PHP Unit-Testing With Doubles

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Some details on what the different doubles are and examples on their usage with PHPUnit

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PHP Unit-Testing With Doubles

  1. 1. PHP Unit-Testing Techniques Stubs, Mocks, Dummies, and Other Test Doubles or We will, we will MOCK YOU! Mihail Irintchev
  2. 2. What is Unit-Testing? unit testing is a method by which individual units of source code, sets of one or more computer program modules together with associated control data, usage procedures, and operating procedures are tested to determine if they are fit for use... Intuitively, one can view a unit as the smallest testable part of an application. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unit_testing unit testing is the safe ground I can hold onto when the deadline is coming, an insurance policy against the unavoidable changes, a safe harbor for my soul when everything is shaking, including my belief in whether I am capable of writing working code at all. Me
  3. 3. Why is Unit-Testing Important? ?
  4. 4. Why is Unit-Testing Important?
  5. 5. Why is Unit-Testing Important? Unit tests:  Find problems early  Facilitate change  Simplify integration  Play the role of living documentation  Sometimes aid software design  Save time (and money, and nerves) in the long run Build a safety layer which creates a warm fuzzy feeling inside the soul of the developer 
  6. 6. What Makes Unit-Tests Work?  Each unit test is independent from the others  Unit tests are ran automatically and frequently  Best used as part of an automated build procedure  They should run fast
  7. 7. Why so fast?
  8. 8. How Do Unit-Tests Become Independent and Fast? Through isolation from:  the environment (DB, file system)  other tests  external systems (APIs, web services)  collaborators (other objects)
  9. 9. How is Isolation achieved? Through the use of test doubles: “an object or procedure that looks and behaves like its release-intended counterpart, but is actually a simplified version that reduces the complexity and facilitates testing” “Testing-essentials mock objects explained”, Jeff Carouth
  10. 10. Types of Test Doubles      dummy stub mock spy fake
  11. 11. Warning: Terminology Kills   Dummy, mock, and fake are often used interchangeably by many authors to refer to a kind (or many kinds, or a mixed type) of a testing double There is a degree of difference, depending of what extend of real functionality do these test objects posses and how they implement it, but what matters is when can each of them can be useful to you.
  12. 12. Warning: Terminology Really Kills No Implementation Full Implementation “Exploring The Continuum Of Test Doubles”, Mark Seemann http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/cc163358.aspx
  13. 13. The Mock Turtle Then the Queen left off, quite out of breath, and said to Alice, "Have you seen the Mock Turtle yet?" "No," said Alice. "I don't even know what a Mock Turtle is." "It's the thing Mock Turtle Soup is made from," said the Queen. (Alice in Wonderland, chapter 9)
  14. 14. Mock Turtle & Mock Turtle Soup   The Mock Turtle is a fictional character devised by Lewis Carroll from his popular book Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. Its name is taken from a dish that was popular in the Victorian period, mock turtle soup. Mock turtle soup is an English soup that was created in the mid-18th century as a cheaper imitation of green turtle soup. It often uses brains and organ meats such as calf's head or a calf's foot to duplicate the texture and flavour of the original turtle meat. Wikipedia
  15. 15. A Word About The Tool-set Popular unit-testing frameworks for PHP:    PHPUnit Simpletest Mockery
  16. 16. The Industry Standard: PHPUnit Why?  Great documentation  Very powerful (you will see)  Very easy installation/upgrade via pear  Great userbase  Integration with phing  Very passionate and dedicated author: Sebastian Bergmann
  17. 17. 1. Dummy A dummy is just a placeholder for a real object, required by the one you are testing, but not really used.
  18. 18. Original class
  19. 19. Class under test
  20. 20. The test method
  21. 21. The test method v1.1
  22. 22. 2. Stub A stub provides “canned responses” to method calls on the doubled object
  23. 23. Original class
  24. 24. Unit under test
  25. 25. The test method
  26. 26. 3. Mock & Spy A mock object sets and asserts pre-defined expectations of the methods it should or should not receive A spy records information about what was called and can be used to verify calls (or the absence of calls)
  27. 27. Original class
  28. 28. Unit under test
  29. 29. Test #1 – Failure expected
  30. 30. Test #2 – Success expected
  31. 31. Expectations can sometimes be confusing...
  32. 32. 5. Fake A fake is actually a simpler implementation of a real object
  33. 33. Wrapping it in one sentence ... The question is NOT whether you should test or not, but HOW should you test.
  34. 34. Resources “PHPUnit Documentation: Chapter 10. Test Doubles” by Sebastian Bergmann http://phpunit.de/manual/3.7/en/test-doubles.html “Testing Essentials: Mock Objects Explained” by Jeff Carouth https://speakerdeck.com/jcarouth/zendcon-2013-testing-essentials-mock-objects-explained
  35. 35. Q&A ?
  36. 36. Thank You! Contact Info: m.irintchev@siteground.com @irintchev

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