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BYOD in Education


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BYOD in Education

  1. education ytitnedi lausiv tfosorcim ehtBYODA practical guidethat will getyou thinking
  2. Contents the microsoft visual identity Bring Your Own Device the microsoft visual identity FOREWORD ................................................................................................................... 3 the microsoft visual identity AIMS ................................................................................................................................ 4 CHAPTERS ...................................................................................................................... 5 Chapter 1: What is BYOD? ............................................................................................................... 5 the microsoft visual 1:1 Models ...................................................................................................... 10 Chapter 2: BYOD / identity Chapter 3: Policy Considerations ............................................................................................... 13 The Micro Chapter 4: Focus on Pedagogy ................................................................................................... 17 Chapter 5: Digital Content ........................................................................................................... 21 the microsoft visual identity Chapter 6: Access and Infrastructure ........................................................................................ 24 CONCLUSION ............................................................................................................. 28 The Microsoft Brand Guidelines for Education | 27 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS .......................................................................................... 29 The Microsoft Brand Guidelines for Education | 27 REFERENCES ............................................................................................................... 302 Bring Your Own Device education
  3. Foreword Bring Your Own Device What’s it all about? Have you ever thought about what happens to BYOD or Bring Your Own Device is the simple idea the computers in a school between 4pm and 8am that young people and school staff are allowed Monday to Friday? Or at the weekends? Or over the to bring their own Internet enabled device into twelve weeks of the year when the school is shut for school and use it to help them work, learn and the holidays? Have you ever thought about what (if appropriate) socialise. happens to computers in your house when you are at work or when your children are at school? BYOD is an emerging education technology trend that is gaining in popularity in many parts of the The answer is simple – nothing happens. The world, and one that needs to be treated more equipment just sits there, and, apart from the seriously by schools and school systems. occasional automated update it is stagnant, unused and redundant. This practical guide to BYOD has been written The Microsoft Brand Guidelin and designed to get you thinking! The situation is ironic, as schools these days constantly need more ICT equipment (in particular hardware) to improve productivity, help teachers teach and help learners learn. Many students also sit in classes with powerful little computers in their pockets (their phones) or in their bag (their tablet Ollie Bray devices and / or laptops) all of which must often remain switched off during the school day. It is strange that, at such times of austerity, the school is willing to spend valuable resource on calculators and digital cameras.3 Bring Your Own Device education
  4. Aims Bring Your Own Device The aims of BYOD A practical guide that will get you thinking BYOD are: • Enhance the understanding of the benefits of BYOD / 1:1 Learning, ICT and technology in the school improvement process. • Provide practical information on what needs to be considered before any BYOD / 1:1 deployment. • Give teachers and school leaders the confidence to embrace BYOD / 1:1 deployment by considering appropriate approaches to learning and teaching. • Reinforce the importance of infrastructure, policy and safe and responsible use in any BYOD / 1:1 deployment. • Encourage school leaders and teachers to consider the role of digital content (both procured and freely available). • Improve advice on how schools and education institutes might tackle some of the common challenges encountered when trying to deploy BYOD / 1:1 learning environments.4 Bring Your Own Device education
  5. Chapter 1: What is BYOD? Bring Your Own Device “Every turned off device is a turned off child” Professor Stephen Heppell, University of Bournemouth BYOD or Bring Your Own Device is the simple idea that young people and school staff are allowed to bring their own Internet enabled device into school and use it to help them work, learn and (if appropriate) socialise. The impact of this very simple concept is three fold: Firstly, it increases the amount of devices in schools that can be used to enhance learning. Secondly, it avoids unnecessary spending on hardware resources, and this finance can then be re-directed to other areas of ICT development within the school. Thirdly, it avoids the ‘doubling’ or sometimes ‘tripling’ up on devices, where a computer is redundant for much of the day because it is either at school, at home or hidden in your pocket. However, for what may seem like such a simple idea there are a lot of barriers (organisational, pedagogical, technical and cultural) that will need to be overcome to ensure the success of BYOD in schools.5 Bring Your Own Device education
  6. Chapter 1: What is BYOD? Bring Your Own Device The big picture (educational transformation) When we look at how technology has transformed In many countries across the world, we will move However, as we know from failed technology education, it is useful to look at it in a number to ubiquitous 1:1 (one computer per child) learning initiatives of the past, the technology itself will not of stages. Anthony Salcito, the VP of Education environments within the next 5 - 10 years. Some be enough to drive the holistic transformation Wordwide at Microsoft, describes this from a countries such as Macedonia, Portugal, Turkey and that is needed within many school systems. traditional (industrialised) approach, through the Venezuela are already amongst the early adopters, Infrastructure, good pedagogical practice, school automated and access age, to an age of holistic and other schools systems will follow in a domino leadership and teacher professional learning are all transformationi. type affect. key ingredients for success. In a climate where we are very much expected to For the schools and systems that get this right, do ‘more’ with ‘less’, it is likely that many large- BYOD and 1:1 computing has the potential to scale device deployments will be based around the unlock the wonders of an education future that Education Transitions BYOD model. Preparing for the next educational we are only just starting to imagine, such as data FUTURE technology paradigm shift must be seen as one driven personalisation, learning analytics, seamless NUI, Natural Language, Immersive learning, anywhere anytime connectivity of the highest priorities of any school, state or collaboration, rich meta-tagged content, stage- HOLISTIC TRANSFORMATION education system. not-age assessment and technology enhanced Data driven personalisation, elevated technology, integration, rich content reflective practice. ACCESS AGE Now - 3 years 1:1 student to technology advice, ubiquitous digital learning We hope that within this eBook we can start you AUTOMATION AGE 90’s - Now on your journey of working towards this future. Traditional paradigma replicated with technology... move to digital TRADITIONAL Industrial Revolution Lecture based, content controlled by educator, content and assessment model6 Bring Your Own Device education
  7. Chapter 1: What is BYOD? Bring Your Own Device The Device By its very definition, BYOD includes a variety of devices, and should not be confined to just laptop Smartphones continue to blur the lines between actually being phones and being powerful Internet Why go BYOD? computers, tablet, hybrid or smartphone technology. enabled devices that link to the Internet through Generally speaking there are three main reasons wifi but also cellular networks such as 3G and 4G why you may decide to develop BYOD within your BYOD may include the following: (eg: Windows Phone 8). school or education institution. These reasons are Laptop computers are portable computers that described below and overleaf. Tablet Computers fall somewhere in between can be used with or without the Internet (eg: laptop-like computers and large smartphones, Windows 8 Ultrabook). all are wifi enabled but some also allow for 3G Student familiarity Netbook computers are portable computers and 4G connectivity. If you own your device it is very likely that you will that gain most of their functionality through the know how it works and what it can do. In short, Hybrid Computers are touch screen computers Internet (eg: Classmate PC). this means that, from a learning perspective, you that also have a keyboard. The computer can be used as both a tablet and a laptop. Sometimes the lose less time getting students to understand and keyboards are detachable (eg: Dell’s Windows 8 wrestle with the hardware and gain more time on XPS Duo 12) focused learning.7 Bring Your Own Device education
  8. Chapter 1: What is BYOD? Bring Your Own Device The Device Bridge between formal Cost and sustainability However, it is also worth noting that most schools that have been successful in BYOD have often and informal learning The adoption of BYOD obviously also includes the found that their actual costs have not really possibility for cost savings and we should not be been reduced. They do, however, have extra Most people agree that one way of improving ashamed to admit this. In the modern world we resources available to redirect towards network education is to progress towards a model where simply have to do ‘more’ for ‘less’. In most cases configurations, staff professional development and students can access learning anytime and BYOD has the potential to quickly convert your other technology projects. These efficiency savings anywhere. This is one of the components of holistic school into a 1:1 Learning environment, where can also be used to fund devices for learners who education transformation mentioned previously. there is an average ratio of one Internet enabled are not fortunate enough to have their own device One of the barriers to this adoption is that many device for each learner. or who are not allowed to bring it into school. students perceive there to be a difference between learning in school and learning at home. The important thing to remember here is that BYOD can improve learning and may reduce This is not always helped by the fact that on-line costs. For other cost saving ideas for education see learning content within formal education is often our popular eBook on ‘Cost Savings in Education’iii . confined to the domain of the school network and therefore often the school computer lab. ! Key question: Cloud computing and cloud storage (including How will you ensure that all members of services like Office 365 for Educationii) has started your learning community (staff, students and to change this. Learners can access their content parents) understand the advantages of 1:1 and a range of online tools from any Internet learning and BYOD? enabled device.8 Bring Your Own Device education
  9. Chapter 1: What is BYOD? Bring Your Own Device BYOD vs BYOB Instead of talking about BYOD some educationalists such as Professor Stephen Heppelliv (University of Windows To Go With ‘Windows To Go’, both students and teachers can use the school or education authority workspace Bournemouth) talk about BYOB which means Bring One other interesting feature of Windows 8 is when the ‘Windows To Go’ thumb drive is plugged your own Browser. In this model, emphasis is not on ‘Windows To Go’. In a nutshell ‘Windows To Go’ in and operating. It is also important to realise that the device itself but on the device’s ability to access enables Windows 8 to boot and run from a mass ‘Windows To Go’ turns your PC into a Windows 8 and browse the Internet. storage device such as a USB flash Drive. You are machine even if you have Windows 7 running at literally Bringing your own Browser (although you home or on the machine that you have it running The advantage of this type of model is that young on. What is nice about this is that the experience obviously need a PC to run it on). people have got a degree of choice as to what between home and school can again become device they can use to help their learning, but the The basic idea of ‘Windows To Go’ is simple. Schools more unified. browser is the key to being able to access their need to be able to manage the workspaces on which learning. Windows 8 devices are ideal for this type of their applications are being used, but students and For security reasons, if you are running ‘Windows concept because there are so many manufacturers teachers may not want their personal computers To Go’ then you will not be able to access the local who produce devices (at various price points) for managed for them by their schools. Borrowing an files on your hard drive. But in reality of course this Windows 8. Windows 8 come pre-installed with idea from virtualisation, ‘Windows To Go’ creates an doesn’t really matter. Once you have ‘Windows To Internet Explorer 10, which is a fast modern browser. environment that can be managed separately from a Go’ up and running you can sign into it with your For more information on Windows 8 in Education user’s personal environment. normal Microsoft Account. This means that you can see our popular ‘Windows 8 in education’ eBook . access all of your normal Windows 8 Apps, software and cloud storage (via Office 365 education and / or SkyDrive) that have been approved by your school’s network. Whatever type of device you decide upon you will need to give your deployment and funding model some serious thought. We discuss both of these things, along with some considerations for dealing with different devices, in the next chapter.9 Bring Your Own Device education
  10. Chapter 2: BYOD / Models Bring Your Own Device “Today, your cell phone has more computer power than all of NASA back in 1969 when it sent two astronauts to the moon.” - Michio Kaku, Author10 Bring Your Own Device education
  11. Chapter 2: BYOD / Models Bring Your Own Device Models Unfortunately, although BYOD sounds really on the market. However, no matter what the device Internet or from procured resources)? Do you want simple in practice in reality it is actually a lot more is, the learner experience is unified by the Windows your students to be able to take photographs with complicated. There will obviously be some technical operating system and Internet Explorer 10. their devices? Do you want your students to be issues involved in any BYOD deployment, but the able to type on their devices. Do you want your main challenges will always be pedagogical. By adopting the latter approach, and by limiting the students to attach peripherals (eg: a keyboard or content consumption and content creation tools to a projector)? etc… Dealing with different those available within the browser, you can provide an inclusive, technology rich learning experience Once you have worked out the answers to these and devices for your student’s, and at the same time give them the flexibility to drive this experience through the other questions you can then start to consider the minimum hardware specification that you will need One of the pedagogical challenges of BYOD is personalisation of their own hardware. to implement your vision. how do teachers manage and direct learning if the software and hardware specifications on student Hardware specification ! Key questionS: owned devices is different? Different schools often Hardware specification is important, but this How will staff change and adapt their tackle this in different ways. should not be your starting point for any learning and teaching approaches to One way is to reinforce standardisation and specify BYOD deployment. maximise the benefits of every student that if a student is going to bring in their own device having their own device? it must be a specific brand / model. However, a The first thing that you need to ask yourself is ‘what What do you want your students to be able more modern and flexible way that really embraces do you want you students to be able to do with their to do with their devices? the original concept and philosophy of BYOD is to devices?’ and ‘what do you want the learning to look like in a 1:1 BYOD environment?’. What do you want the learning to look like allow students to bring in their own device as long in a 1:1 environment? as they are Internet ready. As mentioned in Chapter For example, do you want your students to mainly What will be your minimum hardware One, Windows 8 devices are ideal for this as there is use their devices for accessing content (from the specification? so much choice at a variety of price points available11 Bring Your Own Device education
  12. Chapter 2: BYOD / Models Bring Your Own Device Funding models Funding BYOD projects may seem quite straight supply 1:1 tablet and laptops to UK state schools Free-for-all is when students are just allowed forward, as students just bring their own devices with possible savings on individual devices from to bring in their own devices. In this model they into school. However, it is important to remember around £120 to £200. would normally be expected to meet the school’s that some students may not have a device and minimum hardware specification and security some will require guidance on what to buy. There protocols. Schools and education institutes should are also other considerations around insurance also consider taking out appropriate insurance for and warranty. pupils’ owned device in schools. Some possible models of funding may include: ! Key questionS: School procurement (outright) of devices that are then given to the students to own, maintain How will you fund your BYOD / 1:1 project? and look after. This should normally include an How can you make your project sustainable up-front warranty payment to cover the cost of over a short period of time? the device for its predicted length of service. School procurement (subsidised). Some schools Whatever model you go for, making sure that you have created a hybrid of the above model where have the right policy and procedures in place will students pay a small cost to buy the device from Leasing is when devices are ‘borrowed’ from a be very important. We will discuss this in more the school (eg: 25% of the total cost of the device). third party or manufacturer. You pay a fee each detail in the next chapter. By doing this, students may feel that they own month to borrow the device. At the end of the the device more that just being given it – this, in leasing period there is normally the option to buy turn, means they are more likely to respect and the device or you may even be given it depending look after it. Shape the Future, an initiative led on the terms and conditions of your leasing by Microsoft (in partnership with Intel and RM arrangements. Examples of leasing include RM Education in the UK), is one possible way to help Educational Leasingvii.12 Bring Your Own Device education
  13. Chapter 3: BYOD / Policy Considerations Bring Your Own Device “Most of what we call management consists of making it difficult for people to get their work done.” - Peter Drucker13 Bring Your Own Device education
  14. Chapter 3: BYOD / Policy Considerations Bring Your Own Device Policy Considerations However you decide to implement BYOD in your school you will have a number of policy Responsible Use Also, as well as including BYOD in your institute’s ICT policy, you should make sure that it is included considerations to take into account. Some of these Your school should already have a policy on ICT in your Learning and Teaching Policy – after all, considerations are detailed in this section. acceptable and responsible use. However, with why are we doing this in the first place if it is not to the introduction of BYOD it is very likely that you improve learning and teaching? Ownership and Insurance will need to update or adapt your policy. You need As mentioned above, BYOD is also likely to lead to be clear about what is, and what is not, acceptable As suggested in Chapter 2 of this eBook, you will to increased use of Social Media in your school or on a school’s network, and behaviour that is need to make some decisions on the ownership institution, so it is also worth including this in your expected of young people, along with any sanctions of your student devices. emerging policy. For reference, one country that that your institute will use if the rules are broken. is very progressive in the development of Social In pure BYOD deployments, the devices are student/ As well as formal procedures, it is also useful to work Media Policies in schools is Australia, in particular family owned, but in reality things are not always directly with young people so that they can create Victoria. They have provided some good social this simple. It is important that if you purchase the their own rules around device use (and this should media guidance on their website devices as a school you have procedures in place to also include the use of social media). Schools that ( transfer the ownership to the student/family. You have worked with students to co-create acceptable should also consider insurance for the device, both use policies have found that they are more likely to ! Key questionS: in school and out of school. be adhered to in the long run. What procedures will you put in place to Before introducing BYOD into education, many The important thing to remember about any insure your student owned devices? institutes run parent briefing evenings to make sure acceptable use policy is that there is absolutely that everyone understands their role within any Will this be the responsibility of the no right or wrong way to write one. Your policy deployment. These evenings can also be students / families or the school? needs to reflect your organisation, who you useful to facilitate the signing of devices over wish to communicate with and what you feel How will you make sure that your BYOD to students/families. comfortable doing. project is inclusive?14 Bring Your Own Device education
  15. Chapter 3: BYOD / Policy Considerations Bring Your Own Device Equality of access If you go for a pure BYOD roll out, there will be some students who do not have a device or whose Shape the Futureix (already mentioned in chapter 2), an initiative led by Microsoft (in partnership Network access device does not meet the minimum specification with Intel and RM Education in the UK), is one We discuss network access, safety and security of your institute. possible way to help supply 1:1 tablets and laptops more in section six of this eBook. However, it is very to UK state schools with possible savings on important that you have a clear network policy on For 1:1 learning to be successful, you must ensure individual devices from around £120 to £200. what devices you are going to allow and when you that there is equality of access. This means that you What is great about this particular programme are going to allow devices to be connected to your are likely to have to put systems in place to ensure is that the hardware comes bundled with some school network. that students/families who do not have their own great education software such as Microsoft Office device can be provided with one, or are provided Professional and Kodu game maker. with some capital funding to purchase their own device. It is important that you have clear guidance on this to ensure that children are not deprived of ! Key questionS: their digital entitlement, but also to make sure that How will you make sure that your BYOD the model you are proposing for your school is project is inclusive? financially sustainable in the long term. What will you do about the learners who do Some schools, for example, allow students to sign not have their own device? a range of devices out of the school library in the Could your school benefit from Microsoft’s same way that they might sign out a book or game. Shape the Future Initiative? The library (or learning centre) can also double up as a location where you can get your devices serviced or get training on a specific piece of software or an App. In the most successful examples these ‘service desks’ are run by senior students.15 Bring Your Own Device education
  16. Chapter 3: BYOD / Policy Considerations Bring Your Own Device Teacher professional development This is an area that is often over-looked the most during any BYOD or 1:1 deployments. It is, and school leaders connect, collaborate, create and share so that students can realise their greatest “Staff should be given as however, the most important aspect of any large potential. For more information on PiL join the many opportunities as technology deployment like this. By creating a online discussion today at policy related to continuous teacher professional possible to share ideas” development, you will formalise the training The focus on Learning and Teaching is really within your staff team. important in any BYOD project, and this is discussed in more detail in the next section of this eBook. Professional development should include both technical and pedagogical training. It should also include a blend of face-to-face (expert and/or peer led) and on-line learning. Staff should be given as many opportunities as possible to share ideas and learn from each other’s practice. Microsoft Partners in Learning (PiL)x is a 10-year- old, almost 500 million dollar, global initiative aimed at improving teaching and learning. Since 2003, it has led the way in partnering with education professionals, helping nearly 8 million educators and reaching more than 190 million students in 114 countries. At the heart of PiL is the Partners in Learning Network, an online professional development community that helps educators16 Bring Your Own Device education
  17. Chapter 4: Focus on pedagogy Bring Your Own Device “We do not need magic to change the world, we carry all the power needed inside ourselves already: we have the power to imagine better.” - J.K. Rowling, Writer17 Bring Your Own Device education
  18. Chapter 4: Focus on pedagogy Bring Your Own Device Teaching and Learning There is no doubt about it that, if you allow every For learning to be successful it needs to: child in your school, class or district / local authority • Be culturally relevant access to their own Internet enabled device, your • Include real-time Interaction normal model for learning and teaching is likely • Provide different learning pathways to change. • Showcase learning achievements through authentic audience It is important that teachers have thought about • Be accessible to all what this new type of pedagogy might look like before any large scale BYOD or 1:1 deployment. If you have not done this then the technology is more ! Key questionS: likely to become a distraction to learning rather than How can you use technology to make learning have the transformational impact that it could have. more culturally relevant to your learners? When we consider what Teaching and Learning How can you use technology to include more might look like in a BYOD / 1:1 environment, it is real-time interaction in your classroom? important that we focus on what makes learning How can you use technology to provide good, and how technology can improve the learning different pathways for students’ work and and teaching process, rather than just focusing on motivate learners though choice? the technology and then trying to think about how it might be used. How can you use technology to share with a web-based audience and provide authentic The concept of Exciting Learning (which is covered feedback to students’ work? in one of our other Microsoft Education UK eBooks) How can you use technology to improve captures some of the components that makes accessibility for learning? learning engaging for young people.18 Bring Your Own Device education
  19. Chapter 4: Focus on pedagogy Bring Your Own Device Teaching and Learning This table provides some further background on each of these principals, and also about what they might look like in the classroom in a BYOD / 1:1 Environment. Exciting Learning Principal Description In Practice Culturally relevant Learners learn best when they can see the point of Luckily for us, technology is highly culturally relevant at the moment, and BYOD / 1:1 learning what they are learning and how it is related to them. opportunities are likely to motivate your students. We can also help them engage with their learning In particular BYOD offers opportunities for using technology in both interesting and engaging more by using tools that they like to use. ways, such as using social media, using computer games and making extensive use of web based creation tools (such as digital video editing, sound and image manipulation). Include real-time Learners like it when teachers use information that is BYOD gives learners opportunities to connect individually with experts in real-time using web Interaction current and up-to-date. They also like it when they based video conferencing technology such as Skype in the Classroom or Microsoft Lync (which can engage with real people either face-to-face or via comes free as part of Office 365 for Education). video conference. Ubiquitous access to the internet also gives learners an opportunity to individually explore and manipulate a wide variety of up-to-date data and news information. Provide different learning Learners like to have a choice of output. Sometimes it is For example, in writing tasks BYOD offers learners opportunities to individually present their pathways this choice of output that can be incredibly motivating work in a number of different ways (rather than just a hand-written essay). as it gives an end point for people to aim towards. Perhaps for example they turn their writing into a video production (using Windows Live Movie Maker), or a podcast (Microsoft Songsmith), or a presentation (using Microsoft PowerPoint), or a newspaper report (using Microsoft Word) or a digital poster (using Microsoft Publisher). Showcase learning Learners like to have work that they are proud of BYOD means that it is very easy for learners to publish their work to the web for others to see achievements through showcasing to people who they care about. Authentic and provide feedback on. Using Office 365 for Education it is possible to do this in a safe and authentic audience audience is an important aspect of motivation. secure way where learners can choose who gets to see their work and who doesn’t. Accessible to all Learners need to be able to learn in a variety of places BYOD helps to blend the learning experience between home and school. This helps break down at a variety of times. This includes in school, at home silos and enables learners to understand the connections between formal and informal learning. and everywhere in between. Technology can also make Students with additional support needs can also be supported via a range of accessibility Apps learning accessible for learners who have additional (such as those built into Windows 8) and software packages. support needs.19 Bring Your Own Device education
  20. Chapter 4: Focus on pedagogy Bring Your Own Device Assessment Good student assessment should use a combination of both summative and formative Personalisation and choice ! Key questionS: techniques. BYOD offers opportunities for both. Personalised learning includes the engagement of How do you see BYOD improving your students through their personal interests, personal approach to both summative and formative For example, summative tests can be administered needs and personal regulation of learning. assessment in your school? to learners individually through the use of multiple- choice tests and other assessment generators such How might BYOD / 1:1 Learning help BYOD lends itself to personalised learning as Quiz Maker Plus for SharePoint 2010. change your whole school’s approach to experiences, as every student has their own device personalisation and choice? and is therefore free (with support) to pursue However, the real power of BYOD is the personal interests and passions. opportunities to build on current formative assessment practices and to provide learners with Internet enabled devices can also be used to assist digital feedback on their work and progress. with the personal regulation of learning through a variety of built in productivity tools, such as calendar, For example, BYOD allows learners to quickly email and tasks. As previously mentioned, BYOD can comment on other students’ digital work. It also encourage learners to self-reflect, track and be also allows students to quickly record their reflective on their own learning journey. achievements through digital learning logs and e-portfolio solutions (such as SharePoint Blogs, which are part of Office 365 Education).20 Bring Your Own Device education
  21. Chapter 5: Digital content Bring Your Own Device “Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the sum of all human knowledge.” - Jimmy Wales, founder, Wikipedia21 Bring Your Own Device education
  22. Chapter 5: Digital content Bring Your Own Device Accessibility Digital content is content that is either in a digital There are a number of considerations that content could only be accessed by students and format (eg: an eBook) or content that is accessed need to be taken into account when it comes staff within their school or institution. BYOD and 1:1 digitally (eg: a webpage). to digital content, and these are mentioned in projects have changed this model significantly, as, this chapter. in, order to reach a model of anytime and anywhere There are lots of different types of digital learning, students have to be able to access material content including: We have already discussed technical specification outside of the physical school buildings. in section 2 of this eBook. However, it may be worth • Websites emphasising that, if you intend to get your students Most education publishers have now accepted the • Digitised textbooks to consume a lot of content on their devices, then you idea that students need to be able to access a variety • Apps for Windows, iOS, Android etc. need to make sure that this is as accessible as possible. of content on a variety of devices. In recent years • Learning objects (e.g. interactive diagrams, they have also changed the way they distribute Screen size is important here, particularly if the concept maps, virtual dissections, calculators) content from floppy disks to CDs to cloud based device does not allow for screen magnification. • Multimedia resources (e.g. video, photos, audio access. However, it is important when purchasing The technical capacity of the device is also files, presentations etc.) new materials that you read the full terms and important, for example, the iPad cannot run digital • Simulations, models and augmented reality conditions of any education license to make content that has been developed in Flash, and many sure that it represents true value for money and • Visualisation of data and data sets (e.g. charts, other devices might allow you to read Microsoft Office compliments your BYOD strategy. graphs, interactive images etc.) Documents but editing them is a lot more problematic. The Microsoft School Agreementxvi is a good Source: The New Media Consortium (2010)xv For more information on the accessibility features of example of this, as education establishments Windows Devices (including Windows 8) Access to digital content should be a key can also license all or some of their students for see component of any BYOD strategy. Students home use of Microsoft software through their should be entitled to access rich digital content on their devices both in school and at home. Licenses School Agreement. When students leave the establishment, they inherit perpetual rights to In the past, education licencing meant that digital use the software.22 Bring Your Own Device education
  23. Chapter 5: Digital content Bring Your Own Device Privacy Privacy of both students and education staff is Copyright issues are not unique to personal devices edit, remix and build upon the original work, all of great importance in ICT rich environments, and BYOD, and the issues around trying to update within the bounds of copyright law. particularly ones that are starting to use cloud copyright law to reflect the Internet-based knowledge Legally, it is the responsibility of the user to be computing technology, applications and storage economy are currently debated internationally. knowledgeable about the copyright law that solutions. In the meantime, sites such as Creative Commonsxvii applies to digital content and digital materials. In Education institutes need to ensure the security of have sprung up. Creative Commons is a U.S.-based, schools, the expectation that students will adhere to data, such as student data and student work, and non-profit organisation established to minimise copyright laws is addressed through an acceptable or understand that security measures need to vary barriers represented by dated copyright laws applied responsible use policy (see section 3) that are often depending on the sensitivity of the information being to digital content. signed by students and their parents/guardians. stored digitally. Source: Bring your Own Device: A Guide to Schools, Some technology companies are not always up-front Alberta Education (2012)xviii about where your data is stored and do not always comply to industry standards. Microsoft’s Cloud ! Key questionS: storage solution, Office 365, is compliant with many world-class industry standards (including ISO 27001 Depending on the type of digital content and EU Model Clauses). It is also verified by a number that you want your students to access, of 3rd parties. For more information on Office 365 will this have an impact on your hardware Whereas the traditional copyright laws provide specification? (see section 2). For example, if Trust and Security see - authors with ‘all rights reserved,’ Creative Commons you require your students to consume a lot en-us/office365/independently-verified.aspx copyright licenses provide legal language that of digital content, what will your minimum Copyright individual creators can use to ensure ownership, while at the same time providing users with additional recommended screen size be? Does the digital content that you want Copyright refers to the exclusive legal right to rights. For example, Creative Commons licenses allow students to access require Adobe Flash? reproduce, publish, sell or distribute something. the author to give users the right to copy, distribute,23 Bring Your Own Device education
  24. Chapter 6: Access and infrastructure Bring Your Own Device “There is no doubt that, for this next decade and beyond, broadband infrastructure will be as relevant to economic progress as roads and transportation, including effective rail and air links”. - John F McClelland C.B.E.24 Bring Your Own Device education
  25. Chapter 6: Access and infrastructure Bring Your Own Device Infrastructure and Bandwidth Allowing students to bring in and use their own devices in schools will not be enough on its own to ! Key questionS: Minimum Bandwidth transform learning. Indeed, many BYOD and other Alberta Education outlines a number of Answering the question of minimum bandwidth is 1:1 learning projects have failed across the world key questions to ask related to wireless a tricky one as there cannot be a one-size-fits all because, although the devices have been put in technologies and BYOD deployments: model. For example some schools will be bigger place, the bandwidth and infrastructure have not than others, and at certain ages and stages within • What are the projected requirements per been adequate to support them. a school it is likely that students will use different student/staff? • What is the current wireless capacity and types of digital technology than may or may not Infrastructure and bandwidth are particularly configuration? What is the number of be more bandwidth heavy that other tools and important in BYOD deployments because most supported users per access point? Can you services (eg: online video editing vs reading a text of the content that students will be required to manage the network centrally? heavy web page). access, and the content that they will be required to create, will be web based. Having wireless • What is the gap in bandwidth? Wired network capacity? Wireless coverage? infrastructure in your school is not enough on its Network configuration? How will you own – many schools around the world already close the gap in the short-term? ! Key questionS: have this. But, by moving to BYOD you are also • What will the network look like in the moving to a computing ratio of at least 1:1 (some Should students be allowed to use devices long-term? students and teachers will want to be logged onto that bypass the school authority’s network your network with more than one device). This is • What will be your projected adoption rate, and use other networks (e.g. 3G & 4G) i.e. growth rate among students with through mobile plans privately supported likely to put significantly more pressure on your personally owned devices and subsequent on their devices? institute’s network than the current amount of upgrading of your infrastructure? devices that you have connected. • What model will your school or school authority use for recharging personally owned devices?25 Bring Your Own Device education
  26. Chapter 6: Access and infrastructure Bring Your Own Device Safety and Security A global study of IT & IT security practitioners by the Ponemon Institute (2012) on mobility Safety and Security around BYOD can really be split risks offers some advice into the most preferred into two categories. technologies for mitigating BYOD security risks, which included: Firstly, there is physical safety and security. Schools need to carefully consider what procedure they • Device-level encryption will put in place if a student-owned device is stolen • Endpoint security solution or damaged. This should include at school and at • Identity and access management home as well as the journey between the two. • Anti-virus/anti-malware • Mobile device management Secondly, there is network safety and security. Schools need to consider how this may be The table overleaf (from The Consortium of managed. Schools Networking ) outlines a number of the ways that schools may tackle some of the challenges of managing some of these BYOD perceived security risks and their possible advantages. “Schools need to carefully consider what procedure they will put in place if a student-owned device is stolen or damaged”.26 Bring Your Own Device education
  27. Chapter 6: Access and infrastructure Bring Your Own Device Security and risks table Solutions Advantages Wireless Authentication An easy, self-service way for users to connect to the secure network for Windows, Mac, iOS and Android users. Federated Identity Management A method of authenticating and authorising access to, or use of, network resources, based on users’ roles or attributes, with single sign-on to multiple local and remote resources. NAC (Network Access Control) A method of automating endpoint security with authentication, authorisation and provision of network resources to devices, with restrictions on the resources each user can access, plus anti-threat applications such as firewalls, antivirus and malware detection, and remediation applications. VLAN (Virtual Local Area Network) A VLAN allows network segmentation and separate staff and student (or “guest”) access ports. The guest port does not allow access to protected network resources. VPN (Virtual Private Network) Another way of controlling access to the network, segregating traffic and authenticating users, a VPN uses virtual connections routed through the Internet from the network to the mobile device. Virtual Desktop A school-sanctioned desktop provided to all capable devices that access the school’s network. Policy-based access control gives users encrypted access to desktops, applications and valuable intellectual property from anywhere while eliminating the risk of data theft or loss. Remote Desktop A way of isolating devices and abstracting/controlling access via remote sign-on from mobile devices to virtualised desktops. Mobile Device Management Applications from different vendors offer various ways to help schools manage personal devices, such as segregating personal from institutional data, encrypting data, remote wiping of data from lost or stolen devices, gauging the “trustworthiness” of devices, distributing apps, and approving (or disapproving) the use of new apps. Source: The Consortium of Schools Networking Whatever solution (if any) you choose to adopt, it is important that network managers have a healthy balance between protecting the user and making sure that safety and security measure that are put in place do not impact in the quality of the learning experience.27 Bring Your Own Device education
  28. Conclusion Bring Your Own Device This document has been written to get those who Strategy will be needed to ensure that your Part of your infrastructure arrangements should are considering implementing BYOD or other 1:1 technology deployment gets translated from also include access to quality digital content strategies in their schools thinking about what a your shared vision into reality. which will help all users make the most out of your successful roll out might look like in practice. BYOD / 1:1 environment. Pedagogy needs to be at the heart of what you For BYOD (or BYOB) to be successful, permission are trying to do. Teaching and learning should Finally, no large-scale technology project is the for students to bring in their own devices is not look very different in a BYOD / 1:1 environment. same. Only through the sharing of good enough on its own (although it is a good start!). If it looks the same then you have got something and interesting practice with others In practice, permission is only part of the overall badly wrong and need to re-visit your strategy. about strategy, devices, pedagogy, Infrastructure, solution that must also include some or all of network and security will we eventually develop the following. Quality professional development that systems that are truly cost effective and have a combines face-to-face with online training and transformative impact on learning and teaching. Leadership is the key to any successful reflection opportunities will be needed to ensure technology deployment combined with the vision that staff embrace new pedagogies and new of how to improve education and at the same time approaches to classroom management. driven by strong personal values and a real desire to effect change. Responsible Use Policies will also be required for all those involved in your project. A lone vision can be revolutionary but a shared vision will be needed in order to be Infrastructure is the thing that will bind your transformational. This vision needs to be shared project together. You can have all the devices in between school managers, teaching staff, students the world, but if you can’t connect them to the and the wider school community (including Internet, or if connecting multiple devices makes parents and outside agencies). your network speeds painfully slow, then you need to re-visit your overall strategy.28 Bring Your Own Device education
  29. Acknowledgements Bring Your Own Device A huge thank you to the following people who have influenced my practice and thinking on these issues over the years. In no particular order… • Anthony Salcito , Vice President of Education for Microsoft Corp.’s Worldwide Public Sector Organisation • Louise Jones, Highland Council, Scotland • David Gilmour, East Lothian Council, Scotland • Andrew Brown, Education Scotland • Derek Robertson, Education Scotland • Charlie Love, Aberdeen City Council, Scotland • Gillian Penny, Apple Education (UK) The Microsoft Brand Guideli • Professor Stephen Heppell, Bournemouth University and Also a huge thank you to Stuart Ball and Tim Bush at Microsoft UK for encouraging me to turn my blog rambling to eBook ramblings. Note: The above acknowledgements in no way indicate that the aforementioned people have acknowledged or endorsed the contents of the eBook.29 Bring Your Own Device education
  30. References Bring Your Own Device (Click arrow to go to link) i Reflections from Microsoft Partners in Learning Global Forum 2011 – xi Exciting Learning, Microsoft (2012) - Anthony Salcito (VP Microsoft Education, Worldwide) Keynote Presentation - xii Skype in the Classroom - ii Microsoft 365 for Education - xiii Quiz Maker Plus for SharePoint 2010 - education/school-services.aspx xiv The origin of the term personalisation of learning came from a definition iii Cost Savings in Education ebook, Microsoft UK (2012) - by James Keefe (1989) “a systematic effort on the part of a school to take into account individual student characteristics and effective instructional practices in organizing the learning environment.” iv Professor Stephen Heppell – xv The New Media Consortium - v Windows 8 in Education ebook, Microsft UK (2012) - xvi Microsoft Schools Agreement (Licencing for Schools) - vi Microsoft Shape the Future - xvii Creative Commons - ww/programs/shape-the-future/Pages/index.aspx xviii vii RM Education Leasing - 2012-09-05.pdf vii Victorian Government (Australia): Guidance on Social Media Policy - xix Poneman Institute. (February 2012). Global Study on Mobility Risks. Survey of IT and IT Security Practitioners - ponemon-institute-research-report-2012.aspx?cmpid=prblog ix Microsoft Shape the Future - ww/programs/shape-the-future/Pages/index.aspx xx Safe and Secure: Managing the Risks of Personal Devices, Consortium for School Networking (CoSN) – 2012 [members only document] x Microsoft Partners in Learning – www.pil-network.com30 Bring Your Own Device education