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November 20


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November 20

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  2. 2. The following are characteristics of Modernism:  Marked by a strong and intentional break with tradition. This break includes a strong reaction against established religious, political, and social views.  Belief that the world is created in the act of perceiving it; that is, the world is what we say it is.  There is no such thing as absolute truth. All things are relative.  No connection with history or institutions. Their experience is that of alienation, loss, and despair.  Championship of the individual and celebration of inner strength.  Life is unordered.  Concerned with the sub-conscious.
  3. 3. The horrors of World War I (1914-19), with its accompanying atrocities and senselessness became the catalyst for the Modernist movement in literature and art. Modernist authors felt betrayed by the war, believing the institutions in which they were taught to believe had led the civilized world into a bloody conflict. They no longer considered these institutions as reliable means to access the meaning of life, and therefore turned within themselves to discover the answers.
  4. 4. Their antipathy towards traditional institutions found its way into their writing, not just in content, but in form. Popular British Modernists include the following:  James Joyce (from Dublin, Ireland) - His most experimental and famous work, Ulysses, completely abandons generally accepted notions of plot, setting, and characters.  Ford Madox Ford - The Good Soldier examines the negative effect of war.  Virginia Woolf - To the Lighthouse, as well, strays from conventional forms, focusing on Stream of Consciousness.  Stevie Smith - Novel on Yellow Paper parodies conventionality.  Aldous Huxley - Brave New World protests against the dangers and nature of modern society.  D.H. Lawrence - His novels reflected on the dehumanizing effect of modern society.  T.S. Eliot - Although American, Eliot's The Wasteland is associated with London and emphasizes the emptiness of Industrialism.
  5. 5. Postmodern literature is a form of literature which is marked, both stylistically and ideologically, by a reliance on such literary conventions as fragmentation, paradox, unreliable narrators, often unrealistic and downright impossible plots, games, parody, paranoia, dark humor and authorial self-reference. Postmodern authors tend to reject outright meaning in their novels, stories and poems, and instead highlight and celebrate the possibility of multiple meanings, or a complete lack of meaning, within a single literary work. Postmodern literature also often rejects the boundaries between 'high' and 'low' forms of art and literature, as well as the distinctions between different genres and forms of writing and storytelling.
  6. 6.     Pastiche: The taking of various ideas from previous writings and literary styles and pasting them together to make new styles. Intertextuality : The acknowledgment of previous literary works within another literary work. Metafiction: The act of writing about writing or making readers aware of the fictionality of the very fiction their reading. Temporal Distortion: The use of non-linear timelines and narrative techniques in a story.
  7. 7.      Minimalism: The use of characters and events which are decidedly common and non-exceptional characters. Maximalism: Disorganized, lengthy, highly detailed and writing. Magical Realism: The introduction of impossible or unrealistic events into a narrative that is otherwise realistic. Faction: The mixing of actual historical events with fictional events without clearly defining what is factual and what is fictional. Reader Involvement: Often through direct address to the reader and the open acknowledgment of the fictional nature of the events being described.
  8. 8.    Choose one of the readings we looked at for today Write a one-page essay about how that piece fits into the Modern or Postmodern genre You may do some outside research about Modernism and Postmodernism
  9. 9. Modernism/Post-Modernism Assignment  Literature Circle Presentations— remember, you will need to turn in all of your work 