Research In Action #6


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Issue #6: School-Based Mentoring

The Research In Action series was developed by MENTOR and translates the latest mentoring research into tangible strategies for mentoring practitioners. Research In Action (RIA) makes the best available research accessible and relevant to the mentoring fiel

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Research In Action #6

  1. 1. Research in Action Series School-Based Mentoring
  2. 2. Overview of Research in Action Series <ul><li>MENTOR has developed an innovative series - Research in Action </li></ul><ul><li>Translates the latest research on mentoring into tangible strategies for mentoring practitioners. </li></ul><ul><li>Makes the best available research accessible and relevant to the mentoring field.   </li></ul><ul><li>Using the Research in Action series, programs can ensure their practices are based on current research, resulting in improved services and better impacts for young people. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>10 issues </li></ul><ul><li>Each issue provides:   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul></ul>Overview of Research in Action Series
  4. 4. Research in Action Issues: <ul><li>Mentoring: A Key Resource for Promoting Positive Youth Development </li></ul><ul><li>Effectiveness of Mentoring Program Practices </li></ul><ul><li>Program Staff in Youth Mentoring Programs: Qualifications, Training, and Retention </li></ul><ul><li>Fostering Close and Effective Relationships in Youth Mentoring Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Why Youth Mentoring Relationships End </li></ul><ul><li>School-Based Mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-Age Peer Mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Mentoring Across Generations: Engaging 50+ Adults as Mentors </li></ul><ul><li>Youth Mentoring: Do Race and Ethnicity Really Matter? </li></ul><ul><li>Mentoring: A Promising Intervention for Children of Prisoners </li></ul>
  5. 5. Mentor Michigan Webinar Series <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Click on “Training & Technical Assistance” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Issue 6: School-based Mentoring <ul><li>Michael Karcher, Ed.D., Ph.D., University of Texas at San Antonio </li></ul><ul><li>Carla Herrera, Ph.D., Public/Private Ventures </li></ul><ul><li>Issue available for free download at MENTOR’s website </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Access Research” Tab  Research in Action </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Issue 6 - Overview <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>SB & CB Approaches to Mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>SBM Outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of Effective Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Questions/Discussion </li></ul>
  8. 8. Introduction <ul><li>School-based mentoring is now the most common form of formal mentoring in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Close to 870,000 adults are mentoring children in schools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>School-based mentoring: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is a very different intervention than the community based model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does benefit the youth, primarily in the areas of peer relationships and school-related areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Necessitates several practices to maximize benefits for youth </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. SB v. CB Approaches to Mentoring Often occur in presence of peers Often occur in presence of peers Types of activities available Opportunities to influence school outcomes Duration/pauses in relationship Reach underserved children Limited time Supervised matches Challenges of SBM Strengths of SBM
  10. 10. Strengths of SBM <ul><li>Supervised matches </li></ul><ul><li>Reach underserved youth </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to influence school outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Often occur in the presence of peers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Insight into social skills and relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvements in peer relationships </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Challenges of SBM <ul><li>Limited time </li></ul><ul><li>Duration/pauses in relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Types of activities available </li></ul><ul><li>Often occur in the presence of peers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inhibit match from developing close and personal relationship </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Costs for SBM & CBM <ul><li>Costs are similar – about $1,000 per match per year. </li></ul><ul><li>Variations in cost per match </li></ul><ul><li>How many hours of mentoring received for every dollar spent? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>School-based mentoring more expensive per hour </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Outcomes-Based Analysis <ul><li>When determining program’s potential value , costs must be weighed with type of services being provided and population being served. </li></ul><ul><li>Considering outcomes yielded for a given price is likely a better strategy. </li></ul>Dollar for dollar, school-based mentoring yields comparable benefits to community-based mentoring
  14. 14. SBM – Who Benefits the Most? <ul><li>Age of mentees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nature of relationship and enthusiasm for program changes as the mentee gets older </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gender of mentees and perception of what being mentored means </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Girls benefiting slightly more than boys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Girls are more receptive to the idea of mentoring as a “helping relationship” versus a “social opportunity” </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. SBM – Who Benefits the Most? <ul><li>Characteristics of mentee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grade level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not all youth benefit in same way – does not imply that SBM should stop serving youth with smallest benefits </li></ul>
  16. 16. Characteristics of Effective SBM Programs <ul><li>Mentor Support </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing Longevity </li></ul><ul><li>Terminating Effectively </li></ul><ul><li>Summer Contact </li></ul>
  17. 17. Mentor Support <ul><li>Pre-match & ongoing training </li></ul><ul><li>Regular staff support </li></ul><ul><li>Contact with case managers at the school </li></ul><ul><li>Actively seek out mentors </li></ul><ul><li>School support </li></ul><ul><li>Tailor the type and amount of support to the needs of the mentors </li></ul>
  18. 18. Types of Activities <ul><li>Instrumental </li></ul><ul><li>Overly focused </li></ul><ul><li>Mentor driven </li></ul><ul><li>Activities which emphasize the need for the youth to improve </li></ul><ul><li>Less positive outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Developmental </li></ul><ul><li>Getting to know youth </li></ul><ul><li>Having fun </li></ul><ul><li>Activities of interest to the youth </li></ul><ul><li>Linked with match longevity and satisfaction </li></ul>
  19. 19. Increasing Longevity <ul><li>Meet early in the school year </li></ul><ul><li>Start new mentors with younger students </li></ul><ul><li>Establish programs or connections with other programs in feeder schools </li></ul>
  20. 20. Terminating Effectively <ul><li>Establish closure procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Train mentors on ending the relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Help the youth feel positive at the end of the relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Consistently implement closure procedures at the end of the school year </li></ul>
  21. 21. Summer Contact <ul><li>Increase match longevity and quality </li></ul><ul><li>BBBS Study </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Matches that communicated over the summer were more likely to carry over into the following school year and lasted longer in that year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More improvements in relationship quality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Responsibility of program to facilitate and establishing guidelines for summer contact </li></ul>
  22. 22. Facilitating Summer Contact <ul><li>Hold agency-sponsored summer activities </li></ul><ul><li>Hold a spring party to encourage matches to stay in touch by phone, letters or email over the summer </li></ul><ul><li>Provide matches with ideas for games and activities they could engage in by phone, email or letters </li></ul><ul><li>Send out summer newsletters </li></ul>
  23. 23. Conclusions <ul><li>SBM programs must adjust to the structure of the school </li></ul><ul><li>New mentor training, staff support and match maintenance efforts, such as summer contacts, will be necessary for SBM to reach its potential </li></ul><ul><li>Important to adapt SBM to better suit specific needs of boys and girls of specific ages </li></ul>
  24. 24. Action <ul><li>Part I: Is a School-Based Mentoring Program Right for You? </li></ul><ul><li>Part II: Is Your School-based Mentoring Program Effective? </li></ul><ul><li>Download this issue by visiting: </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“Access Research” Tab  Research in Action </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>National leader in creating and strengthening programs that improve lives in low-income communities. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>School-based mentoring resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recent mentoring publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major mentoring initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Go to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Program Area  Mentoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major Initiatives  School-based mentoring </li></ul></ul>Public/Private Ventures (P/PV)
  26. 26. The Mentor Consulting Group <ul><li>Consulting firm led by Dr. Susan Weinberger, founder of the nation’s first school-based mentoring program </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources  Free MCG Publications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Two Decades of Learned Lessons from School-Based Mentoring” –Dr. Weinberger </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>The leader in expanding the power of mentoring to millions of young Americans who want and need adult mentors. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High School Mentor Activity Report </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to Build a Successful Mentoring Program Using the Elements of Effective Practice </li></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>MENTOR
  28. 28. <ul><li>National organization that provides training and technical assistance to youth mentoring programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources  School-Based Mentoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The ABCs of School-Based Mentoring </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keeping Matches in Touch Over the Summer Months (Fact sheet) </li></ul></ul></ul>Education Northwest: National Mentoring Center
  29. 29. Questions or Comments?
  30. 30. <ul><li>This presentation provides an overview of Research in Action Issue 6: School-Based Mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>This tool was produced by MENTOR/The National Mentoring Partnership and can be accessed on their website: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>