Moral issue of genetic engineering


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Moral issue of genetic engineering

  1. 1. Mevelle Asuncion, RN
  2. 2.  Gk word ◦ Genea  Breed, kind ◦ Genesis  Descent, origin Science that deals with the interaction of the genes in producing similarities and differences between individual related by descent
  3. 3.  Art and science that is concerned with the practical application of scientific knowledge Design Constructions Operations of rocks, bridges, harbors, buildings
  4. 4.  Human design into the formation of new genetic combination in order to produce desired results. Includes: ◦ Genetic testing ◦ Prenatal diagnosis ◦ Genetic screening ◦ Genetic control ◦ In vitro fertilization ◦ Embryo transfer ◦ Cloning ◦ Sperm and zygote banking ◦ Sex selection ◦ Surogacy ◦ Organic transplant
  5. 5.  Chromosomal analysis for detecting genetically-caused diseases. ◦ Taysach’s disease ◦ PKU Purpose is purely eugenic
  6. 6.  Amniocentesis ◦ Detect malformation as early as 5th month or 16th week of pregnancy and onwards Fetoscope Ultrasound
  7. 7.  With Genetic Testing Screen, choose or select Screening ◦ CF ◦ Hemophilia ◦ Sickle cell anemia ◦ PKU Purpose is to obtain information for the treatment and to help the parents to make responsible decisions in childbearing ◦ Sterilization, contraception
  8. 8.  Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.
  9. 9.  An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.
  10. 10.  The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
  11. 11. A surrogate mother is a woman who carries a child for someone else, usually an infertile couple.2 types 1. traditional- genes from the mother 2. gestational- zygote implanted to mother
  12. 12.  Chinese Calendar Monitoring one menstrual cycle Monitoring female orgasm Vaginal rinsing ◦ baking Soda and water – boy ◦ Vinegar and water - girl Timing of semen ejaculation
  13. 13. 1. Control of sex-related diseases 1. Hemophilia2. Reduction of Birth rate3. Additional knowledge about human reproduction4. Preventive of Abortion
  14. 14.  Organs, tissues, or cells taken from the body for grafting into another area of the same body or into another individual Types ◦ Autograft ◦ Heterograft ◦ homograft ◦ isograft
  15. 15.  The process of making a clone, a genetically identical copy. Cloning can refer to the technique of producing a genetically identical copy of an organism by replacing the nucleus of an unfertilized ovum with the nucleus of a body cell from the organism. The first adult mammal cloned was Dolly the Sheep in 1997.
  16. 16.  Male to female Female to male
  17. 17.  Natural Law Situationism by John Fletcher Utilitarianism Kantian Ethics ◦ Universalizability