Dr. Silim M. Nahdy  Chair, AFAAS Board  Presentation  to  AFAAS third Symposium and GA, 2011 Alisa Hotel , Accra Ghana Sym...
OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION <ul><li>Challenges facing African AAS  </li></ul><ul><li>The formation of AFAAS </li></ul><ul><li>...
Climate change &  soil degradation Poverty in Africa Low agricultural productivity Low level of education Poor market orie...
Unsupportive Policies Inappropriate AAS delivery approaches  Inappropriate funding approaches Low organisational & Institu...
THE PROBLEMS AT THE CENTRE <ul><li>No continent-wide framework for supporting institutional development of AAS </li></ul><...
THE PROBLEMS AT THE CENTRE (continued) <ul><li>Lack of mechanisms to develop synergies between countries </li></ul><ul><ul...
THE PROBLEMS AT THE CENTRE (continued) <ul><li>Information exchange not adequate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low level of inform...
THE PROBLEMS AT THE CENTRE (continued) <ul><li>Low capacity of AAS to address current challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tra...
THE PROBLEMS AT THE CENTRE (continued) <ul><li>Low level of networking and partnership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No coordinate...
What is needed? <ul><li>The question was addressed by: </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-Saharan African Network on Agricultural Advis...
<ul><li>Information Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Continental focus </li></ul><ul><li>Quality assurance of agricultural extens...
AFAAS -  CAADP Context <ul><li>CAADP provides a framework that can enable the attainment of AFAAS objectives within the co...
AFAAS -  CAADP Context <ul><li>Policy and advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>AAS require a supportive policy framework  </li></ul>...
Groundnuts  Lessons
Networking, GFRAS,RIMIS and AFAAS – Chile
AFAAS at a glimpse
Thank You
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Afaas presentation to afaas third symposium 2011

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Afaas presentation to afaas third symposium 2011

  1. 1. Dr. Silim M. Nahdy Chair, AFAAS Board Presentation to AFAAS third Symposium and GA, 2011 Alisa Hotel , Accra Ghana Symposium & GA EVOLUTION OF AFAAS
  2. 2. OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION <ul><li>Challenges facing African AAS </li></ul><ul><li>The formation of AFAAS </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative advantage of AFAAS </li></ul><ul><li>AFAAS guiding principles </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons from AAS </li></ul>
  3. 3. Climate change & soil degradation Poverty in Africa Low agricultural productivity Low level of education Poor market orientation
  4. 4. Unsupportive Policies Inappropriate AAS delivery approaches Inappropriate funding approaches Low organisational & Institutional Capacities Farmers who are not empowered Widening scope of AAS Inability to target poverty and gender Ineffective demand for AAS Environmental degradation and climate change Poor Market Orientation ?! Challenges Facing African Agricultural Advisory Services (AAS)
  5. 5. THE PROBLEMS AT THE CENTRE <ul><li>No continent-wide framework for supporting institutional development of AAS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture largely neglected as investment priority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uncoordinated funding schemes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No common framework for multi-stakeholder collaboration </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. THE PROBLEMS AT THE CENTRE (continued) <ul><li>Lack of mechanisms to develop synergies between countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The potential of experts in specialized fields are not fully utilized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory approaches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-stakeholder approaches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Value chain experts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting services to (such as micro-credit, rural infrastructure) are poor or not fully engaged </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. THE PROBLEMS AT THE CENTRE (continued) <ul><li>Information exchange not adequate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low level of information sharing regarding advisory service approaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best practices of AAS approaches for specific domains are lacking (high value/stable crops; domestic/export market; public/private AAS) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. THE PROBLEMS AT THE CENTRE (continued) <ul><li>Low capacity of AAS to address current challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditionally no proactive but passive role to deliver researcher-generated knowledge to farmers (top-down approach); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus rather on productivity (supply driven) than on market demand (demand driven); </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blanket recommendation instead of consideration of recommendation domains </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. THE PROBLEMS AT THE CENTRE (continued) <ul><li>Low level of networking and partnership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No coordinated linkages between various AAS providers within countries (public and private AAS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No international linkages between AAS (unlike research) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unconducive policies </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. What is needed? <ul><li>The question was addressed by: </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-Saharan African Network on Agricultural Advisory Services (SSANAAS), Kampala, 2004 (7 African Countries) </li></ul><ul><li>AAS Innovations and Networking Second Symposium, Kampala, 2006 (14 African countries), formalisation through stakeholder endorsement of; African Forum for Agricultural Advisory Services (AFAAS) </li></ul>What is required?
  11. 11. <ul><li>Information Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Continental focus </li></ul><ul><li>Quality assurance of agricultural extension </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency and effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Innovativeness   </li></ul><ul><li>Market orientation/ commercialisation </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting participation of private sector, civil society and farmers   </li></ul><ul><li>Subsidiarity </li></ul><ul><li>Separation of Advisory Services from input delivery </li></ul>Alisa Hotel AFAAS Principles
  12. 12. AFAAS - CAADP Context <ul><li>CAADP provides a framework that can enable the attainment of AFAAS objectives within the context of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lessons learnt from previous experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenges to AAS in Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Widening scope of agricultural advisory services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A New Relationship between Research and Advisory Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immerging issues - climate change, gender </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergence of the Market Oriented Agricultural Services paradigm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and threats </li></ul></ul>AFAAS - CAADP Context
  13. 13. AFAAS - CAADP Context <ul><li>Policy and advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>AAS require a supportive policy framework </li></ul><ul><li>Diversifying Delivery and funding approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibly and use of different approaches- blend public and private delivery.   </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional and organisational capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Low institutional and organisational capacities. </li></ul><ul><li>Participation and Empowerment </li></ul><ul><li>Innovativeness in design and piloting of interventions </li></ul>Lessons
  14. 14. Groundnuts Lessons
  15. 15. Networking, GFRAS,RIMIS and AFAAS – Chile
  16. 16. AFAAS at a glimpse
  17. 17. Thank You

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