The Federal Republic Nigeria https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ni.html Presented by: Georgia Haygood, Phuong Long , Michael Hauser, Wendy Dusek Ms. Sonandre, Communication Course 101 May 29th, 2012
COMMUNICATION CONCEPTS Location (By Michael Hauser) Demographics (By Michael Hauser) Brief Political Overview (By Michael Hauser) Male and Female Gender Roles (by Wendy Dusek) Nonverbal Communication (By Wendy Dusek) Formal and Informal Clothing (By Georgia Haygood) The Festival of Durbar (By Phuong Long) Conclusion
INTRODUCTIONThis brief presentation will give fellow students theopportunity to establish a better understanding of thepeople who reside in The Federal Republic of Nigeria. Thegeneral concepts that will be discussed arelocation, demographics, gender roles, verbal andnonverbal communication, clothing styles and rituals.
LocationBy Michael Hauser http://www.google.com/search?
The Federal Republic of Nigeria isL located in Western Africa between the counties of Benin and Cameroon. (CIA, 2012)o The Southern most tip of the country boards the Gulf of Guinea. (CIA, 2012)c The Federal Republic of Nigeria is roughly twice the size of California, buta is the most populated country in Africa . (CIA, 2012)t Nigeria is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups:i Hausa, Fulani, Yoruba, Igbo, Ijaw, Kanuri, Ibibio and Tiv. (CIA, 2012)o According to the CIA Book of World Facts, the major religious practiced in Nigeria consists of Muslimn 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10% (CIA, 2012) CIA, 2012
Demographics By: Michael Hauser http://www.google.com/search
As of July 2012, the population of the Federal Republic of Nigeria consisted of roughly 170,123,740 people. (CIA, 2012)Demographics Nigeria is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups to include: Hausa, Fulani, Yoruba, Igbo, Ijaw, Kanuri, Ibibio and Tiv. (CIA, 2012) The major religious practiced in Nigeria consists of Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10% (CIA, 2012) The predominate language spoken in the Federal Republic of Nigeria is English. (CIA, 2012) Nigerian‟s also speak, Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani and 500 other native languages. (CIA, http://www.google.com/search 2012)
DemographicsWhy do you think that The Federal Republic of Nigeria is themost populated country in Africa?Why do you think the English language is the predominatespoken language in Nigeria, when Nigeria has over 500 differentindigenous languages?
Basic Political Overview By: Michael Hauser President Jonathan Goodluck http://www.google.com/search
The British first colonized Nigeria in the 1900‟s. (National Encyclopedia 2003) The Federal Republic of Nigeria becameBasic Political Overview an independent country in 1960. (National Encyclopedia 2003) Nigerias official independence day is October 1, 1960. (National Encyclopedia 2003) Nigeria is divided into 36 states and 1 http://www.google.com/search territory . (National Encyclopedia 2003) The Capital city of Nigeria is Abuja. (National Encyclopedia 2003) Nigeria‟s Constitution was officially adopted on May 5, 1999. (National Encyclopedia 2003) Nigeria is a democratic republic country. (National Encyclopedia 2003) Nigeria‟s current president is Jonathan http://www.google.com/search Goodluck, who was sworn into office on May 6, 2010. (National Encyclopedia 2003)
Gender RolesIn the Nigerian culture, menhave little obligation toprovide for their wives orchildren.Women are often expectedto earn significant portionsof the family income.Women have traditionallyhad to farm or sellhomemade products in thelocal markets to ensure thatthey could feed and clothetheir children. http://www.google.com/search
The division of labor along gender lines can even be seen within the farming cassava industry. For example, the kinds ofGender roles crops that women cultivate differ from those types of crops grown by men. In the Igbo society, yams are seen as crop grown only by men. Where beans and cassava are crops grown by women. Modern Nigeria is still considered to be a patriarchal society. Men http://www.google.com/search are still considered to be the dominant gender.
Gender Roles Even in today‟s society, in Nigeria, women have very littlelegal rights and very little influence in society. Women areviewed more as objects instead of individuals.If Nigerian women wished to exercise any influences onsociety, they would have to do so through their husband,brother or sons‟.According to Nigerias Penal Code, men have the right tophysically reprimand their wives, as long as they do notcause any permanent physical injury.
Gender Role QuestionWhy do you think Women still have very little rights and influences in society ?
Nonverbal communication Nigerian‟s typically havegreat appreciation andrespect for their elders. In Nigeria, eating, shakinghands, or passing an itemis always done with yourright hand. Doing any ofthose tasks with your lefthand is consideredunacceptable. In Nigeria the left hand isconsidered “dirty” and isonly used for personal http://www.google.com/searchtoiletries.
Nonverbal communication When meeting withindividuals, Nigerian‟sexpect a friendly handshakeaccompanied with a longlist of “well wishes” forfamily members.Direct or constant eyecontact can be seen asintrusive to Nigerian‟s.The people of the FederalRepublic of Nigeria are veryanimated individuals whileconversing. Nigerian‟scommonly touch, or make http://www.google.com/searchgestures while talking withone and another.
Nonverbal CommunicationWhile shaking hands,Nigerian men will often resttheir opposite hand on theshoulder of the person whothey are shaking handswith. http://www.google.com/searchUnless initiated by awomen, you should notshake hands with them.It is not acceptable toextend your thumb upwardstowards anyone, becausethis is considered to be avery rude sign. http://www.google.com/search
Nonverbal communication Why do you think the people of the FederalRepublic of Nigeria decided to use their lefthands as the “unclean” hand instead of theirright hand?
http://www.google.com/search By: Georgia HaywoodNONVERBAL USE OFCLOTHING: FORMAL
ColorsThe meaning of colors worn differ from people topeople. In certain occasions it is common to wear aparticular color depending on the event. Yellow represents fertility. Green signifies the The people in Akan use renewal and growth seen colors like red, black, and in plants and signifies the brown for funerals. cycle of birth and decay. Blue can represent the presence of God or refer to the pure spirit. The people of Ashanti will Red relates to passion- use colors such as white for political determination, struggle, and defense. joyous ceremonies. Black denotes seriousness and union with ancestors.
Woman attending a funeral. Her green attire represents the cycle of birth and decay. A performance of the “Abang” (meaning “pot”) symbolizing fertility in Nigeria.http://www.allwestafrica.com/0203201210360.html?galleryPage=2 http://www.maobongoku.com/maobong_mypeople_tradition_abang.htm Suits and national dress are expected when attending a business meeting. • If you are visiting or new to Nigeria, it is recommended to stay in dress code. http://www.nico.gov.ng/gallery/view/3.html http://www.abujacity.com/abuja_and_beyond/dress-and-social-etiquette.html
http://www.google.com/search BY: Georgia Haywood NONVERBAL USE OFCLOTHING: INFORMAL
What is casual in Nigeria? Farmer being interviewedEveryday attire in Nigeria is simple,still remains conservative.If regular t-shirts and shorts arefrowned upon, then, what isacceptable? http://www.google.com/search For some women it may include knee length skirts and tops that School children cover their shoulders. Shawls which cover their head when at certain places such as a church. Some Nigerian men wear trousers with a long or short sleeved shirt. Head Shawl http://www.google.com/search http://belindaotas.com/?p=4123
Traditional clothing For women Buba- a loose neck blouse; usually long sleeved Iro- bottom part of outfit. Unfolded it looks like rectangular sheet. Gele- a headpiece. Unfolded it loos like a rectangular sheet which can be folded a variety of ways. Iborun- an extra „scarf piece‟ which can be tied around the neck or worn across the body. Kaba- a one piece dress for men Buba- similar to what women wear, but is long enough to go halfway down the thighs. Sokoto- trousers Fila- round cap worn on head
NONVERBAL USE OF CLOTHINGWhy do you think that the people of Nigeriachose to wear a large assortment of brightcolors for specific occasions ?
The Durbar Festival By: Phuong Long http://www.google.com/imgres?q=durbar+festival
Durbar FestivalA tourist attraction called “The Durbar” is afestival that occurs in the Northern portionof The Federal Republic of Nigeria in citiesto include, Kano, Katsina and Bida. The word“Durbar” means military parade. (onlinenigeria.com,2012)Dating back to colonial times, householdmembers brought their horses to regionalDurbars to showcase their horsemanship andprove they are ready for war. The celebrationconsist of a parade on horseback which areflamboyantly decorated or dressed. King, http://www.google.com/imgres?Chiefs and other selected officials will wear q=durbar+festivalceremonial attire and ride their horsesaccompanied by cultural music. (onlinenigeria.com,2012)Modern Durbar festivals have incorporatedreligious prayers at the beginning of eachday either in the local city square or in frontof the Emir‟s (leader) palace. (onlinenigeria.com,2012) http://www.google.com/imgr es?q=durbar+festival
Conclusion After reviewing this power point presentation, students should feel more knowledgeable about Nigerians and how they communicate, location, demographics, politics, gender roles, attire and some rituals. The people of Nigeria are a diverse group of individuals who wear bright colorful clothing, maintain extraordinary rituals, and have different beliefs on male and female roles than your conventional gender roles of the United States.
References Abuja City. (n.d.). Dress and Social Etiquette. Retrieved May 10th 2012 from http://www.abujacity.com/abuja_and_beyond/dress-and-social-etiquette.html Central Intelligence Agency, (2012, May 10) The World Factbook. Retrieved May 8th 2012 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/ni.html Maobong Oku (2011) Retrieved May 15th 2012 from http://www.maobongoku.com/maobong_mypeople_tradition_abang.htm Oats, Belinda. (2012, September 13). Belinda Oats, Telling it Like it is. Win Theater Tickets: We All Love Freebies. Retrieved May 18th 2012 from http://belindaotas.com/?p=4123 Google search images of Nigeria? (n.d). Retrieved May 16th 2012 from https://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=nigeria
References Google Search Durbar Festival? (n.d.) Retrieved May 17th 2012 from http://www.google.com/imgres?q=durbar+festival+in+nigeria Onlinenigeria.com. (2012) The Durbar Festival. Retrieved from http://www.onlinenigeria.com/festivals Motherland Nigeria. (2002). Attire. Retrieved from http://www.motherlandnigeria.com/attire.html What to Wear on Holiday. (2012). Nigeria. Retrieved May 7th 2012 from http://www.whattowearonholiday.com/holiday-wardrobe/africa/nigeria/109-what- to-wear-in-nigeria.php West Africa News. (2012, March 02). In Pictures:Final Funeral Ceremony for Odumegwu Ojukwu. Retrieved from http://www.allwestafrica.com/0203201210360.html?galleryPage=2