Gender Sensitivity- Meysoon Amin


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This slideshare will attempt to outline the importance and application of gender sensitivity in field research.

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  • Good Job Maysoon! I really liked the idea that you compared between the concept of gender and sex, this is really informing. The format you used is brief and clear to the audience, especially the diagrams which is an effective way to lay out the key information.
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  • Hi Mey! What a great presentation!
    First off, I found the diagrams deconstructing gender vs. sex very cute and helpful. Later in your presentation, I appreciated how your laid out the information with the use of arrows and diagrams - this was an effective way of getting a lot of information across in just a few short slides. The fact that you grounded your topic with a case study was well done as well. Nice work!
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  • Great set of slides, Meysoon! Very interesting case study and I am glad that you provided the link.
    My only criticism is that slide 6 is a little hard to read but the way it is presented makes up for that.
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  • I agree with Karen; I like that we were shown how traditional methods are biased. I also like this idea of 'gender blindness' and how intended gender blindness does not resolve biases, but just hides them in more ignorance.

    Just like in issues of race, 'colour blindness' is not the answer; differences NEED to be seen and celebrated.

    Good use of visuals as well.
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  • Great slides Meysoon! After going through it, I agree with what Ashley has suggested, that the application of this approach could possibly skew research (but does address the problem of equality).

    The chosen case study is very interesting. The assessment is almost similar with that done for an Environmental Impact Assessment - an environmental, social and economic impact report for a new development. Similar to Karen's comment on re-looking policies, it would be interesting to see if the Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency (CEAA) addresses 'gender' in their baseline study requirement (legislature) - or are they still in traditional research mode. I can tell you that in Malaysia, the EIA legislation does not address gender.

    I guess this is not a new a new issue, quoting the Preface of the World Bank Policy Research Report:
    'Gender inequalities undermine the effectiveness of development policies in fundamental ways. Yet this is an issue that often lies only at periphery of policy dialogue and decision-making, both in national and international arenas. Part of the neglect comes from policymakers’ reluctance to deal with topics that they deem inextricably associated with societal norms, religion, or cultural traditions.' (The World Bank, 2001)

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    Good job Meysoon - interesting that I nearly got carried away.
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  • This slideshare will attempt to outline the importance and application of gender sensitivity in field research.
  • The terms gender and sex are often used interchangeably and thought to mean the same thing. Main difference between gender and sex, is that gender roles and relations can change over time, due to the fact that they are socially constructed (learned). Whereas, sex is biological determined by genetic and anatomical characteristics (biologically fixed).
  • Gender sensitive research highlights both men and women’s perspectives, contributions and needs which can ultimately lead to a better analysis of the issue, a deeper understanding of the causes and more efficient and effective solutions (policies).
  • Determining if gender is a significant variable: May need to conduct an initial analysis to determine if gender is a significant variable, however in general, any research that involves or affects humans should consider gender.
  • In general, gender sensitive research helps strengthen our understanding and analysis of a problem, and ultimately helps in developing sustainable solutions.
  • Gender Sensitivity- Meysoon Amin

    1. 1. Gender Sensitivity in Field Research Meysoon Amin University of Guelph EDRD6000: Qualitative Analysis March 10, 2014
    2. 2. Outline  Gender vs. Sex  Issues in Traditional Research  Introduction to Gender Sensitive Research  Tools and Tips for using Gender Sensitive Research  Application: Rio Tinto Case Study  Summary
    3. 3. Gender vs. Sex Gender Sex  Gender refers to the socially constructed difference between men and women  Acquired identity that can vary according to: time, culture, social class, religion and region  Sex refers to the biological difference between men and women  Determined by genetic and anatomical characteristics- biologically fixed  Very limited concept Source: The World Bank (2013) Gender differences Sex differences
    4. 4. Issues with Traditional Research Traditional research is often gender blind, which is an obstacle to participatory and sustainable development Experiences and contributions of men and women are unequally valued— Aspects associated with masculinity are viewed as being more important Ethical Issues: contributions and perspectives of women are commonly underestimated and in some cases undocumented Results in important aspects of the problem or situation remaining unclear—incomplete picture of the problem, which may lead to misunderstandings The lack of gender sensitivity in traditional research, can lead to unequal opportunities, segregation and discrimination
    5. 5. Gender Sensitive Research What is Gender Sensitive Research? • Research that considers gender to be a significant variable in environmental and developmental studies (Leduc, 2009) • Emphasizes the perspectives, contributions and needs of both men and women • Pays attention to the similarities and differences between men and women’s experiences and viewpoints—gives them equal value Benefits • Gender sensitive research methodologies are more participatory in nature and can include a wider demographic of people • Capable of empowering marginalized people, especially women, by acknowledging and valuing their contribution • Integrating a gender perspective can improve the relevance, coverage, and quality of research which can lead to more effective and efficient solutions
    6. 6. Tools and Tips for using Gender Sensitive Research Gender sensitive research should identify the impacts of proposed solutions on men and women; their workload, access to resources, social status as well as power dynamics. Gender dimensions are incorporated into every aspect of the research design: • Problem identification • Formulation of conceptual and analytical framework • Methodology • Analysis • Dissemination of results Source: European Commission. Directorate-General for Research (2009)
    7. 7. Tools and Tips for using Gender Sensitive Research Formulate gender sensitive research question Should address how men and women are being/might be affected by the issue and how they are involved (Leduc, 2009) Formulate conceptual framework reflecting gender experiences Avoid male bias and assumptions about gender roles and capacities. Ensure a realistic and inclusive approach (Leduc, 2009) Determine if gender is a significant variable Any research that involves or affects humans should consider the realities of both men and women (CFIR, 2013).
    8. 8. Report Data in a Gender Sensitive Way Always use gender sensitive language in the report. Remember to include different perspectives when defining concepts. And lastly, avoid biased and prejudice terminology, as well as overall generalizations (Leduc, 2009). Collect and Analyze Gender Disaggregated Data Examine the differences in men and women’s: reproductive roles and tasks, division of labour and responsibilities, power relations, social status, as well as access to and control over resources, at the household or community level (EU, 2009) Develop Gender Sensitive Methodology Use participatory methods that are inclusive (equal representation of both men and women), respectful, accountable and context-dependent. They should reflect people’s perspectives and viewpoints (Leduc, 2009). Examples: in-depth household interviews, gender disaggregated mapping and focus group discussions
    9. 9. Case Study: Rio Tinto in Mongolia Background: The Ivanhoe-Rio Tinto Mining Committee wanted to introduce a mining complex into the Aimag Umnugovi area of Mongolia. Stakeholders were interested in assessing the social, economic and physical impact of the mines. As such, they conducted a gender sensitive baseline study to understand the cultural context of the area. Case Study: apps/riotinto_operationmap/pdf/Case_study_3_%20Rio_Tinto_in_Mongolia.pdf Identified gender as a significant variable  Looked at how construction of mines would affect both men and women  Gender was the main selection criteria Gender-sensitive research question Identify the socio-economic impact of the mines on men and women at the local household level Methodology Social baseline study, focus groups and social mapping at the household level  Equal opportunities for both men and women  Questionnaires and participatory methods (ensures all sections of society represented) Data collection and analysis Gender disaggregated data collection (gender roles and responsibilities in Mongolian culture) Findings Deeper understanding of gender, socio-economic and cultural aspects of the area
    10. 10. Summary It’s important to remember that when addressing a problem with a gender sensitive approach, a general understanding of the context and a consistent awareness of our own biases is required. Our biases, and societal views of gender often dictate the way we approach a problem. In summary, gender sensitive research helps strengthen our understanding and analysis of a problem, and ultimately helps in developing sustainable solutions, that reflect the realities of both men and women.
    11. 11. References  Arango, D. (2013). Gender toolkit for international finance-watchers. Retrieved from Gender Action website: Watcher_Toolkit.pdf  Congress of South African Trade Unions (2000, June). Understanding Gender - a struggle within a struggle. Retrieved from  Center for International Forestry Research (2013). Does your proposal demonstrate appropriate attention to gender issues? Retrieved from CGIAR website:  European Commission. Directorate-General for Research (2009). Gender in EU- funded research: Toolkit. Retrieved from European Commission website: olKit_Module1.pdf  The World Bank (2013). Gender and Development - Defining Gender. Retrieved from,,contentMDK: 20193040~pagePK:210058~piPK:210062~theSitePK:336868,00.html