Gk word ◦ Genea Breed, kind ◦ Genesis Descent, origin Science that deals with the interaction of the genes in producing similarities and differences between individual related by descent
Art and science that is concerned with the practical application of scientific knowledge Design Constructions Operations of rocks, bridges, harbors, buildings
Human design into the formation of new genetic combination in order to produce desired results. Includes: ◦ Genetic testing ◦ Prenatal diagnosis ◦ Genetic screening ◦ Genetic control ◦ In vitro fertilization ◦ Embryo transfer ◦ Cloning ◦ Sperm and zygote banking ◦ Sex selection ◦ Surogacy ◦ Organic transplant
Chromosomal analysis for detecting genetically-caused diseases. ◦ Taysach’s disease ◦ PKU Purpose is purely eugenic
Amniocentesis ◦ Detect malformation as early as 5th month or 16th week of pregnancy and onwards Fetoscope Ultrasound
With Genetic Testing Screen, choose or select Screening ◦ CF ◦ Hemophilia ◦ Sickle cell anemia ◦ PKU Purpose is to obtain information for the treatment and to help the parents to make responsible decisions in childbearing ◦ Sterilization, contraception
Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.
An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.
The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
A surrogate mother is a woman who carries a child for someone else, usually an infertile couple.2 types 1. traditional- genes from the mother 2. gestational- zygote implanted to mother
Chinese Calendar Monitoring one menstrual cycle Monitoring female orgasm Vaginal rinsing ◦ baking Soda and water – boy ◦ Vinegar and water - girl Timing of semen ejaculation
1. Control of sex-related diseases 1. Hemophilia2. Reduction of Birth rate3. Additional knowledge about human reproduction4. Preventive of Abortion
Organs, tissues, or cells taken from the body for grafting into another area of the same body or into another individual Types ◦ Autograft ◦ Heterograft ◦ homograft ◦ isograft
The process of making a clone, a genetically identical copy. Cloning can refer to the technique of producing a genetically identical copy of an organism by replacing the nucleus of an unfertilized ovum with the nucleus of a body cell from the organism. The first adult mammal cloned was Dolly the Sheep in 1997.