2. Definitions health education.
3. Purposes of health education.
4. characteristics of the health
5. HEALTH EDUCATION SCOPES.
6. health education course
The past decades have seen a radical change in
the patterns of disease spread among
members of the community from infectious
diseases to chronic diseases, especially
diseases that expressed life style diseases such
as pressure, heart disease and diabetes
Many of these diseases are the result of the
erratic behavior Hence, health education is
the cornerstone for the prevention of these
diseases it is which is the upgrading of
knowledge and information and building
trends and changing health behaviors
During the recent years has been promoting the
concepts of health education became note of
science knowledge is used behavioral and
educational theories and methods of
communication and means of education and the
principles of the media to improve the health level
of the individual and society .
. Health education: is the part of health care that is concerned with promotion of
health , prevention of illness, curing diseases , and facilitating rehabilitation, carin
a bout the needs and interests of the individual , families , group , organizations ,
and communities .
Health education : is any combination of learning experiences designed to facilitate
voluntary adaptation of behavior conducive to health
Health education : is the process by which people learn about their health and more
specifically, how to improve their health. Many different types of people provide
health education and there are many different ways health education is delivered,
based on various behavioral change models. Health education is critically importan
in improving the health of communities and individuals.
major components of health education involves:
1. Human biology
2 .Nutrition and balanced diet
3 .Hygeine and sanitation
4 .Family health care
5 .Prevention of communicable and non communicable diseases
6 .Mental health
7 .Prevention of accidents and providing information on first aid
8 .Information on use of various health services.
Purposes of health education
To provide knowledge and advice the maintain and
promote health to achieve the optimum state of
2. Training consumers in self-care skills .
3. To help the clients to make effective decisions about
4. Prevention of disease : 1. primary prevention .
2. secondary prevention .
3. tertiary prevention .
5. Changing mal practices .
6. Affecting social changes.
7. Set models for health behavior for other
Who is the health
Who is learner ?
Learner is :
1. Individual at any stage or any condition ‘’e.g. patient ‘’
3. Community ‘’ e.g .Smokers, pregnant women ,workers
Health educator :
Is the health worker who is concerned with
helping people to improve their health knowledge
, skills , understand their health problems , and
choose the most appropriate solutions for their
six principles that guide the educators :
message :sending a clear message to the learner.
format : selecting the most appropriate learning format .
environment :organizing positive and meaningful learning experiences.
participation : engaging the learner in participatory learner .
evaluation : evaluating and giving objective feedback to the learner .
characteristics of the health educator "
1. suitable age
2 . suitable sex
3 .good general appearance
4.good professional attitude
5.using good teaching approaches
6.have suitable communication skills
8.good health model
9.give suitable information
what are the four primary employment
setting for health educators ?
1-medical services : develop and implement
preventive and rehabilitative heath
education in hospitals specialized clinics
health centers acute clinics and long term
care facilities ,examples include consumer
workshops on the use of medical services
per-natal and childbirth classes cardiac
rehabilitation and life adjustment groups
and screening for health conditions ….
2- schools: design curricula and teach
health education in the public and private
3- worksite: plan and implement programs to
keep employees healthy and to maintain safe
work environments. example of worksite
setting include large corporations and other
business and industrial firms.
4-Communities: assess need for health
education programs at various sites in the
community. Example include voluntary health
agencies and government-based services
programs such as the Heart Association lung
Association , adult day care centers,
AIDS/HIV programs , wellness and
health promotion institutes , international
programs , fitness center and many others .
2-Infant and child care
5-Sleep and rest
health education course
the word education has several meanings
1- education : instruction teaching pedagogy educational
activity ( the activities of education or instructing or teaching
( activities that impart knowledge or skills )
2- education: knowledge acquired by learning and instruction
3- education : the gradual process of acquiring knowledge "
education is a preparation for life "
4- education : the profession of teaching especially at school
or college or university
•Education for health begins with people. It hopes to motivate them with
whatever interests they may have in improving their living conditions. Its
aim is to develop in them a sense of responsibility for health conditions for
themselves as individuals, as members of families, and as communities. In
communicable disease control, health education commonly includes an
appraisal of what is known by a population about a disease, an assessment
of habits and attitudes of the people as they relate to spread and frequency
of the disease, and the presentation of specific means to remedy observed
•Health education is also an effective tool that helps improve health in
developing nations. It not only teaches prevention and basic health
knowledge but also conditions ideas that re-shape everyday habits of
people with unhealthy lifestyles in developing countries. This type of
conditioning not only affects the immediate recipients of such education but
also future generations will benefit from an improved and properly cultivated
ideas about health that will eventually be ingrained with widely spread
health education. Moreover, besides physical health prevention, health
education can also provide more aid and help people deal healthier with
situations of extreme stress, anxiety, depression or other emotional
disturbances to lessen the impact of these sorts of mental and emotional
constituents, which can consequently lead to detrimental physical effects
• Responsibility I: Assessing Individual and Community Needs
for Health Education
• * Provides the foundation for program planning *
Determines what health problems might exist in any given
group * Includes determination of community resources
available to address the problem * Community
Empowerment encourages the population to take ownership
of their health problems * Includes careful data collection
and analysis Responsibility II: Plan Health Education
Strategies, Interventions, and Programs
• * Actions are based on the needs assessment done for the
community (see Responsibility I) * Involves the development
of goals and objectives which are specific and measurable *
Interventions are developed that will meet the goals and
objectives * According to Rule of Sufficiency, strategies are
implemented which are sufficiently robust, effective enough,
and have a reasonable chance of meeting stated objectives
Responsibility III: Implement Health Education Strategies,
Interventions, and Programs
•* Implementation is based on a thorough understanding of the priority
population * Utilize a wide range of educational methods and techniques
Responsibility IV: Conduct Evaluation and Research Related to Health
•* Depending on the setting, utilize tests, surveys, observations, tracking
epidemiological data, or other methods of data collection * Health Educators
make use of research to improve their practice Responsibility V: Administer
Health Education Strategies, Interventions, and Programs
•* Administration is generally a function of the more experienced practitioner *
Involves facilitating cooperation among personnel, both within and between
programs Responsibility VI: Serve as a Health Education Resource Person
•* Involves skills to access needed resources, and establish effective
conductive relationships Responsibility VII: Communicate and Advocate for
Health and Health Education
•* Translates scientific language into understandable information * Address
diverse audience in diverse settings * Formulates and support rules, policies
and legislation * Advocate for the profession of health education