Working With Photographs on Your Laser in CorelDraw


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This is a presentation file that I did at the 2012 ARA Show in Las Vegas

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  • Talk about the oak plaque and the photo of a customers
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  • Working With Photographs on Your Laser in CorelDraw

    1. 1. Objectives What makes a good material Diffusion patterns versus line screening (gray scaling) What makes a good photo Initial Prep on the Photo – what makes a good photo Contrast Enhancement Sharpening the secret to success CorelDraw vsPhotoGRAVvs 1 Touch Invert Vignette Cutout Lab in PhotoPaint
    2. 2. 6 rules of lasering photo Always work in Gray scale (a continuous tone image) or Black and white this depends on the material you are going to laser on Know your materials that you want to work on Make sure that you know your speeds and powers Work only with good photos which shows only the focus no background images Know your adjustment commands Crop to Focus
    3. 3. What makes a good laserable material
    4. 4. When we look at materials there arethree characteristics that we need toconsider
    5. 5. 1 The first is how well does the material that we are working with hold a small well formed laser dot2 Secondly how well does that material display our image. In other word do we see good contrast. Is there a good difference in colour between the colour of the lasered and non lasered area. For example the best contrast is black and white.3 The third is how good is the material in terms of being consistent. Wood is not good because it has a changing grain, anodized aluminum is very good because it has no grain
    6. 6. Products that hold a dot well are anodizedaluminum, laserable plastic or brass plated steel
    7. 7. AlumaMark holds a half decent black dot -Gold
    8. 8. AlumaMark holds a half decent black - Silver
    9. 9. Product such as wood do not hold a good small dotand are very porous. Thus photos do not look as goodon this medium
    10. 10. Product such as glass do not hold a good small dot and arevery porous. Thus photos so not look as good on thismedium
    11. 11. What this means is thatwhen we process a photowe need to establish firstwhat type of material thatwe are going to laser on.Once we have our materialwe can process the image
    12. 12. Before we go on let us look at the 3 main special programs for photo processing ULS – One Touch PhotoGrav PhotoLaser
    13. 13. One Touch vs CorelDraw
    14. 14. One Touch vs CorelDraw
    15. 15. Corel vs One Touch
    16. 16. The Ultimate Photo
    17. 17. Our Number 1 Rule Thus materials that hold a good small dot need to be processed one way while those materials that do not hold a good dot need to be processed a different way Let us look at the two ways we can process an image.
    18. 18. Our two printing methods are:1- Half Toning2 -Error Diffusion
    19. 19. Our Number 2 Rule1- Half Toning – Fine Materials2 -Error Diffusion – CoarseMaterials
    20. 20. Halftone and Error Diffusion
    21. 21. Half toning - Definition Halftone is the reprographic technique that simulates continuous tone imagery through the use of dots, varying either in size, in shape or in spacing. "Halftone" can also be used to refer specifically to the image that is produced by this process. Where continuous tone imagery contains an infinite range of colors or grays, the halftone process reduces visual reproductions to a binary image that is printed with only one color of ink. This binary reproduction relies on a basic optical illusion that these tiny halftone dots are blended into smooth tones by the human eye.
    22. 22. Halftone Image – Continuous Tone Image
    23. 23. How Halftone Dots Appear
    24. 24. Screen Pattern with a halftoneimage
    25. 25. Products that typically requirecontinuous tonal image – FineMaterials Anodized Aluminum Black Brass Coated Steel Laserable Plastic Some Marbles Laser It
    26. 26. Half Tones which the laser producesare Better on Anodized Aluminum orBrass Plated Steel
    27. 27. What is Error Diffusion? There is a second set of dithering patterns and these are created using what is called an error diffusion algorithm. These use a technique of diffusing quantization error to neighbouring pixels. Ok let us not get to technical. All you need to understand is that there are a number of error diffusion techniques that are available. Which one that you use is up to you. In CorelDraw we have 3 error diffusion algorithm patterns available to us. These are “Floyd- Steinberg”, “Jarvis” and “Stucki”. Others are “Burkes”, “Scolorq”, “Sierra”, “Atkinson” and “Filter Lite”. Figure 2 and 3 shows some of the more popular patterns that are available to use.
    28. 28. Error Diffusion - Patterns
    29. 29. Diffusion Patterns are better onwood
    30. 30. Products that typically requireerror diffusion  Wood  Thermark Product  Glass  Marble / Granite
    31. 31. Thermark on a Tile does not hold a good dotcompared to anodized aluminum thus we use anerror diffusion
    32. 32. Glass does not hold a good dot compared to anodizedaluminum thus we use an error diffusion
    33. 33. The quality of our image cangreatly influence our final product.
    34. 34. Thus we need to establishwhat is a good photographthat we can use
    35. 35. We need a Good QualityImage. The worse the imagequality the more chances wehave of not being able toreproduce the proper image
    36. 36. Original Image – Tif NoCompressions
    37. 37. Original Image Engraved
    38. 38. 100 % Jpeg Quality
    39. 39. 100 Percent jpeg
    40. 40. 70 % Quality Jpeg
    41. 41. 70 % Quality Jpeg
    42. 42. Other Bad Photos
    43. 43. Low Resolution and to dark
    44. 44. Low Resolution andBackground
    45. 45. Let Us Take a Close Look
    46. 46. Here is the finished photo
    47. 47. Best Photos Formats to get Tiff or BMP are the best as long as they are not jpeg’s just saved as this format Jpeg is the next best but remember JPEG can comes in a lot of different qualities You may get a PDF but the original file may contain bad quality images
    48. 48. Converting to Grayscale
    49. 49. Working in Gray Scale
    50. 50. Image converted tograyscale
    51. 51. Cropping to Size usingPowerClip
    52. 52.  Once we have converted the image to grayscale we will now need to process it to laser engrave it. The Contrast Enhancement Dialogue box allows us to increase the tonal range of the photo that we are working on To do this open up the Contrast Enhancement Dialogue Box
    53. 53. It is located in the BitmapMenu
    54. 54. 3 areas pixel types in our TonalRange
    55. 55. What is Tonal Range When we talk about the tonal range of an image we are referring to the range of tones between the lightest and darkest areas of an image. For example, an image with a wide tonal range will include both dark and light areas (and a range of tones in between). Whereas an image with a narrow tonal range will cover a more restricted range for example it could be predominantly composed of mid-tones. Note: when we look at an image that is a grayscale image we have an image that is comprised of gray pixels that have a value of 0 to 255. Values that are 0 are solid black and values that are 255 are solid white. Pixels with a number in between 0 and 255 are a shade of gray.
    56. 56. Each slider adjusts certainpixels
    57. 57. Dark Adjustment
    58. 58. Light Adjustment
    59. 59. Contrast Enhancement
    60. 60. Contrast Enhancement box
    61. 61. Contrast Enhancement
    62. 62. Areas to look for when we areadjusting
    63. 63. Original
    64. 64. Minor Adjustment
    65. 65. Finished Product
    66. 66. Major Adjustment
    67. 67. Finished Product
    68. 68. Finished Product Engraved Dark Medium Lightestlittle adjustment medium adjustment Big Adjustment
    69. 69. If you are lasering on black brass orblack anodized aluminum you willneed to invert the image so that is is anegative.
    70. 70.  We have worked with photos that would traditionally be laser engraved on good material such as laser brass or anodized aluminum. But what about wood, glass and granite? To engrave this material we use what is called the error diffusion technique
    71. 71. To Successfully Laser EngravePorous or Course Material likeWood and Glass we need to doan extra adjustment to ourphotoWe need use an error diffusionpattern
    72. 72. Different Diffusion Patterns
    73. 73. Error Diffusion Pattern createdon Glass
    74. 74. How do we create an errordiffusion on our original image
    75. 75. Convert our image inCorelDraw
    76. 76. Our photo converted to black andwhite with an error diffusion pattern
    77. 77. The Holy Grail for Doing Photos In CorelDraw
    78. 78. Our Original Image
    79. 79. First convert the photo to Grayscale
    80. 80. Open the Contrast Enhancement DialogueBox
    81. 81. I have increased the tonal range of the photo Original Adjusted
    82. 82. Now the question as to how much I adjust isdependent on what I am putting the image on.If I am going onto metal or plastic I would do alighter adjustment as I can show more detailon this material. If I am going onto wood Iwould use a more drastic adjustment
    83. 83. So the rule of thumb is more detail in yourimage if you are going to go on good materialsuch as laser brass. This is because I amgoing to use the halftone image to print myphoto. Thus I use a smaller adjustment in thecontrast enhancement commandIf I am going on a porous product such aswood I need to get rid of detail. Thus I woulddo larger adjustment in the contrastenhancement command
    84. 84. Remember that the worse (the moreporous) the material that we are workingon the more that we have to removedetail, Thus the better the material theless detail that we need to remove in thephoto
    85. 85. Now the secret step - Unsharp Mask
    86. 86. This technique is used all the time inprinting colour photographs becausemore photos are digital and they sufferfrom some sort of fuzziness. TheUnsharp mask will sharpen up thesephotos. I use this technique because itnot only does it sharpens up my imagebut it gets rid of some of the detail that Ican not produce. Thus the more detailthat I can not produce the more I use theUnsharp mask
    87. 87. Adjust the Percentage and Radius
    88. 88. For laser engraving on metal Iadjust the percentage to around200. For porous material I use 500and than adjust the radius to suite.
    89. 89. Our Image Sharpened
    90. 90. Now if I was going to laserengrave a fine material I wouldnow send it to the lasermachine.If I am going to a porousmaterial I need to do one extrastep
    91. 91. For our porous material we need to convert to Blackand White and use our Error Diffusion command
    92. 92. Use the Floyd SteinbergPattern
    93. 93. Here is your finished image
    94. 94. Our Image is ready to beLasered
    95. 95. Our Photo Lasered on Wood