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What is an Alexander

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Presentation at the OPAL conference, 3rd April 2017

Published in: Economy & Finance
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What is an Alexander

  1. 1. What is an Alexander? Andrew Meadows New College, Oxford
  2. 2. Gold Types Distater Stater Hemistater Quarter stater Eighth stater
  3. 3. Main Silver Types 10dr 4dr 2dr dr Hemidr 5 ob 2ob ob Hemiob
  4. 4. Hemidrachm Diobol Obol Stater Hekte Hemihekte 1/5 drachm 1/30 drachm Other Silver Types
  5. 5. Bronze Units and Half-units
  6. 6. Gold Types Athena/Nike Athena/Thunderb olt Athena/Bow & Club Silver Types Heracles/Zeus Heracles/2 eagles Heracles/Quiver, bow & club Heracles/Eagle AE Unit Heracles/Quiver, bow & club Heracles/Bow, bowcase & club Apollo/Youth on horse Other AE Half Shield/Helmet Youth/Horse Heracles/Eagle Other95%94 % 98% 99%
  7. 7. Lifetime Posthumous
  8. 8. Periods of Production • 333-324: Essentially those coinages deemed by Price to be ‘lifetime’ (on the low chronology) • 323-301: The period of the immediate successors to Alexander down just past the great declarations of kingship to the Battle of Ipsos • 300-282 From Ipsos to the settlement of the world following the Battle of Corupedium in 281 • 281-224: From Corupedium to the accession of Antiochus III in the east, and to just before the outbreak of the Social War in Greece • 223-191: The reign of Antiochus III to the battle of Magnesia and the removal of Antiochus from Asia Minor • 190-126: The post-Apameia period in Asia Minor and the last Alexanders of the Seleucid kingdom, Macedon and Greece • 125-70: The continuation of production of the Black Sea mints down to their closure and the end of Alexander coinage c. 70 BC.
  9. 9. Numbers of types by metal by period 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 333-324 323-301 300-282 281-224 223-191 190-126 125-70 AR AU AE
  10. 10. Types vs. specimens Type nos. from Price/Pella; hoard figures from Duyrat (2005), Tbl. 10 333-324 (4drs) 4dr. Hoards Macedon Greece Black Sea W. Asia Minor S Asia Minor Cyprus Syria & Phoenicia The East Egypt & Cyrenaica
  11. 11. Numbers of types by metal by period 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 333-324 323-301 300-282 281-224 223-191 190-126 125-70 AR AU AE
  12. 12. Numbers of types by metal by period/Year 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 333-324 323-301 300-282 281-224 223-191 190-126 125-70 AR AU AE Lifetime Posthumous
  13. 13. 333-324 281-224 223-191 190-126 125-70 323-301 300-282 Alexander types by region, by period
  14. 14. 0 10 20 30 40 50 Macedon/Yr 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 Greece/Yr 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Black Sea/Yr 0 10 20 30 40 W. Asia Minor/Yr 0 2 4 6 8 S Asia Minor/Yr 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Cyprus/Yr 0 5 10 15 20 Syria & Phoenicia/Yr 0 5 10 15 20 The East/Yr 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 Egypt & Cyrenaica/Yr
  15. 15. 0 10 20 30 40 50 Macedon/Yr 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 Greece/Yr 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Black Sea/Yr 0 10 20 30 40 W. Asia Minor/Yr 0 2 4 6 8 S Asia Minor/Yr 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Cyprus/Yr 0 5 10 15 20 Syria & Phoenicia/Yr 0 5 10 15 20 The East/Yr 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 Egypt & Cyrenaica/Yr
  16. 16. Overall denominational split 4drs. drs. frs.
  17. 17. Denominations by period 4drs. drs. frs. 333-324 323-301 300-282 281-224 223-191 190-126 125-70
  18. 18. Denominations by region 4drs. drs. frs.
  19. 19. Types of Alexander coinage: Agency and Purpose Alexanders Lifetime Macedonian Imperial Posthumous Royal Continuation Imitative Civic Royal civic Civic civic=

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