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IoT - IT 423 ppt


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IoT - IT 423 ppt

  1. 1. Internet of Things
  2. 2. Contents • • • • • Introduction/Overview The Internet of Things Applications of IoT Challenges and Barriers in IoT Future of IoT
  3. 3. Internet Revolution
  4. 4. Impact of the Internet Education Business Communications Entertainment Medical/Health
  5. 5. Internet Usage and Population Statistics
  6. 6. Connected World
  7. 7. Typical Views of the Internet of Things Industrial Automation Smart Home Smart Health Smart City
  8. 8. The Internet of Things “Internet of Objects” “Machine-to-Machine Era” “Internet of Everything” (1) The Internet of Things, also called The Internet of Objects, refers to a wireless network between objects, usually the network will be wireless and selfconfiguring, such as household appliances. ------Wikipedia (2) Internet of Things refers to the concept that the Internet is no longer just a global network for people to communicate with one another using computers, but it is also a platform for devices to communicate electronically with the world around them.” --Center for Data and Innovation
  9. 9. The Internet of Things (3) The term "Internet of Things" has come to describe a number of technologies and research disciplines that enable the Internet to reach out into the real world of physical objects. ------IoT 2008 (4) “Things having identities and virtual personalities operating in smart spaces using intelligent interfaces to connect and communicate within social, environmental, and user contexts”. -------IoT in 2020
  10. 10. The Internet of Things • The term Internet of Things was first used by Kevin Ashton in 1999. • Refers to uniquely identifiable objects (things) and their virtual representations in an Internet-like structure
  11. 11. Characteristics Ambient Intelligence Event Driven Internet of Things Semantic Sharing Complex Access Technologies Flexible Structure
  12. 12. Enabling Technologies RFID To identify and track the data of things Sensor To collect and process the data to detect the changes in the physical status of things Smart Tech To enhance the power of the network by devolving processing capabilities to different part of the network. Nano Tech To make the smaller and smaller things have the ability to connect and interact.
  13. 13. Technical Perspective Sensing Layer Communication Layer Management Layer
  14. 14. Applications of IoT Management Education IoT Applications Food Retail Logistics Pharmaceuticals
  15. 15. • Management: – Data management – Waste management – Urban planning – Production management – ...
  16. 16. • Logistics: – Warehouse, man agement • Inventory control – Port management • ETAs, ETDs • Ships, boats, cont ainers, etc. – Executable code – …
  17. 17. • Retail: – Intelligent shopping – Bar code in retail – Electronic tags – …
  18. 18. • Pharmaceuticals : – Intelligent tags for drugs – Drug usage tracking – Pharma. Product websites --> Enable the emergency treatment to be given faster and more correct
  19. 19. • Food: – Control geographical origin – Food production management – Nutrition calculations  Prevent overproduction and shortage  Control food quality, health and safety.
  21. 21. • School Administration – Attendance Management – Voting System – Automatic Feedback Loops • Instructional technology – Media – Infor-ma-tion management – Foreign language learning
  22. 22. Smart Things Timeline
  23. 23. Challenges and Issues • Issues – Society: People, security, privacy • A policy for people in the Internet of Things: • Legislation – Environmental aspects • Resource efficiency • Pollution and disaster avoidance – Technological • Architecture (edge devices, servers, discovery services, security, etc.) • Governance, naming, identity, interfaces • Service openness, interoperability • Connections of real and virtual world • Standards
  24. 24. Challenges and Issues IoT will inherit the drawbacks of the current internet on an infinitely larger, but more invisible scale – Privacy – will be a huge issue when implementing IoT – Identity - Online Fragmentation of Identity – Efficiency – speed - person loses identity and is an IP address – Decisions – do not delegate too much of our decision making and freedom of choice to things and machines – Balancing
  25. 25. Challenges and Issues • Transition to IPv6 – Internet protocol v6 • Estalishing a common set of standards between companies, educational systems, and nations. – The same type of cabling, – The same applications or programming – The same protocol or set of rules that will apply to all • Developing energy sources for millions -even billions - of sensors. – Wind – Solar, – Hydro-electric
  26. 26. Hype Cycle of IoT
  27. 27. Technology Roadmap of IoT
  28. 28. Future of IoT
  29. 29. IoT Landscape