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February 25 (English Express)

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February 25 (English Express)

  1. 1. What language is spoken, as a first language, by the most people worldwide? A. English B. Spanish C. Chinese D. French E. Latin
  2. 2. Reading Quiz
  3. 3.   Write an open-ended, interesting question for discussion about chapter 1 Get into groups of five
  4. 4. A. B. C. D. E. Before 5:00 a.m. Between 5:00 a.m. and 6:00 a.m. Between 6:00 a.m. and 6:30 a.m. Between 6:30 a.m. and 7:00 a.m. Between 7:00 a.m. and 8:00 a.m.
  5. 5.           Write an open-ended, interesting question for discussion about chapter 1 Get into groups of five Decide who woke up the earliest in your group That person is the dealer The dealer should take all of the cards and mix them up face down The dealer should deal one card to the first group member He or she has a minute or two to answer the question The rest of the group should then discuss the question for four minutes When the four minutes are up, the dealer should deal one card to the next group member and repeat the same answering process The last card is the dealer’s!
  6. 6. Video
  7. 7. Remember these points when selecting and integrating quotations in your essay.
  8. 8. It is rarely effective to use an entire quoted sentence. Long quotations tend to put your reader to sleep. Your prose is far more interesting and important. So use part of an effective quotation as part of one of your sentences.
  9. 9. Boring Example: According to Stoll, “Television and computing make us more passive…and passivity feeds into shyness” (395). Better Example: Unfortunately, those who are already shy may compound their problem further as “[t]elevision and computing make us more passive…and passivity feeds into shyness” (Stoll 395).
  10. 10. After the sentence that contains the quotation, you should have a space, parentheses, the author’s last name, the page number, parentheses, and a period. Unfortunately, those who are already shy may compound their problem further as “[t]elevision and computing make us more passive…and passivity feeds into shyness” (Stoll 395).
  11. 11. If you used the author’s name to introduce the quotation, you should only put the page number in the citation. Stoll points out that those who are already shy may compound their problem further as “[t]elevision and computing make us more passive…and passivity feeds into shyness” (395).
  12. 12. Boring Example: Stoll says, “Deep social ties are relationships with frequent contact, deep feelings of involvement, and broad content…[they] buffer us from stress and lead to better social interaction” (393). Better Example: Stoll suggests we should look for “deep social ties” because these bonds have “frequent contact, deep feelings of involvement, and broad content” that help to “buffer us from stress and lead to better social interaction” (393).
  13. 13. To integrate a quotation properly within a paragraph, a good writer usually has (1) One sentence to introduce the quotation, (2) a second sentence that includes the quotation, and (3) at least one sentence to comment on the quotation.
  14. 14. Meat: sentence that contains the quotation Top piece of bread: at least one sentence to introduce the quotation Bottom piece of bread: at least one sentence to explain or comment on the quotation (usually the majority of the paragraph)
  15. 15. ORIGINAL: However, the cloning protocol does not tamper with embryos; it tampers only with unfertilized eggs and adult cells like those we scratch off our arms without a second thought. Only after the fact does an embryo emerge (which could be treated with the utmost respect if one so chooses). SMOOTHLY INTEGRATED QUOTATION: Silver argues that reproductive cloning does not violate human embryos. He asserts that the “[cloning protocol] tampers only with unfertilized eggs and adult cells like those we scratch off our arms without a second thought” (343). While Silver makes a good point, reproductive cloning is still unnatural. The embryo is created in a laboratory by scientists.
  16. 16. Silver argues that reproductive cloning does not violate human embryos. He asserts that the “[cloning protocol] tampers only with unfertilized eggs and adult cells like those we scratch off our arms without a second thought” (343). While Silver makes a good point, reproductive cloning is still unnatural. The embryo is created in a laboratory by scientists.
  17. 17. ORIGINAL: Although their genetically determined inclinations may be the same, [the original person and the clone] may choose to follow those inclinations in different ways, or not at all. SMOOTHLY INTEGRATED QUOTATION: The environment in which people are raised affects them more than their genetic code. Though the original person and his clone may share “genetically determined inclinations,” they have the choice “to follow those inclinations in different ways, or not all” (Silver 343). Michael Jordan was not born a great basketball player. Though he may have some natural ability, he became great through hard work, perseverance, and practice. Cloning Jordan would not guarantee a great basketball star; on the contrary, the child would have only the raw athletic talent and would lack the circumstances and events that made Jordan who he is.
  18. 18. The environment in which people are raised affects them more than their genetic code. Though the original person and his clone may share “genetically determined inclinations,” they have the choice “to follow those inclinations in different ways, or not all” (Silver 343). Michael Jordan was not born a great basketball player. Though he may have some natural ability, he became great through hard work, perseverance, and practice. Cloning Jordan would not guarantee a great basketball star; on the contrary, the child would have only the raw athletic talent and would lack the circumstances and events that made Jordan who he is.
  19. 19. A “dropped quotation” has the same effect on your paper that a blob of bird poop has on your car windshield; it’s just splattered there with no connection to anything else, and no one knows what to do with it. So, whenever you use a quotation, you must integrate the material into your text.
  20. 20. Though many jobs require long hours on a computer everyday, studies have shown that staring at a monitor screen for extended periods of time can cause depression. “After following the study group, the psychologists found an average increase in depression by about one percent for every hour spent online per week” (Stoll 393). The individual becomes isolated from the outside world and though he or she may be social in an online setting, there is no true human contact.
  21. 21. Though many jobs require long hours on a computer everyday, studies have shown that staring at a monitor screen for extended periods of time can cause depression. “After following the study group, the psychologists found an average increase in depression by about one percent for every hour spent online per week” (Stoll 393). The individual becomes isolated from the outside world and though he or she may be social in an online setting, there is no true human contact.
  22. 22. Though many jobs require long hours on a computer everyday, studies have shown that staring at a monitor screen for extended periods of time can cause depression: “After following the study group, the psychologists found an average increase in depression by about one percent for every hour spent online per week” (Stoll 393). The individual becomes isolated from the outside world and though he or she may be social in an online setting, there is no true human contact.
  23. 23. Though many jobs require long hours on a computer everyday, studies have shown that staring at a monitor screen for extended periods of time can cause depression. Stoll states, “After following the study group, the psychologists found an average increase in depression by about one percent for every hour spent online per week” (393). The individual becomes isolated from the outside world and though he or she may be social in an online setting, there is no true human contact.
  24. 24. Though many jobs require long hours on a computer everyday, studies have shown that staring at a monitor screen for extended periods of time can cause depression. In a UCLA study, psychologists determined “an average increase in depression by about one percent for every hour spent online per week” (Stoll 393). The individual becomes isolated from the outside world and though he or she may be social in an online setting, there is no true human contact.
  25. 25. People all over the world are making connections with other people online, and though this seems like a positive step in expanding our network of friends, we can forget that these people in the online world are strangers. “Online friends can’t be depended on for help with tangible favors: small loans, baby-sitting, help with shopping, or advice about jobs and careers ” (Stoll 394). Though many people find help in online support groups, the members of the group should not be considered true friends. They may be able to offer advice or commiserate with an individual, but they do not offer the human connection one finds with a person face to face.
  26. 26. People all over the world are making connections with other people online, and though this seems like a positive step in expanding our network of friends, we can forget that these people in the online world are strangers. “Online friends can’t be depended on for help with tangible favors: small loans, baby-sitting, help with shopping, or advice about jobs and careers ” (Stoll 394). Though many people find help in online support groups, the members of the group should not be considered true friends. They may be able to offer advice or commiserate with an individual, but they do not offer the human connection one finds with a person face to face.
  27. 27. People all over the world are making connections with other people online. People all over the world are making connections with other people online, and though this seems like a positive step in expanding our network of friends, we can forget that these people in the online world are strangers. Stoll states, “Online friends can’t be depended on for help with tangible favors: small loans, babysitting, help with shopping, or advice about jobs and careers ” (394). Though many people find help in online support groups, the members of the group should not be considered true friends. They may be able to offer advice or commiserate with an individual, but they do not offer the human connection one finds with a person face to face.
  28. 28. People all over the world are making connections with other people online. People all over the world are making connections with other people online, and though this seems like a positive step in expanding our network of friends, we can forget that these people in the online world are strangers. These so-called friends cannot “be depended on for help with tangible favors” (Stoll 394). Though many people find help in online support groups, the members of the group should not be considered true friends. They may be able to offer advice or commiserate with an individual, but they do not offer the human connection one finds with a person face to face.
  29. 29. Meat: sentence that contains the quotation Top piece of bread: at least one sentence to introduce the quotation Bottom piece of bread: at least one sentence to explain or comment on the quotation (usually the majority of the paragraph)
  30. 30. Ellipses (three dots) indicate that some unnecessary words have been left out of a quotation. When using ellipses, remember:  When you quote just a word or short phrase, no ellipsis is necessary.  You do not use an ellipsis to indicate that you have left something out of the beginning of a sentence.  Missing words from the end or somewhere in the middle of a sentence need to be indicated with ellipses.  When you quote parts of more than one sentence, you need four dots instead of three.
  31. 31.   Use brackets to indicate any changes you make to quotations while fitting them into your sentence. See the example under “Maintaining a Smooth Sentence Style.” Remember, rather than changing more than two items in a short quotation, find a better way of integrating the quotation.
  32. 32.  Find a short section in chapter 1 that is quotable Said so well that you can’t paraphrase  Slater (or another figure) makes a point (is not telling a story or giving an example)    Write the first word, ellipsis (…), the last word, and the page number Compare yours with the person next to you   As a pair, compare your selection with another pair   Decide whose selection is better/more interesting Decide whose selection is better/more interesting As a group of four, compare your selection with another group of four  Decide whose selection is better/more interesting
  33. 33.  What do you want to say about that quotation? Do you have an example? Do you agree or disagree? Do you want to elaborate?     In your group of four, brainstorm ideas. Write notes, not complete sentences. Now, look at the your paragraph and the quotation. In one sentence, what connection do you see between the two?  Come up with at least three possible sentences.
  34. 34.   S-E-E Paragraph  Statement  Evidence (quotation)  Explanation How can we modify the quotation to fit our paragraph?
  35. 35.     Choose one of the selections from your group of eight (not the one we used as a class and not the one you used in pairs) or find a new point you would like to quote Write your explanation paragraph Look at the quotation and the explanation paragraph and make connections between the two in one sentence Adjust the quotation to fit your paragraph (and make sure it is not dropped!)
  36. 36. A. B. C. D. The Power of Habit chapter 1 Video summary of chapter 1 Using quotations Practice using quotations
  37. 37. A. B. C. D. The Power of Habit chapter 1 Video summary of chapter 1 Using quotations Practice using quotations
  38. 38. Read The Power of Habit chapter 2  Write a summary of the chapter (due to Moodle at 7:30 a.m. on Thursday)  Participate in the weekly discussion (post due Thursday and replies due Sunday) 

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