Balancing  the Natural World &  the Technological World  with our Inner World By Melanie  Van Zwieten
Would You Kindly Introduce Yourself
Now Lets Answer  The Real Question …
What is Stopping Us from Knowing Who We Are? <ul><li>Busy Schedules </li></ul><ul><li>Media Technology </li></ul><ul><li>U...
Imagine …
<ul><li>Reduced memory  </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced self-control </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of emotional  </li></ul><ul><li>cont...
Disconnected (Hall, 1997; Seaman & Gass, 2004) Prevents  Internalisation  of Life  Experiences Prevents us  from Learning ...
World of a Child FaceBook Mobiles E-mails Chat   Rooms MySpace Text Messages MSN School
<ul><li>PLAN </li></ul><ul><li>REFLECT     ACT </li></ul><ul><li>OBSERVE </li></ul>David Kolb’s Experiential Learning Theo...
It’s the Thought That Counts… <ul><li>It is not an individual  </li></ul><ul><li>who has an experience,  </li></ul><ul><li...
Imagine …
Outdoor Education Aids Reflection <ul><li>Outdoor Education loosens daily distractions and enhances self awareness.   </li...
Reflection – Outdoor Camp “ I started thinking about things” Self-Discovery Over-come negative self-beliefs Discover stren...
Experiential Approach:    Rock Climbing   <ul><li>Challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction </li></ul><ul><li>Frontloading, Que...
Facilitate It <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  Lesson Principles </li></ul><ul><li>Skills  Metaphors </li></ul><ul><li>  </li...
Benefits of Self Reflection: <ul><li>Problem solving skills </li></ul><ul><li>Self-discipline  </li></ul><ul><li>Responsib...
The Question Remains …
(Lehrer, 2009)
Balance Technological World  & Natural World <ul><li>The key is to find ways to alleviate  </li></ul><ul><li>the psycholog...
Sense of Place (Bridle, 2004;  White, n.d))
Research Shows … Even a patch of nature holds benefits (Lehrer, 2009)
Balancing the Technological World with the Natural World <ul><li>Engage Students </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Competence  </...
Blog:  Online Journal
PowerPoint:  Connected Class
http://www.smilebox.com
Postcard:  Who I Am
Scrapbook:  School Seasons
Slideshow:  Self Story
E-Cards:  This made me think of You
Invitation:  Time to Reflect
Encourage Reflective Thinking Stimulate cognitive processes before,  during and after  learning experiences Teachable Mome...
Fundamentals of Outdoor Education <ul><li>Give students an </li></ul><ul><li>opportunity to </li></ul><ul><li>derive their...
<ul><li>Lets take the advantages from both </li></ul><ul><li>The Natural World and  </li></ul><ul><li>The Technological Wo...
References <ul><li>Alvarez, A.G & Stauffer, G.A. (2001). Musings on adventure therapy.  The  </li></ul><ul><li>Journal of ...
<ul><li>Healey, M. & Jenkins, A. (2000). Kolb's Experiential Learning Theory and Its Application in Geography in Higher Ed...
<ul><li>Seaman, J. & Gass, M. (2004). Service-Learning and Outdoor Education: Promising Reform Movements or Future.  The J...
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Balancing the Natural World and the Technological World with our Inner World

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Outdoor education that provides experiential learning activities which promote self reflection and incorporate Information and Communication Technologies

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Balancing the Natural World and the Technological World with our Inner World

  1. 1. Balancing the Natural World & the Technological World with our Inner World By Melanie Van Zwieten
  2. 2. Would You Kindly Introduce Yourself
  3. 3. Now Lets Answer The Real Question …
  4. 4. What is Stopping Us from Knowing Who We Are? <ul><li>Busy Schedules </li></ul><ul><li>Media Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanisation </li></ul>(Pergams & Zaradic, 2007; Lehrer, 2009; White, n.d.)
  5. 5. Imagine …
  6. 6. <ul><li>Reduced memory </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced self-control </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of emotional </li></ul><ul><li>control </li></ul>Cognitive Deficits (Lehrer, 2009)
  7. 7. Disconnected (Hall, 1997; Seaman & Gass, 2004) Prevents Internalisation of Life Experiences Prevents us from Learning from our experiences Lose Touch with our Inner-Selves
  8. 8. World of a Child FaceBook Mobiles E-mails Chat Rooms MySpace Text Messages MSN School
  9. 9. <ul><li>PLAN </li></ul><ul><li>REFLECT ACT </li></ul><ul><li>OBSERVE </li></ul>David Kolb’s Experiential Learning Theory (Healey & Jenkins, 2000)
  10. 10. It’s the Thought That Counts… <ul><li>It is not an individual </li></ul><ul><li>who has an experience, </li></ul><ul><li>rather it is experience </li></ul><ul><li>that results in the individual </li></ul>(Zink, 2005)
  11. 11. Imagine …
  12. 12. Outdoor Education Aids Reflection <ul><li>Outdoor Education loosens daily distractions and enhances self awareness. </li></ul>(Zink, 2005)
  13. 13. Reflection – Outdoor Camp “ I started thinking about things” Self-Discovery Over-come negative self-beliefs Discover strengths & abilities Self-Efficacy transfers to daily life (Lehrer, 2009)
  14. 14. Experiential Approach: Rock Climbing <ul><li>Challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Reaction </li></ul><ul><li>Frontloading, Questioning and Debriefing </li></ul><ul><li>Connections and Meanings </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude & Behaviour Change </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer to Life </li></ul>( Alvarez & Stauffer, 2001 )
  15. 15. Facilitate It <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> Lesson Principles </li></ul><ul><li>Skills Metaphors </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Life </li></ul>(Parry, 1997)
  16. 16. Benefits of Self Reflection: <ul><li>Problem solving skills </li></ul><ul><li>Self-discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible risk taking </li></ul><ul><li>Physical, emotional and social maturation </li></ul><ul><li>Access and express emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Personal and interpersonal skills </li></ul><ul><li>Skills to make better choices </li></ul><ul><li>Life changes one needs and wants </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviour is a symptom of other issues </li></ul><ul><li>Personal strengths and weaknesses </li></ul><ul><li>Self-concept, sense of empowerment & resiliency </li></ul>(Russell, 2001 )
  17. 17. The Question Remains …
  18. 18. (Lehrer, 2009)
  19. 19. Balance Technological World & Natural World <ul><li>The key is to find ways to alleviate </li></ul><ul><li>the psychological </li></ul><ul><li>damage of urban </li></ul><ul><li>living whilst </li></ul><ul><li>still preserving its </li></ul><ul><li>unique benefits . </li></ul>(Lehrer, 2009)
  20. 20. Sense of Place (Bridle, 2004; White, n.d))
  21. 21. Research Shows … Even a patch of nature holds benefits (Lehrer, 2009)
  22. 22. Balancing the Technological World with the Natural World <ul><li>Engage Students </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Competence </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulus for Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Greater Self-Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Appeal to a Diverse </li></ul><ul><li>Range of Learners </li></ul>(Houghton, 2007 & White, n.d.)
  23. 23. Blog: Online Journal
  24. 24. PowerPoint: Connected Class
  25. 25. http://www.smilebox.com
  26. 26. Postcard: Who I Am
  27. 27. Scrapbook: School Seasons
  28. 28. Slideshow: Self Story
  29. 29. E-Cards: This made me think of You
  30. 30. Invitation: Time to Reflect
  31. 31. Encourage Reflective Thinking Stimulate cognitive processes before, during and after learning experiences Teachable Moments Encircling & Surrounding Experiences Ask the Right Questions Don’t Give Them The Answers (Seamon & Gass, 2004)
  32. 32. Fundamentals of Outdoor Education <ul><li>Give students an </li></ul><ul><li>opportunity to </li></ul><ul><li>derive their own </li></ul><ul><li>meanings and </li></ul><ul><li>understandings </li></ul>(Bunting, 2006; Healey & Jenkins, 2000) Reflection Generalisation/ Application Self-Reliance Responsibility Respect Experience
  33. 33. <ul><li>Lets take the advantages from both </li></ul><ul><li>The Natural World and </li></ul><ul><li>The Technological World, </li></ul><ul><li>& mould them into learning experiences </li></ul><ul><li>that maximise student learning, </li></ul><ul><li>growth and personal development </li></ul>
  34. 34. References <ul><li>Alvarez, A.G & Stauffer, G.A. (2001). Musings on adventure therapy. The </li></ul><ul><li>Journal of Experiential Education, 24, 2, 85-91 </li></ul><ul><li>Bridle, A. (2004). Reflections on the Impact of Technology on Outdoor Experiences. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, February, accessed 22/03/2009 from http://www.voea.vic.edu.au/publications/journeys/ </li></ul><ul><li>technologyoutdoors_bridle.html </li></ul><ul><li>Bunting, C.J. (2006 ). Interdisciplinary teaching through outdoor education . Human Kinetics , Champaign, IL </li></ul><ul><li>Dickinson, S. (1996). What does it mean to be outdoor educated?(1). Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, February, accessed 22/03/2009 from http://www.voea.vic. edu.au/publications/journeys/outdooreducated </li></ul><ul><li>_dickinson.html </li></ul><ul><li>Hall, A. (1997). Practical approaches to programming primary school outdoor education. </li></ul><ul><li>Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, February, accessed 22/03/2009 from </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.voea.vic.edu.au/publications/journeys/primaryoutdoored_hall.html </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>Healey, M. & Jenkins, A. (2000). Kolb's Experiential Learning Theory and Its Application in Geography in Higher Education, Journal of Geography , 99, 185-195 </li></ul><ul><li>Houghton, E (2007). Book Review: Reconnecting Children through Outdoor Education – A Research Summary, Journeys, viewed 16/02/2009, http://www.voea.vic.edu.au/shop/ReconnectingChildren_Review.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Lehrer, J. (2009). Nature Essential for the Brain, Scientists Report. Children & Nature , 02 January, accessed 22/03/2009 from http://www.children andnature.org/news/detail/nature_essential_for_the_brain_scientists_report/ </li></ul><ul><li>Parry, S. (1997). What does it mean to be outdoor educated?(2). Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, February, accessed 22/03/2009 from http://www. </li></ul><ul><li>voea.vic.edu.au/publications/journeys/outdooreducated_parry.html </li></ul><ul><li>Pergams, O. & Zaradic, P. (2007), Kids picking TV over trees. The Nature Conservancy, 28 June, accessed 16/02/2009, http://www.childrenandnature.org </li></ul><ul><li>/news/detail/kids_picking_tv_over_trees/ </li></ul><ul><li>Russell, K.C. (2001). What is wilderness therapy? The Journal of Experiential </li></ul><ul><li>Education, 24, 2, 70-79 </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>Seaman, J. & Gass, M. (2004). Service-Learning and Outdoor Education: Promising Reform Movements or Future. The Journal of Experiential Education ; 27, 1, 67-86 </li></ul><ul><li>White, F. (2007). Seattle area Teens go wild - for nature. Children & Nature , 07 August, accessed 22/03/2009 from http://www.childrenand </li></ul><ul><li>nature.org/index.php?/news/detail/seattle_area_teens_go_wild_for_nature </li></ul><ul><li>White, R. (n.d.), Interaction with Nature during the Middle Years: Its Importance in Children's Development & Nature's Future, accessed 16/02/2008, http://www.whitehutchinson.com/children/articles/nature.shtml. </li></ul><ul><li>Zink, R. (2005). Maybe what they say is what they experience: Taking students words seriously. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education , 9,2, 14-20 </li></ul>

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