A vegan approach to Environmental Management Dr. Michael C. Morris Bay of Plenty Polytechnic
Don’t Shoot the Messenger How does the scene from MacBeth show the way we react to news we don’t like? Rachel Carson publi...
The Food and Agriculture Organisation published “livestock’s long shadow” in 2006.  Here is Federated Farmers’ intelligent...
So vegans are the Lesbians of the 2000s!
The Elephant in the room <ul><li>Click to edit Master text styles </li></ul><ul><li>Second level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thi...
Environmental degradation has been blamed on... Population Transport Industrial growth Capitalism Lack of capitalism Commu...
But what about our “SAD” diet
Ecology 101 For every step up the food chain, the amount of resources (land, water, fuel, energy etc.) goes up by a factor...
Global warming
Agriculture is responsible for 50% of global warming in New Zealand.  More than any other industry This is caused by metha...
Rats  Rats with wings!!! Locusts with tits!
Source: Eshel and Martin 2006
Conclusion from Eshel and Martin study A vegan in a SUV has the same effect as a red-blooded American (or Kiwi) meat eater...
Water use 1kg of meat requires 10,000 L of water
Photo: David Hamilton, Waikato University
Photo David Hamilton
 
Habitat destruction
Easter Island Christchurch and the Canterbury Plains
Photo: Nzescape.com
Illegal Amazonian Deforestation for Soybean production
 
Photo: Gilbert van Reenan Kahikatea forest
Hauraki Plains Photo: Environment Waikato
Some facts Land clearance for farms is a leading cause of sediment build up and coral reef destruction Land clearance for ...
Water pollution
 
 
Some figures 90% of Waikato streams are too polluted to swim in Farming in the Waikato contributes more to stream pollutio...
Fertiliser supply
Fertiliser ship unloading in Tauranga Photo: Western Sahara Watch
Photo: Republic of Nauru
Some Facts New Zealand fertiliser use has doubled in the last 10 years Most of this finds its way into streams Nauru’s fis...
Human rights Livestock agriculture cannot feed the world Source:  Bender, W.H. 1997. How much food will we need in the 21s...
Population that could be fed if everyone shared the dietary preferences and food system efficiencies of: Source:  Bender, ...
Health <ul><li>Eating low on the food chain prevents </li></ul><ul><li>Adult onset diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Kidney Stone...
There are 90 million broiler chickens in New Zealand.  Antibiotics are imported by the truck load to prevent these very si...
Animal Welfare
Layer hens  Photo: Wellington Animal Rights Network
<ul><li>Click to edit Master text styles </li></ul><ul><li>Second level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Third level </li></ul></ul><...
Broiler chickens (NZ) Photo: Auckland Animal Action
 
Pigs
 
 
mulesing <ul><li>Click to edit Master text styles </li></ul><ul><li>Second level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Third level </li></...
Vivisection
Some myths about meat Myth 1:  Human canines show humans  are designed to eat meat The truth:  Have a look at the skulls i...
Baboons and Mandrills
Chimpanzee
Gorilla
Biggest Canine Joke in the Animal Kingdom! Homo Sapiens
Myth 2:  Meat is necessary for protein The truth:  Have a look at the protein tables below
Protein composition and price of eggs and various plant sources. Food composition data comes from the  New Zealand Food Co...
Myth 3:  Meat eating is what gave humans their brain power The truth:  Genetic studies show human brain power is more to d...
Myth 4:  God wants us to eat meat.  The truth:  Adam and Eve and all the animals were vegan before the fall. Gen. 1:29
Other rationalisations Our ancestors ate meat Response.  Our ancestors also lived in caves, spoke in grunts, had poor hygi...
Meat tastes nice. Response:  Since when has pleasure been a basis for moral decision making. Maybe children taste nice too!
Animal eat other animals Response.  Most animals don’t eat other animals.  And why should we base our morality on the few ...
Conclusion – something to think about Can you be an environmentalist and continue to... Drive a SUV Chop down trees Pour p...
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Why eat low on the food chain from 2010 cip talk

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Lecture at Bay of Plenty Polytechnic for Conservation Issues and Perspectives, October 2010 - a vegan perspective on conservation.

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Why eat low on the food chain from 2010 cip talk

  1. 1. A vegan approach to Environmental Management Dr. Michael C. Morris Bay of Plenty Polytechnic
  2. 2. Don’t Shoot the Messenger How does the scene from MacBeth show the way we react to news we don’t like? Rachel Carson published silent spring in 1962 The industry reacted by personal attacks. Rachel Carson is an embittered spinster, or a Lesbian (therefore by implication ignorant)
  3. 3. The Food and Agriculture Organisation published “livestock’s long shadow” in 2006. Here is Federated Farmers’ intelligent, measured and scientific response “ it must be written by a vegan” (and therefore by implication wrong)
  4. 4. So vegans are the Lesbians of the 2000s!
  5. 5. The Elephant in the room <ul><li>Click to edit Master text styles </li></ul><ul><li>Second level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Third level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fourth level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fifth level </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Environmental degradation has been blamed on... Population Transport Industrial growth Capitalism Lack of capitalism Communism Lack of communism Government corruption God’s wrath Etc...
  7. 7. But what about our “SAD” diet
  8. 8. Ecology 101 For every step up the food chain, the amount of resources (land, water, fuel, energy etc.) goes up by a factor of ten So passing food through a cow before eating it is very inefficient
  9. 9. Global warming
  10. 10. Agriculture is responsible for 50% of global warming in New Zealand. More than any other industry This is caused by methane from cow burps (not farts) and nitrous oxide from animal waste Worldwide, livestock accounts for 18% of all greenhouse gases. More than transport.
  11. 11. Rats Rats with wings!!! Locusts with tits!
  12. 12. Source: Eshel and Martin 2006
  13. 13. Conclusion from Eshel and Martin study A vegan in a SUV has the same effect as a red-blooded American (or Kiwi) meat eater in a Prius
  14. 14. Water use 1kg of meat requires 10,000 L of water
  15. 15. Photo: David Hamilton, Waikato University
  16. 16. Photo David Hamilton
  17. 18. Habitat destruction
  18. 19. Easter Island Christchurch and the Canterbury Plains
  19. 20. Photo: Nzescape.com
  20. 21. Illegal Amazonian Deforestation for Soybean production
  21. 23. Photo: Gilbert van Reenan Kahikatea forest
  22. 24. Hauraki Plains Photo: Environment Waikato
  23. 25. Some facts Land clearance for farms is a leading cause of sediment build up and coral reef destruction Land clearance for meat is the leading cause of Amazonian deforestation Almost all of New Zealand’s lowland Kahikatea forest has gone New Zealand is a biodiversity “hotspot” Import of Palm kernel is contributing to rain forest destruction in Borneo
  24. 26. Water pollution
  25. 29. Some figures 90% of Waikato streams are too polluted to swim in Farming in the Waikato contributes more to stream pollution than the Hamilton and Ngarawahia sewage works A piggery of 16,000 pigs produces as much untreated sewage as a city of 23,000 Reid’s piggery in Carterton and the Kuku Beach Road piggery have been convicted for pumping raw sewage into the rivers
  26. 30. Fertiliser supply
  27. 31. Fertiliser ship unloading in Tauranga Photo: Western Sahara Watch
  28. 32. Photo: Republic of Nauru
  29. 33. Some Facts New Zealand fertiliser use has doubled in the last 10 years Most of this finds its way into streams Nauru’s fishery has been totally destroyed by phosphate mining Present phosphate in New Zealand comes from disputed territory in the Western Sahara
  30. 34. Human rights Livestock agriculture cannot feed the world Source: Bender, W.H. 1997. How much food will we need in the 21st Century? Environment. 39 : 6-11, 27-28. 1 The actual world population in 1990 was 5.3 billion. Population that could be fed if everyone shared the dietary preferences and food system efficiencies of:
  31. 35. Population that could be fed if everyone shared the dietary preferences and food system efficiencies of: Source: Bender, W.H. 1997. How much food will we need in the 21st Century? Environment. 39 : 6-11, 27-28. 1 The actual world population in 1990 was 5.3 billion. USA 2.3 billion New Zealand 3 billion Europe 4.1 billion Japan 6.1 billion Bangladesh 10.9 billion Subsistence only 15 billion
  32. 36. Health <ul><li>Eating low on the food chain prevents </li></ul><ul><li>Adult onset diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Kidney Stones </li></ul><ul><li>Breast prostrate and pancreatic cancer </li></ul>
  33. 37. There are 90 million broiler chickens in New Zealand. Antibiotics are imported by the truck load to prevent these very sick individuals from dying before we are ready to kill them The source of the swine flu epidemic has been traced to a factory piggery in Mexico Bird flu outbreaks start in factory farms
  34. 38. Animal Welfare
  35. 39. Layer hens Photo: Wellington Animal Rights Network
  36. 40. <ul><li>Click to edit Master text styles </li></ul><ul><li>Second level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Third level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fourth level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fifth level </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Photo: Open Rescue Coalition
  37. 41. Broiler chickens (NZ) Photo: Auckland Animal Action
  38. 43. Pigs
  39. 46. mulesing <ul><li>Click to edit Master text styles </li></ul><ul><li>Second level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Third level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fourth level </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fifth level </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  40. 47. Vivisection
  41. 48. Some myths about meat Myth 1: Human canines show humans are designed to eat meat The truth: Have a look at the skulls in the next slides
  42. 49. Baboons and Mandrills
  43. 50. Chimpanzee
  44. 51. Gorilla
  45. 52. Biggest Canine Joke in the Animal Kingdom! Homo Sapiens
  46. 53. Myth 2: Meat is necessary for protein The truth: Have a look at the protein tables below
  47. 54. Protein composition and price of eggs and various plant sources. Food composition data comes from the New Zealand Food Composition Tables, 6th Edition (Ministry of Health/Crop and Food Research, 2003). Price data comes from Woolworths online (www.woolworths.co.nz, accessed 23 June 2006). Food source Protein in 100g Cost (NZD) Cost per 100g protein Egg, whole, raw 12.0g $7.36 (battery eggs, size 7, 30 pack (approx. 1.470kg)) $4.17 Peas, frozen 5.4g $2.00/kg (Watties) $3.70 Sunflower seeds, kernel, dried 22.8g $7.90/kg $3.47 Cheese, Edam 26.7g $8.10/kg (Basics brand) $3.03 Peanuts, raw 24.3g $6.90/kg $2.84 Rolled oats, raw 13.5g $3.82/1.8kg (Basics brand) $1.57
  48. 55. Myth 3: Meat eating is what gave humans their brain power The truth: Genetic studies show human brain power is more to do with the ability to digest starch. There are several copies of the amylase gene in humans.
  49. 56. Myth 4: God wants us to eat meat. The truth: Adam and Eve and all the animals were vegan before the fall. Gen. 1:29
  50. 57. Other rationalisations Our ancestors ate meat Response. Our ancestors also lived in caves, spoke in grunts, had poor hygiene and did not own cell phones. Most of us have moved on since then.
  51. 58. Meat tastes nice. Response: Since when has pleasure been a basis for moral decision making. Maybe children taste nice too!
  52. 59. Animal eat other animals Response. Most animals don’t eat other animals. And why should we base our morality on the few that do.
  53. 60. Conclusion – something to think about Can you be an environmentalist and continue to... Drive a SUV Chop down trees Pour pollutants into streams Take food from the poor Or Eat high on the food chain

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