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The poster child for the book is an unlikely group
• Korah opposed Moses and the ground
opened up and swallowed him and al...
The poster child for the book is an
unlikely group
• Instead of opposing God’s holiness, like Korah,
they became musical b...
Characters named in the book
• There is a group of Psalms by the Levites named Korah
• They hand off to another Levite of ...
The sons of Korah will sing 8 songs
• They will express discouragement,
disappointment, needs and a crisis of faith (Even
...
A longing…
• Psalm 42 – As the deer pants for you so my soul
pants for you. Although worship leaders, the
son’s of Korah h...
A paradox, a crisis of faith…
• Psalm 44 - The Sons of Korah sing of how they
heard rightly about God and what he has done...
Worship in a minor key
• Where the Lord leads me in pastures ‘for His
names sake in Psalm 23, in Psalm 44 we are
led to be...
A wedding Psalm (or two) pointing to
Christ
• Psalm 45 is a wedding Psalm of a Jewish King
who marries and an unamed genti...
And the songs of the Son’s of Korah
rise in triumph and address the whole
earth
• Psalm 47 - Clap you hands all people
– ‘...
And another character introduced, Asaph.
Who’s he? (or who are they)
• The ark was ‘on the move’
• It was in Shiloh in the...
A big handoff, and an expansive return of
Psalm 14 with five psalms dealing with
judgment and possible deliverance:
David will sing five psalms of salvation
and mercy…
• Psalm 54 - Save me
• Psalm 55 - God has saved me
– ‘cast your burden...
David sings three songs to a strange
tune ‘do not destroy’
• Psalm 57, 58, 59 are to the tune ‘do not destroy’
– David wou...
And two songs born of rejection…
• Psalm 60 - You rejected us
• Psalm 61 - Hear my cry
Psalm 62, a song dedicated to
Jeduthan the choir master
• Psalm 62 - Once again, like the deer in Psalm
42, the singer thi...
And five songs of mercy
• Psalm 63 - My soul thirsts for you
• Psalm 64 - Hide me from the wicked
• Psalm 65 - Praise is d...
Psalm 67: The benediction at the start
not end
• The psalm starts with a Aaronic priestly
benediction usually at the end o...
Not a few psalms in Book 2 speak of
God’s justice, mercy and glory reaching
to the nations
• Many of the themes of Psalm 2...
And songs of a trespass offering
• Psalm 69 – there is a trespass offering
More in number than the hairs of my head are th...
And a big ‘eschatological’ finish
• The long lasting sun and moon are witness to the enduring reign of
Solomon
• He will g...
The five books of Psalms
• Book 1 - The song of the blessed man
• Book 2 - Songs for the outcast
• Book 3 - The dark book ...
Psalms book 2: A thirst for God
Psalms book 2: A thirst for God
Psalms book 2: A thirst for God
Psalms book 2: A thirst for God
Psalms book 2: A thirst for God
Psalms book 2: A thirst for God
Psalms book 2: A thirst for God
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Psalms book 2: A thirst for God

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The flow, major themes and character of Psalms Book 2: Psalms 42-72.

Where book 1 had psalms that were personal in nature, book 2 tends to concern community. Many consider Book 2 to be poetically like Exodus. Many of the authors in Book 2 and 3 are Levites.

Songs from the 'Sons of Korah' Open the book.
Believers may be a bit like 'the sons of Korah' who should be 'in the grave' but have been delivered. Being delivered does not preclude struggles or even persecution.

Psalm 14 comes back expansively as a block of five psalms on judgement and forgiveness. Jesus like Solomon reign is expansive. Solomon, poetically so, Jesus literally so.

Asaph has one Psalm. Asaph probably being Asaph the seer from the time of David who led a group of Levites to minister before the Ark on Mt Zion when it was moved from the house of Obed Edom the Gittite after recovery from the Philistines.
One Psalm is dedicated to Jeduthun

Published in: Spiritual
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Psalms book 2: A thirst for God

  1. 1. The poster child for the book is an unlikely group • Korah opposed Moses and the ground opened up and swallowed him and all of his… • But ‘not all the Sons of Korah died’ So says the book of Numbers. • So what happened to them?
  2. 2. The poster child for the book is an unlikely group • Instead of opposing God’s holiness, like Korah, they became musical bouncers in the temple, writing Psalms of deliverance, singing to those who enter. • The ‘Sons of Korah’ may have belonged in the grave, but were delivered and their songs reflect that.
  3. 3. Characters named in the book • There is a group of Psalms by the Levites named Korah • They hand off to another Levite of Korah named Asaph (who sings one Psalm) Asaph was selected by David to lead a group of levites to sing an minister before the Ark when it was moved to Mount Zion before the temple was built. Asaph has 1 Psalm in book 2 and 12 Psalms in book 3. • Then David begins and continues • Like the Books 1 and 3 there will be one Psalm dedicated to Jeduthan the choir master, Psalm 62 • The final Psalm is one of the two ‘Psalms of Solomon’ (72 and 127)
  4. 4. The sons of Korah will sing 8 songs • They will express discouragement, disappointment, needs and a crisis of faith (Even as they ‘lead people in procession of worship’) • Their song’s will start with laments (expecially the first three Psalms) and the last five will be more victorious. • The final Psalm will be on the need for deliverance form death and part of a larger set of five to follow (more on that later).
  5. 5. A longing… • Psalm 42 – As the deer pants for you so my soul pants for you. Although worship leaders, the son’s of Korah have struggles, depression and questions • Psalm 43 – Vindicate me. And although worship leaders their struggles include prayers of vindication. (both of these end: – Why are you cast down, O my soul, and why are you in turmoil within me? Hope in God; for I shall again praise him,my salvation and my God. )
  6. 6. A paradox, a crisis of faith… • Psalm 44 - The Sons of Korah sing of how they heard rightly about God and what he has done but God humiliated them and turned them over for persecution ‘for His name’s sake’ – And so the cries and longings in Psalm 42, 43, 44 reach a crisis of disappointment here. – And then, quickly moved to more of a tone of triumph in 45 on
  7. 7. Worship in a minor key • Where the Lord leads me in pastures ‘for His names sake in Psalm 23, in Psalm 44 we are led to be persecuted also for ‘His names sake’ (and quoted as so in Romans 8 even side by side with ‘we are more than conquerors) • Deliverance doesn’t preclude struggles with difficulties, longing, depression or persecution but resolution and hope if found in God.
  8. 8. A wedding Psalm (or two) pointing to Christ • Psalm 45 is a wedding Psalm of a Jewish King who marries and an unamed gentile bride ( quoted in Hebrews as part of an argument that Jesus is better than the angels) – Psalms 45:6-7 quoted in Hebrews 1:8-9 • Psalm 46 is the Psalm that the Psalm ‘A Mighty Fortress is Our God’ is based on and may be a response of the maidens to the previous, having ‘Alamoth’ in the title which may mean maidens
  9. 9. And the songs of the Son’s of Korah rise in triumph and address the whole earth • Psalm 47 - Clap you hands all people – ‘God is the king of all the earth’ • Psalm 48 - Great is the Lord and the princes of all the people will gather as the people of Abraham ( psalm 48 echoes the Alamoth women’s chorus a few Psalms back with ‘let the daughters of zion rejoice’ ) • Psalm 49 - As a final Psalm the son’s of Korah sing to the whole world, low, high, rich, poor, young, old about the need for redemption (and it will span five psalms as they hand the baton to Asaph and he to David on the same subject ) – ‘Why should I fear in times of trouble, when the iniquity of those who cheat me surrounds me,’
  10. 10. And another character introduced, Asaph. Who’s he? (or who are they) • The ark was ‘on the move’ • It was in Shiloh in the tabernacle made in the time of Moses until it was used in battle and taken in battle by the Philistines • After the returned from unbelieving Gath it was moved (poetically believing Gath) to Obed Edom the Gittite • Then moved by David to Mount Zion until the temple would be built • And Asaph (called a seer) would be in charge of a group of Levites to sing and minister before the Ark on Mount Zion ( Note that there are also a group of Psalms of Asaph in Book 3 and they may or may not be the same Asaph. Asaph was a seer so these are events future to the time of the Asaph in David’s day and a seer could write of them but there was also an Asaph in Isaiah’s day and an Asaph after the Babylonian exile, as well as the group of levite Asaph led. Any of these could have written the Psalms of Book 3 that are ‘of Asaph’ )
  11. 11. A big handoff, and an expansive return of Psalm 14 with five psalms dealing with judgment and possible deliverance:
  12. 12. David will sing five psalms of salvation and mercy… • Psalm 54 - Save me • Psalm 55 - God has saved me – ‘cast your burdens on the Lord… – Yet not everyone, for ‘He will cast you down’ referring to bloodthirsty and violent men’ • Psalm 56 - Be gracious to me • Psalm 57 - Be merciful to me
  13. 13. David sings three songs to a strange tune ‘do not destroy’ • Psalm 57, 58, 59 are to the tune ‘do not destroy’ – David would not harm Saul but his mercy was not reciprocated and he turns to God for mercy – David also showed mercy to Absolom is telling his men not to hurt his son Absolom where Absolom was pleased to try and kill David – Likewise David did accepted unjust critisism and curses from Cush In all these cases he looked for God to be merciful where Saul, Absolom, Cush and whoever else was not merciful
  14. 14. And two songs born of rejection… • Psalm 60 - You rejected us • Psalm 61 - Hear my cry
  15. 15. Psalm 62, a song dedicated to Jeduthan the choir master • Psalm 62 - Once again, like the deer in Psalm 42, the singer thirsts longing for God – God is great and God is Good ( Jeduthan’s Psalms were 39, 62, 77 and posisbly 89 if Spurgeon is right that Ethan is another form of Jeduthun)
  16. 16. And five songs of mercy • Psalm 63 - My soul thirsts for you • Psalm 64 - Hide me from the wicked • Psalm 65 - Praise is due you • Psalm 66 - Shout for joy all the earth • Psalm 67 - God is gracious to me • Psalm 68 - Let God arise and His enemies be scattered – Psalms 68:18 Ephesians 4:8
  17. 17. Psalm 67: The benediction at the start not end • The psalm starts with a Aaronic priestly benediction usually at the end of worship • In this case the Psalm picks up with the benediction and continues. 67 May God be gracious to us and bless us and make his face shine on us— 2 so that your ways may be known on earth, your salvation among all nations.
  18. 18. Not a few psalms in Book 2 speak of God’s justice, mercy and glory reaching to the nations • Many of the themes of Psalm 2 return • • • Psalm 44:2 • you with your own hand drove out the nations, but them you planted; you afflicted the peoples, but them you set free; • • Psalm 44:11 • You have made us like sheep for slaughter and have scattered us among the nations. • • Psalm 44:14 • You have made us a byword among the nations, a laughingstock among the peoples. • • Psalm 45:5 • Your arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; the peoples fall under you. • • Psalm 45:9 • daughters of kings are among your ladies of honor; at your right hand stands the queen in gold of Ophir. • • • Psalm 45:13 • All glorious is the princess in her chamber, with robes interwoven with gold. • • Psalm 45:16 • In place of your fathers shall be your sons; you will make them princes in all the earth. • • Psalm 45:17 • I will cause your name to be remembered in all generations; therefore nations will praise you forever and ever. • • Psalm 46:6 • The nations rage, the kingdoms totter; he utters his voice, the earth melts. • • Psalm 46:10 • “Be still, and know that I am God. I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the earth!” • • Psalm 47:1 • [ God Is King over All the Earth ] [ To the choirmaster. A Psalm of the Sons of Korah. ] Clap your hands, all peoples! Shout to God with loud songs of joy! • • Psalm 47:3 • He subdued peoples under us, and nations under our feet. • • Psalm 47:8 • God reigns over the nations; God sits on his holy throne. • In Context | Full Chapter | Other Translations • • Psalm 47:9 • The princes of the peoples gather as the people of the God of Abraham. For the shields of the earth belong to God; he is highly exalted! • • Psalm 48:4 • For behold, the kings assembled; they came on together. • • Psalm 49:1 • [ Why Should I Fear in Times of Trouble? ] [ To the choirmaster. A Psalm of the Sons of Korah. ] Hear this, all peoples! Give ear, all inhabitants of the world, • • Psalm 56:7 • For their crime will they escape? In wrath cast down the peoples, O God! • • Psalm 57:9 • I will give thanks to you, O Lord, among the peoples; I will sing praises to you among the nations. • • Psalm 59:5 • You, Lord God of hosts, are God of Israel. Rouse yourself to punish all the nations; spare none of those who treacherously plot evil. Selah • • Psalm 59:8 • But you, O Lord, laugh at them; you hold all the nations in derision. • • Psalm 65:7 • who stills the roaring of the seas, the roaring of their waves, the tumult of the peoples, • • Psalm 66:7 • who rules by his might forever, whose eyes keep watch on the nations— let not the rebellious exalt themselves. Selah • • Psalm 66:8 • Bless our God, O peoples; let the sound of his praise be heard, • • Psalm 67:2 • that your way may be known on earth, your saving power among all nations. • • • Psalm 67:3 • Let the peoples praise you, O God; let all the peoples praise you! • • Psalm 67:4 • Let the nations be glad and sing for joy, for you judge the peoples with equity and guide the nations upon earth. Selah • • Psalm 67:5 • Let the peoples praise you, O God; let all the peoples praise you! • • Psalm 68:12 • “The kings of the armies—they flee, they flee!” The women at home divide the spoil— • • Psalm 68:14 • When the Almighty scatters kings there, let snow fall on Zalmon. • • Psalm 68:27 • There is Benjamin, the least of them, in the lead, the princes of Judah in their throng, the princes of Zebulun, the princes of Naphtali. …ok… most…
  19. 19. And songs of a trespass offering • Psalm 69 – there is a trespass offering More in number than the hairs of my head are those who hate me without cause; mighty are those who would destroy me, those who attack me with lies. What I did not steal must I now restore? This Psalm is heavily quoted in the New Testament. – Psalms 69:4 quoted in John 15:25 – Psalms 69:9 quoted in John 2:17, Romans 15:3 – Psalms 69:21 quoted in Matthew 27:34, John 19:28-29 – Psalms 69:22-23 quoted in Romans 11:9-10 – Psalms 69:25 quoted in Acts 1:20 • Psalm 70 - the singer’s life is being sought • Psalm 71 – his enemies see no hope from God in his circumstances ( he saved others but he cannot save himself) For my enemies speak concerning me; those who watch for my life consult together and say, “God has forsaken him; pursue and seize him, for there is none to deliver him.”
  20. 20. And a big ‘eschatological’ finish • The long lasting sun and moon are witness to the enduring reign of Solomon • He will give justice to the poor • He will have dominion from sea to sea • The land will be so blessed there will be ‘amber waves of grain’ (even on the mountain tops where nothing grows) • Poetically so with Solomon, literally so in Jesus, the ‘more than Solomon’ • May people be blessed in him, all nations call him blessed! Amen and Amen! And ‘thus ends the prayers of David, son of Jesse’ ( not emphasizing the King of Israel but the kid from Bethlehem. Here his hopes will be fulfilled.)
  21. 21. The five books of Psalms • Book 1 - The song of the blessed man • Book 2 - Songs for the outcast • Book 3 - The dark book of the Psalms • Book 4 - Songs for the wanderer • Book 5 - Songs for coming home

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