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Security is all about reacting. It’s time to make some predictions. Michael Roytman explains how Kenna Security used the AWS Machine Learning platform to train a binary classifier for vulnerabilities, allowing the company to predict whether or not a vulnerability will become exploitable.
Michael offers an overview of the process. Kenna enriches the data with more specific, nondefinitional-level data. 500 million live vulnerabilities and their associated close rates inform the epidemiological data, as well as “in the wild” threat data from AlienVault’s OTX and SecureWorks’s CTU, Reversing Labs, and ISC SANS. The company uses 70% of the national vulnerability database as its training dataset and generates over 20,000 predictions on the remainder of the vulnerabilities. It then measures specificity and sensitivity, positive predictive value, and false positive and false negative rates before arriving at an optimal decision cutoff for the problem.