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The English in North America


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The English in North America

  1. 1. The English in North America Michael Huey
  2. 2. Chapter 6: Virginia Colony <ul><li>Established by the British in 1607, under British Monarch James I, aka Jamestown. </li></ul><ul><li>Original goals of the colony were to find economic wealth and to lead the native people to the Christian faith. </li></ul><ul><li>First English colony in the “New World”. </li></ul><ul><li>Land that the British colonists settled on was great for farming. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chapter 6: Virginia Colony <ul><li>Sir Walter Raleigh, a British explorer, sent a number of English colonists to Roanoke, part of the Virginia colony. (now known as North Carolina) </li></ul><ul><li>Poor location of where colonists settled: hard to bring supplies and ships to colonists, and poor soil for farming. </li></ul><ul><li>Poor conditions and fights with Indians lead the colonists to abandon the Roanoke colony. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Chapter 6: Virginia Colony <ul><li>Main cash crop of the Virginia colonies was tobacco. </li></ul><ul><li>Planters learned how to cultivate tobacco more efficiently, lead by John Rolf in the year 1616. </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco grew in popularity, becoming in high demand back in England. </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal for growing in Virginia due the crops need for humidity and long hot weather. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Chapter 8: New England <ul><li>Migration of colonies, primarily the Chesapeake colonies, up north resulted the formation of the New England colony. </li></ul><ul><li>Religious goal: to purify English Protestant faith in England and New England. </li></ul><ul><li>New England provided an opportunity for colonists to strike it rich. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Chapter 8: New England <ul><li>New England provided an economic opportunity for colonists as New England was abundant with land and resources and had a shortage of laborers. </li></ul><ul><li>As a result, the families were called to work together to meet demands of the farm. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Busy lives for the families, no matter the age or gender. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New England was more labor friendly, compared to the Chesapeake where the rich and powerful took advantage of their workers. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Chapter 8: New England <ul><li>Stories of success attracted many emigrants to New England. </li></ul><ul><li>Towns in New England created after the colonies agreed to give out land to corporate groups of people. </li></ul><ul><li>According to tradition, marriage, even in the New England colonies, were viewed as not only as romantic, but for economic interests as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Bible Commonwealth created to perfect the worship of the Holy Lord and to model society. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Chapter 9: Puritans <ul><li>Puritanism: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong devotion to traditional religious beliefs and values of the Catholic Church. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combining religion with moral values, applying it to social lives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seek to “purify” the English Church. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Belief that honoring God by performing good works and keeping a strong faith solidified their ticket to heaven. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Chapter 9: Puritans <ul><li>Bad relationships between puritans and the Native Americans, especially over land disputes. </li></ul><ul><li>Puritans strongly believed that their God granted them the land not only for honoring him, but to also spread his word. The Puritans also believed that God will punish the Native Americans for their insolence against him. </li></ul><ul><li>Property disputes were usually settled by trading goods for land. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Chapter 9: Puritans <ul><li>Tensions escalated as the Puritans and Native Americans </li></ul><ul><li>The First conflict between two sides occurred in the Pequot War in 1636 </li></ul><ul><li>Puritans believed that warfare with the Natives was done for God. </li></ul><ul><li>The bloodiest war between the Puritans and the Native Americans was King Philip’s War; estimated 1000 Puritan casualties and 3000 Native casualties. </li></ul><ul><li>Native American losses due to having little ammunition, supplies, and eventually numbers. </li></ul>