Students…are you ready?!• You are going to dive deep into a nonfiction study and learn about a variety of text structures…• Enjoy and get your thinking caps on!
NONFICTION:TEXT STRUCTURES A lesson incorporating •Reading •Writing •Science
Five Text Structures Go ahead and count them on your hand:• 1. Description• 2. Sequence• 3. Compare and Contrast• 4. Cause and Effect• 5. Problem and Solution
Features of DESCRIPTION• Main idea• Unique features• Supporting ideas• ExamplesKEY WORDS to look for:“for example, involves, for instance, next, also, within…”
Features of SEQUENCE• List in order a series of events• Steps in a processKEY WORDS to look for:“first, second, in addition, then, last, finally, another…”
Features of COMPARE AND CONTRAST• Lists and explains similarities and differences of two ideas, objects, or processesKEY WORDS to look for:“different from, same as, alike, similar to, unlike, most, while…”
Features of CAUSE and EFFECT• Explains causes or reasons for an event and the results or effects of this eventKEY WORDS to look for:“because, so that, thus, unless, therefore, since, reasons for, then…”
Features of PROBLEM and SOLUTION• States a problem and possible solutions, or ways the problem can be solvedKEY WORDS to look for:“problem is, a solution is, solved by, possible answer, in conclusion…”
Now let’s see what you have learned…• Sample Sentence:“Golden Eagles are powerful raptors with large brown bodies and small heads with golden crowns.”What type of sentence is this?a. Descriptionb. Problem and Solutionc. Sequence
When reading INFORMATIONAL TEXT:• Reading and writing are important skills in all subject areas, including science• Understanding and using these different text structures will help enhance your reading and writing in nonfiction• Think about how knowing these different text structures will help you read and write a nonfiction science report for our next unit on the Solar System
• Make sure to pay close attention to the key words in the sentence
• The correct answer is “description” text structure because the sentence is describing the Golden Eagle in detail.
How can I apply this in my own learning?• Reading expository • Higher level or informational thinking: texts • Describe• Reader’s responses • Compare• Writing nonfiction • Explain report on _____ • Connect• Science• Social Studies
Now it’s your turn to apply what you have learned:• Look at the sample sentence strip on the board• What text structure does this sentence fit best?(description, sequence, compare and contrast, cause and effect, problem and solution)
Sentence Strip Activity• One student will read • One student will the sentence at your share WHY the table aloud sentence fits that• Determine what type text structure of text structure it • One student will is as a team match it correctly on• One student will the board share what type of text it is with the EVERYONE rest of the class PARTICIPATES