Adapted sports


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A PPT explaining difficulties facing disabled people playing sport, for an AS PE assignment

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Adapted sports

  1. 1. Adapted Sports Michael Haddon & Blake Nicol
  2. 2. Adapting sports <ul><li>Although many sports have been created for disabled people e.g. torball, the majority of sports have been adapted for disabled people to be able to play, e.g. wheelchair tennis or basketball. </li></ul><ul><li>Adaption's to sports may be needed for some disabled people but not others. E.g. a wheelchair tennis player can let the ball bounce twice before hitting it, but a deaf tennis player can only let the ball bounce once. </li></ul><ul><li>Sports are adapted by changing aspects such as the rules, equipment, role of players, environment, playing area, time or duration. E.g. wheelchair basket ball: the rules , height of the ring and court size are identical. The only adaptation is in the dribble rule: two pushes and one bounce replaces the ‘bouncing while travelling’ rule in normal basketball. </li></ul>
  3. 3. inclusiveness <ul><li>There have been many improvements in trying to integrate disabled people into mainstream sport as well as recognising in some instances that segregation is the more appropriate option. </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusiveness does not only include people with disabilities, but also those who may suffer difficult social or economic circumstances such as people with low socio-economic backgrounds. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Integration & Segregated activity <ul><li>Integration in this context relates to the able bodied and the disabled taking part together in the same activity at the same time. </li></ul><ul><li>While segregated activity means people with disabilities participating among themselves. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Integration advantages and disadvantages <ul><li>the disabled participant may not be able to participate fully </li></ul><ul><li>The able bodied players may find it unchallenging. </li></ul><ul><li>Safety issues would also have to be addressed. </li></ul><ul><li>However, it would help the disabled person feel more included in society and can help raise there self esteem when they achieve success. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Segregated activity advantages and disadvantages <ul><li>Reinforces the notion of being different from the rest of society </li></ul><ul><li>Participant may actually achieve more in this environment </li></ul>
  7. 7. How can opportunities for people with disabilities be improved? <ul><li>Various organisation s such as Sport England, Disability Sport England, the English Federation for Disability Sport, local authorities and NGB’s, have all supported and implemented various projects aimed at improving opportunities. </li></ul><ul><li>However, there is a need for greater coordination of policies: </li></ul><ul><li>Raising awareness among the disabled about opportunities already available </li></ul><ul><li>Raising awareness among the general public about disability issues </li></ul><ul><li>Specialist training programmes for staff who will be involved </li></ul><ul><li>Making access to and within facilities more manageable </li></ul><ul><li>Adapting even more sports. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Disability Sport England <ul><li>The aims of Disability Sport England are to: </li></ul><ul><li>Provide opportunities for disabled people to participate in sport </li></ul><ul><li>Promote the benefits of sport and physical recreation for disable d people </li></ul><ul><li>Support organisations in providing sporting opportunities for disabled people </li></ul><ul><li>Educate and make people aware of the sporting abilities of disable d people </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance the image, awareness and understanding of disability sport </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage disabled people to play and active role in the development of their sport. </li></ul>
  9. 9. There are 7 National disability sports organisations. <ul><li>British amputees sports association </li></ul><ul><li>British Blind Sport </li></ul><ul><li>UK Deaf Sport </li></ul><ul><li>British wheelchair sports foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Cerebral Palsy Sport </li></ul><ul><li>Disability Sport England </li></ul><ul><li>English Sports association for people with learning disabilities. </li></ul>
  10. 10. WAMDSAD <ul><li>Stands for: Windsor, Ascot, Maidenhead District Sports Association for the Disabled </li></ul><ul><li>Located at Braywick Park Sports ground. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a wide range of sporting opportunities for people with physical and sensory needs. Sports include air weapons, archery, cricket, field events, fishing, rowing, sailing, golf, swimming, table tennis, and water-skiing. Individuals from the club have competed in previous Paralympic Games, and national and international competitions. </li></ul><ul><li>WAMDSAD needs £150,000 per year to cover financial needs for various activities that WAMDSAD provide and this includes sports training and coaching all for Disabled Sport Participants. </li></ul>