‫. . וההוספה בלימוד התורה‬
‫בעניני משיח והגאולה היא ה"דרך‬
‫הישרה" לפעול התגלות וביאת‬
‫משיח והגאולה בפועל...

A word from the Editors


Our Shlichus In A Nutshell:
Reb Yo...
It is with great pleasure that we present our readership
with this Expanded Edition of Moshiach Weekly, which
is being rel...
When speaking in connection with the Kinus
Hashluchim, it is of utmost importance to look at the last
Sicha which the Rebb...
Kislev 5774 | 5

A sicha of the Rebbe

Kislev: A Month

of Geulah
In the month of Kislev in which we find
ourselves, ...
A Chassidishe Ma'aseh

On the night of Tisha B’Av, R’ Chanoch of Litimorsk (later the Alexander Rebbe) sat on the
The Rebbe explained, that from time to time, a new Inyan
is introduced into Avodas HaShlichus which permeates and
becomes ...
The time is shortly after the Histalkus of the Frierdiker Rebbe. Lubavitch is deep in mourning over
the sudden passing of ...
pansion of the Chabad community at
home, were sent as Shluchim to distant and foreign cities and countries:
Morocco, Tunis...
‫דעם כינוס‬
‫אין דעם גופא – וואס איז שייך צו דעם כינוס‬
smart.” The Chassidim realized what
they have to do. Slowly but surely the
Chassidim realized that the Sicha of
Shabbos Ch...
a special symposium dealing with issues of Moshiach and Geulah.
On a global scale, Reb Yonah Avtzon of Sichos in English p...
the city. The same took place in
Be'er Sheva and many other cities.

hung a few months earlier in Tel Aviv,
which read “‫“...

On Thursday night, Beis Adar
1 5752, Crown Heights residents
were sho...
On Simcha Torah 5754, during the break between Shachris and Hakofos, a group of Anash who donated
generously to The Buildi...
Kislev 5774 | 17

brimming with signs that
Moshiach’s arrival is ever
imminent. The following
article will attempt to
rom the day I went to Cheder, and even prior to that, I
began picturing in my mind
images of the Geulah. The
Rebbe’s koch ...
What shall I
speak about?
Shall I talk
about our new
The Rebbe
remarked "I
don't care
roshei teivos of the forthcoming year.
Something unique here was that the
Rebbe also gave a word for the “hei”.
– '‫ה'תשמ״...
long enough, and Moshiach has to come
and redeem them NOW!
Throughout the rest of the year the
Rebbe, with great passion, ...
which Melech HaMoshiach will be revealed, all the nations of the world will
provoke one another. The king of Persia
will p...
the year including niflaos bina, niflaos
ba and niflaos b’eineinu.

‫תשנ"ג – תהא שנת נפלאות גדולות‬
After 27 Adar 5752, the c...
Longing for Moshiach - will bring him sooner


After the Sicha of Chof Ches Nissan 5751, in
which the Rebb...
R' Shneur Zalman was born to his distinguished parents,
R' Nosson and Esther Gurary, in Kremenchug on the first night of
The life and times of the
Chossid Rabbi Zalman
Gurary, a leading Chabad
Rov and from its foremost
askonim. A wholehearted
In 5681 (1921), R' Zalman's father
passed away, and the Rebbe Rayatz took
responsibility ...
city before Shiva-Asar B'Tammuz in order
to begin his trip before the Three Weeks.
R' Zalman joined the Rebbe on his trip
Following Yud Shvat 5753 (1993), when the Rebbe consented to the global
televising of the encouragement of Yechi, there we...
The Rebbe asked R' Gurary: "When is sunset
this time of year?"

that they draw water for Mayim Shelanu for

R' Gur...
An address delivered by Reb Zalmen at a Kinus in 770 on Chof Zayin Nissan ...
Moshiach weekly   kinus
Moshiach weekly   kinus
Moshiach weekly   kinus
Moshiach weekly   kinus
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Moshiach weekly kinus


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Moshiach Weekly - Expanded Edition in honor of Kinus Hashluchim!

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Moshiach weekly kinus

  1. 1. ‫00.2$‬ ‫שער‬ ‫. . וההוספה בלימוד התורה‬ ‫בעניני משיח והגאולה היא ה"דרך‬ ‫הישרה" לפעול התגלות וביאת‬ ‫משיח והגאולה בפועל ממש‬ ‫)משיחת ש"פ תזו"מ ה'תנש"א(‬ ‫‪Moshiach Years‬‬ ‫‪The Rebbe's Koch in‬‬ ‫‪Moshiach throughout‬‬ ‫‪the years‬‬ ‫‪the chossid‬‬ ‫‪who dedicated‬‬ ‫‪Our Shlichus in a‬‬ ‫!‪nutshell: Moshiach‬‬ ‫‪Reb Yoel Kahn‬‬ ‫‪his life‬‬ ‫‪for moshiach‬‬ ‫יחי אדוננו מורנו ורבינו מלך המשיח לעולם ועד‬
  2. 2. Index 3 HISKASHRUS TODAY – ONLY THROUGH MOSHIACH A word from the Editors 4 Our Shlichus In A Nutshell: Moshiach! Reb Yoel Kahn 6 4 14 Kislev: A Month of Geulah 7 IF YOU KNEW, WHY DID YOU SEND US?! A Sicha of the Rebbe Story 8 THE KINUS WHICH CHANGED OUR SHLICHUS The Rebbe's message which changed our lives 15 MOSHIACH IS ON HIS WAY 16 WE WANT TO SEE THE REBBE The Story Behind the Picture Picture 8 18 25 THE MOSHIACH YEARS The Rebbe's Koch in Moshiach throughout the years LONGING FOR MOSHIACH – WILL BRING HIM SOONER Ksav Yad Kodesh 26 THE CHOSSID WHO DEDICATED HIS LIFE FOR MOSHIACH Reb Zalmen Gurary 34 18 2 | Moshiach Weekly 26 ENOUGH IS ENOUGH! Daloy Golus!
  3. 3. It is with great pleasure that we present our readership with this Expanded Edition of Moshiach Weekly, which is being released in time for the Kinus HaShluchim Haolomi. For a Chossid living with Moshiach, the sole mention of the Kinus HaShluchim evokes memories of the Kinus HaShluchim that took place in 5752, during which the Rebbe revolutionized the idea of Shlichus in our time. At the Pesichas HaKinus which traditionally took place at the Rebbe’s Farebrengen on Shabbos afternoon, the Rebbe’s message to the Shluchim was clear: Your Avodah to spread Chassiddus and Yiddishekeit to all corners of the globe has been completed! The only thing remaining in Shlichus is to be Mekabel Pnei Moshiach Tzidkeinu. The Rebbe clarified that obviously all of the previous Avodah’s (Mivtza Tefillin, Hafotzas Hamayonos Chutzah etc) must still be carried out, however, now, the main aspect of Shlichus which must permeate all other aspects is the Inyan of Moshiach. Of course, this Sicha didn’t come as a surprise. It came as a direct continuation to the Sichos of the summer of 5751 and the beginning of 5752 in which the Rebbe emphasized over and over again that the concept of Moshiach has to be the main focus of our Avodah in our historic time. *** The Moshiach Weekly is a weekly publication for Chabad communities covering topics related to Moshiach and Geulah. To subscribe or dedicate an issue contact us at: info@moshiachweekly.com :‫נסדר והוכן לדפוס ע"י‬ ‫אברהם משה בן עטא לאה, יהושע בן מינא‬ ‫רחל, יוסף הכהן בן מנוחה רבקה, יוסף בן‬ ,‫שיינא באשא, לוי בן לאה מרים בלומא‬ ‫לייבל בן שרה, מנחם מענדל בן מלכה‬ ,‫זיסעל, מנחם מענדל בן שיינא באשא‬ ,‫מנחם מענדל הכהן בן חיה שיינא מיכלא‬ .‫שניאור זלמן בן יהודית פראדשא‬ As is well known, the main efforts of the Friediker Rebbe in Soviet Russia were focused on bulding Chadorim and ensuring that Jewish children receive a proper Chinuch. This was an enormous Chiddush at the time, since it was the initial breakthrough for what we would call Mivtzoim. Until then, Chassidim were accustomed to Avoda Penimis, in which each one worked on himself and removed himself from matters of this world. A genuine Chassid was certainly not someone who walked about among others. bar then you are mine. But if not, then you may still be Itche [i.e., a Maskil and an Oved, etc.], but you have no connection with me.” In other words, although Reb Itche was an outstanding Chassid, nevertheless when the call of the hour was teaching children, the Friediker Rebbe demanded of him to leave the Tziyur he had been raised to be and which he was used to, and get used to a new Avoda. So too with us and the question about Hiskashrus without Inyonei Moshiach. It’s hard to relate to the new Mivtza the Rebbe told us to do, and many of us try our best to stick with our previous Tziyur. A WORD FROM THE EDITORS Hiskashrus today - only through Moshiach In the later years, the Rebbe referred often to “Tekufa Hoacharona” (this most recent period). The Rebbe refers to it as a different era and not just as specific change in behavior. Obviously, the change from one era to another is much more radical than a specific change, which is why effort is required to adjust. And just as they had to adjust in previous generations, we too must make the requisite changes. Once the Rebbe announced Mivtza Tefillin, there just can’t be a Chabad House that does not do this Mivtza and which champions Hiskashrus without Mivtza Tefillin! Once the Rebbe founded Tzivos Hashem, there cannot be a Chassid who raises his Children to be “a Chassid of the Rebbe” without being a soldier in Tzivos Hashem, and without the slogan of Moshiach Now. Likewise, when the Rebbe made it clear that the focus now is on Kabbalas Pnei Moshiach Tzidkeinu, and he emphasized that this is the gateway for everything else and this is the only Shlichus, it is clear that if we want to be “the Rebbe’s Chassidim”, we must put all of our energy into this Mivtza, and if not, there is a big question mark on our Hiskashrus to the Rebbe R”L. The Friediker Rebbe came along and turned things upside down. He demanded of the great Chassidim, tremendous Baalei Avoda who devoted all their time to Avodas Hashem, to go “out there” and gather uneducated Jewish children and learn Alef Beis with them. It is to this end that we are printing this Expanded edition, in which we present an array of artices, designed to give the reader a taste of the Rebbe’s Shturem about Moshiach, and the Chassidim’s activities which were done it its wake. During this time the Frierdiker Rebbe once farbrenged with a Koch about the Mesirus Nefesh demanded of every Chossid to ensure the proper Chinuch for Tashbar (Tinokos Shel Beis Rabon – Jewish children). Among those present was the famous Chassid Reb Itche der Masmid who was known for his outstanding piety and asceticism. In the middle of the Farbrengen, the Rebbe turned to R’ Itche and said, “If you are involved in Tash- It is our fervent hope that this publication will inspire its readers to do more in all Inyonim connecyed with 'the only Shlichus', being Mekabel Pnei Moshiach, and may this be the ‫ מכה בפטיש‬in bringing the Geula, and may we be zoche to celebrate this Kinus together with The Rebbe in the Beis HaMikdosh HaShlishi. Kislev 5774 | 3
  4. 4. When speaking in connection with the Kinus Hashluchim, it is of utmost importance to look at the last Sicha which the Rebbe has spoken to us, Shluchim. In 5752 – the last time the Rebbe addressed the Shluchim, the Rebbe told us, that we now have only one Shlichus to accomplish: To be Mekabel Pnei Moshiach Tzidkeinu! We must therefore remember, that even if we are doing all good things but the spirit of Moshiach is not felt in them – this means that we are sleeping! And we must be aware that if we are sleeping and not fulfilling the main task that we have, even the good things that we are doing are not being done the way they should be. The Rebbe is telling us that everything in our Avodas Hashluchus must be permeated with one thing: Moshiach! No matter what we believe about the Rebbe, no matter our affiliations, our Shlichus must be dedicated to bringing Moshiach! Everyone is busy contemplating what exactly needs to be done, and how to prepare themselves and the entire world to greet Moshiach. One says like this and the other says like that, and everyone is thinking how to do it best. How can it be, that notwithstanding the fact that it's been so long since we last heard Sichos from the Rebbe, we still haven’t brought about the Hisgalus. We must do all we can to bring Moshiach now! Everyone is so involved in the debates to the extent that they forget about the point! They forget who we are and with what we are supposed to be living. This one is involved in this and the other is involved in that, and they are all doing good things. Some are Shtureming in Mitzvas Tefillin – What is greater than Tefillin? Others are involved in Mitzvas Ahavas Yisroel – What is greater than Ahavas Yisroel? They're all good things, but they forget about the main thing! The main thing is Moshiach! Moshiach! Moshiach! Everyone remembers how a journalist came to the Rebbe a day before 27 Adar asking for a message to print in in the newspapers. The Rebbe answered that it is already been publicized that Moshiach is not only coming but he is already on his way! 4 | Moshiach Weekly Everyone remembers how strong the Rebbe spoke about the need for Moshiach. This must not remain a memory from the past, we must take action and bring Moshiach now!
  5. 5. Kislev 5774 | 5
  6. 6. KISLEV AND THE GEULAH A sicha of the Rebbe Kislev: A Month of Geulah In the month of Kislev in which we find ourselves, we find a few special days which have a connection with the Geulah. The 9th of Kislev is the birthday and yartzeit of the Mitteler Rebbe. The Mitteler Rebbe started to disseminate chassidus in a broad way, to the extent that he was informed on to the government, which in essence was a Kitrug above trying to put a stop to this new level of Hafotzas Hachassidus. On Yud Kislev the charges and accusations were dropped without major conflict, which led to the spreading of chassidus in an even broader manner. The next special day we find in this month which has to do with the Geulah, is the Chag Hageulah of the Alter Rebbe – the founder of chassidus Chabad, on the 19th day of the month. By contrast to the short, fiery ma’amorim which were said before the arrest, the ma’amorim delivered after the liberation were very much more embodied in intellectual explanations. After the Alter Rebbe’s histalkus in 5573 his son the Mitteler Rebbe accepted the mantle of leadership, he started to say chassidus in a broader more explanatory fashion than his father. This all serves as a preparation for the redemption which comes through ‫יפוצו מעינותיך‬ 6 | Moshiach Weekly ‫ חוצה‬beginning with Yud Tes Kislev – the redemption of the Alter Rebbe and further developed on Yud Kislev – the redemption of the Mitteler Rebbe. Since we have seen the success of hafotzas hamayonos throughout the years despite the obstacles they faced, and the redemptions which they experienced during this month: Yud Kislev, Yud Tes Kislev and Chanukah, this gives us extra encouragement in our belief that now is the time, and that this is the month for Moshiach to come NOW! (Based on the sicha of Parshas Vayetzei 5749)
  7. 7. A Chassidishe Ma'aseh On the night of Tisha B’Av, R’ Chanoch of Litimorsk (later the Alexander Rebbe) sat on the threshold of the shul in Peshischa. He said: “There was a simple villager who did not know the Alef-Beis or any Jewish customs. All his life he yearned to live with his fellow Jews but was unable to do so until he reached old age. It was only then that he liquidated his farm and moved to town. “Erev Pesach, he wanted to have a proper seder, but he had never seen one. He was too embarrassed to ask anyone and so he sent his wife to the neighbor, ostensibly to borrow something but in the meantime, to see how the table was set. “Just at the time that she visited, the neighboring husband and wife quarreled and the husband took a thick stick and hit his wife. The former villager’s A STORY IF YOU KNEW, WHY DID YOU SEND US?! wife returned home downcast upon seeing what a proper seder looked like. “Her husband asked her what she had seen, but she remained silent. He asked her again but she refused to talk. He became very angry and grabbed a stick and hit her. “She sighed and said, ‘If you knew, why did you send me there to look?’” R’ Chanoch finished his story and was silent, but his audience burst into laughter. R’ Yechiel Meir of Gustinin said: “Why are you laughing? Isn’t this the complaint of your souls to Hashem – You knew we would sin, so why did you send us to Golus?” Kislev 5774 | 7
  8. 8. The Rebbe explained, that from time to time, a new Inyan is introduced into Avodas HaShlichus which permeates and becomes the gateway for all other parts of Shlichus. In the recent past, the Rebbe continued, a new Inyan has been added and become the one Shlichus which must permeate and elevate all other facets of Shlichus: “To be Mekabel Pnei Moshiach Tzidkeinu BiGeulah Hoamitis VeHashleimah”. 8 | Moshiach Weekly
  9. 9. The time is shortly after the Histalkus of the Frierdiker Rebbe. Lubavitch is deep in mourning over the sudden passing of the Rebbe. It has been only 10 years since Lubavitch relocated to the western hemisphere, which, in the words of the Alter Rebbe, did not experience Matan Torah. Under the direction of the Frierdiker Rebbe and his son-in-law, then known as the Ramash, the Chassidim rebuilt the Chabad community and its Mosdos with sweat and blood. At that time, only one thing was of concern to the Askanim and Chassidim: ensuring Lubavitch continuity. They hoped that a new Rebbe would slowly continue developing the Lubavitch community, both in America and abroad. The Rebbe, however, had different plans. Plans extending far beyond the horizons of the Lubavitch community. Plans of influencing every single Yid, regardless of background or affiliation, to follow in the ways of the Torah, and of our Rabbei’im. In no time, Chassidm began hearing new concepts, "going out on Shlichus," “lighting up the world" and so forth. Many energetic Chassidishe Yungeleit, who could have contributed plenty to the development and exKislev 5774 | 9
  10. 10. pansion of the Chabad community at home, were sent as Shluchim to distant and foreign cities and countries: Morocco, Tunisia, Italy, Argentina, Australia, and many more. Gradually the Chassidim began to realize that in front of their very eyes they were witnessing the formation of a new era, "Dor Hashvi’i', a direct continuation of the previous generation’s Avodah: Shlichus! What is Shlichus? The definition was given by the Rebbe himself: Hafotzas HaTorah, Yiddishkeit and Chassidus to every possible location, thereby returning Yiddishe Neshamas to their roots. What is the purpose of Shlichus? The answer to this is found in the reply of Moshiach to the Baal Shem Tov’s question “Eimosai Kaosi Mar”, “When will the master (Moshiach) come”? To which Moshiach responded “Lichsheyafutzu Maayonosecha Chutza,” “When your wellsprings will spread outward.” Meaning, the spreading of the wellsprings of Chassidus across the globe will bring about the Geulah and the coming of Moshiach. Despite this being the purpose of Shlichus throughout all the years, 10 | Moshiach Weekly this goal wasn't felt so much in the Shluchim's activities. Naturally a lot of Mekuravim in the early years were not fully aware of the objective of Shlichus. Their knowledge of Yiddishkeit did not contain a particular emphasis on the upcoming Geulah. The fact that it was the final goal did not cause it to become part of the Shlichus itself. And most important of all, the Shluchim did not feel that every activity on their part was part of a global campaign to bring Moshiach. With time, the Rebbe changed the style, and started saying more and more expressions about the Geulah and our obligation to bring it. After these Sichos, the Shluchim were required to feel and have in mind that every one of their activities, is part of a long process which will eventually bring to the final goal, the Geulah. But even this did not bring about dramatic changes in the Shlichus, rather the Shlichus and its manner remained the same, just like in 5710 (besides the many details which were added, the ten Mivtzoyim etc.) with a small addition of Kavana to bring the Geulah. That’s how things ran until the beginning of the 5750’s. * * * Once a year, a Kinus for all the Shluchim would take place. The official opening of the Kinus would be at the Rebbe’s Farbrengen on Shabbos. The Rebbe would elaborate about Shlichus and the different ways to go about it. These Sichos were so to say the “yearly mission” that the Rebbe gave to his Shluchim. Following the Kinus, the Shluchim would go back to their Shlichus, faithfully carrying out the Rebbe’s latest instructions. The Kinus of 5752 began on 25 Cheshvan – Shabbos Mevarchim Kislev. Excitement filled the air in anticipation of the Sicha. Ever since the Sicha of 28 Nissan 5751, in which the Rebbe implored the Chasssidm to do whatever they can to bring Moshiach Bepoel, Chassidim were caught up in a storm of Geulah. Nevertheless, in regards to the Shluchim’s work, there was no real innovation even during this period. The Rebbe did instruct to take on new activities (such as learning Inyonei Moshiach U’Geula) however the general Shlichus remained the same. Half a year later, towards the end of Cheshvan 5752, Crown Heights filled with Shluchim. For many, it was their first visit since 28 Nissan, and they all wanted to get a clear picture of their mission at the current stage. They were not left disappointed. The Rebbe explained, that from time to time, a new Inyan is introduced into Avodas HaShlichus which permeates
  11. 11. ‫2575 ‪PARTS FROM SICHAS SHABBOS PARSHAS CHAYEI SARAH‬‬ ‫ינוס‬ ‫דעם כינוס‬ ‫אין דעם גופא – וואס איז שייך צו דעם כינוס‬ ‫כינ‬ ‫וואס איז שייך‬ ‫שיי‬ ‫אין דעם גופא‬ ‫גופ‬ ‫ן‬ ‫השלוחים בכל שנה ושנה – קומט צו דער חידוש בשנה‬ ‫ל‬ ‫ל‬ ‫זו במיוחד אין דעם קשר פון דער עבודת השליחות‬ ‫מיט"שלח נא ביד תשלח״, די שליחות פון משיח צדקנו:‬ ‫מ׳האט גערעדט פריער אז כ״ק מו״ח אדמו״ר נשיא‬ ‫דורנו האט מודיע געווען, אז מ׳האט שוין פארענדיקט‬ ‫אלע עניני העבודה, און מ'שטייט שוין גרייט "עמדו הכן‬ ‫כולכם״, צו מקבל זיין משיח צדקנו.‬ ‫און עס איז שוין מקוים געווארן דעם סימן פון שנה‬ ‫שעברה – ה׳תשנ״א ר״ת הי׳ תהא שנת נפלאות אראנו,‬ ‫און בהוספה בשנה זו – והולך ונמשך – הי׳ תהא שנת‬ ‫נפלאות בה, )און( בתוכה – אז דאס )נפלאות( ווערט דער‬ ‫מהות ותוכן ונשמה פון דעם יאר.‬ ‫און מ׳זעט בפועל ווי עס איז געווארן און עס ווערט‬ ‫דער ״ילחום מלחמת ה׳״ ומנצח בכמה וכמה ענינים –‬ ‫ודוקא מתוך מלחמה של שלום. און נצחון איז אויך מלשון‬ ‫נצחיות, פארבונדן מיט דעם גילוי פון ״נצח״: נ׳ – גילוי‬ ‫שער הנו״ן, צ׳ – שנת הצדי״ק )ווי אידן האבן אנגערופן‬ ‫דעם יאר( און ח׳ – דער גילוי פון משיח צדקנו, וואס איז‬ ‫פארבונדן מיט מספר שמונה )שמונה נסיכי אדם(.‬ ‫דערפון איז פארשטאנדיק, אז וויבאלד די‬ ‫שלוחים האלטן שוין פון לאנג נאך מילוי התחלת עבודת‬ ‫השליחות בהפצת התורה והיהדות והפצת המעינות‬ ‫חוצה, און פון לאנג נאך אמצע עבודת השליחות, ביז אז‬ ‫מ׳האט שוין מסיים געווען די שליחות )כהודעת נשיא‬ ‫דורנו הנ"ל ואעפ״כ איז די גאולה האמיתית והשלימה‬ ‫נאך ניט געקומען בפועל ממש – דארף מען זאגן אז מ׳איז‬ ‫נאך געבליבן עפעס צו טאן וואט וועט ברענגען די גאולה‬ ‫בפועל.‬ ‫און דאס איז: ע״פ הידוע אז ״בכל דור ודור נולד‬ ‫א׳ מזרע יהודה שהוא ראוי להיות משיח לישראל״,‬ ‫א׳ הראוי מצדקתו להיות גואל ולכשיגיע הזמן יגלה‬ ‫אליו השי״ת וישלחו כו׳", וע״פ הודעת כ״ק מו״ח‬ ‫אדמו״ר נשיא דורנו, דער איינציגער שליח שבדורנו, דער‬ ‫איינציגער משיח שבדורנו, אז מ׳האט שוין אלץ‬ ‫‪SheBaal Peh – in a manner in which‬‬ ‫‪every person will be able to understand‬‬ ‫.‪according to his level and capabilities‬‬ ‫‪The Rebbeim have told us: “Chas‬‬‫‪sidim zeinen klug” – “Chassidim are‬‬ ‫11 | 4775 ‪Kislev‬‬ ‫פארענדיקט – איז פארשטאנדיק אז ס׳הויבט זיך אן‬ ‫ס׳הויבט זיך א‬ ‫הויבט יך‬ ‫ו‬ ‫פארענדיקט איז פארשטאנדיק‬ ‫ז פארשטאנד‬ ‫ארשט‬ ‫ארענד ק‬ ‫פאר‬ ‫מקויים ווערן דער "שלח נא ביד תשלח״, די שליחות‬ ‫תשלח״‬ ‫מקויים ווערן דער "שלח ביד תשלח״‬ ‫"של‬ ‫מקויים ווערן‬ ‫פון כ״ק מו״ח אדמו״ר. און דערפון איז מובן, אז די‬ ‫איינציקע זאך וואט איז איצטער געבליבן אין דער עבודת‬ ‫השליחות, איז: צו מקבל זיין פני משיח צדקנו בפועל‬ ‫ממש, בכדי ער זאל קענען מקיים זיין שליחותו בפועל‬ ‫און ארויסנעמען אלע אידן פון גלות!‬ ‫דערפון האט מען די הוראה בפועל וואס מ׳דארף‬ ‫ארויסנעמען שטייענדיק איצטער בא דער התחלה‬ ‫ופתיחה פון דעם "כינוס השלוחים העולמי״:‬ ‫לכל לראש – דארף מען ארויסקומען מיט א הכרזה‬ ‫והודעה צו אלע שלוחים, אז די עבודת השליחות איצטער‬ ‫און פון יעדער אידן באשטייט אין דעם – אז מ׳זאל מקבל‬ ‫זיין פני משיח צדקנו.‬ ‫דאט הייסט: אלע פרטים אין דער עבודת השליחות פון‬ ‫הפצת התורה והיהדות והפצת המעינות חוצה, דארפ'ן‬ ‫זיין דורכגענומען מיט דער נקודה – ווי דאס פירט צו‬ ‫קבלת משיח צדקנו.‬ ‫ובפשטות מיינט דאס – אז פון דעם כינוס השלוחים‬ ‫דארף מען קומען און להביא החלטות טובות ווי יעדער‬ ‫שליח דארף זיך אליין צוגרייטן און צוגרייטן אלע אידן‬ ‫במקומו ובעירו וכו׳ צו מקבל זיין פני משיח צדקנו, דורך‬ ‫דעם וואס ער איז מסביר דעם ענין פון משיח כמבואר‬ ‫בתושב״כ ובתושבע״פ באופן המתקבל צו יעדערן לפי‬ ‫שכלו והבנתו, כולל במיוחד – דורך לימוד עניני משיח‬ ‫וגאולה, ובפרט באופן פון חכמה בינה ודעת.‬ ‫און היות אז דאס איז דער די עבודה פון דעם זמן, איז‬ ‫מובן אז דאס איז שייך צו יעדער אידן אן אויסנאם כלל.‬ ‫ועוד ועיקר: וויבאלד אז מ׳האט שוין פארענדיקט די‬ ‫עבודת השליחות – קומט צוגיין יעדער שליח צו דעם‬ ‫משלח האמיתי, דער אויבערשטער, און איז מודיע:‬ ‫עשיתי את שליחותי, און איצטער איז געקומען די צייט‬ ‫אז דו כביכול זאלסט טאן דיין שליחות: ״שלח נא ביד‬ ‫תשלח" – שיק אונז משיח צדקנו בפועל ממש!‬ ‫‪prepare himself and all the Yidden is‬‬ ‫.‪his area to be Mekabel Pnei Moshiach‬‬ ‫‪This is accomplished through explain‬‬‫‪ing the idea of Moshiach – as it is ex‬‬‫‪plained in Torah SheBiksav and Torah‬‬ ‫‪and becomes the gateway for all other‬‬ ‫,‪parts of Shlichus. In the recent past‬‬ ‫‪the Rebbe continued, a new Inyan has‬‬ ‫‪been added and become the one Shli‬‬‫‪chus which must permeate and elevate‬‬ ‫‪all other facets of Shlichus: “To be Me‬‬‫‪kabel Pnei Moshiach Tzidkeinu BiG‬‬‫.”‪eulah Hoamitis VeHashleimah‬‬ ‫‪The Rebbe went on to explain the‬‬ ‫‪reason for the recent Chiddush in‬‬ ‫‪Shlichus: “Being that the Friediker‬‬ ‫‪Rebbe, the only Shliach in our genera‬‬‫‪tion, the only Moshiach in our genera‬‬‫‪tion proclaimed that we have already‬‬ ‫‪completed all Avodah needed to bring‬‬ ‫‪Moshiach, it’s understood that the Shli‬‬‫‪chus of the Friediker Rebbe has begun‬‬ ‫‪and therefore the only thing left in our‬‬ ‫‪Avodas HaShlichus is to be Mekabel‬‬ ‫‪Pnei Moshiach Tzidkeinu, so that he‬‬ ‫‪will be able to carry out his Shlichus‬‬ ‫”.‪and take all Yidden out of Golus‬‬ ‫‪At the end of the Sicha, the Rebbe‬‬ ‫‪outlined in very clear terms the prac‬‬‫‪tical Hachalotos which must be taken‬‬ ‫‪at this year’s Kinus: First of all – all‬‬ ‫‪Shluchim must be notified that the‬‬ ‫‪Avodas HaShlichus of our times is to‬‬ ‫.‪be Mekabel Pnei Moshiach Tzidkeinu‬‬ ‫‪In practical terms this means that all‬‬ ‫‪details of Hafotzas HaTorah, Yiddish‬‬‫‪keit and Hafotzas HaMaayonos Chutza‬‬ ‫:‪must be permeated with this Nekuda‬‬ ‫‪How this action leads to the Inyan of‬‬ ‫.‪Kabolas Pnei Moshiach Tzidkeinu‬‬ ‫‪This Kinus must bring every Shliach to‬‬
  12. 12. smart.” The Chassidim realized what they have to do. Slowly but surely the Chassidim realized that the Sicha of Shabbos Chaye Soroh 5752 changed, or more accurately put, innovated, Avodas Hashlichus. From now on Moshiach is the topic of discussion. Geulah and Moshiach are what must be explained to every Yid in his area and city, and Moshiach must permeate every single detail of the Shlichus. Word of the special Sicha spread like wildfire amongst the Chassidim. The “Reishis Devorim” (short summary) of the sicha was sent out to every Chabad community, and by the end of the week, the Sicha was checked over and edited by the Rebbe and printed in the Kfar Chabad Magazine and in the Algemeiner Journal. At once began an unprecedented impetus to the activities of the Shluchim in Inyonei Moshiach U’Geulah. The fervor of the Chassidim which had been building up ever since the Sicha of 28 Nissan now found expression in organized activities. The focus of the Shluchim was now on one thing: “Di Eintzike Zach: Geulah.” In addition to the activities of the Shluchim, Anash too didn’t just sit idly 12 | Moshiach Weekly by with their hands folded. Understandably, “The International Campaign to bring Moshiach” which was established immediately following the Sicha of 28 Nissan, received a major impetus: No longer was their work another important thing. It was now the only thing which is left to do! Amongst many other activities, Reb Shmuel Butman initiated a special advertisement campaign under the title: “Hinei Zeh Moshiach Boh” – “Moshiach is on his way”. When he passed by the Rebbe at dollars, he showed the advertisement sign to the Rebbe, and explained that it would be publicized to the entire world. The Rebbe answered: Yashar Koach Godol! The Shluchim Office (under Merkos L’Inyonei Chinuch) lent a helping hand as well to the efforts to bring Moshiach. A special document with information about Moshiach was sent to every Shliach. A phone conference was organized with the best speakers from amongst the Shluchim. Understandably, the topic up for discussion was: What is the best way to introduce the concept of Moshiach to the masses. Many Shluchim took the initiative and came up with original ideas to spread Besurash HaGeulah. In Moldova, the new Shliach Reb Zalman Abelsky arranged for big signs with the words “Prepare for the coming of Moshiach” in Hebrew and Russian to be hung all around the city. The same was done by Reb Mendel Pevsner, the new Shliach to Peterburg. Even in Russia, which had just awoken from 70 years under communist rule, the Yidden were given to understand that soon there will be a solution for all their problems – Moshiach! Even in far-off Bangkok, the Israelis at the newly-founded Chabad House were given a clear message about Moshiach who will soon redeem even those lost and exiled in far-off lands. And understandably the message spread farther and farther. The upcoming Yom Tov of Chanukah was a great opportunity for the Shluchim to spread the message of redemption to the public. The large public Menorahs, which – every year – served as a symbol of the fact that Yiddishkeit is alive and well, were used that year to spread the message: ‘Moshiach is on the way – let's get ready'. In addition to publicizing the message, the Shluchim also placed emphasis on explaining the concept of Moshiach and Geulah to the Yidden of their cities and beyond. In Geneva, Reb Mendel Pevzner arranged a Yom Iyun (day of learning) in Inyonei Moshiach U’Geulah for the Yidden of the city. In Sydney, Reb Pinchas Feldman arranged
  13. 13. a special symposium dealing with issues of Moshiach and Geulah. On a global scale, Reb Yonah Avtzon of Sichos in English produced tapes of Shiurim on Inyonei Geulah U’Moshiach and later brought a set to the Rebbe. Giant ads were placed in the newspapers, and the reader was told "to reach his own conclusion": The world is ready for change, Geulah is at our doorstep. Reb Itche Springer added a practical side to the ads and called on the readers to add in acts of Torah and Mitzvos to bring Moshiach closer. In addition to all of the above, within a few months, many new books were released discussing topics of Moshiach and Geulah. To name a few: (1) “I await his coming every day,” which essentially is a translation of the Sichos in the Dvar Malchus that the Rebbe gave out on 15 Iyar 5751. (2) “Mashiach,” a fas- cinating essay written by Reb Emmanuel Shochet which briefly summarizes the personality and work of Melech HaMoshiach and the practical implications for our times. (3) “Highlights of Moshiach”, a Kuntres written by Reb Avrohom Stone, discussing basic concepts in Inyonei Moshiach and Geulah such as “The Moshiach in every generation,” “The spark of Moshiach in every person” in easy language. (4) “Lets Get Ready – Moshiach through Children’s Eyes,” written by Malka Touger, which presents Yemos Hamoshiach as they are perceived by children, and makes the future world more accessible to the child. (5) “Sound the Great Shofar,” an English rendering of the Sichos from the years 5751-2, presenting the ideas contained therein in an intellectual form, while adhering to the Chasidic sources. The book (which was later translated and published in Hebrew) was the first attempt of its kind to in- troduce the Sichos of the Dvar Malchus (from the years 5751-2) in a clear concise form and as a practical guide for our times. *** Tzeiri Agudas Chabad (Tzach) is the first organization that the Rebbe founded in Eretz Yisroel. Throughout the years, they were the Rebbe's arm and brought the Rebbe’s Inyonim and instructions to all the residents of Eretz Yisroel. As soon as news of the Sicha reached Eretz Yisroel, Tzach called a staff meeting. It was clear to all that after such a clear definition of the task at hand, the order of the day is bringing the message of Geulah to all. A new campaign was launched. In essence it came as a continuation to two modest signboards that were Kislev 5774 | 13
  14. 14. the city. The same took place in Be'er Sheva and many other cities. hung a few months earlier in Tel Aviv, which read “‫“ ”היכונו לביאת המשיח‬Prepare for the coming of Moshiach". Signboards of this kind hung in the streets of cities, on buses, in newspapers, as stickers on cars and street poles, as well as on television and radio. "Instead of talking about the elections," said Reb Menachem Mendel Halevi Brod, a member of Tzach and the brains behind the campaign, "They will discuss Moshiach." And so it was. Public consciousness was focused on one issue, which until then seemed outdated, and suddenly became the focal point: The imminent coming of Moshiach. And the method was simple. Chassidei Chabad were scattered everywhere, and have some measure of control on the public’s consciousness. And if the Rebbe placed on them a special Shlichus, to bring Inyonei Moshiach to the public, it was only natural that this became the hot topic on the agenda. All of Anash enlisted in these activities, each in accordance with his skills. During Bein Hazmanim (vacation) Yeshiva Bochrim from Yeshivas Toras Emes in Yerusholayim joined the effort by attaching stickers and signboards about Moshiach to all Egged buses in 14 | Moshiach Weekly Another area in which Moshiach was introduced during this time was in the Chinuch of children. In the Sicha of Simchas Torah 5752 the Rebbe said “When one looks at a Jewish child, one should see Moshiach.” In accordance with this directive, Reb Naftoli Rot, director of a children’s organization in Yerusholayim, arranged a Mivtza (learning campaign) of learning Inyonei Geulah U’Moshiach. The Mivtza, which was called ”‫“ ”ילדים בנתיב הגאולה‬Children on the path of redemption,” consisted of a structured curriculum on topics of the Geulah and its centrality in Yiddishkeit. The course was studied in many Lubavitcher schools, as well as many non-Lubavitch schools. All in all, tens of thousands of children participated in the study of Inyonei Geulah U’Moshiach. The schools in Crown Heights immediately placed the study of Geulah U’Moshiach as a subject in the curriculum. Reb Moshe Slonim posted a sign in the Lubavitch Cheder in Morristown clarifying to the children the call of the hour: To contemplate seriously about the imminent coming of Moshiach. The above mentioned activities are just a drop in the bucket of the many Peulos that were done by Shluchim, Bochurim and Anash as a natural reaction to the Rebbe’s call to be “Mekabel Pnei Moshiach Tzidkeinu.” They also reflect the atmosphere at that time: We must do something to fulfill the Shlichus which has been placed upon us. Afternote: As of the Kinus Hashluchim 5774 we have not yet heard from the Rebbe any updates pertaining to the shlichus demanded of us. Thus, this remains the only Shlichus and we must do everything in our power to bring it to fruition ‫.במהרה בימינו ממש‬
  15. 15. THE STORY BEHIND THE PICTURE MOSHIACH IS ON THE WAY On Thursday night, Beis Adar 1 5752, Crown Heights residents were shocked by the cruel murder of Mrs. Pesya Leah Lapine who gave up her life Al Kiddush Hashem. That Erev Shabbos thousands gathered outside 770 for the Levayah. At around two o’clock the Aron arrived. Soon after, the Rebbe appeared with a serious look on his holy face. Following closely behind the Aron, he led the procession onto Kingston Avenue until reaching the huge “Moshiach is on the way” sign (corner of Kingston & Union). The Rebbe stood there for ten minutes, all the while watching the people continue down to the house of the Nifteress, and during that time looked up at the sign which was hanging above. Kislev 5774 | 15
  16. 16. On Simcha Torah 5754, during the break between Shachris and Hakofos, a group of Anash who donated generously to The Building Fund of Beis Rabeinu SheBeBovel” passed by the Rebbe. Among them was Reb Meir Schreiber of Crown Heights, he showed the the Rebbe a picture of Kos Shel Brocho 5748, in which the Rebbe is seen being me’oided strongly with both of his holy hands and asked “in the name of all Chassidim, will we merit to see such Giluyim once more?” The Rebbe nodded his holy head. This answer didn’t satisfy him. A a few weeks later he sent in to the Rebbe a detailed letter to affirm that the Rebbe meant that the Chassidim would actually see the Rebbe as before. Cheshvan 5754. Kevod Kedushas Admur Shlita: After I passed before the Rebbe on Simchas Torah, I was uncertain what the Rebbe meant. I want to clarify the following: Out of their great love to the Rebbe, the Chassidim are feeling very down from the great suffering that the Rebbe is enduring. If there was some light at the end of the tunnel, without any 16 | Moshiach Weekly doubt it would help us significantly. Will we merit to see the Rebbe as in the enclosed picture? With the same physical strength and more? We ask for the Rebbe’s brocho that this should be very soon! When the letter was shown to the Rebbe, the Rebbe nodded in affirmation. When the secretary added: ‫ ,שיהיה ביתר שאת וביתר עז ובבריאות שלימה וחזקה‬the Rebbe again answered affirmatively.
  17. 17. Kislev 5774 | 17
  18. 18. The These were years brimming with signs that Moshiach’s arrival is ever imminent. The following article will attempt to give a general overview of some of the special Sichos, events and anecdotes that transpired in the years 5742-5754. 18 | Moshiach Weekly
  19. 19. rom the day I went to Cheder, and even prior to that, I began picturing in my mind images of the Geulah. The Rebbe’s koch in Moshiach started already as a little child, and only intensified as time went on. From the Rebbe’s first Ma’amer of Bosi Ligani in 5711, to the Mivtzoim campaigns starting in the late 5720’s, and the completion of the ‘Moshiach Sefer Torah’ in 5730, the Rebbe constantly imbued in us Chassidim the belief in, and anticipation for, the complete and final Geulah, and that it will be occurring in our generation. F In the early 5740’s however, the intensity was ratcheted up a notch. Beginning with the establishment of Tzivos Hashem in 5741, regarding which the Rebbe explained that every child is a soldier in Hashem’s army working to bring Moshiach. The newly-founded organization’s slogan was “We Want Moshiach Now,” as the Rebbe stressed that we must demand Moshiach in English so that everyone can understand and join in the cry. These were years brimming with signs that Moshiach’s arrival is ever imminent. The following article will attempt to give a general overview of some of the special Sichos, events and anecdotes that transpired in the years 5742-5754. ‫תשמ"ב – תהא שנת ביאת משיח‬ The wave of Moshiach that hit in the year 5741 with the opening of Tzivos Hashem, whose slogan is "We want Moshiach now," swept into the year 5742. It was the first time the Rebbe revealed the roshei teivos of a year. The Rebbe spoke of the roshei teivos for the first time at the Farbrengen of the 2nd day of Shavuos: "As it is known, in the letters ‫תשמ"ב‬ are hinted the roshei teivos of many good things, they even hint at ''tehei shnas bias moshiach''!... V’yehi rotzon that very soon we'll merit the fulfillment of the yi'ud ''Tehei Shnas bias Moshiach, namely, that we will leave this Golus and go greet Moshiach Tzidkeinu.'' The ''Shalsheles Hayachas” sums up the year as follows: ''Calls for the true and eternal unity of all Yidden by them buying letters in a general Sefer Torah written in their merit, each according to his custom (Ashkenaz, Sefard, Teiman, Arizal etc). instructs the Hanholos of Tomchei Temimim and Beis Rivkah, respectively, to immediately begin writing a Sefer Torah in the merit of their students, benefactors and families. Notes that this mitzvah is mentioned at the end of the 613 mitzvos and some connect it with the end of Golus. Calls for an extraordinary effort in Hafotzas Hama'ayonos Chutzoh and Mivtza Chanukah. Notes that in various Seforim 5742 is a “keitz.” Look and see what people say: it's the roshei teivos of 'tehei Shnas bias Moshiach.'' ‫תשמ"ג – תהא שנת גילוי משיח‬ At the beginning of the year the Rebbe called for every Yid to spread the idea of the Sheva Mitzvos Bnei Noach among all the nations of the world. This, in accordance with the P'sak of the Rambam that ''Moshe commanded in the name of Hashem to force all mankind to accept the mitzvos that Bnei Noach were commanded.” The Rebbe explained that it doesn't mean to force them literally, but rather with the proper explanation that these seven laws are the basis for the continuity of a healthy and just humanity and allow for different cultures to coincide together, in unity, around the belief in the creator of the world. As proof of this, the Rebbe referenced the announcement of President Ronald Reagan calling on all citizens to unite behind the Seven Noahide Laws as well as the declaration of the US Senate and Congress, that they be upheld. The Rebbe concluded: “the very fact that the president of the United States came out with an open declaration to fulfill the Sheva Mitzvos, this itself should in- "The wave of Moshiach that hit in the year 5741 with the opening of Tzivos Hashem, whose slogan is "We want Moshiach now," swept into the year 5742" vigorate the Yidden in their efforts to affect the nations of the world.'' These actions bore fruit with millions of gentiles taking part in various campaigns, taking upon themselves to fulfill the Sheva Mitzvos and prepare the world for ''a time when there will be no wars, hunger, jealousy or strife” – the time of the Geulah. Yet another link in the chain of events set into motion by Melech HaMoshiach to prepare the world for the Geulah. During that year the Rebbe called on all educational institutions to institute – ”A moment of silence” – 60 seconds of thought about the creator of the universe. The Rebbe explained: Over the past 50 years American youth descended into moral decay. The only plausible explanation for this phenomenon is the lack of recognition of a creator. For without belief in ''an eye that sees Kislev 5774 | 19
  20. 20. What shall I speak about? Shall I talk about our new Manchester Lubavitch Yeshiva?" The Rebbe remarked "I don't care what! As long as you speak about Moshiach" and an ear that hears,'' so long as he believes he won't get caught, he'll do absolutely anything. And even if he does get caught, there’s nothing an easy bribe can’t accomplish. It is therefore crucial that in every kindergarten, school, high school and university, there be, at the start of each day, a moment of silence – 60 seconds to think about G-D. In light of this the then president, Ronald Reagan, called on all schools to begin each day with a moment of silence. The Rebbe praised this step and encouraged the members of the Senate and Congress to follow suit. Throughout the subsequent years ‘Moment of silence’ laws were enacted in many states. The moment of silence causes one to contemplate ''Am I really fulfilling my purpose on this world? Who is the master of this world? What am I doing to serve His needs?” It thus prepares the 20 | Moshiach Weekly world for the coming of Moshiach by also preparing the gentiles for his coming. That year’s roshei teivos “‫תהי' שנת גאולת‬ ‫ ”משיח‬and “‫ ”תהי' שנת גילוי משיח‬were first revealed by the Rebbe on Erev Rosh Hashana of that year. An excerpt from Zalmon Jaffe’s “My Encounter with the Rebbe – Vol. 14” documenting a conversation he had with the Rebbe shortly after Simchas Torah 5743: The Rebbe wanted to know whether I had spoken at the Kinus Hatorah. I had to answer in the negative. I explained that illustrious Rabbonim were addressing the assembly and I was waiting to be called. The Rebbe commented "Since when have you been a 'nebechel' (I cannot find an English translation of this word…) and not been able to push yourself forward to speak." I maintained that I could not interrupt such distinguished Rabbonim. The Rebbe declared that "You cannot wait until next Simchas Torah to speak at the Kinus Hatorah. He will have to make a Hemshech (addition) and you can continue this afternoon". I enquired from the Rebbe "What shall I speak about? Shall I talk about our new Manchester Lubavitch Yeshiva?" The Rebbe remarked "I don't care what! As long as you speak about Moshiach". ‫תשד"מ – תהא שנת דברי משיח‬ 5744 is the year best known for the takana of learning the daily portion of Rambam, with the first cycle beginning shortly after Pesach of that year. One of the reasons the Rebbe gave for choosing specifically the Rambam’s Yad Hachazaka was the fact that he was the sole codifier who included in his work the laws pertaining to the times of Moshiach, including the laws of the Korbanos – for which we must already now acclimate ourselves to – as well as what will take place before the coming of Moshiach and how he will be revealed. ‫תשמ"ה – הי' תהא שנת מלך המשיח‬ At the beginning of the year a certain individual spoke out against the topic of Moshiach. He claimed that yidden are presently in golus and that’s their place, so one shouldn’t have anything to do with Moshiach. Throughout the next winter, the Rebbe spoke at great length: how is it possible for a yid with a yarmulke and tzitzis to speak out against such fundamentals of the torah?! The only plausible explanation is ‫אשר חרפו‬ ‫ עקבות משיחך‬for "they have disgraced the footsteps of Your Moshiach." Later on in the year, when claims were made against the Rebbe’s nesius, that a Rebbe is a private individual and all his possessions are inherited by his relatives and not by the chassidim. The Rebbe negated these claims by explaining that a Rebbe is the ‫ נשיא הדור‬and ‫.הנשיא הוא הכל‬ Meaning that a Rebbe is a general person who belongs to the chassidim and therefore all his possessions belong to the Chassidim. During the year, in one of the rally’s in 770, Rabbi Goldstein said that every Tuesday night, there was a Tzivos Hashem program on the radio (there are one hundred thousand members in the U.S.A. alone). There was a contest, a competition about the Coming of Moshiach. We recite three times every weekday, in the amida, in Hebrew of course, “Sound the great Shofar for our freedom, raise a banner to gather our exiles, and bring us together from the four corners of the earth into our Land…….” The competition was to bring out this concept in the most original way. A young lad won the competition by producing the longest shofar in existence. It was drawn on sheets upon sheets of paper, all joined together. The end product was a paper shofar which stretched over half the length of the room. Before this year too, on leil erev rosh hashonoh, the Rebbe announced the
  21. 21. roshei teivos of the forthcoming year. Something unique here was that the Rebbe also gave a word for the “hei”. – '‫ה'תשמ״ה: ה״א הידיעה – השנה. ת' ־ תהא. ש‬ ‫שנת. מ' ־ מלך. ה' – המשיח‬ ‫תשמ"ו‬ The year started with a big shturem, From Tishrei on, the Rebbe spoke at length about the need of each and one of us to await the coming of Moshiach. On numerous occasions during this period, the Rebbe mentioned the famous vort of the chida which explains the loshon of the tefila "ki liyshuscho kivinu kol hayom" that the yearning itsef for Moshiach is a good enough reason for Hashem to take us out of Golus. On the night of Simchas Torah before hakofos the Rebbe spoke strongly about the need for Moshiach to come. The Rebbe mentioned that he won't mind if we will explain that the meaning of nosi doreinu is Moshiach Tzidkeinu, as long as he comes already! During the course of the year, there was mention of Moshiach by various farbrengens: At the end of the farbrengen of 7 Cheshvon, the Rebbe brought out a Horaoh from the daily study of Rambam – that a Yid must demand from Hashem to bring the Geulah. After quoting from two important sources the importance of demanding the Geulah, the Rebbe related a very interesting story: One of the letters I received lately was from a certain woman who was in distress and felt quite scared. She wrote that she had received a letter from someone, and at the end of the letter, the sender instructed her to copy the letter and forward it to ten additional people. If she complies, she will be rewarded, and if not she will feel quite sorry... The letter itself was full of nonsense, and the sender did not sign his name, so she doesn't even know where it's coming from. Now she is asking me if she should be intimidated by the threats that the letter carries, and follow the instructions by forwarding the ten copies or not. for one and a half hours – NON STOP – they sang this one tune. I obviously answered her that she should tear the letter up and dispose of it, and forget the entire story! For the first half-an-hour, the Rebbe said LeChaim to all those present – as he usually does, but for the whole duration of the last hour, the Rebbe sat motionless, just staring out – and staring at those who were singing as if to discover whether they really meant what they were singing – and if they were singing with sincerity and kavonna (concentration). Later on I thought to myself, why is it that this was brought to my attention? I don't know this woman from anywhere and she does not know me either. She only heard about my name and therefore sent the letter to ask my advice. So why would this ever have been brought to me in the first place? Until I understood: that it’s in order to utilize this method for good and holy things. Now that we have learned about this "chain-letter" method of sending out a letter and instructing the receiver to forward it on, it would be a good idea that each person should compose a letter quoting these two sources about the importance of demanding the Geula, and instruct the recipient to forward it on to ten more people. Obviously, all the threats must be omitted and replaced only with blessings! Now, the people who we call "Shpitz Chabad" may think that it's time to stop everything they are doing and just sit writing letters all day. Let me therefore make it clear: each one should only write ten letters and no more! If you have free time on your hands afterwards, sit and learn Torah instead! By the farbrengen of Lag B’omer, there was a great shturem in Moshiach, as Reb Zalmon Jaffe relates in his “Encounters”: At a recent farbrengen – on Lag B'Omer, which was relayed – broadcast – to the whole world, they started to sing, "We Want Moshiach Now", and Everyone tried to outdo their neighbor. In Manchester, at the yeshiva, the boys went wild with delirium. They opened up all of the windows – at 4.00 a.m after midnight – and sang loudly and gustily. I complained that they would wake up all the neighbors. One of the bochurim retorted – "Let them all know that Moshiach is coming NOW!" That farbrengen lasted four hours with two hours of singing, which was most unusual. For this year 5746, the Rebbe, for reasons unknown to us, did not announce a roshei teivos. ‫תשמ״ז – תהא זו שנת משיח‬ On Hei Teves the good news of the court victory that the Rebbe and the seforim belong to the chassidim came to 770 and caused great rejoicing for the next seven days. In the midst of these seven jubilant days, on Asoroh B’Teves, a group of Rabbonim presented a specia p’sak to the Rebbe by the doorway to his room. The p’sak said, that all the kitzim have already passed, yidden have been in Golus They started to sing, "We Want Moshiach Now", and for one and a half hours – NON STOP – they sang this one tune. Kislev 5774 | 21
  22. 22. long enough, and Moshiach has to come and redeem them NOW! Throughout the rest of the year the Rebbe, with great passion, began to speak about founding Chabad Houses in every corner of the world, to bring the light of Chassidus and Yiddishkeit to every Jew wherever he may be and thus prepare the whole world for the revelation of Moshiach! For this year, the Rebbe set the roshei teivos as “Tehei Zu Shnas Moshiach” and explained that The Year of Moshiach should be in a manner of “Tehei” – which means literally, “The Year of Moshiach” and “Zu” – in a revealed manner. ‫תשמ״ח – חירות )ע״י( משיח‬ The year began with a big shturem concerning Simcha. The main reason for all this was the fact that it was the year of Hakhel. When the Beis Hamikdosh stood, all the yidden would gather in the azoroh on Chol Hamoed Sukkos to listen to the king reading special portions of the torah and thus fulfill the mitzvah of Hakhel – unity of all yidden. The Rebbe explained that nowadays we must also fulfill this Mitzvah by organizing Hakhel gatherings, to unify yidden, not only on Chol Hamoed Sukkos as was done then, rather at every opportunity throughout the year we should conduct such gatherings to unify yidden. All this is connected with simcha, for simcha adds so much to unity and both these things together bring about the coming of Moshiach! Later, as requests were received for roshei teivos, the Rebbe related to this in a sicha and announced the roshei teivos. The main “koch” in the roshei teivos started primarily this year, in which the Rebbe explained the roshei teivos at length and mentioned them profusely in sichos throughout the year. The Rebbe explained the roshei teivos as follows: “This year emphasizes Tismach – rejoice, a directive and assurance for every yid, to be happy. Since in the previous years it has become the norm to connect the roshei teivos of the year with Moshiach, the same should be done this year. However, there are those who don’t like to expend too much effort, therefore they try to get other people to do all the work for them, despite the fact that this in particular is not such a hard thing to do.” The Rebbe smiled and continued: How do I know this? For they asked me this question! Why, I asked, what’s the need to find roshei teivos, when the whole year signifies something – “Tismach”. They answered “we need Moshiach”. To this I didn’t have any answer, for I too, want and shturem about Moshiach. “Tismach”– Simcha could be for many reasons, a bris, pidyon haben and even a chasunah – simcha beyond limita- At first, the Rebbe didn’t announce a roshei teivos for this year, rather the general message of the year itself – simcha. Why I asked, what’s the need to find roshei teivos, when the whole year signifies something – “Tismach”. They answered “we need Moshiach” 22 | Moshiach Weekly tions, but above all a connection with Moshiach must be found. So, I didn’t spare any effort until I found a connection between the letter “Ches” and Moshiach. It says in gemoroh “the harp of the Beis Hamikdosh had seven string . . and that of Moshiach will have eight”. Thus, we see that Moshiach is connected with the number eight (“Ches”). ‫תשמ״ט – "שנת משיח טובה״‬ Along with the impression left from the previous year, a year infused with joy and Hakhel gatherings in every possible place, and together with the endless “koch” in setting up more and more Chabad Houses, the Rebbe came out with the call of “Shnas Habinyon”, one cannot be content with his current modest Chabad House, one must expand! Chabad is not content with itself as it is, Moshiach doesn’t look for the minimum – he demands maximum effort! Whatever is able to be done, must be done. Chabad houses provide the vital dose of yiddishkeit and chassidishkeit to each and every yid and therefore must be expanded. It’s up to every Yid to prepare the world for the complete redemption. The world needs to be prepared, and the despite the accomplishments that were already achieved, we still need to do our part to the maximum in order for it to really be a place worthy of the revelation of Elokus. ‫תש"נ – תהא שנת ניסים‬ In addition to the shturem surrounding the fact that it was the 40th year of the Rebbe’s nesius – something the Rebbe began to speak about already in 5749 – the Rebbe reiterated many times that the year’s acronym stood for t’hei shnas nisim (may it be a year of wonders), especially the greatest wonder of them all, the coming of Moshiach. 5750 was the year the Gulf War commenced, a war in which the Rebbe saw the fulfillment of the words of the Yalkut Shimoni: “Reb Yitzchok said: the year in
  23. 23. which Melech HaMoshiach will be revealed, all the nations of the world will provoke one another. The king of Persia will provoke the king of Arabia. The king of Arabia will go to the King of Edom to seek counsel . . all the nations will be in turmoil . . the Jews too will be in turmoil saying ‘To where shall we go? To where shall we go?’ Then, Hashem will say to them, ‘Children, do not fear, for all that I have done, I have done for you. Humble ones, the time of your redemption has arrived.” The Yalkut continues: “The year in which Moshiach will come, he will stand on the roof of the Beis Hamikdosh and say: Humble ones, the time of your redemption has arrived.” The significance of the year manifested itself in several new customs: That year the Rebbe began wearing a silk kapota all year-round. There were those who conjectured that this was because it was right before the Geulah so the Rebbe donned Shabbos clothing. The Rebbe began farbrenging every Shabbos. Despite doing so the previous year as well, it was that year that the Rebbe clearly spoke about it at the Rosh Hashana Farbrengen, a Farbrengen that fell out on Shabbos – the first time the Rebbe farbrenged on a Shabbos of Rosh Hashana. The Rebbe began proclaiming ‘The time of your redemption has arrived,’ something which only picked up pace in the coming years. The story surrounding the Rebbe giving 5750 its acronymic slogan went as follows: The Yeshiva in Brunoy, France, would release a yearly calendar for its supporters embellished with the year’s acronym’s slogan (dating back to even before the Rebbe officially began naming the years). Towards the end of 5749, one of the members of the Yeshiva’s Hanhala submitted a question to the Rebbe asking about the coming year’s acronym. That Erev Shabbos he was approached by one of the mazkirim and was told that the Rebbe would answer him on Shabbos. This left him bewildered. But indeed, during that Shabbos Farbrengen (Bamidbar 5749) the Rebbe said the following: “As has been customary in recent year to give a roshei teivos to the years, in order to add in Yiras Shomayim, so the coming year’s slogan is ‘May it be a Year of Wonders’ (‫ )תהי' שנת נסים‬as Moshiach will be here yet this year and thus the coming year will already be a year of wonders.” Similar words were also spoken at the Farbrengen of Yud Beis Tamuz 5749. ‫ה'תנש"א – הי' תהא שנת אראנו נפלאות‬ While 5750 was the ‘Year of Wonders,’ 5751 was the year Hashem will ‘Show us wonders’ (‫ ,)אראנו נפלאות‬said the Rebbe. With the conclusion of the Gulf War on Purim of that year, the Rebbe emphasized that Hashem has shown open miracles. Miracles comparable to, and even greater than, the miracle of Purim. Miracles that are a prelude to the coming of Moshiach. Shortly after Pesach, on Chof Ches Nissan, the Rebbe spoke the timeless Sicha in which he gave the job of bringing Moshiach over to the Chassidim. The Rebbe demanded that we give it our all to bring about Moshiach’s coming, and that everything we do must be to further that goal. The Rebbe first revealed the slogan of that year to Rabbi Leibel Raskin in connection to a calander being printed by Chabad of Moroco. On Shabbos Parshas Emor 5750 the Rebbe openly stated it at the weekly Farbrengen. At the Farbrengen of Shabbos Parshas Balak 5750 the Rebbe said that the miracles of the year 5751 will surpass even those of the year 5750. ‫תשנ"ב – הי' תהא שנת נפלאות בכל‬ The Rebbe’s talk of Moshiach significantly increased in the year 5752. On the Shabbos of that year’s Kinus Hashluchim the Rebbe proclaimed that all that remains to be done is to greet That year the Rebbe began wearing a silk kapota all yearround. There were those who conjectured that this was because it was right before the Geulah so the Rebbe donned Shabbos clothing. Moshiach and all other work should be done in that vein. The belief in the coming of Moshiach was so real that Kehos put out a notice that there will be a 40% sale “until the coming of Moshiach”! The Emunah in the Rebbe as Moshiach also began gaining traction due to numerous responses Chassidim received from the Rebbe – beginning already in 5751 – to that effect. Those responses were also accompanied by countless mentions in sichos about the Nosi Hador being the Moshiach. Just as with 5751, the slogan of the year 5752 was once again first revealed to Rabbi Leibel Raskin in connection to the printing of a calendar by Chabad of Moroco – “t’hei shnas niflaos bakol”. Throughout the year the Rebbe would mention several other roshei teivos for Kislev 5774 | 23
  24. 24. the year including niflaos bina, niflaos ba and niflaos b’eineinu. ‫תשנ"ג – תהא שנת נפלאות גדולות‬ After 27 Adar 5752, the connection between Chassidim and the Rebbe took on an unprecedented state – a state of suffering and ‫ .העלם והסתר‬After 7 months of Chassidim not seeing the Rebbe, the Rebbe finally came out on Rosh Hashana 5753. Chassidim were able to see the Rebbe, albeit only through a tinted window. Meanwhile, Chassidim continued to add in their activities to bring Moshiach, now motivated by a passionate cry of Ad Mosai – we want to see our Rebbe! After Yom Kippur of that year a balcony was built alongside the tinted window. Beginning then, the Rebbe would come out, often even two or three times a day, strongly encouraging the singing of Yechi, like a father who loves his children, giving them all he can. Chassidim believed that it would be from this very place, where the Rebbe will be nisgaleh any moment. Every time the Rebbe came 24 | Moshiach Weekly The belief in the coming of Moshiach was so real that Kehos put out a notice that there will be a 40% sale “until the coming of Moshiach”! out, this feeling was apparent amongst the Chassidim in 770. The slogan of that year, t’hei shnas niflaos g’dolos, was chosen by the Rebbe from amongst many other submissions presented to the Rebbe by the mazkir Reb Leibel Groner. ‫תשנ"ד – תהא שנת נפלאות דגולות‬ The slogan of the year 5754 was selected by the Rebbe in Sivan 5753, in con- nection with Chabad of Morocco’s calendar. At first the Rebbe turned down all the submissions (amongst them were divrei nifloysecha, didan notzach, niflaos dibur, etc.). It was only a few weeks later, when niflaos degulos (Eminent Wonders) was proposed, that the Rebbe noded his head in affirmation. The last time the Chassidim merited seeing the Rebbe, l’eis ata, was on 14 Cheshvon 5754, and a part of Shluchim on Rosh Chodesh Kislev 5754. Today, when we raise our eyes to the balcony on which the Rebbe appeared, and we have not yet merited the hisgalus, we cry out in anguish "Ad Mosai"?! How can it be that 20 years have passed v’adayin lo bo?! One can never forget the energy the Rebbe imbued in us Chassidim from this very place, and what Chassidim have consequently done to hasten the Rebbe’s hisgalus. Now, 20 years later, we must make a firm commitment to dedicate every second of our lives to do all we can to bring Moshiach now!
  25. 25. Longing for Moshiach - will bring him sooner KSAV YAD KODESH After the Sicha of Chof Ches Nissan 5751, in which the Rebbe made a tremendous Shturem to do Peulos connected to Moshiach to hasten the Geulah, The representatives of Mivtza Kashrus of Nshei Chabad of Crown Heights (Mrs. Simpson and Mrs. Gans-burg), notified the Rebbe of the Mivtzoim they organized in various malls in Brooklyn. Included was a picture of the exhibit they had set up in one of the malls. On the exhibit was written: LONGING for MOSHIACH WILL BRING HIM HERE TODAY! The Rebbe insructed to change the word "TODAY" to the word "Sooner". Kislev 5774 | 25
  26. 26. R' Shneur Zalman was born to his distinguished parents, R' Nosson and Esther Gurary, in Kremenchug on the first night of Chanuka 5672 (1912). He learned with the chassid R' Yisroel Neveler, who was a private tutor for the Gurary family. At age 4, he had the privilege of seeing and being blessed by the Rebbe Rashab on Erev Yom Kippur 5677, in the resort town of Slaviansk. had moved four years earlier. In order to protect themselves from troops on the road, they hired soldiers to accompany them. In the winter of 5680 the Gurary family had to flee Kremenchug for fear of the approaching Bolsheviks. The entire area was extremely tense because of the battles between the various factions. In addition to this, famine, the freezing cold, and epidemics felled numerous people. Yeshivas Tomchei T'mimim, which had moved to Kremenchug only three years earlier, also breathed its last in this city before moving to Rostov. R' Nosson had mesirus nefesh in educating his children. He sold diamonds belonging to his wife and paid a melamed with the money. This was during a famine, and the Melamed was able to support his eight children comfortably while others went hungry. The roads were dangerous and the only means of transportation available to the Gurarys was a freight train. They headed east towards Rostov, where the Rebbe Rashab's household 26 | Moshiach Weekly Shneur Zalman, the youngest of the family, was nearly eight years old when he and his family moved to Rostov. Memories of their flight and the terrors of the trip to Rostov were engraved in his memory. On Yud-Tes Kislev 5680, a few days after they arrived in Rostov, R' Zalman was present at the Rebbe Rashab's Farbrengen. The Rebbe sat not far from the door which connected the staloveh (the dining room) and the kabinet (the Rebbe's room). The room was full and R' Zalman didn't enter by way of the door which everybody used but from an inner hall of the house. Rebbetzin
  27. 27. The life and times of the Chossid Rabbi Zalman Gurary, a leading Chabad Rov and from its foremost askonim. A wholehearted Mekushar to the Rabbeim, never leaving their side. Chairman of the Vaad Hamenahalim of Yeshivas Tomchei Temimim, a member of the executive board of Kehos and a member of Agudas Chassidei Chabad, and was at the vanguard of spreading Besuras Hageula Shterna Sarah, a"h, let him in from the hallway to the kabinet and from there to the staloveh. vellin mir zain in einem" (Take me to the zal (from the bedroom to the yechidus room) and we'll be together). When R' Zalman walked in, he was very close to the Rebbe. He went over to his father who sat on the side of the Rebbe, and since the Rebbe was only wearing a yarmulke on his head, without a hat, he didn't recognize him at first and he asked, "Which one is the Rebbe?" When R' Zalman visited Rostov in his later years, he pointed out exactly where the Rebbe's bed was when he passed away. He said that on Shabbos morning, some Chassidim came to his parents' house in order to take a good bed for the Rebbe. Maybe the Rebbe heard the question, for he immediately asked him to say l'chaim (at the Rebbe Rashab's farbrengens, it was customary to say l'chaim only when the Rebbe asked for it, and this was considered a special kiruv). A few months after the Gurarys' arrival in Rostov, the Rebbe Rashab passed away. R' Zalman wasn't allowed to attend the funeral, but he remembered everything that took place before and after the funeral. On Motzaei Shabbos, a few hours before his passing, the Rebbe asked those around him, "Nemt mich in zal One of the experiences he had with the Rebbe Rashab took place on one of the Shabbos'os after Pesach. That Shabbos, R' Zalman went to daven without his father, who didn't feel well. The Rebbe asked how his father was, and then, when he saw young Zalman walking around during Krias ha'Torah, he told him to take a Chumash and to stand near the table during the kria. Kislev 5774 | 27
  28. 28. ON THE KNEES OF THE REBBE RAYATZ In 5681 (1921), R' Zalman's father passed away, and the Rebbe Rayatz took responsibility for raising him. His melamed was the Chossid R' Moshe Rosenblum, a secretary of both the Rebbe Rashab and the Rebbe Rayatz. The Rebbe Rayatz once told Rabbi Yaakov Landau to test R' Zalman. R' Yaakov tested him in the Rebbe's house, in the dining room, in a room which had a door that led to the Rebbe Rayatz's room. R' Yaakov walked around during the test and passed the door many times. R' Zalman didn't know that the Rebbe was sitting in his room and listening to the test. After the test the Rebbe said they should switch melamdim since this melamed only taught b'kius and not b'iyun (superficially and not in depth), and that R' Yechiel Kamisar should be his melamed. The Rebbe Rayatz showed a special fondness for R' Zalman, and one Simchas Torah during the farbrengen, the Rebbe put him on the lap of Zalman (the son of Folik) Gurary, who was himself a youth at the time. Zalman couldn't hold him that long, and the Rebbe took him and put him on his own lap. The Rebbe's plate had meat and tzimmes. The Rebbe took water and poured it into the tzimmes in his plate and then fed it to R' Zalman. R' Zalman didn't like it and the Rebbe said, "Es Un Brech, Vestu Blaiben A Chossid" (eat and throw up and you'll remain a Chossid). CONCERN FOR THE SMALLEST DETAILS In 5682-3 (1922-3), his sister Leah married R' Eliezer Karasik. The Rebbe Rayatz attended the Kabbalas Panim and R' Zalman accompanied the Rebbe Rayatz. When they arrived at the hall, the Rebbe Rayatz said that our custom is not to eat at the Kabbalas Panim. Years later, R' Zalman said that he saw in the Rebbe's diary from the wedding of Rebbetzin Shaina that the Rebbe Rayatz said the same thing, but he qualified it and said that only the Mechutanim (relatives) don't eat. In 5682, R' Zalman attended the wedding of the Rebbe Rayatz's oldest daughter Chana with his cousin, R' Shemaryohu Gurary. R' Zalman was one of the few Chassidim who attended all three of the Rebbe Rayatz's daughter's weddings. When the Rebbe Rayatz left Rostov for Leningrad in 5684, the Gurarys followed. In Leningrad there was no melamed for R' Zalman and the Rebbe Rayatz sent him to Nevel, to the chassid R' Meir Simcha Chein. He sent a letter to R' Chein in which he asked him to secure a melamed for R' Zalman. R' Chein didn't find a private melamed in Nevel and he tried to get R' Zalman into Tomchei Temimim in Nevel. At first the hanhala didn't want to accept him since he was too young, but then the Rebbe sent his secretary, R' Chatshe Feigin, to make sure he was accepted. Until he entered the yeshiva, R' Chein learned with him. Among other things, they learned the introduction to Imrei Bina, a long complicated piece with deep Chassidic ideas. In 5685, the Gurarys moved to Poland and R' Zalman attended Tomchei Temimim in Warsaw. At that time he received letters from the Rebbe Rayatz in which the Rebbe guided him in what to learn, etc. Among other things, the Rebbe told him to study Derech Chaim of the Mitteler Rebbe. Out of concern for his Chinuch, the Rebbe dealt with the smallest details, and once even told him to learn dikduk (grammar) in order to improve his writing, and to improve his handwriting. In the summer of 5687 (1927), when he was fifteen, R' Zalman had appendicitis, and the doctors said he needed an operation. He told the doctors that he couldn't have the operation without his Rebbe's approval, and since the Rebbe was in jail at the time and he couldn't consult with him, R' Zalman told the doctors that he couldn't be operated on. They didn't operate and R' Zalman miraculously recovered without an operation. R' Zalman made great efforts to be with the Rebbe Rayatz in Riga for Rosh HaShana 5689. Despite the financial difficulties and the hardships entailed in obtaining travel permits, R' Zalman managed to be with the Rebbe for Tishrei. From that year until this one, R' Zalman spent every Rosh HaShana with the Rebbeim, except for Rosh HaShana 5690 (1930) when the Rebbe Rayatz was in America, and Rosh HaShana 5700 (1940) when the Rebbe Rayatz was in bombed out Warsaw and R' Zalman was in Riga. In Kislev 5689 (1929), R' Zalman attended the wedding of the Rebbe and Rebbetzin Chaya Mushka. 28 | Moshiach Weekly When the Rebbe Rayatz was about to travel to Eretz Yisroel, the Rebbe left the
  29. 29. city before Shiva-Asar B'Tammuz in order to begin his trip before the Three Weeks. R' Zalman joined the Rebbe on his trip outside the city. A SPECIAL SHLICHUS In 5691 (1931), the Rebbe Rayatz devised a plan to expand the network of Chabad Yeshivos. R' Zalman Gurary was picked for this special Shlichus. He traveled to check out the Yeshivos in various cities in Vohlin, to strengthen the learning of Chassidus in towns, and to establish new Yeshivos in appropriate places. Before leaving on this mission, the Rebbe called him to a yechidus and said, "When sending an emissary, the chochmas [i.e., the successes] are the Shliach's and the stupidities are associated with the one who sent him. Don't do anything foolish so that it won't be attributed to me. "And what is your shlichus? Your Shlichus is to make Chassidim. How do you make Chassidim? When the Shliach himself is a Chossid, then he can make Chassidim". In the course of this Shlichus, R' Gurary received detailed instructions in dozens of letters from the Rebbe (that were printed in the Rebbe Rayatz's Igros Kodesh, vol. 11, and more recently in vol. 16). R' Gurary sent dozens of letters to the Rebbe Rayatz in which he gave detailed reports of his work. Copies of these letters, which were kept in the Rebbe Rayatz's archives, were later returned to R' Gurary's possession. R' Gurary's Shlichus extended to other towns and continued into 5692. While on this Shlichus, R' Gurary gave many Shiurim in Nigleh and Chassidus, and he met with many Gedolei HoRabbonim and Roshei Yeshivos. After concluding this Shlichus, he returned to Warsaw where he served as Maggid Shiur in the younger level of Tomchei Temimim. At this time too, the personal relationship he had with the Rebbe was apparent, for the Rebbe Rayatz was personally responsible for his salary. MINISTER OF THE COURTYARD In 5692, R' Gurary attended the wedding of R' M.M. Horenstein and Rebbetzin Shaina (may Hashem avenge their blood). The wedding took place in the summer, yet it rained throughout the Badeken, and it was very dark. Years later, R' Gurary said that he noticed that the Rebbe Rayatz looked extremely gloomy and he was very shaken. When he was in the town of Druzkenik (a resort area) on the border of Poland and Lithuania, the Rebbe Rayatz stayed in a hotel and needed a Minyan. It was R' Gurary's job to find a Sefer Torah, however, in this particular town there was only a Torah which had the words "‫"פצוע דכא‬ written with the letter Hei, which is not the Minhag Chabad. R' Gurary asked the Rebbe Rayatz, through Rashag, what to do, and he was told that our tradition has it that the Alter Rebbe once stayed in a city where there were only Sifrei Torahs in which ‫ פצוע דכא‬was written with a Hei, and he read from them or went up to the Torah when he was called for an Aliya. While there, R' Gurary took care of the Rebbe's household's needs, and had the privilege of the Rebbe Rayatz bestowing upon him the nickname, "Minister Devara" (Minister of the Courtyard). WITH THE REBBE RAYATZ IN WARSAW When the Rebbe Rayatz arrived in Warsaw, they had to find a bakery in order to bake Matzos. R' Gurary was one of the main people involved in this. At first they found a bakery in Otvotsk, but while Kashering the oven, a fire broke out and burnt the oven. Then they found a bakery in the nearby town of Parnitsh, but there were many rabbanim and Admurim in Parnitsh, and it was almost impossible to bake Matzos on Erev Pesach because there were many who wanted to do so. R' Gurary asked the Rebbe what to do, for we have the custom of baking Matzos on Erev Pesach after Chatzos (noon). The Rebbe said that they could bake before noon, and this is what they did. The Rebbe Rayatz asked R' Gurary to build a model of the Beis HaMikdosh out of wood. There was a Jew in Warsaw who had made a model of the Beis HaMikdash, exactly as the Gemara describes it, and the Rebbe wanted R' Gurary to do the same. Since he didn't want people to come to him with complaints that he hadn't made it properly, and since the cost would be high, and if he didn't make it precisely he thought the Rebbe would have complaints that he wasted mon- ey, he sought all sorts of excuses, saying he wasn't capable of doing it, etc. The Rebbe said, "I'm teaching you Orach Chaim, and you're teaching me Choshen Mishpat..." (i.e., I'm guiding your spiritual life, and you respond with monetary considerations). The Rebbe Rayatz once traveled to visit his uncle, R' Moshe Horenstein. At the entrance stood an old Chossid by the name of Shimon Greenberg. The Rebbe told him to stay near the door, while he asked R' Gurary to join him on the trip. This was remarkable, the Rebbe taking R' Zalman who was a bachur, while the old Chossid was left near the door. The Rebbe explained that he was taking R' Zalman because he was afraid that if he left him near the door he would steal his manuscripts... When the Rebbe arrived in Otvotsk, R' Gurary was appointed as Gabbai responsible for allowing people in for yechidus. Most people lived in Warsaw and they would come in the evening in order to see the Rebbe for Yechidus. On the day the Rebbe arrived, they davened Mincha in the front room and didn't say Tachnun. The Rebbe asked R' Gurary why they hadn't said Tachnun, and R' Gurary answered that when the Rebbe came it's Yom Tov, and on Yom Tov you don't say Tachnun. The Rebbe responded: "I understand that when the Rebbe comes you don't sin, but that you don't say Tachnun when the Rebbe comes, that I don't understand." The Rebbe once took R' Gurary for Kiddush Levana so that he could say "Sholom Aleichem" to him. There were many trees in Otvotsk and the Rebbe looked for a place to be Mekadesh the Levana without standing under a tree. While walking, the Rebbe tripped over a wire fence and nearly fell. Afterwards, the Rebbe gave R' Gurary money to buy Mashke, so that the Chassidim could farbreng (about the miracle that had happened). While in Otvotsk for Pesach, there was not a large crowd for Pesach. Among the Kislev 5774 | 29
  30. 30. Following Yud Shvat 5753 (1993), when the Rebbe consented to the global televising of the encouragement of Yechi, there were members of Anash who tried to hamper the efforts of spreading this message. Reb Zalmen, who was a member of Agudas Chasidei Chabad and a staunch proponent of these efforts, did his utmost to stonewall those trying to impede on the Rebbe’s wishes. During this period, Reb Zalmen submitted a letter to Rebbe asking the following: “Regarding those who tirelessly fight me . . solely because I proudly pronounce the Rebbe as Moshiach, must I fight this to the point of Mesiras Nefesh?” When the letter was read to the Rebbe, the Rebbe answered affirmatively. guests were only the Rebbe's relatives, R' Gurary, his friend R' Meir Glazman, and Feivel Greener. Before the meal, the Rebbe Rayatz's grandson told everybody where to sit, as the Rebbe had instructed him, on the right or left, near or far. The guests were called "the Rebbetzin's guests." R' Gurary was embarrassed to eat in front of the Rebbe Rayatz and so he refrained from eating. Seeing this, the Rebbe told the story about R' Yekusiel Liepler, about the Tzemach Tzedek sending him Matzoh on Erev Pesach, which he ate before Bedikas Chometz because he thought the Tzemach Tzedek had sent the Matzoh in order to help him with his Avodas Hatefillah Barichus. The Rebbe Rayatz concluded the story by saying that from this we see that when the Rebbe gives, you take. THOUSANDS OF ANSWERS AND RESPONSES After the passing of the Rebbe Rayatz, R' Gurary became Mekushar to the Rebbe heart and soul. The fact that he had been very mekushar and close to the Rebbe Rayatz, didn't affect his Hiskashrus to the Rebbe. It's impossible to write about the special connection R' Gurary had with the Rebbe in one article, not even in a series of articles. R' Gurary wrote to the Rebbe nearly every day about what he had done that day, and everything he did was with the Rebbe's Haskama and Bracha. The letters and responses he received from the Rebbe over the years number in the thousands! UTTER DEVOTION REBBE'S MOSDOS TO THE When the Rebbe first refused to accept the Chabad leadership, R' Gurary asked the 30 | Moshiach Weekly Rebbe for a Yechidus. The Rebbe smiled and said: "What, you're also one of those?" R' Gurary said: "With Chaya and Yechida (the transcendent levels of the soul through which a Rebbe bonds with Chassidim), you don't play around." The Rebbe became serious and accepted him for Yechidus. At this time there was a special Vaad that worked on things having to do with the Nesius. R' Gurary was a member of this Vaad, and in his later years related that the Vaad was established at the initiative of the Rebbe, who called upon the members of the Vaad and appointed them to the task. R' Gurary devoted himself to getting the Rebbe to accept the Nesius in all matters. When he saw that the Rebbe was not allowing the chozrim into his room after the saying of a maamer, as all the previous Rebbeim did, he entered for a Yechidus and asked the Rebbe why they didn't do Chazara. The Rebbe explained that the previous Rebbeim were precise in their wording and only the Mitteler Rebbe was not so exacting in the words but in the inyan. I too, said the Rebbe, am not precise in my words, so there's not much need for Chazara. R' Gurary's devotion to the Rebbe's Mosdos was limitless. He got many other wealthy people whom he knew from business to contribute to the Rebbe's Mosdos. He himself gave tens of millions to the Rebbe's Mosdos. He was a member of the Hanhala of Kehos, and thanks to him, this Mosad is one of the most illustrious mosdos of Chabad in recent decades. Out of hundreds of Sifrei Maamarim of the Rebbeim that were printed in the last fifty years. R' Gurary paid for most of them to be published. The Rebbe referred to this a few times, even at public farbrengens, saying what a great Zechus it was to pay to have Seforim printed. On Simchas Torah in one of the early years of the Rebbe's Nesius, R' Gurary said to the Rebbe that since Simchas Torah night is considered an auspicious time in Lubavitch (it was the time the Rebbe Rashab blessed all the Bochurim who needed an exemption from the Russian army), he was asking the Rebbe that he have the Zechus to have a Yechidus each year on Simchas Torah night and be blessed by the Rebbe. The Rebbe agreed on condition that R' Gurary keep it a secret so that others wouldn't be jealous. Every year, on Simchas Torah night, he would have a special Yechidus with the Rebbe. One Simchas Torah, R' Gurary had a terrible kidney attack. The doctor said he had to go to the hospital for an operation. R' Gurary's daughter, Mrs. Esther Sternberg, who was a little girl at the time, ran to the Rebbe's house to ask for a Beracha for her father. The Rebbetzin opened the door and when she heard what was going on she went upstairs to the Rebbe to ask for a beracha. The Rebbe said he should go to Dr. Seligson. The little girl said: "But my father already saw a doctor, and the doctor said he has to go to the hospital!" The Rebbetzin told the Rebbe what she said and the Rebbe said: "Nu, if they already asked a doctor, they should do what he said." When the girl returned home and R' Gurary heard that at first the Rebbe had said they should consult with Dr. Seligson, he decided not to do anything without Dr. Seligson's approval. When Dr. Seligson arrived he said the situation wasn't that bad and he could wait until after Yom Tov. A few hours later the stone passed and the next day R' Gurary was in his usual place, selling Hakafos on behalf of Merkoz LeInyonei Chinuch. When they told the Rebbe that the stone had passed, the Rebbe said: "Nu, I said they should listen to Seligson." R' Gurary had a special Chassidishe cleverness. In one of the early years of the Nesius the Rebbe returned from the Ohel after sunset, not having davened Mincha yet.
  31. 31. The Rebbe asked R' Gurary: "When is sunset this time of year?" that they draw water for Mayim Shelanu for Pesach. R' Gurary answered: "Five minutes after the Rebbe finishes Mincha!" When the Rebbe wanted to point out a particular thing but didn't want to do so at a farbrengen, he would call R' Gurary to a yechidus and have him convey his message. An example: In the early years the Rebbe stayed in the Sukkah while people said the bracha on the Rebbe's Daled Minim. After a while, the Rebbe told R' Gurary that he didn't want to take the time, and requested of him to arrange an alternative. The Rebbe smiled and was pleased and went to daven Mincha. AN ETERNAL ZECHUS Just as the Rebbe Rayatz called him "Minister of the Courtyard," the Rebbe appointed R' Gurary as the one responsible for all his household expenses as well as anything connected with the Rebbe and Rebbetzin's medical needs. On Chaf-Beis Shevat 5748, a few hours after the Rebbetzin passed away, the Rebbe called R' Gurary to his room at home and with a serious look told him that the Zechus of being the one primarily involved with the nifteres (deceased) would stand by him and his children and grandchildren until the end of time. R' Gurary was once involved in building a Sukkah for the Rebbe, and among other things, he needed to be sure that they could sit in the Sukkah without any halachic questions arising. For this purpose, he trimmed the trees at 770 that lined the way one goes to Tashlich. The Rebbe asked him how he could cut the trees and R' Gurary wrote to the Rebbe that in Shulchan Aruch it says that only fruit trees may not be cut, but barren trees may be cut. The Rebbe said that when being involved in the needs of the public, one must have Yishuv Ha'daas (presence of mind), and in this matter it says in Seifer HaChinuch that it's forbidden to cut trees because it causes pain to the residents of the city, and by cutting the branches he caused pain to those who live in the house. R' Gurary arranged that R' Meir Harlig would take the Daled Minim from the Rebbe, thus saving the Rebbe precious time. Aside from this, dozens of Horaos and Hanhagos were transmitted through him over the years. In connection with the Bar Mitzva of his sons, and later when they married, R' Gurary received instructions and Hanhagos from the Rebbe. In later years, R' Gurary was the Shliach of Anash to give the Rebbe the Pan Kloli and to bless the Rebbe on his birthday, Yud-Alef Nissan. AN ABOUT-FACE – FOR MOSHIACH In more recent years, R' Gurary would speak a great deal about faith in what the Rebbe said. He would always quote from the Haftora of Rosh HaShana, the day of his passing, which describes the strong faith Chana had in the promise of the Navi. The following is an excerpt from an article R' Gurary wrote before YudAlef Nissan in one of the later years: In the story of Shiras Chana it says that Eli HaKohen who was a Navi gave her a Bracha, "‫( "ופני' לא היו עוד‬her countenance was no longer the same). Why add that final comment? What relevance does it have to the Bracha Eli gave her? Prior to these words, the Possuk writes, "and the G-d of Israel should grant your request that you asked of Him." So it's clear that his Bracha would be fulfilled as all words of a Navi are fulfilled, what is the Chidush of the words "‫?"ופני' לא היו עוד‬ The answer is simple: True, the Bracha of a Navi is always fulfilled, but there can be obstacles and delays. Therefore, in order for Eli's bracha to be fulfilled without obstacles and delays, there had to be a "vessel" for this, and the vessel was Emuna and Bitachon – "Her countenance was no longer the same." If instead of her former bitterness she felt joy, to the point that her physical countenance reflected her Simcha and Bitachon, this itself became the vessel for Eli's bracha to be fulfilled "below ten handbreadths," as indeed happened. Chana's prayer was special and the Gemara learns many halachos from her prayer. It wasn't merely a personal prayer but As someone alert to the Rebbe's needs, R' Gurary came up with the idea of building a special place for Tashlich near 770 to save the Rebbe the bother of walking to the park. After receiving the Rebbe's consent and blessing, he brought people to dig behind the building and they discovered a spring under 770. From there, the water flows into the special structure used for Tashlich. Before Rosh HaShana, the Rebbe gave him various instructions in connection with Tashlich – that there should be trees around it and fish. Every year, the family made sure to bring fish. By the way, it is from this spring Kislev 5774 | 31
  32. 32. IN THAT WHICH THE REBBE KOCHS, WE TOO MUST KOCH An address delivered by Reb Zalmen at a Kinus in 770 on Chof Zayin Nissan 5753 The main thing we must speak about, and that which we have the duty to speak about, is how to accomplish the point that I will elaborate on later, something that is the call of the hour: This that two years ago the Rebbe gave us a mission and said he is leaving it to us. I, in particular, must speak of this for it was to me personally that the Rebbe later said ‘loy noga v’loy poga’ (it has had no effect). The Rebbe did not say this just to put someone down, but in order to encourage and prod us into action. It is therefore specifically incumbent on me to speak about this issue, particularly since two years have already passed since that day. Before that, however, I wish to speak of something that is clear to me and very near to my heart. I have already spoken of it more than once, but now, when we see the Rebbe ‘screaming,’ literally – we all see and hear his screams – we therefore must do all we can, and in accordance to Torah, we must cry out to Hashem to heal the Rebbe, as it is written '‫( ויזעקו אל ה‬and they cried out to Hashem) followed by ‫( ישלח דברו וירפאם‬He sent His word and healed them). Now let me move on to my second and central point, a topic that must be discussed. This that I am going to speak about can be approached from various angles. I, however, wish to discuss only its practical dimensions. I would like to relate something I heard while in Tel Aviv, something that had a very strong impact on me. Whether it had an impact on the others there, I do not know, but me it affected tremendously. I would like to retell it here so that hopefully it will impact someone here too. The Chossid Reb Shaul Ber Zislin, whom I remember from back in Kremenchug as an extremely holy man, related that in the early years of the Rebbe Rashab’s nesius he was sitting between a group of elder Chassidim who were arguing over which Chassidus should be learned. One said Imrei Bina, another said the Maamarim of the Tzemach Tzedek and yet another said the Maamorim of the Rebbe Maharash (many of those present were Chassidim of the Maharash). On the side was standing Reb Osher Nikolei’ever, the Shochet of Nikolayev, who was not counted amongst the Chassidic greats, but he was a wholehearted Mekushar to the Rebbe. He was only a young man, yet he interjected into the discussion saying that he doesn’t understand why they are even arguing. “We all know,” he said, “that whatever the Rebbe kochs in, we must Koch in 32 | Moshiach Weekly as well (‫.)אין וואס דער רבי קאכט זיך אין דעם דארף מיר קאכן‬ The Rebbe says Maamorim every Shabbos, so this is the Rebbe’s koch and it must be ours too. How can you even argue about this topic?” Now too we can argue over what to do and bring up many different solutions, but I would like to speak practical. We see what the Rebbe does and we know in what he kochs. The Rebbe goes out twice a day and with his last strengths encourages the singing of Yechi. So what relevance do all the opinions have? What the Rebbe does, so must we do, especially when it is done with his last strengths. And now we’re going to argue about it? This is utter nonsense! We see clearly what the Rebbe does! The Rambam writes that we believe in Matan Torah because we ourselves saw it. Same here, we see how the Rebbe comes out twice a day and shows us what to do, and you’re going to debate over whether to believe or not believe? Utter nonsense! We can argue over different methods to go about it, but we must always bear in mind that what the Rebbe does, is what we do. Those who say that such actions can have adverse effects are totally missing the point! Do they not realize that the Rebbe knows that people see what is going on and it is being publicized all over the world? Does he not know that it can do “damage”? Yet we see that he still does it… When it comes to health, parnasa, business – whether to invest or not to invest – you rely on the Rebbe, but when it comes to something the Rebbe does twice daily, suddenly you start having doubts? After all we bore witness to, do you still have any questions? It could be that logically you have a point, but the Rebbe shows us twice a day otherwise. Imagine if you were to ask the Rebbe whether to do something or not, something which you fear can do damage, and the Rebbe would answer to go ahead with it. Would you even think of doing otherwise? What can be greater than the fact that the Rebbe comes out twice a day, with his last strengths, and encourages the singing of Yechi Adoneinu Moreinu Virabeinu Melech Hamoshiach Leolam Voed? After all that we are going to get into ‘logical’ debates? This is how it was all the years, and the same is with Moshiach: what the Rebbe says, we do, even to the point of Mesiras Nefesh, just as the Rebbe is currently doing with Mesiras Nefesh. May Hashem help that we should do to this effect, for it is certain that the Rebbe knows of all the “problems” and “damage” and bobeh mayses. Let us be like the Chossid who said “Whatever the Rebbe kochs in, we must Koch in as well”! something that pertained to future generations. From this story we learn that in order for a Bracha from a Tzaddik to be realized, we need the vessel of faith. This is the avoda of our times "and her countenance was no longer the same." Emuna. I heard a story from R' Moshe Leib Rodstein, that once a woman came to R' Mendel Horodoker to ask for a Bracha for a child. R' Mendel told her: "If you will accept my bracha in such a way that you feel your hands moving [i.e., that you feel as though you are holding the baby and rocking him], I will bless you." When she said she would, he blessed her, and his bracha was fulfilled. Her emuna wasn't way up there in the seventh heaven; it was palpable. And it was this that made her a vessel to see the fulfillment of the Bracha. In our generation we see how the Rebbe's words were always "on the mark." On many occasions the Rebbe told us that "our generation is the last generation of Galus and the first of Geula" and so we need to believe this with simple faith. When the Razah (the brother of the Rebbe Rashab) was asked to be Rebbe after the passing of the Rebbe Maharash he said: "Everything has an intermediary. Between a wealthy man and a poor man is a man of average means. Between a wise man and a fool there's someone in between, etc., but between a rebbe and a thief there's nothing in between, either you're a Rebbe or you're a thief [i.e., a thief, who is Gonev Daas – he fools people]." The same is true with the emuna in what the Rebbe said, there's no partial belief. Either you believe or ch"v... The fact that much time has elapsed and we still don't have the true and complete Geulah (and there are