Reported Speech

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This powerpoint presentation can be used to introduce the Reported Speech. It only foccusses on the affirmative form. Exercises are included.

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Reported Speech

  1. 1. REPORTED SPEECH Reporting affirmative statements
  2. 2. REPORTED SPEECH <ul><li>What is it ? How do you use it? </li></ul>It is the grammar we use if we want to tell another person about a conversation that took place in the past (e.g telephone call, news or story that someone told us etc.) Where’s Tom? He said he was feeling ill .
  3. 3. Mrs Brown said that her favourite film was on TV that night . She said that she loved comedies. My favourite film is on TV tonight. I love comedies. Look at the example.
  4. 4. What has changed? <ul><li>Pronoun: My her </li></ul><ul><li>I she </li></ul><ul><li>Tense: am was </li></ul><ul><li>love loved </li></ul><ul><li>Time words: tonight that night </li></ul>becomes becomes becomes
  5. 5. In the Reported Speech we preferably use the past tense. <ul><li>am /is was </li></ul><ul><li>are were </li></ul><ul><li>has / have had </li></ul><ul><li>see saw </li></ul><ul><li>can(’t) could(n’t) </li></ul><ul><li>will/won’t would(n’t) </li></ul>becomes becomes becomes becomes becomes becomes
  6. 6. Changes in verb tenses <ul><li>do did </li></ul><ul><li>(Present Simple) (Past Simple) </li></ul><ul><li>am /is doing was doing </li></ul><ul><li>(Present Continuous) (Past Continuous) </li></ul><ul><li>are doing were doing </li></ul><ul><li>(Present Continuous) (Past Continuous) </li></ul><ul><li>has / have done had done </li></ul><ul><li>(Present Perfect) (Past Perfect) </li></ul>becomes becomes becomes becomes
  7. 7. If we want to report a sentence that is already in the Past Tense, we normally use the Past Perfect. <ul><li>He said he had seen the film the week before. </li></ul>I saw the film last week.
  8. 8. Changes the day before yesterday the week before last week the next day tomorrow those these that week this week that this that day today there here then now Place Time
  9. 9. EXERCISES. <ul><li>A comedy show called “Don’t look now!” has just closed after five years at a theatre in London’s West End. This is what the critics said when it opened five years ago. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Exercises <ul><li>‘ It’s a marvellous show.’ The Daily Mail </li></ul><ul><li>The Daily Mail said… </li></ul><ul><li>… it was a marvelous show. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ You’ll love it’ The Guardian </li></ul><ul><li>The Guardian said people would love it. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Exercises <ul><li>‘ The production is brilliant’ The Times </li></ul><ul><li>The Times said the production was brilliant. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ It’s the funniest show I’ve ever seen’ Joan Proctor </li></ul><ul><li>Joan Proctor said it was the funniest show she had ever seen. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Exercises <ul><li>‘ It made me laugh’ Ben Walsh </li></ul><ul><li>Ben Walsh said it had made him laugh. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ You shouldn’t miss it’ Time Out </li></ul><ul><li>Time Out said people shouldn’t miss it. </li></ul>

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