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Grammar book


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Grammar book

  1. 1. Grammar Book<br />Miguel Hodges<br />
  2. 2. Table of contents<br />Content Slide number<br />Present –ar, -er, -ir endings 1-2<br />Stem changers 3<br />Irregular “yo” 4<br />Saber vs. Conocer 5<br />Reflexives 6<br />“Se” impersonal 7<br />Dipthongs with accents 8<br />Verbs like -ger/-gir, -uir/-guir, -cer/-cir 9<br />Hace +____+ que +______ 10<br />Imperfecto 11 <br />
  3. 3. Present Tense –ar/-er/-ir<br />In the present tense for verbs ending in –ar<br />In the present tense for verbs ending in -er<br />
  4. 4. Present Tense –ar/-er/-ir cont’d<br />In the present tense for verbs ending in -ir<br />
  5. 5. Stem Changers<br />Also called “Boot verbs” it changes in all but nosotros.<br />More than just the ending changes. The vowel in the stem changes.<br />3 catergories. eie, o ue, and ei.<br />Common e ie verbs- Tener, Preferir<br />Common oue verbs- Dormir, Poder, Jugar<br />*Common ei verbs- Decir, Repetir, Servir.<br />* This stem change only happens in –Ir verbs!<br />
  6. 6. Irregular “yo” Form<br />caber (to fit) yoquepo<br />caer (to fall) yocaigo<br />conducir (to drive) yoconduzco<br />conocer (to know,) yoconozco<br />escoger (to choose )yoescojo<br />dirigir (to direct) yodirijo<br />hacer (to do, to make) yohago<br />poner (to put, to place)yopongo<br />saber (to know something - a fact)yosé<br />salir (to leave)yosalgo<br />seguir (to follow)yosigo<br />traer (to bring)yotraigo<br />valer (to be worth)yovalgo<br />ver (to see)yoveo<br />
  7. 7. Saber vs. Conocer<br />When using saber it mean that you know a fact or how to do something.<br />When using conocer it means you know a person or are familiar with something.<br />
  8. 8. Reflexives<br />When refering to a person doing an action.<br />
  9. 9. “Se” impersonal<br />When using an impersonal voice like “How do you spell truck?” in Spanish you place “se” in front to make it a general statements.<br />
  10. 10. Dipthongs with accents<br />Ask about?<br />
  11. 11. Verbs like Ger/gir, Uir/Guir, Cer/cir<br />For verbs that end in ger/gir, In the first person change the g to a j.<br />In guir verbs, in the yo form the gu changes to g.<br />In uir verbs add a y before a, e and, o.<br />For cer/cir verbs, in the yo form, change the c to a z.<br />
  12. 12. Hace+ ______+que+_____<br />The second blank is to be filled with a verb in either the present or preterite form.<br />
  13. 13. Imperfecto<br />A past tense form for events without a specific time.<br />For –ar endings<br />For –er/-ir endings<br />