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Michael Enescu 
CTO Open Source Initiatives 
LinuxCon 2014 – August 21 
Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The ...
• What is IoT and Fog Computing 
• How did we get here 
• Where are we going – the “Open” future of IoT 
Michael Enescu ke...
Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 3
B2C Smart 
Cities 
Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 4 
Indus...
Inflection 
point 
6.8 7.2 7.6 
Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon ...
Information Technology (IT) Operational Technology (OT) 
Data Center Campus Branch Plant Field 
IoT 
6 
Michael Enescu key...
Compute 
• Storage and Compute declining faster 
• Network scales very differently than compute 
Sensors will evolve faste...
Mainframe -> Client-Server 
Dedicated compute loads 
Fixed, role based model 
Centralized -> Decentralized 
Client-Server-...
46 million smart meters in the U.S alone 1.1 billion data points (. 
5TB) / day 
A single consumer packaged good manufactu...
ACTION 
SENSORS 
DATA 
IoT Traffic will grow at 82% CAGR through 2017* 
Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The ...
• Networking is changing 
50B+ Devices coming – Immense amount of data 
No longer about “data transport” 
Moving to “intel...
Network Compute Storage 
Unified Platform 
CLOUD 
STORE ANALYZE ACT NOTIFY 
Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & ...
Network Compute Storage 
Unified Platform 
EDGE CLOUD 
ANALYZE NOTIFY ACT STORE 
Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to F...
Cloud 
Service Mobility 
Ability to migrate a running instance from cloud to edge 
Fog Nodes can be multi-tenant 
Shared, ...
Future data predicted 
• Data from a sensor exhibits a consistent pattern over 
time intervals 
Analytics, Prediction, Rea...
Industry Segment Type of Savings 
Estimated Value Over 
15 Years 
(Billion nominal USD) 
Aviation Commercial 1% fuel savin...
• Like its Cloud predecessor, IoT will be mostly open source 
• Devices: 
Core, Access, Gateway – mostly Open Source 
Edge...
Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 18
• New, IoT specific SP’s will emerge 
• All IoT Software will be Open Source 
• Why? 
Open Source = Credibility 
Open Sour...
Everywhere! 
michael@enescu.net 
@michaelenescu 
Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – C...
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Michael enescu keynote chicago2014_from_cloud_to_fog_and_iot

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Just as we became familiar with Cloud computing and the dominant role of Open Source, a new compute model has emerged, an extension of the Cloud to the Edge of the network, some call it Fog computing, others the Internet of Things or IoT. Open Source will also play a dominant role in this, as it does in the Cloud, but what exactly is it, and what does it mean in IoT. How is the model changing as the new generation of devices has stretched what we previously knew as Cloud compute. And most importantly, why, what, and how the new IoT-specific Service Provider (IsSP?) model emerges and disrupts its aging predecessor. This is the tidal wave of opportunity we see, a generation after the last one that took place in the mid 90's. Get ready!

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Michael enescu keynote chicago2014_from_cloud_to_fog_and_iot

  1. 1. Michael Enescu CTO Open Source Initiatives LinuxCon 2014 – August 21 Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 1 1
  2. 2. • What is IoT and Fog Computing • How did we get here • Where are we going – the “Open” future of IoT Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 2 2
  3. 3. Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 3
  4. 4. B2C Smart Cities Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 4 Industries Safety and Security Connected Energy Home Industry Innovation: Business Processes and Operations Networks and Protocols Data Analytics Control Systems Sensors and Devices
  5. 5. Inflection point 6.8 7.2 7.6 Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 5 50 2010 2015 2020 40 30 20 10 0 Billions of devices 25 12.5 Timeline Source: Cisco IBSG, 2011 50 Billion smart devices Adoption 5x faster than electricity, telephony
  6. 6. Information Technology (IT) Operational Technology (OT) Data Center Campus Branch Plant Field IoT 6 Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 6
  7. 7. Compute • Storage and Compute declining faster • Network scales very differently than compute Sensors will evolve faster than bandwidth Distributed computing more compelling over time Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 7 • Data gravity? Storage Network Moore’s and Nielsen’s predictions hold
  8. 8. Mainframe -> Client-Server Dedicated compute loads Fixed, role based model Centralized -> Decentralized Client-Server-> Cloud On-Demand, XaaS, AAA Easier ops model, new apps Decentralized -> Centralized Cloud -> Fog / IoT New PIN’s, improved protocols New devices, P2P, M2M 1st 2nd 3rd Moore Nielsen Prediction Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 8 Power + compute reach AAA Centralized -> Decentralized
  9. 9. 46 million smart meters in the U.S alone 1.1 billion data points (. 5TB) / day A single consumer packaged good manufacturing machine generates 13B data samples/day A large offshore field produces 0.75TB data/week A jet engine produces 20TB flight data/hour 90% of the world’s data created in last 2 years Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 9
  10. 10. ACTION SENSORS DATA IoT Traffic will grow at 82% CAGR through 2017* Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 10
  11. 11. • Networking is changing 50B+ Devices coming – Immense amount of data No longer about “data transport” Moving to “intelligence about data”: Understanding and taking actions • Analytics are changing Massive data => can not move data fast enough to analytics => move analytics to the data Real-time actions => processing compute closer to the source Next: Two important analytics related technology trends Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 11
  12. 12. Network Compute Storage Unified Platform CLOUD STORE ANALYZE ACT NOTIFY Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 12
  13. 13. Network Compute Storage Unified Platform EDGE CLOUD ANALYZE NOTIFY ACT STORE Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 13
  14. 14. Cloud Service Mobility Ability to migrate a running instance from cloud to edge Fog Nodes can be multi-tenant Shared, public or private (like cloud) Mixed ownership & operation Single entity, federation of agencies North/South Flows Fog East/West Flows Highly virtualized environment Secured & isolated tenants, QoS, workload distribution Device/Smart Object Fog is the distributed, hierarchically organized platform where the Internet meets the physical world at M2M scale Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 14
  15. 15. Future data predicted • Data from a sensor exhibits a consistent pattern over time intervals Analytics, Prediction, Real Time Action • Data at the edge (data in motion), moves to the core (data at rest) over time Tf Time Present Adaptive Systems, Machine Learning, Optimization Real Time Data – Sensors/Edge Achieved data – Gateway/Server Achieved data – DC/Cloud T1 T2 T3 …… Compare Correction Model Prediction Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 15 Input Output
  16. 16. Industry Segment Type of Savings Estimated Value Over 15 Years (Billion nominal USD) Aviation Commercial 1% fuel savings $30B Power Gas-fired Generation 1% fuel savings $66B Healthcare System-wide 1% Reduction in System Inefficiency $63B Rail Freight 1% Reduction in System Inefficiency $27B Oil & Gas Exploration & Development 1% Reduction in Capital Expenditures $90B Total $276B Source: “Industrial Internet: Pushing the Boundaries of Minds and Machines” GE, Nov 26, 2012 Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 16
  17. 17. • Like its Cloud predecessor, IoT will be mostly open source • Devices: Core, Access, Gateway – mostly Open Source Edge – vectoring fast on Open Source Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 17 • Network: Core, Access, Gateway – Internet, all Open Source Edge – consolidation of protocols, renewed emphasis on robustness, security, privacy • New Applications and Services Data Gravity – applications come to data (not the old/other way) – either open or closed … guess who will win? … and just like in the early days of the dot com The emergence of the new breed of SPs – existential dilemma of the aging utility model
  18. 18. Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 18
  19. 19. • New, IoT specific SP’s will emerge • All IoT Software will be Open Source • Why? Open Source = Credibility Open Source dominates Development Open Source dominates Virtualization and Cloud – Fog (as an extension of it) is no exception • And where is Open Source already in the Internet of Things? Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 19
  20. 20. Everywhere! michael@enescu.net @michaelenescu Michael Enescu keynote – “From Cloud to Fog & The Internet of Things” – Chicago, LinuxCon 2014 20

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