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Insomnia lesson

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Insomnia lesson

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Insomnia lesson

  1. 1. Insomnia Inability or struggle to fall asleep/remain sleeping Insomnia comes from the Latin words for “no sleep.”
  2. 2. SYMPTOMS Your age, lifestyle, environment and diet all play a part in influencing the amount of sleep you need. The most common symptoms of insomnia are: • difficulty falling asleep • waking up during the night • waking up early in the morning • feeling irritable and tired and finding it difficult to function during the day
  3. 3. CAUSES Insomnia can be caused by underlying physical conditions, including: • Heart disease • Respiratory disease, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma • Neurological disease, such as Alzheimer's or Parkinson's disease • Hormone problems, such as an overactive thyroid • Joint or muscle problems, such as arthritis • Problems with the genital or urinary organs, such as urinary incontinence or an enlarged prostate • Sleep disorders, such as restless legs syndrome, narcolepsy or sleep apnoea
  4. 4. CAUSES Stress and anxiety are common causes of insomnia. It is also possible to develop insomnia as a result of conditions such as; • Mood disorders e.g. depression or bipolar disorder • Anxiety disorders e.g. generalised anxiety, panic disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder • Psychotic disorder e.g. schizophrenia
  5. 5. CAUSES Some prescribed treatments or medicines that are available over the counter can cause insomnia. These include: • Antidepressants • Epilepsy medicine • Medication for high blood pressure (hypertension), such as beta-blockers • Hormone replacement therapy • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) • Stimulant drugs, such as methylphenidate, which is often used to treat ADHD or modafinil, which is used to treat narcolepsy • Some medicines that are used to treat asthma, such as salbutamol, salmeterol and theophylline
  6. 6. TREATMENTS • Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) aims to change unhelpful thoughts and behaviours that may be contributing to your insomnia. CBT is usually recommended if you've had sleep problems for more than four weeks. • Sleeping tablets (hypnotics) may be considered: if your symptoms are particularly severe to help ease short-term insomnia if the non-drug treatments fail to have an effect • Benzodiazepines are tranquillisers that are designed to reduce anxiety and promote calmness, relaxation and sleep. All benzodiazepines make you feel sleepy and can lead to a dependency
  7. 7. TREATMENTS • Z medicines are a newer type of sleeping tablet that work in a similar way to benzodiazepines. • Medicines that contain melatonin have been shown to be effective in relieving insomnia for up to 26 weeks in elderly people. Melatonin is a naturally occurring hormone that helps regulate the sleep cycle, Side effects of this include: - irritability - dizziness - migraines - constipation - stomach pain - weight gain
  8. 8. TASK Now that you have some knowledge about Insomnia, its your turn to show everyone how you would represent it! You will be given a small black box and a variety of resources along with the freedom to express your thoughts! You will have to talk about what you have done with your box to the class and back up what you have done and why Good Luck!

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