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The Digital Humanities Cycle:
Doing Digital History Iteratively
DH Benelux, June 8-9, 2015, Antwerp
Jesper Verhoef & Melvi...
Digital History Cycle
● Heuristics: Searching
● Hermeneutics: Analyzing
● Tool criticism: Understanding
how a tool works
●...
Question-Driven Use of Tools
● How was America
represented in debates
on portable radios?
● How has the geographic
connota...
Directed Searching
● Full-Text Searching
● N-Gram Analysis
4
Full-text searching
Traditional research Full-
text Search
Source: Bob Nicholson, ‘The digital turn. Exploring the methodo...
N-gram analysis
Source: KB N-gram viewer. http://kbkranten.politicalmashup.nl/#q/transistorradio|transistor radio|transist...
Topic Modeling
7
Topic Modeling
Prize
Theft
Amerika
8
Topic Modeling - Advertisements 1924-1929
sigaret virginia whip chief ardath london goud cigarettes kwaliteit olympia kurk...
Tool Criticism: NER
Foreign Locations (top 8) Dutch Locations (top 8) American Locations (top 8)
United Kingdom / London (...
Conclusion
● iterative: not one-size fits all
● use of contrast between tools
● tools are instruments
● beware / be aware ...
Thanks
@melvinwevers
@jesperverhoef
www.translantis.nl
12
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The Digital Humanities Cycle: Doing digital history iteratively

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Presentation at DH Benelux 2015 by Jesper Verhoef and Melvin Wevers. In this presentation, we introduced the model of the Digital Humanities Cycle as a way to use computational tools iteratively and critically within historical research.

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The Digital Humanities Cycle: Doing digital history iteratively

  1. 1. The Digital Humanities Cycle: Doing Digital History Iteratively DH Benelux, June 8-9, 2015, Antwerp Jesper Verhoef & Melvin Wevers Translantis Project, Utrecht University Digital Humanities Approaches to Reference Cultures: The Emergence of the United States in Dutch Public Discourse between 1890 - 1990 1
  2. 2. Digital History Cycle ● Heuristics: Searching ● Hermeneutics: Analyzing ● Tool criticism: Understanding how a tool works ● Corpus faceting: Pre-processing of data ● Source Criticism: Critical evaluation of historical sources 2
  3. 3. Question-Driven Use of Tools ● How was America represented in debates on portable radios? ● How has the geographic connotation of the cigarette shifted between 1920 and 1940? 3
  4. 4. Directed Searching ● Full-Text Searching ● N-Gram Analysis 4
  5. 5. Full-text searching Traditional research Full- text Search Source: Bob Nicholson, ‘The digital turn. Exploring the methodological possibilities of digital newspaper archives’, Media 5
  6. 6. N-gram analysis Source: KB N-gram viewer. http://kbkranten.politicalmashup.nl/#q/transistorradio|transistor radio|transistor-radio|portable radio|draagbare radio. Visited on May 30, 2015. 6
  7. 7. Topic Modeling 7
  8. 8. Topic Modeling Prize Theft Amerika 8
  9. 9. Topic Modeling - Advertisements 1924-1929 sigaret virginia whip chief ardath london goud cigarettes kwaliteit olympia kurk nummer rook beste gezondheid zoo zulk vooraan punten sigaret sigaar pijp beter smakelijker wybert amersfoort virginia houbaer tabletten rooken oudste prijs magnums hollands nasmaak cent nemen noch sigaret nieuwe onze tabakken vervaardigd doosje import vraagt rookt smaak betere cents sigaretten turksche fijne kwaliteit edelste uwe proef sigaret club sigaretten gij army camel tabak cent sopla camels wereld kwaliteit prijs gemaakt virginia sigaren eerst rookt keel sigaret adamas egyptische mildste tegenwoordig stuks coupon coupons mavrides fijnste sigaretten cts geschenken gratis ste naam fijn slechts omar 9
  10. 10. Tool Criticism: NER Foreign Locations (top 8) Dutch Locations (top 8) American Locations (top 8) United Kingdom / London (151 / 84) Rotterdam (496) American (70) Germany / Berlin / Hamburg (146 / 81 / 22) Amsterdam (177) New York (34) France / Paris (139 / 154) Tilburg (107) Washington (11) Russia (102) Groningen (94) United States (11) The United States / America / New York (11 / 70 / 34) Breda (64) Chicago (3) Bruxelles / Antwerp ( 57 /46) Haarlem (48) Virginia (3) Austria ( 40 / 21) Utrecht (43) North-America (3) Turkey (39) Arnhem (35) 10
  11. 11. Conclusion ● iterative: not one-size fits all ● use of contrast between tools ● tools are instruments ● beware / be aware of their limitations 11
  12. 12. Thanks @melvinwevers @jesperverhoef www.translantis.nl 12

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