NATURAL LAW OF ETHICS Also called Thomistic Ethics St. Thomas Aquinas Synderesis ◦ Inherent capacity of individual to distinguish the good from the bad
Propositions1. Voice of right reason or voice of conscience ◦ Voice of conscience will serve as a natural guide ◦ Right thing- following conscience ◦ Wrong thing feel guilty, remorseful
Propositions2. Man’s threefold natural inclinations 1. Self-preservation Suicide Smoking drinking 2. Just dealings with others 3. Propagation of our species Any form of contraceptive is wrong
Propositions3. Three determinants of moral actions 1. Object 2. Circumstances Who, What, Where, By what means, why, How, When 3. End/purpose of agent For an act to be morally good, these 3 elements must be good.
PROPOSITION4. The double effect principle ◦ Woman 3 months pregnant with a cancerous uterus5. The principle of totality ◦ An individual has the right to cutt off, mutilate or remove defect non-functioning organs only if the general well being of the whole body requires.6. Principle of stewarship
PROPOSITION7. Principle of inviolability of life8. Principle of sexuality and procreation.