NFPA Firewise Briefing Info Oct 11

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Presentation on Capitol Hill during a Wildfire Safety briefing October 11, 2011.

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NFPA Firewise Briefing Info Oct 11

  1. 1. Wildfire Safety: Resources from NFPA’s Firewise Communities® Program<br />
  2. 2. Saving lives and property from wildfire:<br /><ul><li>Acting Now
  3. 3. Understanding Wildfire
  4. 4. Taking Ownership
  5. 5. Working Together</li></li></ul><li>Saving lives and property from wildfire:<br /><ul><li>Acting Now</li></li></ul><li>NFPA and the WUI<br />The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) founded 115 years ago<br />Wildfire safety standards date back to the 1920s<br />Modern involvement in “the WUI” came 25 years ago<br />
  6. 6. What is the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)?<br />Nonprofit life safety codes and standards organization<br />80,000+ members worldwide<br />300+ consensus codes and standards documents<br />Administers the Firewise program <br />Partner with USDA Forest Service, US DOI, US Fire Administration on WUI Fire Protection since 1986<br />
  7. 7. 1985 Wildfires – A Call to Action<br />1,400 homes <br />lost!<br />CA<br />400 in ONE day!!<br />FL<br />
  8. 8. Data from NIFC; Image from NOAA National Climatic Data Center – State of the Climate 2010<br />
  9. 9. Saving lives and property from wildfire:<br /><ul><li>Understanding Wildfire</li></li></ul><li>Firewise.org is a resource<br />
  10. 10. Firewise.org visitors learn:<br />How homes ignite<br />How to protect homes<br />How to order informational materials<br />Who to call<br />NFPA Firewise Staff<br />State forestry liaisons<br />Firewise Regional Advisors<br />
  11. 11. Saving lives and property from wildfire:<br /><ul><li>Taking Ownership</li></li></ul><li>A private property problem<br />Homes ignite in wildfires due to conditions at<br />The home itself<br />Home’s surroundings within a maximum of 200 feet<br />
  12. 12. Early Research Models<br />
  13. 13. Breakthrough Research<br />1998: International Crown Fire Modeling Experiment – Northwest Territories<br />Big crown fire flames burn out in about 50 seconds<br />Crown fire must be less than 100 ft to ignite a wood wall<br />33 ft: heavy char; few ignitions<br />66 ft: no char or scorch<br />
  14. 14. It’s often the little things that burn homes<br />Embers<br />Surface fire<br />
  15. 15. Focusing on the Home Ignition Zone<br />
  16. 16. Firewise Strategies: Home Ignition Zone<br />The Home Ignition Zoneincludes the home, in addition to its immediate surroundings up to 200 feet.<br />If it’s attached to the house, it’s part of the house.<br />
  17. 17. Firewise Strategies: Keep flames from touching the house and attachments<br />Create a ‘fuel free’ area around your house that runs one yard out on all sides. <br />When preparing your home ignition zone, start with the house and work out <br />
  18. 18. Firewise Strategies: Keep flames from touching the house and attachments<br />Wood fences and mulch should not touch structures <br />Keep mulch and pine needles away from house, fence and deck<br />
  19. 19. Firewise Strategies: Landscaping with Fuel Breaks in Mind<br />Plan your Firewise landscape!<br />Careful selection of fire-resistant plants can slow the spread of a wildfire and reduce its intensity<br />
  20. 20. Firewise Strategies: Keep radiant heat sources away from the home<br />During fire season, store fire wood at least 30 feet from your house if possible<br />Vehicles (cars, ATVs, boats) are also heat sources<br />
  21. 21. Firewise Strategies: Keep radiant heat sources away from the home<br />Thin trees and remove dead branch and stem wood under and between trees. <br />Within 30 feet of a home limb trees up eight feet above the ground. <br />
  22. 22. Firewise Strategies: Address Ember Danger in Nooks and Crannies<br />Pine needles are unwelcome in your gutters or on your roof<br />
  23. 23. Firewise Landscaping: Maintenance is Important<br />A clean, healthy garden is not a receptive surface for embers<br />Keep plant debris to a minimum…<br />Rake<br />Mow<br />Dispose of debris promptly<br />
  24. 24. What else can we do?<br />Work with our neighbors!<br />Where homes are close enough to ignite one another, neighbors must work together to modify overlapping home ignition zones<br />
  25. 25. An example from Bastrop<br />
  26. 26. Bastrop County Complex Fire<br />Fire Spread<br />Cola Vista Neighborhood<br />
  27. 27. Bastrop County Complex Fire<br />
  28. 28. Bastrop County Complex Fire<br />
  29. 29. Bastrop County Complex Fire<br />Fire Spread<br />
  30. 30. Bastrop County Complex Fire<br />Noncombustible Trim<br />Metal Roof<br />Noncombustible Siding<br />
  31. 31. Bastrop County Complex Fire<br />Metal Framework<br />Double-Paned Windows<br />Noncombustible Decking<br />
  32. 32.
  33. 33. Saving lives and property from wildfire:<br /><ul><li>Working Together</li></li></ul><li>Firewise Communities/USA® Recognition Program<br />
  34. 34. Firewise Communities/USA Criteria<br />Community wildfire risk evaluation<br />Local committee creates an action plan<br />Conduct a Firewise Day annually<br />Document Firewise work at least $2/capita<br />Submit documentation and renew annually <br />
  35. 35. Today: Firewise Communities/USA®<br />New York<br />Wisconsin<br /><ul><li>700+ Firewise communities
  36. 36. 40 states throughout the U.S.
  37. 37. Goal of 1,000 by 2013</li></li></ul><li>Firewise Communities/USA - Results<br />Residents are accepting their role in mitigating wildfire hazards<br />Communities have invested $77 million+ since 2003<br />230 sites involved 5+ years<br />
  38. 38. Community Ignition Zones Are Appearing<br />Florida, 2007. Mitigated home ignition zones kept a wildfire at bay so that firefighters could save homes<br />Florida<br />
  39. 39. Firewise “Saves” Documented<br />2010-2011<br />Idaho<br />Georgia<br />Florida<br />Virginia<br />Colorado<br />Texas<br />Colorado<br />
  40. 40. THANK YOU!<br />Michele Steinbergmsteinberg@nfpa.orgwww.firewise.org | www.nfpa.org<br />

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