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Speaking Skill - Descriptive Text (Describing Animal)

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Describing Animal

Descriptive text is a text which lists the parts, characteristics of something or a text which say what a person or a thing is like.

The purpose of descriptive text is to describe a particular person, animal, place, thing, etc.

Generic Structure

Identification (Focus on specific participations).

Description (mention the parts, qualities, and characteristics of subject being described).


The Asian Elephant

The Asian Elephant is the one of the larger animals in the world. (Identification)

It has a big body. Its skin is thick and tough. It has four big legs, a long trunk, small eyes, two long tusks, and big ears.
(Description of parts)

It eats grasses, leaves, shrubs, twigs, branches, and bark of tree. Also prefer banana, paddy, coconut, and sugar cane.
(Description of qualities)

The Asian Elephant weight up to 5,400 kilograms. It lives in forest, hilly or mountainous area. It feeds during the morning, evening and night. It rests during in the middle of day. It needs shade during the hot season to keep from over heating. It cannot go far without water.
(Description of characteristics)


Language Features

Use simple present tense
e.g : The Asian Elephant is the one of the larger

animals in the world
Use adjectives
e.g : It has a big body
Use linking verbs
e.g : Its skin is thick and tough
Use pronouns
e.g : It eats grasses, leaves, shrubs, twigs, branches, and bark of tree

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Speaking Skill - Descriptive Text (Describing Animal)

  1. 1. Descriptive text is a text which lists the parts, characteristics of something or a text which say what a person or a thing is like.  The purpose of descriptive text is to describe a particular person, animal, place, thing, etc.
  2. 2. Identification (Focus on specific participations). Description (mention the parts, qualities, and characteristics of subject being described).
  3. 3. The Asian Elephant is the one of the larger animals in the world. (Identification) It has a big body. Its skin is thick and tough. It has four big legs, a long trunk, small eyes, two long tusks, and big ears. (Description of parts) It eats grasses, leaves, shrubs, twigs, branches, and bark of tree. Also prefer banana, paddy, coconut, and sugar cane. (Description of qualities) The Asian Elephant weight up to 5,400 kilograms. It lives in forest, hilly or mountainous area. It feeds during the morning, evening and night. It rests during in the middle of day. It needs shade during the hot season to keep from over heating. It cannot go far without water. (Description of characteristics)
  4. 4. • Use simple present tense e.g : The Asian Elephant is the one of the larger animals in the world • Use adjectives e.g : It has a big body • Use linking verbs e.g : Its skin is thick and tough • Use pronouns e.g : It eats grasses, leaves, shrubs, twigs, branches, and bark of tree

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