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The Super Epic Psalms - How the Longest Psalms Point to Jesus

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A brief look at what the shortest Psalms emphasize

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The Super Epic Psalms - How the Longest Psalms Point to Jesus

  1. 1. “Everything written about me in the law of Moses the prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled Luke 24:44 “Everything written about me in the law of Moses the prophets and the Psalms must be fulfilled Luke 24:44
  2. 2. The first long Psalm is Psalm 18 found in book 1 (which are Psalms 1-41 ) The first long Psalm is Psalm 18 4th longest Psalm
  3. 3. I love you Lord, my strength Psalm 18 The 4th longest Psalm book 1 The greatest commandment is to love God but this is a rare place where someone directly tells God “I love you” I love you Lord, my strength 4th longest Psalm
  4. 4. The earth shook Psalm 18 book 1 David recounts times in his life of great trials and deliverances He uses language from stories about Moses and the Exodus and Sinai to describe his deliverance and to point to a greater future deliverance by Jesus Psalm 18 The 4th longest Psalm 4th longest Psalm
  5. 5. I love you Lord, my strength Psalm 18 The 4th longest Psalm book 1 Cords of death and destruction encircle me I call for help horn of my salvation!! (In Luke, Zechariah calls the baby Jesus a horn of our salvation) I love you Lord, my strength Psalm 18 The 4th longest Psalm 4th longest Psalm
  6. 6. The earth shook Psalm 18 book 1 God responds to the cry flying to help riding on a cherub smoke in nostrils The earth shaking the sea parting Psalm 18 The 4th longest Psalm 4th longest Psalm
  7. 7. Your gentleness makes me great book 1 You show yourself pure to the pure you show yourself twisted to the twisted You give me strength ( God allows Himself perceived differently by his servants and by his enemies ) David (and his descendant) are rescued In contrast to the forceful way God comes to David’s help God described as gentle toward David Your gentleness makes me great Psalm 18 book 1 4th longest Psalm
  8. 8. A song of good news sung to the nations book 1 Psalm 18 The singer of the Psalm Jesus and singing to the nations quoted by Paul in Romans 15 A song of good news sung to the nations 4th longest Psalm
  9. 9. Psalm 18:2 - Luke 1:67-69 Luke 1:67-69 …Zacharias was filled with the Holy Ghost, and prophesied, saying, 9 And hath raised up an horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David; Psalm 18:2b - Hebrew 2:13 Hebrews 2:13 And again ‘I will put my trust in Him’ Psalm 18:49 - Romans 15:9 Romans 15:9 And that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy; as it is written, For this cause I will confess to thee among the Gentiles, and sing unto thy name. A song of good news sung to the nations 4th longest Psalm
  10. 10. Psalm 18 completes a trio of resurrection Psalms Ps 16 - answers who can ascend the Mount of the Lord (from Ps 15) Ps 17 - Draws on images from the song of Moses (Deut 32-33) Ps 18 - A song likely written at the end of David’s life and by title about God giving him victory and deliverance all portend the death and resurrection of Jesus
  11. 11. Three pictures beginning with long Psalm 22 Psalm 22 will start a trio of Psalms painting a picture of the redeemer Ps 22 - the cross Ps 23 - the crook Ps 24 - the crown Three pictures beginning with long Psalm 22
  12. 12. Psalm 22 A suffering servant Psalm 35 The trials and dangers of Jesus Psalm 28 Death and resurrection Psalm 37 The meek shall inherit the earth A song of good news sung to the brethren in Psalm 22 A song of good news sung to the brethren in Psalm 22 Together with the other long Psalms Psalm 22 sings of good news Together with the other long Psalms Psalm 22 sings of good news 1 Col 15: 3,4: Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures,
  13. 13. The good shepherd who gave his life for the sheep, the king The good shepherd who gave his life for the sheep, the king Psalm 22 is among the most heavily quoted (of Psalms) as far as number of different verses quoted from that Psalm (in the New Testament) Psalm 22 side by side with two other Psalms paint a picture of the cross, the crook (shepherd’s) and the crown in Psalms 22,23 and 24 12th longest Psalm
  14. 14. The good shepherd who gave his life for the sheep, the king The good shepherd who gave his life for the sheep, the king The first 21 verses are laments The last 10 verses look to the future with praise 12th longest Psalm “My God, my God why have you forsaken me!” The doubling of ‘my God’ is a cry of deep familiarity “A people yet to be born will be told He has done it”
  15. 15. The good shepherd who gave his life for the sheep, the king The good shepherd who gave his life for the sheep, the king Promise of Abraham to bless all nations fulfilled they shall come and proclaim his righteousness to a people yet unborn,      that he has done it. All the ends of the earth will hear and turn to the Lord The righteousness of the Lord will be seen by all generations 12th longest Psalm
  16. 16. Psalms 22:1 - Matthew 27:46; Mark:34 Matthew 27:46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? Psalm 22:7 - Matthew 27:39; Mark 15:29; Luke 23:35 Matthew 27:39 And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads, Psalm 22:8 - Matthew 27:43 Matthew 27:43 King James Version (KJV) He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God. Psalm 22:18 - John 19:24; Mathew 27:35; Mark 15:24; Luke 23:34 John 19:24 They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did. Psalm 22:22 - Hebrews 2:12 Hebrews 2:12 Saying, I will declare thy name unto my brethren, in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto thee. Psalm 22:30-31 - Romans 1:16,17 Romans 1:16,17 For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith,, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith. 12th longest Psalm
  17. 17. They Hated Me Without a Cause Psalm 35 11 Ruthless witnesses come forward;     they question me on things I know nothing about. 12 They repay me evil for good     and leave me like one bereaved. 11 Ruthless witnesses come forward;     they question me on things I know nothing about. 12 They repay me evil for good     and leave me like one bereaved. they hid their net for me without cause     and without cause dug a pit for me,
  18. 18. The Meek Shall Inherit the Earth Psalm 37 37 Fret not yourself because of evildoers; be not envious of wrongdoers! 2  For they will soon fade like the grass and wither like the green herb. Mark the blameless and behold the upright, for there is a future for the man of peace. 37 Fret not yourself because of evildoers; be not envious of wrongdoers! 2  For they will soon fade like the grass and wither like the green herb. 8th longest Psalm
  19. 19. Psalm 68 A victory cry Psalm 69 A cry for help Two contrasting cries in long Psalms 68 and 69 Psalm 68 A victory cry Psalm 69 A cry for help Two contrasting cries in long Psalms 68 and 69 found in book 2 (which are Psalms 42-72 ) (the ark) (the cross)
  20. 20. Three levels of images Ark images from the time of Moses Starts with a prayer said when the Ark was moved Mentions traveling in the desert twice and mentions Sinai Images from David moving the Ark up Mt Zion The mountain becomes a sanctuary Worshipers go up the mountain to worship Applied to Christ In Ephesians the Psalm is applied to the Ascension And whenever the ark set out, Moses said, “ Arise, O Lord, and let your enemies be scattered, and let those who hate you flee before you.” (Numbers 10:35, ESV) Which is like Psalm 68:1 Psalm 68 A victory song about the ark (applied to the ascension of Jesus in the New Testament) Psalm 68 A victory song about the ark (applied to the ascension of Jesus in the New Testament) Three levels of images Psalm 68 A victory song about the ark (applied to the ascension of Jesus in the New Testament) Ark images from the time of Moses Starts with a prayer said when the Ark was moved Mentions traveling in the desert twice and mentions Sinai Images from David moving the Ark up Mt Zion The mountain becomes a sanctuary Worshipers go up the mountain to worship Applied to Christ In Ephesians the Psalm is applied to the Ascension 10th longest Psalm
  21. 21. The long songs of book 2 Ephesians 4:7-10 But to each one of us grace has been given as Christ apportioned it. 8 This is why it says: “When he ascended on high,     he took many captives      and gave gifts to his people.” 9 (What does “he ascended” mean except that he also descended to the lower, earthly regions[c]? 10 He who descended is the very one who ascended higher than all the heavens, in order to fill the whole universe.) Psalms 68:18 - Ephesians 4:7 10th longest Psalm
  22. 22. Verse 1. Let God arise. In some such words Moses spake when the cloud moved onward, and the ark was carried forward. The ark would have been a poor leader if the Lord had not been present with the symbol. Before we move, we should always desire to see the Lord lead the way Spurgeon on Psalm 68
  23. 23. Psalm 69 A song of deliverance from suffering (applied to the cross, election and rejection of the gospel in the New Testament) The long songs of book 2The long songs of book 2 Psalm 69 A song of deliverance from suffering (applied to the cross, election and rejection of the gospel in the New Testament) • The highest becomes the lowest • The innocent treated as if guilty • The one Angels sang of becomes the song of drunkards sung in the first person a song of Jesus by Jesus and about Jesus • The highest becomes the lowest • The innocent treated as if guilty • The one Angels sang of becomes the song of drunkards sung in the first person a song of Jesus by Jesus and about Jesus 9th longest Psalm
  24. 24. Psalms 69:4 - John 15:25 More in number than the hairs of my head     are those who hate me without cause; mighty are those who would destroy me,     those who attack me with lies. What I did not steal     must I now restore? Psalm 69:9a - John 2:17 For zeal for your house has consumed me, Psalm 69:9b - Romans 15:3 and the reproaches of those who reproach you have fallen on me. Psalm 69:21 - Matthew 27:34, 48; Mark 15:36; Luke 23:36; John 19:28, 29 They gave me poison for food,     and for my thirst they gave me sour wine to drink. Psalm 69 - Romans 11:9 Let their own table before them become a snare;     and when they are at peace, let it become a trap Psalm 69:22 - Romans 11:9 Let their own table before them become a snare;     and when they are at peace, let it become a trap Psalms 69:25 - Acts 1:15 Judas office is given to another 25  nMay their camp be a desolation; let no one dwell in their tents. 9th longest Psalm
  25. 25. Psalm 78 A Long Historical Song promising parables found in book 3 (which are Psalms 73-89 ) Psalm 78 A Long Historical Song promising parables 2nd longest Psalm
  26. 26. I will open my mouth in parables The long songs of book 3The long songs of book 3 Psalm 78:2 Matthew 13:35 I will open my mouth in parables Psalms 78 is the 2nd longest Psalm and sung in the first person sung by Jesus 2nd longest Psalm
  27. 27. I will open my mouth in parables The long songs of book 3The long songs of book 3 Psalm 78:2 Matthew 13:35 I will open my mouth in parables Psalm 78 begins with the promise of parables Jesus used parables Jesus was a parable Jesus recapitulated/relived the history of Israel, getting it right 2nd longest Psalm
  28. 28. I will open my mouth in parables The long songs of book 3The long songs of book 3 Psalm 78:2 Matthew 13:35 I will open my mouth in parables Psalm 78 is significantly meant to teach the next generation These are lessons meant to be passed on and explicitly says so 2nd longest Psalm
  29. 29. I will open my mouth in parables The long songs of book 3The long songs of book 3 Psalm 78:2 Matthew 13:35 I will open my mouth in parables Psalm 78 continues with a history of Israel And it’s remarkably unflattering This is a history of God’s faithfulness despite Israel’s unfaithfulness 2nd longest Psalm
  30. 30. Psalm 89 The Priestly Books end with the ultimate sacrifice found in book 3 (which are Psalms 73-89 ) Psalm 89 The Priestly Books end with the ultimate sacrifice
  31. 31. Psalm 89 The 3rd longest Psalm Along with Psalm 88, Psalm 89 provides a remarkable ending to the priestly Psalm books 2 and 3 that poetically represent Exodus and Leviticus Psalm 88 the bleakest lament in the Bible with no upturn 3rd longest Psalm
  32. 32. Psalm 89 The 3rd longest Psalm Book 3 is sometimes called the dark book of the Psalms and these 2 Psalms portent the ultimate sacrifice Jesus dies fitting for books that are song by Levites like the Sons of Korah and Asaph Book 3 poetically representing Leviticus with it’s sacrifices 3rd longest Psalm
  33. 33. I will sing of the hesed of the Lord Forever Psalm 89 The 3rd longest Psalm Along with Psalm 88, Psalm 89 provides a remarkable ending to the priestly Psalm books 1 and 2 that poetically represent Exodus and Leviticus There is a hopeful upturn as Psalm 89 starts ‘I will sing of the mercies of the Lord forever” hesed hesed hesed hesed 3rd longest Psalm
  34. 34. I will sing of the hesed of the Lord Forever Psalm 89 The 3rd longest Psalm It feels like, it looks like Israel is rejected God has forgotten her but the writer looks to the character of God and God’s covenant loyal lovingkindness, his hesed hesed hesed 3rd longest Psalm
  35. 35. I will sing of the hesed of the Lord Forever Psalm 89 The 3rd longest Psalm The Psalm breaks in to God speaking first person and rehearsing the many promises to Abraham and the seed of David (Jesus) who will rule on the throne who will be the Son of God promises that can never be broken hesed hesed hesed hesed 3rd longest Psalm
  36. 36. He shall cry to me, ‘You are my Father, my God, and the Rock of my salvation.’ And I will make him the i firstborn, the highest of the kings of the earth. My steadfast love I will keep for him forever, and my covenant will stand firm for him. Psalm 89:26-28
  37. 37. I will sing of the hesed of the Lord Forever Psalm 89 The 3rd longest Psalm The Psalm ends with a plea reminding God how his servants are mocked and even the footsteps of God’s anointed are mocked “And he is then also the father of the circumcised who not only are circumcised but who also follow in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham had before he was circumcised.” Romans 4:12 hesed hesed hesed 3rd longest Psalm
  38. 38. Long Psalms end songs about the sojourns in this world 102 through 106 found in book 4 (which are Psalms 90-106 ) Long Psalms end songs about the sojourns in this world 102 through 106
  39. 39. Long songs end book 4 starting with Psalm 102 (a prayer which cannot be said to an angel but can be said to Jesus) Long songs end book 4 starting with Psalm 102 (a prayer which cannot be said to an angel but can be said to Jesus)
  40. 40. “A song of an one who is afflicted when he is faint and pours out his complaint to the Lord” “A song of an one who is afflicted when he is faint and pours out his complaint to the Lord” used as part of an argument why Jesus is better than the angels in the New Testamant book of Hebrews Psalm 102 the title used as part of an argument why Jesus is better than the angels in the New Testamant book of Hebrews
  41. 41. “A song of an one who is afflicted when he is faint and pours out his complaint to the Lord” He has broken my strength in midcourse he has shortened my days He has broken my strength in midcourse he has shortened my days v “A song of an one who is afflicted when he is faint and pours out his complaint to the Lord” Psalm 102 the cry the crisis
  42. 42. “A song of an one who is afflicted when he is faint and pours out his complaint to the Lord” “A song of an one who is afflicted when he is faint and pours out his complaint to the Lord” The speaker is transitory, like smoke even the heavens and earth will perish but you will remain Psalm 102 the contrast The speaker is transitory, like smoke even the heavens and earth will perish but you will remain
  43. 43. Psalm 103 A (relatively) shorter transitional Psalm after the heaviness of 102 calling on self, angels and others for the praises to God in the long next three Psalms a transition between very long psalms put between thoughts of heaviness and high praise Ps 102 Ps 103 Ps 104 Ps 105 Bless the Lord, Oh my soul Ps 103:1
  44. 44. • Psalm 104 God’s greatness in creation and a reason Jesus is better than the angels By some Jewish traditions Psalm 104 is an argument that angels were made on the second day of creation and the rest of creation described as well In the book of Hebrews it is Jesus the creator of angels who “makes his ministers (his angels) a flame of fire” And not just angels minister, but all of creation made to minister: the sun, the trees, ‘he makes the wind to blow and the water to flow’ 11th longest Psalm
  45. 45. • Psalm 105 God’s faithfulness in history A song of God’s faithfulness in Israel’s history A song meant for the nations to hear “Give praise to the Lord, proclaim his name;     make known among the nations what he has done.” (vs 1) 6th longest Psalm
  46. 46. • Psalm 106 God’s goodness in history (despite Israel’s unfaithfulness and a picture of the gospel) A historical Psalm but not flattering towards Israel’s history A grace of goodness despite unfaithfulness Both we and our fathers have sinned we have committed iniquity, we have done wickedness Ps 106:6 5th longest Psalm
  47. 47. •Psalm 107 Hesed; loyal loving kindness; God overcomes four obstacles to ‘coming home’ Coming home overcoming obstacles (The Passover Psalms are 113-118) Coming home overcoming obstacles •Psalm 107 Hesed; loyal loving kindness; God overcomes four obstacles to ‘coming home’ hesed hesed hesed 7th longest Psalm
  48. 48. Psalm 107 7th longest Psalm
  49. 49. • Psalm 109 Anti-Hesed; betrayal of friendship : God provides salvation being at the right hand of a persecuted poor man who is also raised and seated at the right hand of God in Psalm 110 The Judas epic followed by the Melchizedek epic Prelude to the Passover PsalmsPrelude to the Passover Psalms (The Passover Psalms are 113-118) • Psalm 109 Anti-Hesed; betrayal of friendship : God provides salvation being at the right hand of a persecuted poor man who is also raised and seated at the right hand of God in Psalm 110 hesed hesed hesed 13th longest Psalm
  50. 50. Psalm 109
  51. 51. Persecuted by Judas —> psalm 109 Made like Melchizedek —> Psalm 110 Prelude to the Passover Psalms Ps 113-118
  52. 52. • Psalm 118 Hesed in the flesh; The final passover song; the song of the last supper: The stone the builders rejected becomes the cornerstone The Passover Psalms end with what is probably the song Jesus sung after the Last Supper The Passover Psalms end with what is probably the song Jesus sung after the Last Supper The stone the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone • Psalm 118 Hesed in the flesh; The final passover song; the song of the last supper: The stone the builders rejected becomes the cornerstone The Passover Psalms end with what is probably the song Jesus sung after the Last Supper hesed hesed hesed the final Passover Psalm
  53. 53. Psalm 118
  54. 54. Psalm 118 shortest Psalm 117 before longest Psalm 119 after middle verse of Bible Ps 118:8
  55. 55. • Psalm 119 Living a life of Hesed; The longest of all; praise of God’s word; prayer to keep God’s word: a relentless reception and relentless dependence The longest Psalm, Psalm 119 in part inspired by the promise of the New Covenant The song sung after the last supper is flanked by the smallest (Ps 117) and longest (Ps 119( • Psalm 119 Living a life of Hesed; The longest of all; praise of God’s word; prayer to keep God’s word: a relentless reception and relentless dependence hesed hesed hesed a Postlude to the Passover Psalms delivered to live a life of Hesed 1st longest Psalm
  56. 56. Psalm 119 1st longest Psalm
  57. 57. • Psalm 136 In praise of Hesed: for his lovingkindness endures forever A celebration of Hesed A celebration of Hesed • Psalm 136 In praise of Hesed: for his lovingkindness endures forever Postlude to the PassoverPostlude to the Passover hesed hesed hesed
  58. 58. • Psalm 139 Sanctifying Hesed; Search me oh God; A deeper sanctification: God is the one who deeply knows us and can remove sins even hidden to us The final long psalms asks God to turn his ‘high beams’ on one’s own heart • Psalm 139 Sanctifying Hesed; Search me oh God; A deeper sanctification: God is the one who deeply knows us and can remove sins even hidden to us The final long psalms asks God to turn his ‘high beams’ on one’s own heart hesed hesed hesed
  59. 59. All or almost all Psalms point to Jesus however the longer Psalms will have special opportunity for emphasis
  60. 60. There are also the shortest Psalms that emphasize things like a staccato note might
  61. 61. There are also the acrostic Psalms often providing transitions from one line of thought to another and summing things up
  62. 62. More on each of the 5 books of Psalms

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