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French Colonies of North America


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French Colonies of North America

  1. 1. French Colonies of North America Michael Huey
  2. 2. Chapter 5: Canada and Iroquoia <ul><li>Explorers from England, France, and other Europeon countries sailed across the Atlantic Ocean to find economic prosperity. </li></ul><ul><li>Trade with Native Iroquois, a tribe that survived as Hunter-Gatherers; Natives became more dependent on European goods. </li></ul><ul><li>French colonies establishing central trading post at the mouth of the St. Lawrence River. </li></ul><ul><li>Allied selves with new native tribes: the Algonquians </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chapter 5: Canada and Iroquoia <ul><li>Establishment of the fur trade attracted the Native Americans and regular consumers. </li></ul><ul><li>Fur trade also invited other European colonies to trade with natives, which would lead to an increase in competition. </li></ul><ul><li>French, who later moved fur trade more north, established good relationships with natives, including the Huron, Montagnais, and the Algonkin tribes. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Chapter 5: Canada and Iroquoia <ul><li>Establishing good trade partners with natives was not without making a few enemies in the process. </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of firearms to the natives dramatically changed Native American military tactics. </li></ul><ul><li>France Colonies and their allies in the north fought against the southern tribes, including the Iroqouis. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Chapter 5: Canada and Iroquoia <ul><li>In addition to economic purposes, the French also saw colonization in North America as an opportunity to spread the Christian faith. </li></ul><ul><li>These people were known as the Jesuits. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the French Colonists made Native American conversion their solitary mission. </li></ul><ul><li>By the 17 th century, the French colonies, and trade was endangered by intensifying warfare from the Iroquois </li></ul>
  6. 6. Chapter 16: French America <ul><li>The French monarchy sent emigrants to North America. </li></ul><ul><li>French people seek to emigrate from the poor rural life, but new French policies would limit people from settling in North America. </li></ul><ul><li>Emigrants who did come to America from France were given jobs as soldiers, merchants, or people to help spread religion. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Chapter 16: French America <ul><li>French colonizes established in the United States as south as Louisiana. </li></ul><ul><li>80 percent of the French Colonists were farmers. </li></ul><ul><li>On these farms, the male and female roles intertwined as both assumed equally demanding work. </li></ul><ul><li>Different policies from British colonies in terms of marriage, childbearing, and welfare. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Chapter 16: French America <ul><li>Significant French colony set up in the Louisiana territory. </li></ul><ul><li>Original control of the France Louisiana belonged to French General-turned emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte. </li></ul><ul><li>To pay expenses for his wars, Napoleon decided to sell the territory, which would eventually end up as part of a large purchase by the United States. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Chapter 16: French America <ul><li>Tribes along the Gulf Cost and Mississippi of Louisiana consisted of small tribes. </li></ul><ul><li>Tribes included the Ouacha, Mongoulacha, Tohome, Atakapa, and many more. </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans were more critical to France and English colonies than originally thought. </li></ul>