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Jesuit relations powerpoint


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Jesuit relations powerpoint

  1. 1. Jesuit Relations Powerpoint Michael Huey
  2. 2. Montagnais <ul><li>A subdivision of the Innu tribe from Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>Settled along the northern shore of Quebec. </li></ul><ul><li>The name “montaganais” means mountaineers, due to that the tribe settled near the mountains. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the earliest native people of Canada. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Montagnais (cont.) <ul><li>Due to poor agricultural conditions, the Montagnais tribe adapted the Hunter-Gatherer way of survival. </li></ul><ul><li>Tribe devided the seasons into two categories: Nipinoukhe: Spring and Summer, and Pipounoukhe: Winter </li></ul><ul><li>Like most native tribes, the Montagnais believed in spirits that controlled all of nature </li></ul>
  4. 4. Hurons <ul><li>Also known as the Wyandot tribe, settled in various areas of North America, including Ontario, Quebec, Ohio, and Kansas </li></ul><ul><li>Depending on the seasons (spring/summer or winter) would decide the Huron’s survival strategies. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers during the warmer weathers (corn, squash, etc.) and hunters in the winters (deer, bison, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Believed in supreme Gods: displayed it through prayer, devotions, vows, and even sacrifices. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hurons (cont.) <ul><li>Policy of leadership: no absolute leaders. Believed in free will and little subjective authority. </li></ul><ul><li>the Hurons recognize the Aataentsic, the head of their nation. The Aataentisic is a woman, according to legend, is a woman who fell from the heavens. </li></ul><ul><li>Legend story about the origin of tobacco. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Disease and Medicine <ul><li>Diseases spread from various tribes from all over America. </li></ul><ul><li>New diseases were something new of the Jesuit tribes, with no prior knowledge of germs or viruses. </li></ul><ul><li>The people the tribes turn to to help aid the sick were the medical specialists known as the “medicine man” or the “shaman” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Disease & Medicine (cont.) <ul><li>Odd remedies to help cure the sick. Sometimes, the sick would participate in games such as soccer or lacrosse to improve health. </li></ul><ul><li>1636: influenza break-out that infected the Huron tribes’ villages, resulting in an exponential number of deaths. </li></ul><ul><li>Diseases and a lack of knowledge of how to cure them was one of the prominent reasons of the Jesuit population decline. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Iroquois <ul><li>Settled in the north-eastern part of North America, in what is now current day New York. </li></ul><ul><li>A tribe with a combination of hunter-gatherers and farmers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmed beans, corn, and squash. (seasonally) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gathered wild berries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hunted deer, but also fished salmon, trout, and others </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Religious beliefs include the spirits of nature changing the seasons. Honored spirits with festivals, celebrating harvest. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Iroquois (cont.) <ul><li>French Migration to North America. </li></ul><ul><li>French mission to convert native Iroquois tribe to Christianity. </li></ul><ul><li>Of the entire Iroquois tribe, the Mohawks converted the most of their population to Christianity. </li></ul><ul><li>Iroquois confused with the practice of sacrifice because the Missionaries praised the sacrifice of Christ but rebuked the native practice. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Jacques Marquette <ul><li>Pastor (June 10, 1637 – May 18, 1675) </li></ul><ul><li>Studied religion at a young age. Started work in North America in the year 1666 </li></ul><ul><li>Started a journey along the Mississippi river with a fur trader named Louis Jolliet </li></ul><ul><li>Credited for establishing first settlement in Michigan </li></ul>
  11. 11. Jacques Marquette <ul><li>Members of a Native American tribe wanted Father Marquette to spread the word to tribes down south. </li></ul><ul><li>Journey along the Mississippi River, original plan was to extend their travels as far as the Gulf of Mexico. Ended up stopping a few miles short (Arkansas) </li></ul><ul><li>Marquette and crew were honored as heroes upon return, filled with stories and news of discoveries. </li></ul>