Electrical Audit of Computers on Campus By Michael R Perez
Overview <ul><li>Why Computer Labs?
Campus Sustainability
Development of Electrical Audit
Excel Calculator
Management of Computer Labs
Results of Analyses
Conclusions / Recommendation </li></ul>
Long-term goal <ul><li>Create Sustainable Computer Labs  </li><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Efficient Equipment </li><ul><ul><li>Com...
Monitors
Printers </li></ul></ul><li>Social Learning  </li><ul><ul><li>Better management skills for Labs
Create better understanding of harmful energy usage
Developing Workshops </li></ul></ul><li>Create Database of equipment used for each Lab </li><ul><ul><li>Accessible to the ...
Shows energy consumption of labs
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Electrical Audit of Computer Labs on Campus

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Electrical Audit of Computer Labs on Campus

  1. 1. Electrical Audit of Computers on Campus By Michael R Perez
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Why Computer Labs?
  3. 3. Campus Sustainability
  4. 4. Development of Electrical Audit
  5. 5. Excel Calculator
  6. 6. Management of Computer Labs
  7. 7. Results of Analyses
  8. 8. Conclusions / Recommendation </li></ul>
  9. 9. Long-term goal <ul><li>Create Sustainable Computer Labs </li><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Efficient Equipment </li><ul><ul><li>Computers
  10. 10. Monitors
  11. 11. Printers </li></ul></ul><li>Social Learning </li><ul><ul><li>Better management skills for Labs
  12. 12. Create better understanding of harmful energy usage
  13. 13. Developing Workshops </li></ul></ul><li>Create Database of equipment used for each Lab </li><ul><ul><li>Accessible to the Public (students)
  14. 14. Shows energy consumption of labs
  15. 15. Calculator for Carbon emissions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. The Present Situation <ul><li>Energy Consumption of Computer Lab Equipment is currently unknown. </li><ul><ul><ul><li>American College & University Presidents Climate Commitment (ACUPCC) – Sign by President John Dunn </li><ul><li>Promote Higher Education to take initiative on Sustainability on Campus.
  17. 17. Zero Net Carbon Emissions </li></ul><li>Climate Savors Computer Initiative </li><ul><li>Energy Star ® equipment
  18. 18. Avoid Phantom Power </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Electrical Audit of Computer Labs Design <ul><li>System's that cause the most energy consumption in the labs </li><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Build list of items Needed
  20. 20. Hours of operation for each Lab </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><li>Contact Lab Management </li><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Collect Component List
  21. 21. Compile list of everyday energy saving techniques </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><li>Develop process to calculate </li><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How to calculate energy usage
  22. 22. How to calculate Carbon emissions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. What Systems are Consuming Energy <ul><li>Research Shows </li><ul><ul><ul><li>(excluding heating/cooling, lighting) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>COMPUTERS
  24. 24. MONITORS
  25. 25. PRINTERS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Typical Power Ratings Usage Computer 350 watts Ordinary Computer Monitor 160 watts Printer 4.6 watts Monitor (LCD) 2.6 watts Cell Phone Battery Charger 1.6 watts Cordless Drill Battery Charger 2.4 watts University of Massachusetts
  26. 26. Power Stages <ul><li>Computers </li><ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum Power Usage
  27. 27. Energy Efficient Staging
  28. 28. Hibernate / Standby
  29. 29. Phantom Power (plug into outlet with no hard switch) </li></ul></ul></ul><li>Monitors </li><ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum Power Usage
  30. 30. Standby Mode
  31. 31. Phantom Power </li></ul></ul></ul><li>Printers </li><ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum Power (printing only)
  32. 32. Standby Mode
  33. 33. Phantom Power </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Computer Usage Data Machine Type # of Computers M.W.U Tested Data Standby W.U Ph. Power Dell OptiPlex GX320 32 305 2 2 Dell OptiPlex GX745 21 275 122 2 1 Dell OptiPlex GX755 73 275 61.99 2.82 0.9 Dell OptiPlex GX620 26 275 70.51 2.3 1.2 Dell OptiPlex GX330 25 305 74.01 2.5 0.8 HP Compaq dc7600 Business PC (HP Compaq) 30 240 1.5 2.3
  34. 34. Contacting Management <ul><li>Contacted Computer Lab Management </li><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Received low volume of responses </li></ul><li>Cut list of materials needed from management </li><ul><li>Still no responses from management </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><li>Contacted Campus Management </li><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Administration got involved and Drafted a Compliance Policy </li><ul><ul><ul><li>Timothy Greene, Vice President for Academic Affairs
  35. 35. Lowell Rinker, Vice President Business and Finance
  36. 36. James Gilchrist, Vice Provost for Academic Operations </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Calculator <ul><li>Development of Energy Consumption Calculator </li><ul><ul><li>Input component and outputs energy consumption </li><ul><ul><li>Outputs </li><ul><li>All of the Campus Computer Labs </li><ul><ul><li>Laboratory watts </li><ul><li>Computer watts
  38. 38. Monitor watts
  39. 39. Printer watts </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><li>Compile Inventory List </li></ul>
  40. 40. Calculator
  41. 41. Pilot Labs <ul><li>Use two Pilot Labs </li><ul><ul><ul><li>College of Education & Human Development
  42. 42. Mallinson Institute for Science Education </li></ul><li>Reduce Error of Calculations
  43. 43. Improve Structure of Excel Layout
  44. 44. Assessment for any change </li></ul></ul></ul>Mallinson Institute for Science Education Building Room Wood 1414, 1413 1405, 1408 Number of Total Computers 22 Number of Total Printers 2 Number of Total Monitors 22 Total Amount of Kilowatts Used kW/day Cost $ /Day Cost $ Semester Carbon Footprint Semester lbm M.W.U. Watt Usage 65.69 kW 4.60 344.86 237.99 Measured Watt Usage 0.08 kW 0.01 0.42 0.29 30% of Rated Usage per Day 58.18 kW 4.07 305.42 210.78
  45. 45. Inventory List <ul><li>Develops information accessibility </li><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Future Projects
  46. 46. Can be used to show smart choices
  47. 47. Promote other Campuses to adopt our view </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><li>Could Show Life Cycle Analysis of Machines </li><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data on Carbon Emissions
  48. 48. Cost to Operate
  49. 49. Energy Reduction Implementation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  50. 50. Recommendation <ul><li>Get all the information needed from all the campus computer labs </li><ul><ul><ul><li>I expect the numbers will show a lot of money is used to operate the machines
  51. 51. I expect to see a chance to cut carbon foot-print </li></ul></ul></ul><li>Get more students evolved on the future overall audit on all the labs
  52. 52. Design management skills to improve efficiency </li></ul>
  53. 53. Questions

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