Sec1.fa9 poisoning

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BFA PPT Slide-09

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Sec1.fa9 poisoning

  1. 1. POISON A substance which, if taken into the body in sufficient quantity, may cause temporary or permanent damage.
  2. 2. POISON MAY BE: Swallowed
  3. 3. POISON MAY BE: Inhaled
  4. 4. POISON MAY BE: Absorbed
  5. 5. POISON MAY BE: Injected
  6. 6. POISONING Recognition Depend on the nature of the substance and, in some cases, how it entered the body. Any of the following may occur: Abdominal pain. Drowsiness. Nausea and / or vomiting. Burning pain from mouth through to stomach. Difficulty breathing. Tight feeling in chest.
  7. 7. POISONING Recognition • Headache • Ringing in ears • Blurred vision • Smell of fumes • Odours on breath • Bite or injection marks, with or without local swelling • Contamination of skin • Change of skin colour; cyanosis around lips • Burns around and inside mouth or on tongue • Sudden collapse
  8. 8. POISONING Treatment Remember to: Record the names of substances involved. Contact Poisons Information Service for specific advice on management.  Drug & Poison Information Centre (DPIC) Send any containers and/or suicide notes with casualty to hospital. Send any vomit with casualty to hospital.
  9. 9. TREATMENT SWALLOWED POISONS Check, and if necessary, clear casualty’s airway. If casualty becomes unconscious, check ABC and prepare for CPR. Use a plastic face shield to protect yourself. Call for an ambulance.
  10. 10. TREATMENT SWALLOWED POISONS Do not make the patient vomit, as this could harm the patient further. If the victim starts vomiting, turn him onto his left side to prevent vomit from getting into the air passage. Do not give any food or drink until advised. Reassure the victim and keep him or her comfortable.
  11. 11. TREATMENT DRUG POISONING Check, and if necessary, clear casualty’s airway. If casualty becomes unconscious, check ABC and prepare for CPR. Place casualty in recovery position. Call for an ambulance. Keep samples of vomited material. Look for clues to the identity of the drug. NEVER attempt to induce vomiting.
  12. 12. TREATMENT INHALED POISONS If possible, remove casualty from danger. Call for an ambulance. If casualty is unconscious, move casualty to an area with fresh air immediately. Leave the area as soon as possible, and avoid breathing in the fumes.
  13. 13. TREATMENT INHALED POISONS If indoors, open doors and windows to improve ventilation. Give oxygen if trained to do so. Check breathing and pulse & prepare for CPR. Place casualty in recovery position.
  14. 14. TREATMENT POISONS ON THE SKIN Remove contaminated clothing immediately. Place them in a sealed bag. Dust off any dry poisons residues if any. Rinse skin under cool running water for at least 15 minutes. Call for an ambulance.
  15. 15. TREATMENT POISONS ON THE SKIN If casualty is unconscious, open the airway. Check breathing and pulse & prepare for CPR. Use a plastic face shield to protect yourself. Place casualty in recovery position.

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