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Hakapirtti, Valkeakoski

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  1. 1. FINNISH FORESTRY IN A NUTSHELL<br />Miia Jyrkkärinne, Tuukka Kataja & Lasse Maunula<br />25.5.2011<br />HAKAPIRTTI, VALKEAKOSKI<br />METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />
  2. 2. FOREST RESOURCES<br />Source: Finnish Forest Research Institute<br />Photo: Lasse Maunula<br />METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />2<br />
  3. 3. OWNERSHIP OF FORESTRY LAND<br />Source: Finnish Forest Research Institute<br />Photo: Lasse Maunula<br />METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />3<br />
  4. 4. ECONOMICS<br />Source: Finnish Forest Research Institute<br />Net earnings from forestry to forest owners in 2009:<br />922 921 000 €<br />Photo: Lasse Maunula<br />METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />4<br />
  5. 5. COMMERCIAL ROUNDWOOD REMOVALS<br />Annual growth: 99,5 million m3<br />99,2 % of roundwood is mechanically harvested<br />Photo: Lasse Maunula<br />METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />5<br />
  6. 6. FOREST CYCLE<br />Photo: Lasse Maunula<br />METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />6<br />
  7. 7. SUSTAINABILITY AND FORESTRY<br />Over 95 % of Finnish forests are PEFC-certified. PEFC stands for Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification.<br />In addition, Finnish forests may also be FSC-certified.<br />Photo: Lasse Maunula<br />METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />7<br />
  8. 8. EXAMPLES OF PEFC CRITERIA<br />Criterion 3: Health of the stand shall be attended<br />Criterion 4: Finnish native tree species shall be used in forest regeneration<br />Criteria 7: Seedling stands shall be tended to safeguard wood production<br />Criteria 9: Conservation value of protected areas shall be safeguarded<br />Source: PEFC Finland: Criteria for Group Certification<br />Photo: Lasse Maunula<br />METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />8<br />
  9. 9. EXAMPLES OF PEFC CRITERIA<br />Criterion 10: Typical features of valuable habitats are preserved<br />Criterion 12: Previously known habitats of endangered species are safeguarded<br />Criterion 13: Retention trees and decaying wood shall be left in forestry operations<br />Source: PEFC Finland: Criteria for Group Certification<br />Photo: Lasse Maunula<br />METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />9<br />
  10. 10. SUSTAINABILITY AND FORESTRY<br />Forestry is also regulated by<br />Law. Forestry act requires that the forests are tended in a socially, economically and ecologically sustainable way.<br />For example, one is required to regenerate the forest that has been cut down within a reasonable time.<br />Photo: Lasse Maunula<br />METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />10<br />
  11. 11. TREES OF FINLAND<br />Photo: Lasse Maunula<br />METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />11<br />
  12. 12. SCOTS PINE Pinus sylvestris<br />It is the world's second most widespread conifer, from Spain and Scotland to North-West China and Siberia.<br /><br />METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />12<br />
  13. 13. SCOTS PINE Pinus sylvestris<br /><ul><li>Evergreen
  14. 14. Light-demanding pioneering species
  15. 15. Dry and harsh habitats
  16. 16. Trunk is slim, slender and straight
  17. 17. Bark is orange-red and brown
  18. 18. Blue-green needles</li></ul>METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />13<br />
  19. 19. SCOTS PINE Pinus sylvestris<br />Scots pine generally forms dense-ringed, strong and homogeneous wood material<br /><ul><li>The wood is used for
  20. 20. Pulp
  21. 21. Building materials
  22. 22. Furniture industry</li></ul>METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />14<br />
  23. 23. NORWAY SPRUCE Piceaabies<br />The Norway Spruce grows throughout Europe, from Norway to the Ural Mountains<br /><br />METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />15<br />
  24. 24. NORWAY SPRUCE Piceaabies<br /><ul><li>Tolerates shade better than the Scots pine
  25. 25. Nutritious and moist mineral soil
  26. 26. Short growing season restrict the growth of the trees
  27. 27. Needles are dark green
  28. 28. Bark is dark brown
  29. 29. Branches are hang down and crown is pyramidal </li></ul>METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />16<br />
  30. 30. NORWAY SPRUCE Piceaabies<br /><ul><li>Wood material is pale, homogeneous and pretty light
  31. 31. The wood is used for
  32. 32. Pulp
  33. 33. Musical instrument manufacturing
  34. 34. Building materials
  35. 35. Furniture industry</li></ul>METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />17<br />
  36. 36. SILVER AND DOWNY BIRCH Betulapendula, B. pubescens<br /><ul><li>The most common of hardwoods
  37. 37. Both silver and downy birch grow in northern and central part of Europe and also in the northern parts of Asia
  38. 38. Downy birch is more common on wet, poorly drained sites
  39. 39. Silver birch grows mainly on well-drained mineral soil</li></ul>METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />18<br />
  40. 40. SILVER AND DOWNY BIRCH Betulapendula, B. pubescens<br /><ul><li>Both are medium-sized deciduous trees
  41. 41. Leaves are pale green and triangular with teeth
  42. 42. Bark is white and papery, black cracks and marks
  43. 43. The trunk of Downy birch is usually more curved than the trunk of Silver birch</li></ul>METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />19<br />
  44. 44. SILVER AND DOWNY BIRCH Betulapendula, B. pubescens<br />The wood material is quite hard and flexible, pale and homogeneous<br />The wood is used for<br /><ul><li>Pulp
  45. 45. Plywood production
  46. 46. Furniture
  47. 47. Interior design</li></ul>METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />20<br />
  48. 48. OTHER TREE SPECIES<br /><ul><li>Aspen Populus tremula
  49. 49. Goat willow Salix caprea
  50. 50. Rowan Sorbusaucuparia
  51. 51. Black alder Alnus glutinosa
  52. 52. Linden Tilia cordata
  53. 53. Juniper Juniperus communis</li></ul>METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />21<br />
  54. 54. THANK YOU<br />Photo: Lasse Maunula<br />METSÄNHOITO-OSUUSKUNTA<br />TUOHI<br />22<br />