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CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup
Merete Sanderhoff
Curator of digital museum practice
Statens Museum for Kunst
@MSanderhoff...
CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup
About SMK
The National Gallery of Denmark
Western art from 1300 to the present
260,000 art...
About me
Art Historian
Digital Research & Development
Advice on copyright and public domain
Standards and policies
at the ...
Overview
1. SMK – a catalyst for creativity and learning
2. Curatorial challenges of mixing it up
3. Re-interpreting Bildu...
Museums have always been
places for learning
http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/j/japanese-cloisonne-in-19th-century-li...
Today,
learning happens everywhere…
…and often,
outside formal institutions
Maker Culture
DIY learning
active creativity
learning-by-doing
constructivist approach
practical skills
informal networks
...
Maker culture has attracted the
interest of educators concerned
about students’ disengagement from
STEM subjects (science,...
Art enhances the equation
http://stemtosteam.org/
*SMK’s first digital strategy, 2009
We want to be a
catalyst for
users’ creativity*
Galleries
Libraries
Archives
Museums
Open digitised collections
open up creativity and learning
http://openglam.org/
Pioneers
A beacon
400,000 quality images for free download
Remix as a way to learn
“The action of actually working with an image,
clipping it out and paying attention to the very
sm...
https://twitter.com/PUBDOMAINHULK
A growing public demand
Working bottom up
Johannes Simon Holzbecker, Hyacints, from Gottorfer Codex, 1649-59, KKSgb2947/26. Public Domain.
Think Big,
Start Small,
Move Fast
Michael Edson, Director of Web and New Media Strategy, Smithsonian
Advisory meeting with...
160 high res images
in 2012
http://collection.smk.dk/
25,000 images
in 2015
What does it mean?
Copyright is “a little coral reef
of private right jutting up from
the ocean of Public Domain.”
Paul Torremans, Copyright ...
Works that are in the Public Domain in
analogue form continue to be in the Public
Domain once they have been digitised.
ht...
But people don’t
know we’re open
unless we tell them
An opportunity
Design challenge needs an exhibition venue
http://www.europeana.eu/portal/
http://pro.europeana.eu/structure/europeana-creative
Exhibitions at SMK
5 million DKK
3 years of planning
Exhibitions at SMK
5 million DKK
3 years of planning
Think Big,
Start Small,
Move Fast
Raise awareness of open collections
‘Set art free’ event, May 2015
CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup
A celebration
of open collections
Remix exhibition
Culture Cam installation
VanGoYourself ...
In collaboration with
In collaboration with
Europeana Creative – basic funding and concept
Aalto University – project organiser
SMK Fridays – ve...
Johannes Simon Holzbecker, Hyacints, from Gottorfer Codex, 1649-59, KKSgb2947/26. Public Domain.
Design challenge:
Remix exhibition
13 artists and
designers were
invited to mix up
SMK’s collections
The artists got to hack
our museum for a weekend
CC BY-SA 4.0 Merete Sanderhoff
Filip Vest, 22 Skies
CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup
CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup
Their remixes ranged
from lasercut installations…
CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup
…over tapestries,
fashion clothes, collages…
Harald Slott-Møller, Danish landscape, 1891
Product of Public Domain
CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup
Jamie Seaboch, Collage
CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup
…to a pop-up version of a painting
with motorized moving light
CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup
Kati Hyyppä, As light goes by
CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup
Artists talks
- communicating remix culture
CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup
Huge interest from the audience
CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup
A unique mix between old and new
CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup
More than 6,000 people
joined the party
Feedback from artists/designers
Feedback from artists in Mix it up!
CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup
”It is a giant toolbox...
”It is a giant toolbox with a fantastic amount of materials to
work with.”
“It was a very strong symbiotic experience to b...
”It is a giant toolbox with a fantastic amount of materials to
work with.”
“It was a very strong symbiotic experience to b...
Feedback from visitors
Feedback from guests at SMK Friday
CC BY-SA 4.0 Olivia Skjerk Frankel
Many respondents did not know about the
museum’s open collections. Many still feel that
the museum is an old and tradition...
”You know, sometimes art can feel a bit
inaccessible. And when it is just set free like this,
then people can do with it w...
”If the artworks are to be used, it must be facilitated –
perhaps by the museum itself. The Internet is flooded
with image...
Feedback from curators
Interesting intervention on the concept level
Some well conceived and well crafted remixes in the
s...
Feedback from curators
The decision making process was rushed and unclear
Quality of the resulting remixes was too diverse...
What did
we learn?
Curatorial friction
Move fast > < careful preparation
Limited resources > < professional standards
Beta...
Can we/should we integrate
‘hacks’ in the organisation?
Bildung ~ Building
With universal access to
cultural heritage as raw
materials for new
creativity and innovation,
Bildung becomes closely
con...
Creating an understanding of the
world and your own place in it
becomes a product of active
processing, adapting, rebuildi...
The word Bildung is particularly
apt in this context, since
etymologically it is derived from
the verb bilden (to form or
...
https://medium.com/code-words-technology-and-theory-in-the-
museum/wanna-play-8f8e2e8cb2fe#.g41p8a4np
”Our role is still more to facilitate public use of
cultural heritage for learning, creativity, and
innovation.
Today, lea...
Background reading
on potentials and
challenges of
open collections
www.sharingiscaring.smk
CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup
Merete Sanderhoff
Curator of digital museum practice
Statens Museum for Kunst
@MSanderhoff...
Mix it up! Old collections inspiring new creativity and learning
Mix it up! Old collections inspiring new creativity and learning
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Mix it up! Old collections inspiring new creativity and learning

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Paper presented at Curatorial Challenges, University of Copenhagen, 26-27 May 2016
http://artsandculturalstudies.ku.dk/conferencecuratorial/

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Mix it up! Old collections inspiring new creativity and learning

  1. 1. CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup Merete Sanderhoff Curator of digital museum practice Statens Museum for Kunst @MSanderhoff Curatorial Challenges University of Copenhagen 26-27 May 2016 Mix it up! Old collections inspiring new creativity and learning
  2. 2. CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup About SMK The National Gallery of Denmark Western art from 1300 to the present 260,000 artworks 66 % in the public domain 27 % digitised
  3. 3. About me Art Historian Digital Research & Development Advice on copyright and public domain Standards and policies at the national and European level Facilitation of educational and creative reuse
  4. 4. Overview 1. SMK – a catalyst for creativity and learning 2. Curatorial challenges of mixing it up 3. Re-interpreting Bildung as Building
  5. 5. Museums have always been places for learning http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/j/japanese-cloisonne-in-19th-century-literary-sources/
  6. 6. Today, learning happens everywhere…
  7. 7. …and often, outside formal institutions
  8. 8. Maker Culture DIY learning active creativity learning-by-doing constructivist approach practical skills informal networks cross-over between subjects
  9. 9. Maker culture has attracted the interest of educators concerned about students’ disengagement from STEM subjects (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) in formal educational settings. Maker culture is seen as having the potential to contribute to a more participatory approach to learning and create new pathways into topics that will make them more alive and relevant to learners. Innovating Pedagogy, 2013 http://arcade.dewlines.org/tag/maker-culture/
  10. 10. Art enhances the equation http://stemtosteam.org/
  11. 11. *SMK’s first digital strategy, 2009 We want to be a catalyst for users’ creativity*
  12. 12. Galleries Libraries Archives Museums Open digitised collections open up creativity and learning http://openglam.org/
  13. 13. Pioneers
  14. 14. A beacon 400,000 quality images for free download
  15. 15. Remix as a way to learn “The action of actually working with an image, clipping it out and paying attention to the very small details, makes you remember it.” http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/29/arts/design/museums-mull-public-use-of-online-art-images.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0 Taco Dibbits Samlingschef, Rijksmuseum
  16. 16. https://twitter.com/PUBDOMAINHULK A growing public demand
  17. 17. Working bottom up Johannes Simon Holzbecker, Hyacints, from Gottorfer Codex, 1649-59, KKSgb2947/26. Public Domain.
  18. 18. Think Big, Start Small, Move Fast Michael Edson, Director of Web and New Media Strategy, Smithsonian Advisory meeting with the SMK management team, November 2011
  19. 19. 160 high res images in 2012
  20. 20. http://collection.smk.dk/
  21. 21. 25,000 images in 2015
  22. 22. What does it mean?
  23. 23. Copyright is “a little coral reef of private right jutting up from the ocean of Public Domain.” Paul Torremans, Copyright law: a handbook of contemporary research, 2007 Adam Olearius, "Oftt begehrte Beschreibung Der Newen Orienthalischen Reise [...]", Schleswig 1647, KKSgb10873/28, SMK. Public Domain
  24. 24. Works that are in the Public Domain in analogue form continue to be in the Public Domain once they have been digitised. http://pro.europeana.eu/files/Europeana_Professional/Publications/Public%20Domain%20Charter%20-%20EN.pdf
  25. 25. But people don’t know we’re open unless we tell them
  26. 26. An opportunity Design challenge needs an exhibition venue
  27. 27. http://www.europeana.eu/portal/
  28. 28. http://pro.europeana.eu/structure/europeana-creative
  29. 29. Exhibitions at SMK 5 million DKK 3 years of planning
  30. 30. Exhibitions at SMK 5 million DKK 3 years of planning Think Big, Start Small, Move Fast
  31. 31. Raise awareness of open collections ‘Set art free’ event, May 2015
  32. 32. CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup A celebration of open collections Remix exhibition Culture Cam installation VanGoYourself workshop Wiki edit-a-thon Animated GIF workshop Performances Film screenings Artist talks Art DJ’s
  33. 33. In collaboration with
  34. 34. In collaboration with Europeana Creative – basic funding and concept Aalto University – project organiser SMK Fridays – venue, framework, and manpower = We have a project
  35. 35. Johannes Simon Holzbecker, Hyacints, from Gottorfer Codex, 1649-59, KKSgb2947/26. Public Domain.
  36. 36. Design challenge: Remix exhibition 13 artists and designers were invited to mix up SMK’s collections
  37. 37. The artists got to hack our museum for a weekend CC BY-SA 4.0 Merete Sanderhoff
  38. 38. Filip Vest, 22 Skies CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup
  39. 39. CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup Their remixes ranged from lasercut installations…
  40. 40. CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup …over tapestries, fashion clothes, collages…
  41. 41. Harald Slott-Møller, Danish landscape, 1891 Product of Public Domain
  42. 42. CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup Jamie Seaboch, Collage
  43. 43. CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup …to a pop-up version of a painting with motorized moving light
  44. 44. CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup Kati Hyyppä, As light goes by
  45. 45. CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup Artists talks - communicating remix culture
  46. 46. CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup Huge interest from the audience
  47. 47. CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup A unique mix between old and new
  48. 48. CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup More than 6,000 people joined the party
  49. 49. Feedback from artists/designers Feedback from artists in Mix it up! CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup ”It is a giant toolbox with a fantastic amount of materials to work with.”
  50. 50. ”It is a giant toolbox with a fantastic amount of materials to work with.” “It was a very strong symbiotic experience to be in so close dialogue with the original work. It added a fresh dimension to the permanent collections.” Feedback from artists in Mix it up! CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup
  51. 51. ”It is a giant toolbox with a fantastic amount of materials to work with.” “It was a very strong symbiotic experience to be in so close dialogue with the original work. It added a fresh dimension to the permanent collections.” “I have been creating collages using international museum collections for 20-25 years (...) But I have only been able to share them with my friends and family, knowing that if I were to present them publicly I would face legal retribution. Now I am, for the first time, allowed to share my perspective.” Feedback from artists in Mix it up! CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup
  52. 52. Feedback from visitors Feedback from guests at SMK Friday CC BY-SA 4.0 Olivia Skjerk Frankel
  53. 53. Many respondents did not know about the museum’s open collections. Many still feel that the museum is an old and traditional institution whose role doesn’t rhyme with open source and sharing culture. Feedback from guests at SMK Friday CC BY-SA 4.0 Olivia Skjerk Frankel
  54. 54. ”You know, sometimes art can feel a bit inaccessible. And when it is just set free like this, then people can do with it what they want. I think that’s pretty nice.” Feedback from guests at SMK Friday CC BY-SA 4.0 Olivia Skjerk Frankel
  55. 55. ”If the artworks are to be used, it must be facilitated – perhaps by the museum itself. The Internet is flooded with images, it is therefore essential that SMK takes the lead and show users how the digitised collections can be re-used for something fun, and thought-provoking.” Feedback from guests at SMK Friday CC BY-SA 4.0 Olivia Skjerk Frankel
  56. 56. Feedback from curators Interesting intervention on the concept level Some well conceived and well crafted remixes in the show Positively surprised at the high investment of artists and designers in the challenge
  57. 57. Feedback from curators The decision making process was rushed and unclear Quality of the resulting remixes was too diverse Conditions for participating artists were below SMK standard The design challenge would have benefitted from integration with the curatorial workflows of SMK
  58. 58. What did we learn? Curatorial friction Move fast > < careful preparation Limited resources > < professional standards Beta mindset > < perfect products
  59. 59. Can we/should we integrate ‘hacks’ in the organisation?
  60. 60. Bildung ~ Building
  61. 61. With universal access to cultural heritage as raw materials for new creativity and innovation, Bildung becomes closely connected to Building.
  62. 62. Creating an understanding of the world and your own place in it becomes a product of active processing, adapting, rebuilding and repurposing.
  63. 63. The word Bildung is particularly apt in this context, since etymologically it is derived from the verb bilden (to form or create) which again originates from the noun Bild (image).
  64. 64. https://medium.com/code-words-technology-and-theory-in-the- museum/wanna-play-8f8e2e8cb2fe#.g41p8a4np
  65. 65. ”Our role is still more to facilitate public use of cultural heritage for learning, creativity, and innovation. Today, learning happens in reciprocity. We are all a part of the web. We shape each other.” Mikkel Bogh Director, SMK http://bit.ly/1dMX0BJ
  66. 66. Background reading on potentials and challenges of open collections
  67. 67. www.sharingiscaring.smk
  68. 68. CC BY-SA 4.0 Ida Tietgen Høyrup Merete Sanderhoff Curator of digital museum practice Statens Museum for Kunst @MSanderhoff Curatorial Challenges University of Copenhagen 26-27 May 2016 Questions?

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