K9 Operations For Patrol


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K9 Operations For Patrol

  1. 1. K9 Operations for Patrol
  2. 2. Capabilities
  3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>Give each officer a working knowledge of the various uses of a Police Dog. </li></ul><ul><li>Realize the limitations and capitalize on abilities of a Police Dog. </li></ul><ul><li>Patrol Officer will be able to assist in maximizing the usefulness. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Topics of discussion <ul><li>Building Search </li></ul><ul><li>Area Search/ Perimeters </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking / Cover Officer </li></ul><ul><li>K9 Apprehensions </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence Recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Riot / Crowd Control </li></ul><ul><li>Drug Sniff’s </li></ul><ul><li>Pursuits </li></ul><ul><li>Report writing </li></ul><ul><li>Safety around K9 </li></ul><ul><li>TASERS </li></ul>
  5. 5. Building Search <ul><li>Establish perimeter </li></ul><ul><li>Radio for K9 search of building </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Searches faster and reduces risks to officers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can locate subject behind locked doors, ceilings, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Don’t allow entry into building during search, including owner/key holder. </li></ul><ul><li>Time is on our side – longer subject is hiding, the more odor emanating. </li></ul><ul><li>At least one cover officer should be assisting. </li></ul><ul><li>K9 announcement needs to be made before and throughout the search. </li></ul><ul><li>Loud speaker might be helpful (i.e. squad, helicopter). </li></ul>
  6. 6. Area Search / Perimeters <ul><li>Point of entry unknown / no track found. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not pursue unless sure of catching subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a tight perimeter. </li></ul><ul><li>Radio for K9 assist. </li></ul><ul><li>Dog can locate a subject hiding in weeds, under deck, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Wind / weather might determine start point. </li></ul><ul><li>K9 announcement needs to be made before and throughout the search. </li></ul><ul><li>Loud speaker might be helpful (i.e. squad, helicopter). </li></ul>
  7. 7. Perimeters <ul><li>Goal of perimeters is to contain the subject, let K9 work. </li></ul><ul><li>A quickly set and secure perimeter should force subject to “lay down” or hide. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t make the perimeter too small, easier to tighten up a perimeter than expand it. </li></ul><ul><li>All officers / handler will be on one radio channel. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep radio traffic to a minimum. </li></ul><ul><li>Mutual aid might be needed, supervisor’s decision. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Perimeters <ul><li>All emergency and white lights should be on, not darked out. </li></ul><ul><li>Try not to distract K9, shining lights, driving around. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay in squad, don’t contaminate area. </li></ul><ul><li>Supervisor or perimeter officer should coordinate air unit, if used. </li></ul><ul><li>Supervisor / handler will decide how long to hold a perimeter. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Tracking <ul><li>K9 will search for a human scent / altered ground and begin tracking. </li></ul><ul><li>Direct handler to the last place suspect was seen. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t pursue unless sure of capture. </li></ul><ul><li>Handler might track on lead or off lead. </li></ul><ul><li>Article from suspect / missing person is helpful, but not necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>Weather plays a big role in tracking, refer to handler for specifics. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Cover Officer <ul><li>Stay about 15-20’ back. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t focus too much on K9, look to other areas to cover. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t get a head of K9 team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opening doors. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moving in front of dog. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Be tactical, light and noise discipline. </li></ul><ul><li>When directed by handler move into cuff subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Search with long gun, if searching for dangerous subject. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Evidence Recovery <ul><li>Dog will close in on human scent left on article. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used to find </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gun, money bag, keys, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>K9 Alert – Varies by K9 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passive alert – K9 lay’s on ground next to article </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aggressive alert – K9 retrieves article </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Call K9 first, don’t contaminate area. </li></ul><ul><li>K9 Request needs to be timely. </li></ul>
  12. 12. K9 Apprehensions <ul><li>Dept Policy: This apprehension refers to a canine officer intentionally releasing or directing a canine to apprehend a suspect who the officer believes has committed or is about to commit a felony or violent misdemeanor criminal act, or to apprehend a mentally ill or mentally defective person to prevent self-injury or injury to another . </li></ul>
  13. 13. K9 Apprehensions <ul><li>Let the handler and K9 do their job. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t encourage K9. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t run in the area when K9 is released for apprehension. </li></ul><ul><li>The cover officer in most cases will need to handcuff/secure the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t move to subject until directed by handler. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Riot / Crowd Control <ul><li>Use of K9 to move a crowd is only authorized if used in a defensive action. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Effect a rescue of person from a violent crowd. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use of a K9 at the scene of a disturbance where there a handful of people does not constitute crowd control, if utilized for officer safety and not to move a crowd. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Drug Sniff’s
  16. 16. Drug Sniff’s <ul><li>Use of a canine to locate narcotic odor is a sniff, not a search. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t search if K9 is to be used (contamination). </li></ul><ul><li>Advise handler of any narcotics found or hazards seen. </li></ul><ul><li>Move / keep subjects out of sight when K9 is working. </li></ul><ul><li>Remove any animals from the area. </li></ul><ul><li>Refer to handler for legal updates, if unsure. </li></ul><ul><li>K9 alert is Probable Cause </li></ul>
  17. 21. Cash Sniff’s <ul><li>Cash in circulation might have trace drug residue, but a K9 is trained to find drug odor, not residue. </li></ul><ul><li>K9 teams must train for cash sniff’s. </li></ul><ul><li>Officers should be careful not to contaminate cash prior to sniff (i.e. store or transport with drugs). </li></ul>
  18. 22. Pursuits <ul><li>K9 unit should move to the front of pursuit to prepare if the suspect(s) bail from vehicle. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-K9 squad should conduct radio traffic, if possible. (difficult to hear with K9) </li></ul><ul><li>Radio – announce there is a K9 in pursuit so responding officers are aware. </li></ul><ul><li>Handler will remove K9 and search, usually off-lead if a suspect bails. </li></ul><ul><li>Handler will refer to policy to determine if K9 will be used. </li></ul>
  19. 23. Felony Stops <ul><li>K9 can be used to clear vehicle after all compliant occupants have been called out and secured. </li></ul><ul><li>Officer calling people out of vehicle should have the last person out, leave one door open. </li></ul><ul><li>K9 announcement should be made, if no response, then K9 can search. </li></ul><ul><li>Handler will direct K9 to approach, enter and search vehicle for hidden persons. </li></ul>
  20. 24. Report Writing / Documentation <ul><li>Handler will document K9 specific information. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t try to interpret / write about what K9 was doing or indicating, leave that to handler. </li></ul><ul><li>Photographs of injuries to suspects, officers and K9. </li></ul>
  21. 25. Safety around Canine <ul><li>Don’t run around K9. </li></ul><ul><li>Dog’s are animals…they chase as a part of instinct and training. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t give any commands to K9, this is the handlers job. </li></ul><ul><li>If challenged by K9, stop the behavior that initiated aggression. </li></ul>
  22. 26. TASER’S & K9 <ul><li>An inadvertent shock to K9 will be detrimental </li></ul><ul><li>Handler should be told prior to deployment, if feasible. </li></ul><ul><li>Taser operator might have to move close to subject to deliver “drive stun” with Taser to avoid accidental discharge into K9. </li></ul>
  23. 27. Handler injured <ul><li>There might be another officer / K9 handler that is familiar with dog that can be called. </li></ul><ul><li>If not, approach dog with confidence and escort with purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>Squad door can opened and the K9 called over. </li></ul>