of Communication, 23(1), 91-106.• Selman, G. Adult education in Canada: Historical Essays. Toronto: Thompson• http://www.carold.ca/home/about-us/honorary-members• http://barbberrynb.tripod.com/ed4042/id1.html• http://www.halloffame.outreach.ou.edu/2006/tough.html• www.lawfoundationbc.org/itoolkit.asp?pg=Funding• www.vancity.com/MyCommunity/NotForProfit/Grants/CommunityProjectGrant s• www.harmonyfdn.ca