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EMOTIONAL UNITY FOR
STRONGER DEMOCRACY
“Doing what is said -Doing only what is said”
MOSDEM-MOvement for Stronger DEMocrac...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
2
Doing What is said – Doing only what is said
Emotional Unity of the People
Strong...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
3
Abridged version
EMOTIONAL UNITY
FOR STRONGER DEMOCRACY
Doing what is said and do...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
4
Contents
For Politics With Self-Respect…............................................
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
5
MOSDEM – Movement for Stronger Democracy
www.mosdem.org
Email: mosdem.org@gmail.c...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
6
Chapter 0
For Politics With Self-Respect…
“Doing what is said and doing only what...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
7
Everyone may not accept Lord Rama as a historical figure. Hindus worship him as
G...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
8
The importance of the principle “Doing what is said and doing only what is said” ...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
9
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
10
Chapter 01
Love and Hate
The biological features of our hominin ancestors and th...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
11
Chimpanzees too have approximately the same vocal set-up as us, but don’t speak ...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
12
Humans also have the same instinct like the other living beings. The higher form...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
13
Hate
While humans developed a unique ability to think about the other members of...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
14
Chapter 02
Positive and Negative Emotions
The emotions which we discussed under ...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
15
Chapter 03
Human and Demon
Things were fine until some ten thousand years ago. T...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
16
individual and thus spread throughout the society. Love started becoming self-
c...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
17
Chapter 04
Wealth
Wealth is the accumulated mental and physical energy of humans...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
18
Fight for acquiring more share from the produced wealth has resulted in extortio...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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Chapter 05
Paramatma (Super Soul)
We can say that the part of our nature based o...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
20
The ‘Paramatma’ or systemic soul is composed of two opposing souls:
 The collec...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
21
between individual cells, while some other are spread in the entire brain region...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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They have also become part of humans. They cannot be eradicated. These emotions
...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
23
Here it must be remembered that law abiding and law breaking are two states. No
...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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These people speak of laws and pretend to follow them. Even they advocate others...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
25
Chapter 06
Vivekatma and Vighatama in practice
How do Vivekatma and Vighatama op...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
26
People continuously engage in social grooming and in this process different
domi...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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do anything, and don’t have to follow anyone’s or any group’s dominant ideas. No...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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Chapter 07
Manifestations of Vivekatma (Smart Soul)
When the spiritual strength ...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
29
cooperation. Only those societies advanced that could lessen the master-slave na...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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Chapter 08
War and Peace
But even today this master-slave nature, of expanding a...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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there is an agreement to end the wars. Now wars and warriors are not glorified a...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
32
Enslaving nature continued among the humans even after the slavery was abolished...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
33
War of Extortion
Before slavery, human groups used to fight with other groups wh...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
34
If an actor is acting on a stage or in a movie and entertaining the people to re...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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to have some fun and thus agree to play the game. But when one or some of them
v...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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 Those caused by other humans, which involve getting defeated in war, being
sub...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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avoiding arbitrariness in making laws while the second involves overcoming
arbit...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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Chapter 09
Power
Now let us talk about power. What is power? It is the ability t...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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Again, the rightness or wrongness of power is determined by laws. The laws, by
a...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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The strange thing is that for one person to get into positive power another pers...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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Chapter 10
Competition and War
We have to differentiate competition and war. War...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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 Competition in pursuing the interests of the System.
But this is not the true ...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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Whether there is competition or war in a field can be determined by the pace of
...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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Chapter 11
War and Corruption
Corruption is a form of war. Some resort to corrup...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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This situation leads to strengthening of Vighatatma. The spiritual strength of
P...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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Chapter 12
War in Democratic Politics
Presently most of politics involves war. T...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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Before studying why such war is occurring in politics let us understand the natu...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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after emergency or the recent result in Greece, the people reacted correctly but...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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This is happening because there is no compulsion on leaders and political partie...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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Many sincere politicians and parties are unable to implement their policies beca...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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A society which achieves the state where it is not possible to deceive any one i...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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Chapter 13
People’s Mandate
“Doing what is said and doing only what is said”
Let...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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The systemic will is always expressed in the form Laws. Hence the laws should al...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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Ban Private Funding and provide only State Funding to political parties, not jus...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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both the legislative bodies. Hence it is proposed a unique proportional system w...
MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy
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VIVEKATMA VIGHATATMA
HUMAN NATURE DEMON NATURE
Paramatma = collective survival i...
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MOSDEM Manifesto - abdriged

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MOSDEM - Movement for Stronger Democracy strives to bring about more stronger and real democracy in the world to solve all problems faced by humanity.

The next step in democracy is to compel the political parties to implement the people's mandate or "doing what is said and doing only what is said". All problems in the world can be traced to political leaders reneging on their promises to the people.

This abridged version of our manifesto outlines the philosophical and ideological basis of following "doing what is said and doing only what is said" by all and the basic steps to follow to implement this.

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MOSDEM Manifesto - abdriged

  1. 1. EMOTIONAL UNITY FOR STRONGER DEMOCRACY “Doing what is said -Doing only what is said” MOSDEM-MOvement for Stronger DEMocracy MOTE RAGHUPATHI
  2. 2. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 2 Doing What is said – Doing only what is said Emotional Unity of the People Stronger Democracy Spiritually Strong Society Paramatma (Super Soul) Vivekatma (Smart Soul) Human nature Cooperative Nature Love Vighatatma (Destructive Soul) Demon Nature Enslaving Nature Hate Wealth under its control Collective Knowledge Wealth under its control Leads To Leads To Leads To
  3. 3. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 3 Abridged version EMOTIONAL UNITY FOR STRONGER DEMOCRACY Doing what is said and doing only what is said MOTE RAGHUPATHI MOSDEM-MOvement for Stronger DEMocracy
  4. 4. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 4 Contents For Politics With Self-Respect…........................................................................................................................... 6 Love and Hate.................................................................................................................................................... 10 Innate and social emotions 11 Love 12 Hate 13 Positive and Negative Emotions........................................................................................................................ 14 Human and Demon ........................................................................................................................................... 15 Wealth ............................................................................................................................................................... 17 Paramatma (Super Soul).................................................................................................................................... 19 Vivekatma (Smart soul) - the positive systemic force....................................................................................... 20 Vighatama (Destructive soul) - the negative systemic force:............................................................................ 21 Manifestations of Vivekatma (Smart Soul)........................................................................................................ 28 War and Peace................................................................................................................................................... 30 War of Extermination.................................................................................................................................... 30 War of Enslavement ...................................................................................................................................... 31 War of Extortion............................................................................................................................................ 33 Power................................................................................................................................................................. 38 Right power and wrong power...................................................................................................................... 38 Positive and negative powers........................................................................................................................ 39 Competition and War........................................................................................................................................ 41 War and Corruption........................................................................................................................................... 44 War in Democratic Politics ................................................................................................................................ 46 Moral Right, Moral Compulsion and Moral Authority .................................................................................. 49 People’s Mandate.............................................................................................................................................. 52 “Doing what is said and doing only what is said”.......................................................................................... 52 Implementing “Doing What is Said…”............................................................................................................... 53
  5. 5. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 5 MOSDEM – Movement for Stronger Democracy www.mosdem.org Email: mosdem.org@gmail.com
  6. 6. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 6 Chapter 0 For Politics With Self-Respect… “Doing what is said and doing only what is said” In most of the democratic countries politicians and politics are becoming a laughing stock. People are losing respect towards politicians and making mockery of them. If people lose faith in politicians and politics it leads them to lose confidence in democracy. This is a dangerous situation! If the situation continues unabated there is an imminent danger of fascism sprouting. It is time to investigate the reasons for this pathetic situation and re-build confidence in democracy. In the opinion of Abraham Lincoln democracy means “a government of the people, by the people and for the people”. It means in a democracy the real rulers are the people. People of all democracies have realised this fact either consciously or unconsciously. Then who are the politicians? Politicians are the representatives of the opinions or ideas of the people. Hence people expect that the politicians respect their opinions, ideas and views. How should politicians respect people’s views? The politicians should abide by their promises made to the people. This is the method to respect people’s views. Unfortunately the politicians are forgetting the promises they make and thus not respecting the people. In response to this the people are not respecting the politicians and politics. People feel that the politics have become synonymous with breaking promises and scheming. In India, long ago, as per Ramayana there was ‘Ramarajya’. The king of Ramarajya Lord Sri Rama and his subjects followed one rule. The rule is “Doing what is said and doing only what is said”. The entire Raghu Vamsha, to which Lord Sri Rama belongs, was famous for their keeping of promises they made.
  7. 7. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 7 Everyone may not accept Lord Rama as a historical figure. Hindus worship him as God while some may argue that he is only a fictional character. Whatever the truth may be! Everyone, irrespective of their religion and faith, accepts one thing, that is, keeping the promises and abiding by one’s own word is a must for peaceful collective living and venturing. Mahatma Gandhi was very much influenced by Raja Satya Harischandra of the same Raghu Vamsha who was famous for “abiding by his promises”. Gandhiji has developed the philosophy of Satyagraha and Non-violence. He also preached and practiced truthful living. Which means the essence of Gandhiji’s philosophy may be summarised as ‘Doing what is said and doing only what is said’. He fought the British rule with this philosophy as a weapon. As told above the essence of democracy too is ‘Doing what is said and doing only what is said’. Unfortunately present democracies are not able to practice this philosophy. We are not following what Lord Sri Rama has practiced and also unable to practice what Gandhji has taught. If we, the Indians, want to build the nation by adopting the true spirit of our great Constitution and respect our Constitution giver Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkarji we must be able to build a society where everyone can practice “doing what is said and doing only what is said”. The present booklet is the abridged version of the detailed version of “Emotional unity for stronger democracy” which is the second part of “The first democracy……” Both these works will be published soon. The book explores:  The scientific reasons for abiding by one’s own promises not only by politicians but also by all the people,  The ways and means of practicing to keep promises made by the political leaders as well as by all the citizens. In the following chapters we illustrate how democracy is central to the survival and development of human society and how “doing what is said and doing only what is said” is central to democracy.
  8. 8. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 8 The importance of the principle “Doing what is said and doing only what is said” is discussed at length and how we can build a society based on this principle is also explained in the detailed book. This book presents the summarised chapters. For the past 66 years, our Indian democracy, the biggest in the world, has successfully stood against all the odds. In spite of this, we must also remember that we are losing respect towards politics and politicians because they are unable to keep their promises. This book brings about the reason why the politicians are failing to implement their promises in a positive note and also suggests the practical and feasible ways to enable them to implement their promises. All the chapters are abridged and made short to introduce the detailed version of the original book. Hence the chapters are not being introduced here.
  9. 9. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 9
  10. 10. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 10 Chapter 01 Love and Hate The biological features of our hominin ancestors and the environmental conditions faced by them, millions of years ago in Central-East Africa, compelled them down a very unique evolutionary path. While many other animals just live in groups, our ancestors completely associated themselves with the group. Collective living became so essential that the survival of the individual became entirely tied up with that of the group. Humans are the only animals with a collective group, the society. Thus the herd gave way to society. Recent research has shown that in hunter-gatherers, whose lifestyle all of our ancestors followed until a few thousand years ago, any person who gathers food has to share it equally with all members of the group. No other animal feeds the children of another animal. (Although wild dogs and wolves appear to do so, in fact they don’t as the members of a pack are children of the leaders, thus pack members are feeding their siblings) This is a rule strictly followed by all hunter-gatherers and in fact the basis of the survival of their society. What is this rule? A law! A law is a rule which is agreed upon by all the members and followed by them. There has never been any human society without laws, and there never will be. In fact laws are what separate humans from other animals. Human history is nothing but the history of laws. Animals don’t have laws, so they don’t have history. They don’t have the capacity to make laws and follow them. Our ancestors started thinking about other humans and their needs more and more. They communicated more and more to coordinate and integrate themselves. They started caring more and more for each other. This process continued to such an extent that our ancestors’ minds, rather than being separate became parts of a single collective mind. This resulted in the emergence of Language a few hundred thousand years ago.
  11. 11. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 11 Chimpanzees too have approximately the same vocal set-up as us, but don’t speak as they don’t have that much to exchange. Think about it. From that time hundreds of thousand years ago onwards, each generation is teaching the next one how to speak in a single unbroken line. Thus all the accumulated knowledge of every generation has been passed to the next generations. If it had stopped even once, we would’ve had to start from the beginning. Thus the development of the language represents the complete development of the collective mind. What are the things that you have learnt using or involving language? Almost everything! All of these things have come to us from the collective mind. The humans’ ability to create tools and wealth too, evolved not at the individual level, but at the group level. The knowledge of how to create tools and the purpose of creating them is held in the collective mind. Whereas other animals just pass their genes to their offspring, the collective mind itself is passed on in humans. This collective mind, maintained by the constant exchange of information and ideas by the individuals, has been evolving and developing continuously for hundreds of thousands of years. Laws exist in the collective mind as part of the collective knowledge. They determine how this knowledge is applied-how the society survives and how the wealth is produced and utilised. A very important feature of laws is that as they get implemented for a long time, they become part of the culture – people start following them without anyone forcing or compelling them to do so. Humans are animals with collective laws. The human history is nothing but the history of making the laws and practicing them. Innate and social emotions Any living being dislikes the things and other living beings which are detrimental to its survival. All living beings have the innate emotions like anger, annoyance, irritation, fear, hurt, sadness, stress, shock, despair, disappointment and self- centredness. These emotions have evolved for the purpose of their survival. If these emotions are absent no living being can survive and perpetuate. Any organism likes the things that help its survival and perpetuation and dislikes those which are detrimental to its survival and perpetuation.
  12. 12. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 12 Humans also have the same instinct like the other living beings. The higher forms of likes and dislikes are LOVE and HATE. Humans are emotional beings moved by love and hate. Love Love is a permanent emotional state towards the things, including fellow humans, which are perceived as positive to one’s survival and perpetuation. While we use rationality and free will to ‘do’ things, the motives to do them are always emotional. All the previously explained processes involve deep emotional responses. While in other animals only the individuals respond, in humans the whole group responds as a unit – one can say that the collective mind has responded. Human bonding and caring for the members of their own group was motivated by a very deep emotion – ‘’love’. This increased so much that humans are ready to change their behaviour to any extent to please their group. Humans constantly strove to gain the approval of other humans and this above all else drove their actions. In a process of dialectic exchange and practical experience, behaviours and tools that are best for the survival of the group and thereby the individuals emerged. Thus cooperative bonding, a feeling of kinship and rituals to cement these ties emerged. Love is the product of collective mind or collective will. As humans depended on each other more and more a strong bond of love got established. The emotion of love played vital role in cementing the humans to become parts of a whole. As the society grew larger and more united other emotions like devotion, cooperation, kindness, sympathy, empathy, gratitude, respect, admiration, politeness and trust became part of humans. We cannot think of these emotions without collective venture of the humans. If the humans lived solitarily or in smaller groups like other animals such kind of emotions would have not developed in us. Such types of strong emotions are not found in animals which don’t live collectively and don’t have collective mind. Animals like dogs and horses too have some strong emotions like love. These emotions drive the humans to strive for the welfare of the fellow humans. They even force us to work for the survival of other living beings. Because of these emotions the survival instinct of the individuals has become collective survival instinct.
  13. 13. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 13 Hate While humans developed a unique ability to think about the other members of their group, care for them and love them for their whole lifetime, they simultaneously developed another deep emotion –‘hate’. Hate is a permanent emotional state towards the things, including fellow humans, which are perceived as detrimental to one’s survival and perpetuation. Hate existed towards people of the other groups. Hate and grudge that they held for decades and across generations. The group as a whole hated the other group. This was an essential feature of human evolution – just like we don’t have North Pole without a South Pole, or yin without yang, similarly we don’t have love without hate. High degree of love towards one’s own people meant high degree of hate for the others. This has become a part of the expansion nature in humans. As human societies coalesced together and were forced to live in larger collective groups some other emotions also evolved in humans. These emotions are higher forms of above mentioned innate and natural emotions. Previously members of one group had hate towards another group. When these groups are forced to live together the emotions of Hate became part of this larger group. Some groups of such larger society used to hate other groups of the same society. In spite of hate towards the other groups of their own society people had to live together. As a result some new emotions have evolved in humans which are not present in other living beings. They include: Antagonism, Abusiveness, Arrogance, Belligerence, Conceit, Conflict, Demanding, Depression, Destructiveness, Enviousness, Greediness, Hubris, Ignorance, Impatience, Insensitiveness, Irresponsibleness, Jealousness, Laziness, Ruthlessness, Sabotaging, Selfishness, Vengeance etc., As a matter of fact, these emotions evolved in humans from their survival instinct. They have become part of every human. But they vary in degree from person to person. Some may have some emotions in higher degree while they have some other emotions in lower degree.
  14. 14. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 14 Chapter 02 Positive and Negative Emotions The emotions which we discussed under the headings of love and hate are the products of collective living. Collective living paved the way for a collective mind to evolve. The collective mind too has both these emotions at systemic level like every individual has. The love type of emotions evolved for the survival of the society as a system. In the absence of society humans may live without these emotions. But, to live in and as part of the society these emotions are a must. The system continuously strives to develop these emotions in its members for the survival of the system itself. Hence, we can call these emotions as positive to the system. The system survives only due to these emotions. They are also positive to individuals also. Because of them health and strength of the individuals increase to optimum level. On the other hand, the hate types of emotions are negative for both the system as well as the individuals. They collectively work for the destruction of the society. If they are not in control they make individuals weak both mentally and physically. If these negative emotions are stronger in an individual he/she becomes weaker and weak. Similarly if they are high at the systemic level they destroy human relations and bonds and thus lead to the destruction of the system. But, these emotions are also part of individuals and also the society. There cannot be any individual or society without these negative emotions. What is needed is that they should be under the control of collective force of positive emotions. An individual with strong spiritual strength can keep the negative emotions under control so that she/he can live happily. Similarly if a society with strong collective force of positive emotions keeps societal negative emotions under control, it can prosper continuously.
  15. 15. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 15 Chapter 03 Human and Demon Things were fine until some ten thousand years ago. The collective mind of humans increased in sophistication and capacity – with increasing knowledge and technology – until a sudden acceleration occurred. Human groups started coalescing together – the collective minds started coalescing together. This further increased the technology and knowledge. How did this occur? Through war and conquest! One group conquered and dominated the other group and enslaved them. This opened the door for the ‘demon’ in humans to come out. What is this demon? Earlier too people got lazy or cruel. More importantly people, with hate, attacked and killed rival groups. But humans seldom encountered the other groups. And within the group, hating their own members was totally discouraged. In the bigger groups that came about with agriculture, the master-slave relationship got established. The master-slave relationship bears some resemblance to the parent-child relationship in that both involve control and imposing the desired behaviour. The comparison ends here. The parent-child relationship is based on love and the parent does everything for the child. The master-slave relationship is based on hate and the master makes the slave live for him. The slave’s entire life is led in the interests of the master. This is the definition of the master-slave relationship. Contrary to the early societies based mainly on love the master-slave society is composed of both love and hate. Initially love among the masters and hate towards the slaves. At the same time there was love among slaves and they hated their masters. Gradually love and hate became part of the society. As more and more societies coalesced together the hate towards others increased. Hate became part of every
  16. 16. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 16 individual and thus spread throughout the society. Love started becoming self- centred in the individuals. Though the classical slavery was abandoned the love and hate in the societies have continued. These emotions have become a phenomenon of the society. In the earlier societies laws were made democratically by the whole group, for its interests. But in the societies with slavery the masters made laws for their interests, which also meant fulfilling their hatred too. Like all organisms humans too want to live, expand and reproduce. As the humans have become a part of the group, the whole group lives, reproduces and expands collectively, as a whole. For humans, expansion also means control over more and more wealth. The collective mind itself reproduces. Many groups started coalescing together and larger and larger collective minds formed. This larger group too had to live collectively. This meant that no one can expand against those within the group or society, as that would jeopardise the survival of the whole group or society itself. The end of slavery and expansion of societies resulted slavery to take a new form. Enslaving others has become a part of human nature. When two or more people come together either love may prevail among them or a fight to enslave the other/s may start. For these larger societies let’s substitute the word ‘human system’ or ‘system’ of humans. The system includes knowledge of the society held in the collective mind, including laws, and the physical wealth created and maintained by the members of the society, apart from the human beings in it. Thus the ‘system’ is larger than the term ‘society’, as the term society doesn’t usually include all laws, knowledge, technology and wealth.
  17. 17. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 17 Chapter 04 Wealth Wealth is the accumulated mental and physical energy of humans which is expended on naturally available things that are modified to satisfy the needs of humans, and the human system. The importance of wealth for humans cannot be underemphasized. It is due to wealth that humans are getting united and systemised. Increasing the wealth is the only way to ensure development and thus systemisation. This is because the knowledge of how to create wealth and why it should be created is not held in the individual mind but it is held in the collective mind. Hence the creation and development of wealth and technology is a collective societal venture requiring the participation of all. Increase of wealth can be done only by developing better technology and increasing the collectively held knowledge. Increase in wealth means increase in knowledge. Knowledge cannot be increased without increase in wealth. So wealth acquisition is not bad but in fact good. Thus wealth increases only if knowledge increases. Knowledge can increase only if liberty of thought and expression prevails. Still, wealth has a dual nature. On the one hand it leads to unification and systemisation of humans when they produce it with their collective effort and expend mental and physical labour. This results in love among the people. We can say that the production of wealth has become the root cause of love and its related emotions. On the other wealth breaks the bonds between people close together and leads them to fight against each other to acquire more share from the produced wealth. While human effort to increase wealth results in developing positive emotions, fight for acquiring more share has been increasing negative emotions because some (or many) of the people don’t get their due share.
  18. 18. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 18 Fight for acquiring more share from the produced wealth has resulted in extortion of wealth by some people even without contributing anything to increase the wealth. Over the centuries some people have devised many ways and strategies to grab wealth. In this modern world it has become very difficult to find many of those grabbers. Many theories have been developed in support of such grabbers. These grabbers are the main reason for the Hate and its related emotions getting increased in the society. They can grab more and more if the hate related emotions prevail in the society. Hence they continuously try to develop such emotions among the people. Ownership of wealth is not at all a problem. ‘Who’ has wealth is not important but ‘how’ it is used is more important. Is it being used for the system (society) or is it being used against the system is the criteria. Ownership means the person who ‘owns’ the wealth decides how it is used. The conditions of usage, the general direction in which it has to be used and how it should not be used is decided by laws.
  19. 19. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 19 Chapter 05 Paramatma (Super Soul) We can say that the part of our nature based on love and compassion for others, that which enables us to live as a system with others and thus works for the system as the ‘human’ part of our nature, composed of positive natural and social emotions. And that part of our nature based on hatred, which disrupts social life and harmony and thus works against the system as the ‘demon’ part of our nature, composed of negative natural and social emotions. These two natures are part of every person. The way of wealth distribution, social situation and the level of systemisation affect the extent to which each nature gets expressed. Each person’s will to survive and reproduce combines with that of others to form a common collective or systemic will. The collective survival instinct of the people combines with all the emotions both positive and negative, collectively held knowledge, including the laws, and collectively maintained wealth to become ‘Paramatma’. Paramatma = collective survival instinct of all the people + both positive and negative emotions of all the people + collectively held knowledge + collectively maintained wealth. This is an entity which is separate from its members, i.e. the people. It may seem paradoxical that a system composed of its members has a separate entity from its own members. It is like a molecule which is distinct in nature and properties from its constituent atoms.
  20. 20. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 20 The ‘Paramatma’ or systemic soul is composed of two opposing souls:  The collective ‘Human nature’ of all the individuals and the part of wealth under its control combine with the survival instinct of all the people of the society to form ‘Vivekatma’ which strives for the survival and development of the system. Vivekatma = collective survival instinct of all the people + collective human nature of all the individuals + knowledge resulting from positive emotions + part of wealth under human nature’s control  The collective ‘Demon nature’ of all the individuals and the part of wealth under its control combine to form ‘Vighatatma’ which seeks destruction of the system. Vighatatma = collective demon nature of all the individuals + knowledge resulting from negative emotions + part of wealth under demon nature’s control Paramatma = Vivekatma + Vighatatma Vivekatma and Vighatatma are inversely proportional to each other. If the strength of Vivekatma increases then the Strength of Vighatatma decreases and vice versa. Vivekatma ∝ 1/ Vighatatma It must be remembered that the usage of the word ‘paramatma’ here does not relate to the usage of the word in any religious or theological context. Vivekatma (Smart soul) - the positive systemic force All types of emotions are controlled by the Brain, particularly the limbic system which includes olfactory bulbs, hippocampus, amygdala, anterior thalamic nuclei, and limbic cortex etc. Emotions are controlled by the level of different chemicals in the brain as chemical messengers, or neurons. Some of these neurotransmitters go
  21. 21. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 21 between individual cells, while some other are spread in the entire brain region. By layering signals on other signal the brain makes the person respond to different situations. In danger, for instance, the brain releases stress hormones that makes us react by flooding certain regions with the neurotransmitter epinephrine (adrenalin). When the danger subsides, the brain sends out a calming signal in the form of chemicals. The emotions trigger in every organism, including humans, a physical action. When we fear of some danger we will either escape from it or fight it. Here ‘fear’ is an emotion. Escaping or fighting is physical action. Intelligence, perception, thinking, memory and similar other psychological actions are triggered by some or the other emotions. These emotions drive us into action. Similarly different emotions are also influenced by various thoughts, perception and intelligence etc., even though only the emotions drive us into action. Thus it is not necessary to worry about Robots or other machines with Artificial Intelligence as long as they are not made to react with emotions. They should not possess emotions of any type, that is, either positive or negative emotions. These emotions are uniting the entire humans into a single entity. The collective survival instinct of the people of a system combines with these positive emotions and the part of the wealth which is under the control of positive emotions to become a strong positive systemic force. This positive systemic force can be called “Vivekatma”- the Smart soul. It continuously develops positive views and opinions among people for their collective survival. This has its own separate entity. Vighatama (Destructive soul) - the negative systemic force: Some emotions like Antagonism, Abusiveness, Arrogance, Belligerence, Conceit, Conflict, Demanding, Depression, Destructiveness, Enviousness, Greediness, Hubris, Ignorance, Impatience, Insensitiveness, Irresponsibleness, Jealousness, Laziness, Ruthlessness, Sabotaging, Selfishness, Vengeance, Violence etc., are exclusive to only humans. Such extreme emotions are not found in animals. These emotions are also the product of collective living and collective venturing in developing Wealth.
  22. 22. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 22 They have also become part of humans. They cannot be eradicated. These emotions are playing an active role in developing enmity among the people. They are the root cause of so many social problems and misery. That is the reason why all the Religions have been preaching against these emotions. These emotions destroy the wealth and the society. In fact, these emotions also unite different sections of the people against some other people. When the whole society is concerned they play a negative role. If they are unchecked and become too strong over the Vivekatma (Smart soul) then they collectively work to destroy the society and the wealth. These negative emotions combine with the wealth under their control to become a strong negative systemic force. This strong negative systemic force may be called “Vighatatma”-the Destructive soul. Under the influence of Vighatatma different destructive thoughts and views emerge in the society. This also has its own separate entity. Though the negative emotions seem to be working against the system they have become an essential part of individuals as well as the society. It is impossible to eliminate or eradicate them. Thus in systemizing the society both the positive and negative emotions work together. An integrated and a wholesome emotional force emerges from the interaction of these two opposing emotional forces. This integrated force is the Paramatma. The Vighatatma should be under total control of Paramatma. It tries to control Vighatatma with the help of Vivekatma. If Vivekatma is strong enough to control the Vighatatma it can be said that the spiritual strength of Paramatma is strong. In contrast if the Vighatatma is uncontrollable then it leads to weakening of the spiritual strength of the Paramatma. How does this happen? In a society people may be divided broadly into two categories. They are:  Law abiding people and  Law breaking people.
  23. 23. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 23 Here it must be remembered that law abiding and law breaking are two states. No one would be in any of these states permanently. Due to a person’s external and internal conditions the person changes from one state to the other and vice versa. A person who is a strong law abider at one point of time may changed to a law breaker due to the changes in his external or internal conditions. When more and more people become law breakers this strengthens Vighatama. As the influence of Vighatama strengthens more people have to join the bandwagon of law breakers for their survival. Similarly if more and more people enter the state of law abiding then Vivekatma is strengthened. Then Vivekatma influences law breakers and brings them into the state of law abiding. Again the law abiding people may also be divided into two categories. They are:  People abide laws under the influence of Vivekatma,  People abide laws out of the fear of punishments for breaking laws. Both of these people’s actions strengthen the Vivekatma. The law breaking people also may be divided into two categories. They are: 1. Overt law breakers, and 2. Covert law breakers. Overt law breakers These people don’t bother about laws or punishments. They do whatever they want. They openly oppose laws as per their will and wish. They act under the influence of all kinds of negative emotions, both innate and social. Usually most of them are caught by law enforcing authorities and undergo punishments. In spite of punishments they again and again resort to law breaking. These people fight among themselves while attaining their desires by violating laws. Covert law breakers
  24. 24. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 24 These people speak of laws and pretend to follow them. Even they advocate others to follow laws. But, in practice they try to violate laws and also twist the laws in their favour. They develop so many theories and propagate them. They try to influence the people through mass media and other sources of propaganda. Usually such people are quiet large in number. These kind of people support the same kind of people, provided they are not their competitors, even though they don’t have any immediate gain. Unity of these people strengthens Vighatatma. When such people are competing with each other they start fighting among themselves. This results in spreading of hatred and which in turn leads to violence. The fight among such people also leads to strengthening of Vighatatma. The actions of both the overt and covert law breakers make Vighatatma stronger and stronger. The number of such people and the quantum of wealth they control is directly proportional to the strength of the Vighatatma. As the quantum of wealth under the control such people increases the Paramatma weakens. As a result the spiritual power of Paramatma weakens. This leads to weakening of spiritual power of all the members of the society. Throughout the society the negative emotions spread rapidly and try to influence more and more people who were under the influence of positive emotions till then. Then the Paramatma tries to awaken the Vivekatma. Paramatma tries to liberate itself from the clutches of Vighatatma with the help of Vivekatama through social or political movements. The religions also try to develop devotion (Bhakti) among the people to strengthen Vivekatma. Even after the efforts of Vivakatma if Paramatma fails to liberate itself from Vighatatma then destruction ensures and that society perishes permanently.
  25. 25. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 25 Chapter 06 Vivekatma and Vighatama in practice How do Vivekatma and Vighatama operate in practice? The answer is ‘Dominant ideas’. People always communicate and share their views, thoughts and ideas with other people. This leads to what may be called ‘social grooming’. Whenever we are expressing an opinion it means we are trying to influence others’ views. Similarly we are constantly getting influenced by other people’s thoughts and opinions. The media and internet have increased the rate of social grooming. In this way some common opinions are formed in society. Ideas which have gained acceptance ‘en-masse’ and which are followed by many people can be called ‘dominant ideas’. Once an idea becomes dominant, people get influenced by it and start following it automatically. Different groups of people may hold different dominant ideas. They reinforce each other to keep the dominant idea alive. But at the systemic level a different idea may be dominant. For example, some people are vegetarians. For them vegetarianism is dominant idea. For others non-vegetarianism is dominant idea. But at the systemic level the idea is that either of them is fine and that people can follow whatever they want According to our theory people do the things with both human and demon nature. Hence they spread ideas influenced by both their human and demon natures. Thus some dominant ideas emerge from human nature while some emerge from the demon nature. All the ideas that emerged from the human nature constitute the Vivekatma and all the ideas which emerged from the demon nature constitute the Vighatatma It should be noted that people start with their human nature but may end up under the Vighatama’s control. They take up the interests of their group and in that process they get influenced by the ideas of some selfish people which lead them to hate others.
  26. 26. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 26 People continuously engage in social grooming and in this process different dominant ideas emerge. A democratic society is one in which only those ideas become dominant which belong to Vivekatma. As society becomes more and more democratic, Vivekatma gets strengthened and Vighatatma gets weakened. This means that the ideas of Vivekatma become dominant at systemic level and those of Vighatatma lose dominant status at systemic level. Each individual has the survival instinct and cooperative nature. We have become a single system with the collective knowledge and are producing and maintaining wealth collectively. This system too has got a survival instinct of its own, composed of the survival instincts of all. In times of crises this systemic survival instinct gives rises to ideas that help its survival and these gain traction in society. This is an emotional response. This does not have to do with the knowledge or education of the person. This results from their survival instinct. Thus Vivekatma tries to express itself naturally. But if the society is not democratic Vighatatma can interfere in this process and lead to negative dominant ideas, thus leading to destruction of the society. Dominant Ideas and Laws Laws are created to enable the dominant ideas. Laws themselves do not create dominant ideas. For instance, there are no laws mandating people to marry or have children but laws enable people to marry and have children. If there were no laws then people cannot marry without a legal framework and protection. The democratic process of dialectic exchange of ideas and discussion is in fact about creating dominant ideas. This leads to enacting corresponding laws. In a democratic process of thought exchange only the collective will to survive gets expressed. It should be noted that laws can’t create or terminate dominant ideas. But they are necessary to enable them. Thus monogamy is a dominant idea. But without laws enforcing it, it cannot stand. Here we can define liberty. From the earliest times people used to harass others within their group if they did not conform to the dominant idea. This was in fact essential to ensure that the group is united and to maintain group conformity. But the modern liberty is that people have to follow only the laws and agreements and that only the state will punish the violators. Except these, people have the liberty to
  27. 27. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 27 do anything, and don’t have to follow anyone’s or any group’s dominant ideas. No one should be discriminated against by any one for not following any dominant idea.
  28. 28. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 28 Chapter 07 Manifestations of Vivekatma (Smart Soul) When the spiritual strength of Paramatma weakens then religions, social movements and political movements emerge to control Vighatatma. These movements and the religions are the manifestations of the Vivekatma (Smart soul). While Vivekatma (Smart soul) strives to control the influence of Vighatatma through religions, social and political movements, the Vighatama also continuously tries to infiltrate these movements and religions. Over the years the Vivekatma (Smart soul) has won many battles over Vighatatma and hence we are all still living as societies or systems. The societies in which the Vighatatma has won have perished. Only when these two ‘Atmas’ or Souls stay in balance does the system survives. If Vivekatma gains upper-hand then there will be peace and prosperity. But, if the ‘Vighatatma’ gains upper-hand destruction ensures. When the Vivekatma is in upper hand over the Vighatatma then the spiritual power of the Paramatma may be said to be strong. If the Vighatama’s strength is more than the Vivekatma then the spiritual power is weak. Coming back to the master-slave relationship, it is based on the ‘demon’ nature in humans. But the masters and the slaves together formed a new system with its own will. But master means displacing the slave’s mind with that of the master, thus the collective mind is replaced by the master’s mind. It certainly means the destruction of the ‘Paramatma’ or super soul. Moreover uncontrolled power to some led to problems: the ‘demon nature’ came out and ‘Vighatatma’ strengthened. Anti-slavery and cooperative nature of humans has been expressed right from the beginning. The whole history of humans is mainly about the struggle between these two natures in us: ‘the master-slave’ and ‘the cooperative’. Religions are a part of this struggle. All religions preached against the demon nature and for the human nature. They tried to bring out the cooperative nature in humans. Social movements too helped society become based less on domination and more on
  29. 29. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 29 cooperation. Only those societies advanced that could lessen the master-slave nature i.e., the demon nature and increase the cooperative nature and love i.e., the human nature. This process is continuing even today and ultimately led to the concepts of liberty, freedom, equality, human rights and democracy. While religions are mostly concerned with modification of behaviour at the individual level, modern political science and the process of law making and its enforcement is concerned with societal and systemic level changes. It must be noted that the common thread in all this is law. The transition to master- slave relationship and domination based society involved laws. Also the transition from such society to one based on cooperation and love again involved laws. Giving or taking away rights involves laws
  30. 30. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 30 Chapter 08 War and Peace But even today this master-slave nature, of expanding against others and dominating them is still with us and troubling us. In this context the concepts of war and peace have to be modified. War doesn’t mean just armed conflict involving violence. War is anything done with hate and ‘demon nature’. There are three kinds of war:  War of extermination: individuals fighting to eliminate other humans or other ideas or ideologies,  War of enslavement: individuals fighting to make others obey them permanently or not allowing others’ ideas or other ideologies to be expressed and  War of extortion: grabbing money or a part of wealth without rendering any service in return, rendering defective and faulty services or grabbing others’ property without paying its value and thus not contributing anything for increasing the wealth of the system but only grab it. These are the three sins committed by people under the influence of Vighatatma. War of Extermination This kind of war started even before the ‘Homo Sapiens-Humans’ evolved. This war has been continuing for millions of years, that is, before and after the humans appeared on the earth. Since the formation of larger societies fight for elimination of fellow humans within the society was gradually condemned. Vivekatma started gaining upper hand and killing of fellow humans in a society was totally abandoned. Criminal laws were promulgated to deter any action to kill or hurt others. Though within a country this type of fight or war became illegal the wars between the countries have been not stopped yet. After the Second World War Vivekatma of the entire humans on the earth started gaining upper hand and thus in principle
  31. 31. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 31 there is an agreement to end the wars. Now wars and warriors are not glorified as much as before the Second World War. Fight to eliminate other’s ideas or other ideologies As the wealth of the human societies increased the collective knowledge of the societies increased. This resulted in the emergence of new ideas. Collections of similar ideas have become ideologies. In an effort to increase the wealth different ideas emerged. Under the influence of Vivekatma and Vighatatma different antagonistic ideas developed. Fight started to eliminate alien ideas. People of similar ideas joined together to fight and eliminate their opponent’s ideas. This kind of war is still going on. Elimination of other’s ideas need not be eliminating the people with those ideas. Many strategies are adopted to eliminate other’s ideas and views without harming their proponents. Due to this kind of war many ideas and ideologies useful to collective living have been destroyed. In the interest of collective living no idea should be allowed to be eliminated. Any idea should be welcomed. No one is sure which idea is under the influence of Vivekatma or Vighatatma. An idea good at one point of time may be proved to be bad at another point of time. Similarly a bad idea at one time may be proved to be good at a different time. It is the duty of every individual to allow any idea which she/he may not like. This is essential for a better society and its continuous development by way of increasing wealth and collective knowledge. War of Enslavement This is the modified form of the first type of war. When the smaller human societies realised the importance of not killing the defeated and utilise them like animals for their purposes, slavery emerged. Slavery existed for thousands of years. Later on it was abolished under the influence of Vivekatma (Smart soul).
  32. 32. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 32 Enslaving nature continued among the humans even after the slavery was abolished and is continuing even today. Fight to enslave others has become part of the human nature under the influence of Vighatatma (Destructive soul). Enslaving nature is that which does not allow the ideas of the others to be expressed and ruthlessly crush them. It is true that the modern world has discarded slavery. But, many people have enslaved so many other people for different purposes. Statistics are also available to support this fact. In fact those figures don’t reveal the whole truth. Many people live in master-slave type relation in so many fields. This relation of master-slave is entirely different from that of the classical slavery. Then the laws enforced the slaves to be in slavery. Those slaves were punished by law if they disobeyed their masters. Now, the laws strictly prohibit enslaving others and this is punishable under the present laws in all the countries. Even then the slavery in its modified form is rampant in the present world. The players are changed from time to time, that is, the masters may become slaves and vice versa. This is because the nature of enslaving others has become part of humans. Even where there is no master slave relation, many people try to treat others like their slaves. They get overwhelming joy if others behave like their slaves. Some people are even ready to spend money to get such joy. This is happening because of the Vighatatma. It is like a force influencing the people at systemic level just like the gravitational force pulls the bodies together. The emotions which are the product of the collective system of human beings continuously influence its members, that is, the people. Laws enacted by the states (countries) are also unable to control the slavery due to the strength of the Vighatatma force. Lot of impetus has to be applied to the force of Vivekatma to weaken the Vighatatma. Till then the war continues in some or other form.
  33. 33. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 33 War of Extortion Before slavery, human groups used to fight with other groups whenever they happened to encounter each other. The winner group used to kill the defeated and take away the belongings of the defeated. As the societies grew larger and larger extortion of the belongings of the fellow members of the society was condemned. Laws were made to punish those who try to take away other’s property or wealth. This is the result of Vivekatma. But, even today the Vighatatma force is so strong that under its influence many people try to grab other’s wealth without rendering any service or paying value in return or by providing faulty service. In this process these grabbers won’t contribute anything to the increase of the wealth of that society. Grabbers are those who either enjoy the wealth without rendering anything to increase it or take away the share of the wealth disproportion to their contribution for increasing the wealth. People engage in different professions like Industry, Business, Transport, Health, Entertainment or Education for the purpose of contributing to the increase of the wealth of the society or system. While working in such professions some may play the role of owners and some may be the employees or workers. Here no one is grabber as long as they successfully contribute to the increase of the wealth by providing quality service. They are only playing different roles in producing the wealth. Suppose, if a person is paid wage, or salary for carrying a stone to some distance and bringing it back to its original place without any purpose. It means he is not contributing anything to the increase in the wealth. He is a grabber! All those helping him and paying wage or salary for that useless work are also grabbers, because they are not contributing anything to the increase of the wealth. On the other hand, if that person is paid wage to carry such stones for construction of a building for dwelling purpose then she/he is contributing to the increase of the wealth. If, the work done by a person results in the increase of the wealth he/she is not at all a grabber. The work done may be in any form.
  34. 34. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 34 If an actor is acting on a stage or in a movie and entertaining the people to refresh them then the actor is contributing to the increase of the wealth indirectly. If a politician becomes a part of a policy and programme of a political action is also contributing to the increase in the wealth. That politician may belong to any political party either in power or in opposition. In all the professions there are certain type of people who don’t render any service which results directly or indirectly in increasing the wealth. They are the grabbers. In present day society it has become rather difficult to point out the grabbers. They grab the wealth under the influence of Vighatatma. In fact, it is useless to find grabbers, because the grabbers are not a permanent set of people. The important thing is to eliminate grabbing by ensuring that wealth is used for continuous increase in further production but not for winning war over others. All kinds of war involve some people expanding against others. Even in modern society, supposedly peaceful activities like commerce, marriage involve war i.e., some people harming others or expanding against, and enforcing their will on others, making the others do things detrimental to them. Similarly we can expand the concept of peace as anything done with love and our ‘human nature’. Peaceful activity is always cooperative and in the interest of the entire system which includes all people present in it. In Martin Luther King’s words “peace is not the absence of violence but the presence of justice”. War and peace are intermixed in all human activities. Even within the family the effort to enslave others occurs in many instances. This is a war within the family. After one of the partners submits to the other there are no more incidences of conflict in that family, but war has actually not stopped. As long as any of the end results of war i.e., enslavement, extermination or extortion, is present, this means the war is still going on. War ends and peace is established only when the end results of war are no longer present. To understand how war and peace are mixed together let us consider the example of some children playing a game. Playing is a peaceful activity; all of the children want
  35. 35. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 35 to have some fun and thus agree to play the game. But when one or some of them violate the rules for their favour then it is war. This should get prevented. “Interests/wishes” of some that are detrimental to some other or the whole of society or system should not dominate and destroy the system itself by giving upper-hand to the Vighatatma. War and peace are not only mixed together, but the main form in which they take place is in the framing of rules/laws and following or violating them. Nowhere is more war involved in present day society than in the arena of law making and breaking. The war is now waged in the form of making or breaking laws. A very important aspect of war and peace is the distinction between the aggressor and the defender. The aggressor initiates war against the defender. Hence it is the right of the defender to wage a counter war against the aggressor. Morally it looks like the defender is ‘right’. There is no doubt that the defender’s fight is right. But no matter who is ‘right’ and who is ‘wrong’ the act of war itself is detrimental to the whole system. No matter who wins the system always loses as long as there are victors and the defeated. As a great philosopher said “the first casualty of war is truth”. But again as Aristotle said “we make war so that we may live in peace”. This is true for the defender. The important thing is that war itself is detrimental to the system’s survival no matter who wins, the: “good” guy or the “bad” guy. This leads to expansion against others rather than with others. The only solution is the elimination of war itself. Peace can be established only when war itself is eliminated. How is it eliminated? It can be eliminated by creating conditions so that people need not wage war against each other. People should not have to wage war for their survival and perpetuation. Human beings suffer due to three main reasons; pain and trauma are caused by these three categories of causes. They are:  Those caused by the elements, which involve problems like hunger, thirst, heat, cold, natural disasters etc.,  Those caused by other organisms, which involve diseases caused by viruses, bacteria and fungi, attacks by animals etc.; and
  36. 36. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 36  Those caused by other humans, which involve getting defeated in war, being subjected to the hatred and humiliation. Modern society has overcome the first two but is still suffering from the third one. The third one is in-fact pushing us to face crises of the first two categories too. For example so many people are hungry in the world, this is not because there is not enough food in the world, but due to ‘the other’ people’s actions the hungry are not getting food. It must be noted here that the institution of state evolved as a mechanism by which some masters or rulers could control and dominate people and also to expand against others. Thus laws were made by the few and others were forced to follow them. But over time, the Vivekatma started gaining upper hand and the realisation came that the state is composed of all the people and that the power arises due to the contribution and participation of all the people. This led to more and more democracy. Only those societies advanced that became more democratic. Advancement and development is nothing but systemisation: bringing together and linking of people into a more integrated and cohesive whole. This happens only when the knowledge held collectively expands and more wealth is produced and maintained. In turn this can happen only if the Vivekatma gains upper hand, there is less and less enslavement and domination or war, because only then can all people contribute to their fullest extent in production of wealth instead of their contribution getting curtailed by others. Thus democracy always meant all of us making laws for all of us. Democracy was always about taking decisions for the interest of the whole society/system, to ensure peace and prosperity for ‘all’. Hence none should equate democracy with majoritarianism or conflate it with mob rule. But as stated before nowhere is more war involved in present day society than in the arena of law making. This usually involves some groups trying to make laws or modify them to punish other groups and gain advantage over others i.e., to dominate others. Some people sabotaging implementation of some laws which they perceive to be threatening to their interests. While the first part is to be remedied by more democracy, the second is the act of corruption and is remedied by following the laws. Put simply, the first involves
  37. 37. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 37 avoiding arbitrariness in making laws while the second involves overcoming arbitrariness in implementing them. Peace can only be established in a stronger democracy where laws are made by all for all.
  38. 38. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 38 Chapter 09 Power Now let us talk about power. What is power? It is the ability to influence the human system – the productive capacity and knowledge in the form of ideas and action. Right power and wrong power The important concepts are those of right power and wrong power. Less power and more power are not important. Right power is that exercised for the good of the system/society and wrong power is that which is detrimental to the system and used to wage war against others. Consider a traffic constable. In fact, he exercises enormous power, controlling thousands of vehicles. But it is right power and is used for the system, power that was given to him rightfully by the people. Normally we don’t recognise this as power. Generally power is understood as the ability to use it wrongly. Due to this there are arguments to ‘decrease’ the power held by some, either the government or corporates etc. But the important thing is not only to decrease and remove the wrong power that can be exercised by someone but also to increase the right power. A scientist like Einstein can be said to have exercised great power as his ideas are what we all follow and these ideas have shaped the world. Similarly an inventor like Edison and an industrialist like Ford too have exercised enormous power in that they have influenced the society greatly. But all of this is right power. They benefited society by doing what they can do. Hence there is no need to ‘decrease’ this right power. This applies to inventors, industrialists or even politicians of today too. In a perfect democracy people have unlimited power to do good to others but no power at all to do bad to others. It must be observed that when one exercises right power he/she doesn’t decrease the power of others.
  39. 39. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 39 Again, the rightness or wrongness of power is determined by laws. The laws, by allowing or proscribing the ways, in which power can be exercised, determine whether the power exerted in each instance is right or wrong. Right power means ability and/or compulsion to do what should be done, while wrong power is the ability and/or compulsion to do what should not be done. This links up power, corruption and law. Wrong power increases corruption and corruption increases wrong power. Positive and negative powers We can add the concepts of positive and negative power. These are not variables that can have varying values. They are like digital states ‘0’ and ‘1’ or like positive and negative electrical charges. We can have one or the other and the two are mutually opposite to each other. Each person, in each separate incident and/or scenario goes into negative or positive power in that particular situation. So this means that anyone can get into negative power territory and positive power territory depending on the situation. While right power and wrong power are powers that people possess, positive and negative power are states into which people move and come out of. Now, positive power means that a person gets from the system/society what she/he should get in a given situation and in turn the person contributes to the system in the way she or he can. Thus when more people get positive power in more and more circumstances the system develops more and more. Negative power means that in a given situation a person gets deprived of what she/he should have to contribute to the system as much as she/he can. For example while selecting a sports team if one player who is better is kept aside and another player who is not so good is selected instead then the better player gets into negative power, this is a loss to him and also to the system (team) as the team performs below its capacity. Consider a competitive exam. The selected candidate gets positive power but the one who didn’t get selected is not in negative power. The best one for the task has been selected. The one not selected has been not deprived of anything that leads him to contribute less than she/he can. Thus in a peaceful situation no one gets into negative power while the outcome of war is that someone should get into negative power.
  40. 40. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 40 The strange thing is that for one person to get into positive power another person should get right power while for one person to get into negative power another person should use wrong power. Hence only laws can determine whether people get into positive power or negative power. Development and prosperity require that more and more people get into positive power in more and more situations. This is the reason why societies that increased human rights and freedoms consistently outperform those which lag in these when it comes to economic development. How can one contribute to the fullest extent if he/she is prevented from doing so? Thus removal of slavery, abolishment of untouchability, emancipation of women etc., are all examples of moving people from a permanent state of negative power to a state of positive power. Here the right power of the whole society i.e., of all the people in it increases. Finally, when the law making process itself is wrong i.e., laws that are detrimental to the system get made due to waging of war though indirectly, implementation of those laws cannot happen properly as others resist it. Thus laws should not be made to increase wrong power but to decrease it and increase right power. This is only possible when ‘doing what is said and doing only what is said’ is followed. The probability of a wrong law getting enacted becomes less as the law making is not for war but for peace. More importantly if there are problems with any law it gets detected and can be changed, as again the law making process is not for war but for peace. Through the process of law making with the people’s mandate-‘doing what is said and doing only what is said’ the whole society gets united emotionally and a stronger Democracy is established. Let us march towards such a stronger democracy!
  41. 41. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 41 Chapter 10 Competition and War We have to differentiate competition and war. War provides the winner wrong power and pushes the loser into negative power. Whereas in competition the persons best suited for a certain task are selected. Thus they influence the society more with their right ideas. Competition is in fact between ideas and ability to serve the society in any field like different professions, business or industry. For example, different theories in field compete and only that which is more right gets selected and society follows it. Similarly in business different products compete and only the best are selected. This ensures that wealth and productive capacity are utilised to the optimal extent as those with the best ideas in their fields control he productive capacity. Competition does not result in someone being superior and others being inferior. There have been different arguments over the way to select the persons best suited for a given task. One way is to force people into different positions arbitrarily using power of the winners in war as done in certain dictatorships and feudal societies. In present democracies such arbitrariness has been abandoned to a large extent. The second way is to wage war continuously and those who gained upper hand, by hook or crook, declare themselves as the best for the task. These methods are war based and thus detrimental to the system. The third way is competition, different people with different ideas compete and those with the best ideas and capacity get ‘selected’ through participation in real free market. While war is about defeating others and is followed by negative consequences, competition is a peaceful activity. Competition is for the system and society. The goal of competition is to decide who is best suited for a given job or task. The one selected in competition is not undermining the one who was not. Both are better off! Competition appears to be of two types. They are:  Competition in pursuing the interests of the individuals, and
  42. 42. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 42  Competition in pursuing the interests of the System. But this is not the true picture. Every individual has some interests. They are for living and perpetuation. For a comfortable living every individual puts some effort. In this effort one may has to compete with other individuals. If every individual gets an opportunity to serve the society with his/her abilities and in return if the system succeeds in providing the individual the due share for the services rendered then those individuals can lead a happy life and their needs are satisfied. This ensures peace in the society and this is, in fact, neither competition nor war. But, if the system fails in its duty towards its members then they have to wage war with each other. In such a situation this cannot be called ‘competition’. The second type of competition is to be better than other individuals in different professions, business or industry. In fact, this competition is for the interests of the society or system. This is the real competition. Thus, there is only one competition but not two. As long as this competition is fair and only the real talented in their respective fields are selected as suitable by the society and attain prosperity then it is good for those individuals as well as the society. Other people also will be benefitted from this healthy competition. If this kind of competition is allowed to its fullest extent all the members of the society are benefitted. The system as a whole develops and peace and prosperity is established. War starts when some individuals start fighting with the people who are superiorly talented than them in their respective fields and try to win by false means and ways. If the persons who can render inferior services in their respective fields won the war and surpass others who are superior to them, this results in stagnation in the development of the society. This is nothing but the winning of the Vighatatma. This leads to the production of lower quality goods or rendering of poor quality services. The production and increase in the wealth is being affected. People have to start to grab the part of the wealth for their survival. The competition turns into war. Vighatatma starts gaining control over the Paramatma. This in turn leads to the destruction of the quality and quantity in production of the goods and services. The society as a whole starts suffering.
  43. 43. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 43 Whether there is competition or war in a field can be determined by the pace of development in that field. If in any field of business, profession or industry there is continuous progress and development then it can be concluded that there is healthy competition. In contrast to this, if there is any stagnation in any field it can be said that the war has started.
  44. 44. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 44 Chapter 11 War and Corruption Corruption is a form of war. Some resort to corrupt the power in pursuance of their war to win the people those who are better than them. Thus, by indulging in war they wage war not only against their opponents but also against the system. Because the corrupted power becomes a wrong power and it pushes the people into negative power state. Corruption can be defined as doing what should not be done and not doing what should be done. This encompasses all activities that involve graft and bribery but also includes those which may not involve bribery but are still corrupt. But what exactly are these things to be done? They are determined by laws and agreements. The things one should do according to laws are to be done and those that should not be done are not to be done. Similarly agreements/promises are things which a person agrees to do by himself/herself and these too are be followed. While some promises are explicitly made some are implicit. This is the basis for many social relations like marriage, friendship, teacher- student, doctor-patient etc. Certain obligations and rights are implicit and have to be followed. Due to technology all activities of all persons will be tracked and recorded, hence there won’t be anything implicit in the coming future. Everything will be explicit and can be enforced. The relationship between political parties and the people too involves such an implicit understanding that the parties will follow the people’s mandate and follow only the people’s mandate. But this is not being done properly as there is no enforcement and also no conditions to enable this as the livelihood of political leaders is not provided by the people. Political parties not following people’s mandate means they are ‘not doing what they have to do and doing what they should not do’. This is nothing but resorting to corruption. Thus the power given by the people is corrupted. Which means people’s power is corrupted.
  45. 45. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 45 This situation leads to strengthening of Vighatatma. The spiritual strength of Paramatma weakens and there by individuals strength also weakens. If the political parties follow ‘Doing what is said and doing only what is said’ this not only compels leaders and parties to follow the people’s mandate but also enables them to do so by securing their livelihood, independent of the political stance they take. This ensures power being not corrupted. Hence there won’t be wrong power and thus no one is trapped into negative power state. Now, corruption is solved by ‘doing what is said and doing only what is said’ because corruption starts by parties not implementing what they said and doing what they didn’t say, this is the root of corruption, the biggest corruption of all. Only after a law is enacted as promised to the people does the question of some people not following it arise. While not following a law is very big corruption, the biggest corruption is not making laws as promised but making them arbitrarily. From this base the hydra of corruption grows and engulfs the whole society. The corrupt tendency has increased to such an extent that nowadays cheating and deceiving is not shunned or abhorred but is welcomed as a great quality in all aspects of human life. This can only be solved by political parties following ‘dong what is said and doing only what is said’.
  46. 46. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 46 Chapter 12 War in Democratic Politics Presently most of politics involves war. This may even include demonising the other party. Earlier humans demonised the people belonging to other tribes, and considered only those belonging to their own tribe as human. This nature is still continuing. The people in some groups or parties demonise those belonging to the other groups or parties. What this leads to is finding who the “good” one is and who the “bad” one is. Politics becomes about finding the “good” people. It leads to politics depending on negative emotions. Because everyone feels and says he is good and the other one is bad. The fight starts to prove that they are good and the others are bad. Which in turn increase the negative emotions in the society! The efforts to prove others as bad lead to war. The Vighatatma gets upper hand. But the goal of politics is not this. The goal of politics is to find good policies and implement them and find the bad ones and not implement them. The policy based politics increase the production of wealth and its proper distribution. But if a policy is against production of wealth and its proper distribution such a policy will be discarded by the people. Thus policy based politics develop positive emotions in the society. As production of wealth increases and it is distributed properly among the people love and cooperation increases in the society and paves way for Vivekatma to gain upper hand. The hidden war in politics is the last form of war. Humans have in fact abandoned war (within a country) in most aspects, but this is a vestigial remnant that is still with us and troubling us. Collateral Damage If one’s war against some people affects other people who are not at all concerned with that war it is collateral damage. In practice this war affects and disrupts many others not directly connected to this war. This war is detrimental to and is against the system. Politics, as disguised war actually has this to a maximum extent.
  47. 47. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 47 Before studying why such war is occurring in politics let us understand the nature of decision making. When we ponder over what to do in a given situation, even within the mind of a single person, several contradicting thoughts and opinions arise from time to time. We carefully consider each one of them and after due consideration take a decision. But once we take a decision we are committed to it fully and implement it. We review the decision we have taken from time to time and if it is good we continue it and if it is bad we abandon it and modify things that are no longer relevant. Systemic level decision making too involves the same process. Except that the decision is not taken by a single mind but by the collective mind, involving all the minds in the society. Here too all different streams of thought, ideas and ideologies emerge. But the goal should be to do the maximum good to the system. The goal of democratic politics is to discuss the various alternatives and select one amongst the many to implement. This process is similar to the ‘sagara mathanam’ in Indian mythology. When the ‘mathanam’ happens new products that were originally not present emerge. Similarly when all ideas and ideologies are discussed at length a good decision, good for the entire system, emerges. An astonishing thing is that, people, whatever be their ideologies or levels of education, have from time to time displayed extraordinary judgement in critical times. In the most critical times suddenly and almost magically the decision that is most good for the entire society gains traction among all sections of people and in a democracy gets represented electorally. This is the power of the ‘Vivekatma’ the common collective will to live and survive by cooperation and love. The reason for disguised war in politics is because the people’s mandate is not being respected. Politics should have been to decide the right policy. Different persons and parties propose different policies for the society’s good. People select one of it and it should be implemented. Then people will know whether it is good or bad. If a policy is proved to be good it can be continued or else it can be discarded. The failures occur only when the mandate of the people, the decision of the collective mind is not allowed to be getting expressed, or even when it gets expressed but not allowed it to get implemented by some. From the American people electing Lincoln in 1860 or Roosevelt in 1933 to our (Indian) people’s mandate
  48. 48. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 48 after emergency or the recent result in Greece, the people reacted correctly but trouble started when the mandate was not followed. Legitimising Deceit We have stated that hatred leads to war and thus hatred and war are the agencies of Vighatatma. In present day society we don’t see explicit war. But war is still continuing. The main method of waging war in present society is deceit. Making promises to others and making them believe the promises are going to be fulfilled but violating the promises by way of deceit. When the deceived has no recourse then she/he has been defeated. Let us imagine a society where no one deceives anyone. There won’t be any problems at all in such a society. Here deceit means all kinds of deceit. Deceit may be within the family, among friends, in business and so on. If a trader uses faulty scales and measurements or provides defective products then it is deceit. When an employee tries to evade work, or an employer does not pay proper emoluments to his employees, they are also deceiving. Problems arise in relationships when someone violates their promises i.e., deceives the other. When a public servant indulges in graft and corruption then it is deceit. Deceit is used to achieve the same results as those of war: elimination, enslavement or extortion. But when the conditions force the people to indulge in deceit for their survival then they can’t avoid deceiving. Such situations strengthen Vighatatma. Politics is the main arena in which deceit is legitimised by continuous violation of people’s mandate. The continuous violation of people’s mandate creates a dominating idea that deceiving others is not at all a wrong act but a birth right. When the political parties have no choice but to violate people’s mandate this phenomenon continues unabated. Dishonouring the people’s mandate means defeating the people. It means power is corrupted and becomes wrong power. The wrong power leads the entire system into negative power state. Which in turn affects the wealth production and people suffer in misery. The results are Recessions and Depressions.
  49. 49. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 49 This is happening because there is no compulsion on leaders and political parties to implement what they have promised to do and in fact they are not enabled to do so by the present electoral and political system. The purpose of politics has become to find the "right" people. Who are the good guys and who are the bad guys? Who are humans and who the demons are! A campaign starts at ‘we’ll do only what is right” and ends in “only what we do is right”. Again the reason for this is because there is no compulsion or capacity to political parties to follow only the people’s mandate. Moral Right, Moral Compulsion and Moral Authority Many times even though a law is passed it cannot get implemented properly due to lack of support in all sections of the people. The laws that get fully implemented can be said to have ‘moral authority’. Thus only those laws that are enacted with moral authority can get implemented properly. How does a law get moral authority? When an idea gets discussed thoroughly in the society and gets the people’s mandate, then when the laws are enacted to make that idea dominant; those laws get moral authority. Thus when the pros and cons of an idea are discussed before elections and that idea is elected by the majority; it gets the moral authority of the entire society. When an idea that is not at all discussed is suddenly introduced as law it doesn’t get the moral authority. When a law gets moral authority even the people who don’t like it cannot hinder its implementation. There are two major problems in present day democracies. The first is that many parties do not even reveal before elections the policies they are going to implement. They clandestinely bring those policies to the fore after elections. Thus these policies, lacking the people’s mandate and thus moral authority cannot get implemented properly. The second is that many people demand that promises made by parties that match their agenda get implemented while they also demand that promises that are against their agenda, even though they got the people’s mandate, should not get implemented! Some covertly influence the ruling party and by hook or crook make them renege on their promises. Some overtly come out and start social unrest and disturb the social harmony until their demand not to implement the people’s mandate is met. These two problems are ruining democracy and are turning it into farce many times.
  50. 50. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 50 Many sincere politicians and parties are unable to implement their policies because they lack the moral authority and are thus forced to renege on their promises when they come into power. To ensure that this doesn’t happen, political parties and leaders should have the moral compulsion to implement only the people’s mandate. They will have the moral compulsion only when the people have the moral right to demand the parties to abide by their own promises. How can the people get the moral right to ask someone to do something when the conditions are not present to compel the parties to abide by their promises? When the people don’t even provide the livelihood to the parties? How can we ask leaders and parties to follow our mandate when their livelihood is being provided by others? How can the party in power implement its policies when it doesn’t even have the proper majority in the representative bodies? Thus to ensure that laws get the moral authority, political leaders and parties have the moral compulsion to abide by their promises and that the people get the moral right to demand that their mandate be implemented we need “doing what is said and doing only what is said”. Politics will be only competition when it is about policies. Different parties with different policies ‘compete’ in the elections to select the best one. War gets into it when it becomes about not selecting the best policy but the best people. If politics is only about selecting people, then it leads to arbitrariness in making laws as said above. As we talked about before arbitrariness in making laws leads to war as some groups try to make laws that are useful for them but detrimental to others. To remove arbitrary power is what led to democracy. To remove arbitrariness is the reason for taking the people’s mandate, as the people, as a whole, are the rightful ‘owners’ of the entire system. But if arbitrariness is present in democracy, arbitrariness caused by not following only the people’s mandate those with more influence or voice will arbitrarily make laws. This is nothing but a war. In present day Democracy, war has taken the form of deceit. Deceiving others means waging war against them. In a society where deceit is possible, that society becomes more and more based on hatred. Society based on hatred is Fascism. That is the reason why the Fascist societies wage wars against internal and external groups.
  51. 51. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 51 A society which achieves the state where it is not possible to deceive any one in any field, that society has achieved a strong democracy. In such a strong democracy no one would be able to deceive any one. In such a society war ends permanently. So what we need in politics is only competition but not war. We need only people’s mandate to be implemented but not arbitrariness. Only then can the conditions for peace arise, a society without human pain and suffering but happiness and prosperity for all. Now it is argued that even if the people’s mandate-‘doing what is said and doing only what is said’ is implemented, can’t the people vote for wrong policies, because they may not understand the nuances of technical issues, they may not be “educated” enough to understand the situation and thus they may be misled easily. Whether people are educated or not makes no difference. The collective survival instinct of the whole society evokes collective emotional response to any situation. As this emotional response is based on collective survival instinct of the society always a right decision will be taken. People with higher knowledge and information can spread their knowledge and information in the society to evoke a right emotional response. That is the important role they have to play but not to take any decision on behalf of the entire society.
  52. 52. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 52 Chapter 13 People’s Mandate “Doing what is said and doing only what is said” Let us explain how ‘doing what is said and doing only what is said’ ensures that war is avoided in politics. This policy ensures that concerns of the people are raised before elections and the proper reconciliation and addressing of concerns gets imbibed in it – thus avoiding war. More importantly, with moral authority the policy is implemented exactly and with full force. Those who oppose it too will respect the mandate of the majority and implement that policy. They can defeat the policy by implementing and following it in its true spirit– but not by hindering it. This leads to the truth and the correct policy finally emerging. Thus there won’t be no brow- beating and destroying each other’s ideas and interests but reconciling and adding to each other’s ideas and interests. Thus peace is established. Reconciliation means love and is done with the human nature while attacking is hate and done with the demon nature. A perfectly democratic polity and society is one in which laws are made only for the system, this means no war but only peace and competition. So again we have come to laws and law making. Every person has certain views and ideas. Similarly different groups or sections have views and ideas representing their interest. At the same time the system as a whole too has certain views and ideas for its survival and perpetuation. These views are dynamic in nature. Because the interests of the system change from time to time as the technology and the knowledge which are part of the wealth develop as the time passes. System’s views and ideas should be allowed to be expressed freely. Any person’s or some groups’ ideas should not deter the systemic views to be changed. In any name or due to any reason, if the systemic will is controlled by anyone or a group then the Vighatatma gets upper hand. The Paramatma’s spiritual power gets weakend. Such society takes the path of destruction.
  53. 53. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 53 The systemic will is always expressed in the form Laws. Hence the laws should always be dynamic. This is possible only when the people’s mandate is the determining and deciding factor in law making process. Here we can link up generation of wealth and the market with the polity. A product exists in the market only if most of the people approve it. Similarly an idea should become a law only when majority of the people approve it. This is because the creation, distribution and utilisation of wealth are a collective venture. In the same way conceiving, approving and implementing of an idea in the form of a law is also a collective venture. Hence that law should get implemented only with the approval of the people’s mandate. If an idea not approved by the people becomes law it is similar to people being forced to buy a product which they don’t like. Implementing “Doing What is Said…” For stronger democracy, respect to politicians, self-respect politics and corruption free society, the following four point programme is proposed: 1 • Ban Private Funding and provide only State Funding to political parties, not just to contest the elections but also for their functioning. This is to be in such a way that the state funding to the parties should result in increasing the incomes of more and more people. 2 • Enabling parties to implement the people’s mandate, by ensuring clear majority to a party in the legislative bodies. 3 • Mechanism to enforce the people’s mandate, by strengthening the election commission and providing legal enforceability to election promises. 4 • Single window citizens' grievance reddress and legal aid services, for strict implementation of laws.
  54. 54. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 54 Ban Private Funding and provide only State Funding to political parties, not just to contest the elections but also for their functioning. This is to be in such a way that the state funding to the parties should result in increasing the incomes of more and more people. As this is the abridged version the details of these four proposals are not provided. Simply put the main reason political parties are unable to implement the people’s mandate and the people are unable to demand their mandate to be implemented is funding. Any person works in any profession to earn a livelihood. In any profession the people availing the services provide the payment to those providing the services. Thus the patients give the doctor money. The students give the teacher money. But in politics the people as a whole avail the services of politicians and political parties. But we are not providing the livelihood of the political parties. So they are depending on ‘someone’ else to earn their livelihood. This compels the parties and leaders to implement not the people’s mandate but the mandate of those who fund their activities. Hence it is proposed that all private funding to political parties should be banned and only the state should fund the political parties. The state should fund the political parties not only during elections but at all the times so that all the cadre and leaders in the parties are able to live a comfortable life and are able to dedicate themselves full time to solving the society’s problems. The amount should be sufficiently high so as to attract the best and talented people. Of course due safeguards must be provided and the parties and the politicians must be monitored whether they are working properly by the election commission. But this does not lead to dominance of the political parties by anyone as some fear. This is similar to the way corporates are regulated by different agencies but the policies of the corporates are not determined by the regulatory agencies. The judiciary too is funded by the state but still the judiciary is independent. Enabling parties to implement the people’s mandate, by ensuring clear majority to a party in the legislative bodies. The second major hurdle, not only in India but across the world, in implementing the people’s mandate is that no single party gets a clear majority in
  55. 55. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 55 both the legislative bodies. Hence it is proposed a unique proportional system with two rounds that ensures a single party gets majority in both the legislative bodies in the Centre and the assembly in the state. This reflects the people’s opinion accurately. Thus no party can form government without the consent of at least 50% of the people. But one party definitely gets more than 50% of the seats thus forming a stable government. Not only this, but this method ensures that even the smallest parties get seats according to their representation. In the present method not only are the people’s opinions reflected wrongly but small parties, who get significant votes, do not get even one seat. The gravity of the situation can be understood when one gets to know that even Babasaheb Ambedkar could not win a single seat in elections even though he had a country wide following among the Dalits! The above mentioned proposal ensures that even if a party gets 1/543 of the vote share they get a seat in the Lok Sabha. Our method also ensures that the Rajya Sabha reflects the composition of the newly elected Lok Sabha and that the ruling party is not hindered by the Rajya Sabha, as happens now. Mechanism to enforce the people’s mandate, by strengthening the election commission and providing legal enforceability to election promises. Thirdly, having provided the political parties the opportunity and conditions to implement the people’s mandate, we have to create the compulsion for them to do so. This is ensured by the election commission. The manifesto of the political parties has to be submitted to the commission by the parties well before elections. The members of the parties are allowed to promise to the people only the points and policies in their manifesto, nothing more and nothing less. If any party, whether in power or not, does not abide by their manifesto for the coming five years, after elections, they will be punished severely by the election commission. Single window citizens' grievance redress and legal aid services, for strict implementation of laws. An online portal should be established to redress of all kinds of grievances of the people. A complete legal and administrative set up is needed for this purpose.
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  58. 58. MOSDEM Movement for Stronger Democracy 58 VIVEKATMA VIGHATATMA HUMAN NATURE DEMON NATURE Paramatma = collective survival instinct of all the people + both positive and negative emotions of all the people + collectively held knowledge + collectively maintained wealth. VIVEKATMA (SMART SOUL) = collective survival instinct of all the people + collective human nature of all the individuals + knowledge resulting from positive emotions + part of wealth under human nature’s control Vighatatma = collective demon nature of all the individuals + knowledge resulting from negative emotions + part of wealth under demon nature’s control Vivekatma ∝ 1/ Vighatatma “Every person has both human nature and demon nature” PARAMATMA

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