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Open Standard For The 3D Web


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Slides from Stanford Open Source (un)conference '08 session on Open Standard for the 3D Web presented by Damon Hernandez and Mike Aratow

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Open Standard For The 3D Web

  1. 1. Damon Hernandez [email_address] Dr. Mike Aratow [email_address]
  2. 2. Applications of web3D include: Driven by various Web3D technologies, 3D on the Web is all around us. Web3D is the term used to describe interactive online 3D content.
  3. 3. A royalty-free open standard file format and run-time architecture to represent and communicate 3D scenes and objects that integrates with the Web.
  4. 4. <ul><li>It is open source, free, and you own your content! </li></ul><ul><li>Interoperability between applications and platforms </li></ul><ul><li>Longevity - content stands the test of time </li></ul>
  5. 5. X3D (Extensible 3D) is the royalty-free open standards file format and run-time architecture to represent and communicate 3D scenes and objects in XML. <ul><li>Componentized : allows lightweight core 3D runtime delivery engine </li></ul><ul><li>Extensible : allows components to be added to extend functionality for vertical market </li></ul><ul><li>applications and services </li></ul><ul><li>Profiled : standardized sets of extensions to meet specific application needs </li></ul><ul><li>Evolutionary : easy to update and preserve VRML97 content as X3D </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast/Embedded Application Ready : from mobile phones to supercomputers </li></ul><ul><li>Real-Time : graphics are high quality, real-time, interactive, and include audio and video as well </li></ul><ul><li>as 3D data. </li></ul><ul><li>Well-Specified : makes it easier to build conformant, consistent, and bug-free implementations </li></ul>
  6. 6. <?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot; encoding=&quot;UTF-8&quot;?> <X3D profile='Immersive' version> <Scene> <Shape DEF='RedBox'> <Appearance containerField='appearance'> <Material DEF='Red' containerField='material' ambientIntensity='0.200' shininess='0.200' diffuseColor='1 0 0'/> </Appearance> <Box DEF='Box' containerField='geometry' size='1 1 1'/> </Shape> </Scene> </X3D> X3D for a Red Box Open Source Players 3d Content Flux Player
  7. 7. The Web3d Consortium is a member-funded industry consortium committed to the Creation and deployment of open, royalty-free standards that enable the communication of real-time 3D across applications, networks, and XML web services. Supported by international participation, ISO certification, and these relationships.
  8. 8. Gaming Augmented Reality Mirror Worlds Data Visualization Enterprise Medical Cultural Heritage E-commerce Virtual Worlds Education
  9. 9. “ In some cases, it may be appropriate for cultural institutions to use managed 3-D virtual worlds (such as Second Life) to engage new audiences and display digital assets but it is not suggested that such environments are used for the creation or preservation of digital masters. Virtual Reality models should be created using the X3D format .” -Technical Guidelines for Digital Cultural Content Creation Programmes ’08 , MINERVA (
  10. 10. MedX3D is tightly focused on medical applications that can benefit from real time 3D visualization. These types of applications include medical modeling and simulation for research and education; 3D image rendering for planning and guiding surgical and nuclear medicine procedures; image fusion-the association of specific 2D images from multimodal (PET, CAT, MRI, Ultrasound) scans with one another or with existing 3D images of a given patient.
  11. 11. <ul><li>A model of planet Earth that uses publicly and </li></ul><ul><li>privately available terrain datasets, imagery, </li></ul><ul><li>and cartography </li></ul><ul><li>Provide linkable locations for any place </li></ul><ul><li>Provide hooks for physical models </li></ul><ul><li>Define functionality in a platform-independent manner </li></ul><ul><li>Inline X3D scenes for high levels of interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Platform exceeds current mirror worlds in the support of </li></ul><ul><li>more complex geometry and higher levels of interactive </li></ul><ul><li>3d scenes </li></ul><ul><li>Standards-based X3D Earth specification usable by </li></ul><ul><li>governments, industry, scientists, academia, and </li></ul><ul><li>the general public. </li></ul><ul><li>This is an example of a non-textured full Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM) model positioned in location on X3D Earth </li></ul>
  12. 12. As the virtual merges more with the real, X3D is an open standard that will take content and applications into this mixed reality future.